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Twin Cities Campus

Plant Biology Minor

Plant and Microbial Biology
College of Biological Sciences
  • Program Type: Undergraduate minor related to major
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2018
  • Required credits in this minor: 14 to 16
Plant biologists seek to understand plants and associated organisms, including fungi and algae, at all levels of biological organization, from molecules to ecosystems. Biochemical, physiological, developmental, genetic, evolutionary, and ecological studies of plants are fundamental to improve human welfare and global conditions in the areas of health, food, energy, and environment. Some current examples of research in plant biology include developmental genetics for bioenergy and food production, ecological studies of carbon cycling, evolutionary responses to climate change, cellular responses to pathogens and abiotic stress, natural product discovery, symbiosis, molecular evolution, informatics, and the pursuit of other fundamental questions.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
Most courses for the minor require a semester of general biology. Please check individual course options for any other prerequisite coursework.
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
Required prerequisites
General Biology
BIOL 1009 - General Biology [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 2002 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I [BIOL] (6.0 cr)
or BIOL 2002H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I [BIOL] (6.0 cr)
Minor Requirements
The plant biology minor is available to students in the College of Biological Sciences pursuing another major in the college as well as to non-CBS students. Minor courses must be completed A-F and a grade of C- or better is required. Students must take at least one 4xxx or 5xxx course. Students who wish to declare a minor in plant biology can do so online at the College of Biological Sciences website.
Minor Courses
Up to 4 credits of plant biology directed research (PBIO 4994/4794W) and/or directed studies (PBIO 4993/4793W) may be used.
Take 10 or more credit(s) from the following:
· BIOL 2022 - General Botany (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 3005W - Plant Function Laboratory [WI] (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 3007W - Plant, Algal, and Fungal Diversity and Adaptation [WI] (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology (4.0 cr)
· PMB 4321 - Minnesota Flora (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4516W - Plant Cell Biology: Writing Intensive [WI] (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PMB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PMB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 5301 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5309 - Molecular Ecology And Ecological Genomics (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5514 - Plant Molecular Genetics and Development (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5516 - Plant Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5960 - Special Topics (1.0-3.0 cr)
· PLPA 5203 - Introduction to Fungal Biology (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4412 - Plant Physiology and Development (3.0 cr)
or PMB 5412 - Plant Physiology and Development (3.0 cr)
 
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· Plant Biology Minor
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BIOL 1009 - General Biology (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01525 - Biol 1009/Biol 1009H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Major concepts of modern biology. Molecular structure of living things, energy recruitment/utilization, flow of genetic information through organisms/populations. Principles of inheritance, ecology, and evolution. Includes lab. prereq: high school chemistry
BIOL 2002 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I (BIOL)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or equiv], CBS major] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 2002H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I (BIOL)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or equiv], CBS major, honors student] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 2022 - General Botany
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 2022/2822
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles of plant biology. Organization, function, growth/development, and reproductive biology of plants and plant-like organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester of college biology
BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
How plants make/use food. Mineral function/uptake. Water relations. Transport processes. Growth/development. prereq: [1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv], [CHEM 1011 or one semester chemistry with some organic content]
BIOL 3005W - Plant Function Laboratory (WI)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Various plant processes at subcellular, organ, whole plant levels. Lab, recitation. prereq: Concurrent enrollment 3002
BIOL 3007W - Plant, Algal, and Fungal Diversity and Adaptation (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evolution/diversity of plants. Their adaptations for survival in varied environments. Includes lab. prereq: One semester college biology, CHEM 1021
EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01680
Prerequisites: BIOL 2022 or BIOL 3002 or BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or #
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Plant function, its plasticity/diversity in an ecological context. Impact of environmental stresses on major physiological processes of plants, including photosynthesis, respiration, water uptake/transport, and nutrient uptake/assimilation. Lab, field trip to Cedar Creek.
FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02381 - FNRM 3104/FNRM 5104
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Form and function of forests as ecological systems. Characteristics and dynamics of species, populations, communities, landscapes, and ecosystem processes. Examples applying ecology to forest management. Weekly discussions focus on research topics in forest ecology, exercises applying course concepts, and current issues in forest resource management. Required weekend field trip. Prereq: Biol 1001, 1009 or equivalent introductory biology course; 1 semester college chemistry recommended.
PMB 4321 - Minnesota Flora
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Practical skills for identifying plant species/surveying Minnesota vegetation to students of biology, environmental sciences, resource management, horticulture. Integrates botany, ecology, evolution, earth history, climate, global change in context of local plant communities. Labs/Saturday field trips explore Minnesota plants/plant communities. prereq: One semester college biology
PMB 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Systematics of flowering plants of the world. Ecology, geography, origins, and evolution. Family characteristics. Floral structure, function, evolution. Pollination biology. Methods of phylogenetic reconstruction. Molecular evolution. Taxonomic terms. Methods of collection/identification. Lab. prereq: BIOL 1001 or 1009 or 1009H or 2002
PMB 4516W - Plant Cell Biology: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: PBio 4516W/5516
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Structure, function, and dynamic properties of plant cellular components. How cellular structures function and contribute to cell growth. Cell fate/development. Developing a clear/concise writing style for incisive criticism of scientific papers. prereq: [Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007], [BioC 3021 or Biol 3021 or Biol 4003]
PMB 4601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Biochemical analysis of processes unique to photosynthetic organisms. Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation. Synthesis of carbohydrates, lipids, and derivatives. Aromatic compounds such as lignin, other natural products. Functions of natural products. prereq: [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003], CHEM 2301
PMB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 5309 - Molecular Ecology And Ecological Genomics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01987
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Application of molecular tools (PCR, sequencing, AFLP, SNPs, QTL) and analyses of molecular data for understanding ecological/evolutionary processes. Strengths/weaknesses of techniques/analyses. Questions molecular tools are used to answer. prereq: BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3409 or BIOL 4003
PMB 5514 - Plant Molecular Genetics and Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey topics in plant molecular biology. How advances in molecular/genomic biology are used to understand plant physiology and developmental biology. Uses of transgenic plants in research/biotechnology. prereq: BIOC 3021 or BIOL 3021 or BIOL 4003 or BIOC 4332 or equiv
PMB 5516 - Plant Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: PBio 4516W/5516
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Structure, function, and dynamic properties of plant cellular components such as organelles, cytoskeleton, and cell wall. How cellular structures are assembled, how it contributes to cell growth/division. Cell fate/development. Responses to hormones and external signals. prereq: [Biol 2022 or Biol 3007 or Biol 3022], [Biol 3021 or BioC 3021 or Biol 4003]
PMB 5960 - Special Topics
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 18.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Topics vary, see Class Schedule.
PLPA 5203 - Introduction to Fungal Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Fungi are a critical component of the diversity and function of terrestrial ecosystems, affecting decomposition, plant nutrient uptake, and agricultural practices. Key components of fungal biology, including ecology, genetics, life cycles and diversity. Labs provide hands on experience with a diverse range of organisms. prereq: BIOL 1009 or equiv
PMB 4412 - Plant Physiology and Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
PBIO 4412/ 5412 - Plant Physiology and Development (3.0 cr; Prereq-Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007, Biol/BioC 3021 or BioC 4331; fall, every year) An upper-division class to introduce students physiological and biochemical bases of plant systems with emphasis on higher plants. Units I and II cover traditional plant physiological topics such as water relations, mineral nutrition, transport, photosynthesis, and respiration. Unit III describes plant growth and development along developmental lines and the complete life cycle of seed plants from germination to senescence. prereq: Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007, Biol/BioC 3021 or BioC 4331
PMB 5412 - Plant Physiology and Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Physiological and biochemical bases of plant systems with emphasis on higher plants. prereq: Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007, Biol/BioC 3021 or BioC 4331