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Twin Cities Campus

Biology Minor

College of Biological Sciences - Adm
College of Biological Sciences
  • Program Type: Undergraduate minor related to major
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2018
  • Required credits in this minor: 20 to 22
Biology is the scientific exploration of the diverse world of living organisms. Today, biological research spans analmost infinite spectrum of studies from molecules to ecosystems. The field of biology has expanded enormously within the past four decades. Within a flexible curriculum, the biology minor provides an opportunity for non-CBS students to gain a broad understanding of the fundamental nature and characteristics of living things, or explore specific areas of the field in greater depth. The minor offers great freedom for students to select coursework that is most relevant to their interests and academic goals. The biology minor is available to non-CBS students only. Due to significant course overlap, the following majors are not eligible to complete the biology minor: Animal Science (Science/Pre-Vet sub-plan only) Plant Science Biology, Society, and the Environment Environmental Sciences, Policy, and Management (sub-plans in Environmental Science, Environmental Education and Communication) Fisheries and Wildlife (all sub-plans) Food Science Medical Laboratory Sciences Physiology Nutrition (Nutritional Sciences sub-plan only) Scientific and Technical Communication (sub-plan in Biological and Health Sciences) Individually designed programs with a life sciences emphasis. Students pursuing an individualized degree program (IDP) may be ineligible to pursue the biology minor if IDP and biology minor coursework overlap more than 3 credits. These requests will be reviewed on an individual basis. Non-CBS students may pursue minors in both pharmacology and biology. Additionally, students completing a minor in any of the CBS undergraduate departments cannot also pursue a Biology minor. Students interested in declaring a biology minor can do so online at the College of Biological Sciences website.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Minor Requirements
To count for the biology minor, all courses must be taken A-F and receive a grade of C- or higher (or an S in Directed Research or Directed Studies). Courses that are cross-listed with CBS designators may be allowed for use in the minor. Up to 3 credits from a transfer institution (including those taken abroad) may be applied toward the 12 elective credits. In order to count for the biology minor, transfer courses must be evaluated by a faculty member for both biology content and the level at which they were taught.
Minor Courses
Chemistry
CHEM Option A
CHEM 1081 - Chemistry for the Life Sciences I [PHYS] (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1065 - Chemical Principles I Laboratory [PHYS] (1.0 cr)
or CHEM Option B
CHEM 1061 - Chemical Principles I [PHYS] (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1065 - Chemical Principles I Laboratory [PHYS] (1.0 cr)
or CHEM Option C
CHEM 1071H - Honors Chemistry I [PHYS] (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1075H - Honors Chemistry I Laboratory [PHYS] (1.0 cr)
Introductory Biology
BIOL 1001 - Introductory Biology: Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 1003 - Evolution and Biology of Sex [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 1009 - General Biology [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 1010 - Human Biology: Concepts and Current Ethical Issues [BIOL, CIV] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 2002 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I [BIOL] (6.0 cr)
or BIOL 2002H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I [BIOL] (6.0 cr)
Electives
All courses for the minor must have a CBS designator (BIOL, BIOC, GCD, EEB, MICB, NSCI, PBIO) or be cross-listed with CBS designators.
Take 12 or more credit(s) from the following:
Take 0 - 9 credit(s) from the following:
· BIOC 2331 - Chemical Mechanisms in Biology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 2005 - Animal Diversity Laboratory (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 2007 - Marine Animal Diversity Laboratory (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 2012 - General Zoology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 2022 - General Botany (3.0 cr)
· VBS 2032 - General Microbiology With Laboratory (5.0 cr)
· BIOL 2003 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 2003H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II (3.0 cr)
· Take 3 or more credit(s) from the following:
· BIOC 3021 - Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· BIOC 4025W - Laboratory in Biochemistry [WI] (2.0 cr)
· BIOC 4125 - Laboratory in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (3.0 cr)
· BIOC 4325 - Laboratory in Mass Spectrometry (1.0 cr)
· BIOC 4331 - Biochemistry I: Structure, Catalysis, and Metabolism in Biological Systems (4.0 cr)
· BIOC 4332 - Biochemistry II: Molecular Mechanisms of Signal Transduction and Gene Expression (4.0 cr)
· BIOC 4521 - Introduction to Physical Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· BIOC 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· BIOC 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOC 4960 - Special Topics in Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· BIOC 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· BIOC 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 3005W - Plant Function Laboratory [WI] (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 3007W - Plant, Algal, and Fungal Diversity and Adaptation [WI] (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 3209 - Understanding the Evolution-Creationism Controversy [CIV] (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3211 - Physiology of Humans and Other Animals (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3272 - Applied Biostatistics (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3503 - Biology of Aging (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 3600 - Directed Instruction (1.0-2.0 cr)
· BIOL 3610 - Internship: Professional Experience in Biological Sciences (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 3700 - Undergraduate Seminar (1.0-3.0 cr)
· EEB 3807 - Ecology (4.0 cr)
· EEB 3811 - Introduction to Animal Behavior (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 3960H - Communicating in the Biological Sciences (1.0 cr)
· BIOL 4121 - Microbial Ecology and Applied Microbiology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 4201 - Teaching in the Biology Laboratory (1.0 cr)
· BIOL 4596 - Coral Reef Ecology (Dive Trip) (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4794W - Directed Research [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4850 - Special Topics in Biology (1.0-5.0 cr)
· BIOL 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 5309 - Molecular Ecology And Ecological Genomics (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5950 - Special Topics (1.0-4.0 cr)
· EEB 3001 - Ecology and Society [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· EEB 3407 - Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 3408W - Ecology [WI] (4.0 cr)
· EEB 3409 - Evolution (3.0 cr)
· EEB 3411 - Introduction to Animal Behavior (3.0 cr)
· EEB 3412W - Introduction to Animal Behavior [WI] (4.0 cr)
· EEB 3603 - Science, Protection, and Management of Aquatic Environments (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4129 - Mammalogy (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4134 - Introduction to Ornithology (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4329 - Primate Ecology and Social Behavior (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4330W - Animal Communication [WI] (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4609W - Ecosystem Ecology [ENV, WI] (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4611 - Biogeochemical Processes (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· EEB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 4839 - Field Studies in Mammalogy (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4844 - Field Ornithology (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· EEB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5053 - Ecology: Theory and Concepts (4.0 cr)
· EEB 5068 - Plant Physiological Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5221 - Molecular Evolution (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5322 - Evolution and Animal Cognition (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5371 - Principles of Systematics (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5601 - Limnology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5605 - Limnology Laboratory (2.0 cr)
· EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology (3.0 cr)
· ESCI 4103W - Fossil Record of Mammals [WI] (3.0 cr)
· GCD 3033 - Principles of Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
· GCD 3485 - Bioinformatic Analysis: Introduction to the Computational Characterization of Genes and Proteins (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4025 - Cell Biology, Development & Regeneration Laboratory (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4034 - Molecular Genetics and Genomics (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4111 - Histology: Cell and Tissue Organization (4.0 cr)
· GCD 4134 - Endocrinology (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4143 - Human Genetics (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4151 - Molecular Biology of Cancer (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4161 - Developmental Biology (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4171 - Stem Cells in Biology and Medicine (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· GCD 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· GCD 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· GCD 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· GCD 5036 - Molecular Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
· MICB 3301 - Biology of Microorganisms (5.0 cr)
· MICB 3303 - Biology of Microorganisms (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4111 - Microbial Physiology and Diversity (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4131 - Immunology (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4151 - Molecular and Genetic Bases for Microbial Diseases (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4161W - Eukaryotic Microbiology [WI] (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4171 - Biology, Genetics, and Pathogenesis of Viruses (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4215 - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Physiology and Diversity (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4225W - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Genetics [WI] (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4235 - Advanced Laboratory: Virology, Immunology, and Microbial Genetics (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· MICB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· MICB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-6.0 cr)
· MICB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-7.0 cr)
· NSCI 3001W - Neuroscience and Society [CIV, WI] (4.0 cr)
· NSCI 3101 - Introduction to Neurobiology I: Molecular, Cellular, and Systems (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 3102W - Introduction to Neurobiology II: Perception and Behavior [WI] (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 4100 - Development of the Nervous System: Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 4105 - Neurobiology Laboratory I (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 4151 - Advanced Topics in Neuroscience (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 4167 - Neuroscience in the Community (1.0-3.0 cr)
· NSCI 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· NSCI 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· NSCI 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· NSCI 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 4321 - Minnesota Flora (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4404 - Developmental Plant Anatomy (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4516W - Plant Cell Biology: Writing Intensive [WI] (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· PMB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PMB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PMB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 5109 - Current Questions in Fungal Biology (2.0 cr)
· PMB 5301 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5412 - Plant Physiology and Development (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5514 - Plant Molecular Genetics and Development (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5516 - Plant Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· PMB 5960 - Special Topics (1.0-3.0 cr)
· ANTH 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology (4.0 cr)
or EEB 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 3004 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 3004H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 4003 - Genetics (3.0 cr)
or GCD 3022 - Genetics (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 4004 - Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
or GCD 4005W - Cell Biology-Writing Intensive [WI] (4.0 cr)
 
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CHEM 1081 - Chemistry for the Life Sciences I (PHYS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01884 - Chem 1061/Chem 1071H/Chem 1081
Typically offered: Every Fall
The topics of atomic theory, molecular structure, bonding and shape, energy and enthalpy, gases, properties of solutions, and equilibrium will be presented along with their application to biological systems. Intended to provide a strong chemistry background for students pursuing life science related majors or careers in life science related fields. Prereq: grade of a C- or better in CHEM 1015 or passing chemistry placement exam.
CHEM 1065 - Chemical Principles I Laboratory (PHYS)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01878 - Chem 1065/Chem 1075H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Basic laboratory skills while investigating physical and chemical phenomena closely linked to lecture material. Experimental design, data collection and treatment, discussion of errors, and proper treatment of hazardous wastes. prereq: concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 1061
CHEM 1061 - Chemical Principles I (PHYS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01884 - Chem 1061/Chem 1071H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Atomic theory, periodic properties of elements. Thermochemistry, reaction stoichiometry. Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids. Molecular/ionic structure/bonding. Organic chemistry and polymers. energy sources, environmental issues related to energy use. Prereq-Grade of at least C- in [1011 or 1015] or [passing placement exam, concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 1065]; intended for science or engineering majors; concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 1065; registration for 1065 must precede registration for 1061
CHEM 1065 - Chemical Principles I Laboratory (PHYS)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01878 - Chem 1065/Chem 1075H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Basic laboratory skills while investigating physical and chemical phenomena closely linked to lecture material. Experimental design, data collection and treatment, discussion of errors, and proper treatment of hazardous wastes. prereq: concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 1061
CHEM 1071H - Honors Chemistry I (PHYS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01884 - Chem 1061/Chem 1071H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Advanced introduction to atomic theory. Periodic properties of elements. Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids. Molecular/ionic structure, bonding. Aspects of organic chemistry, spectroscopy, and polymers. Mathematically demanding quantitative problems. Writing for scientific journals. prereq: Honors student, permission of University Honors Program, concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 1075H; registration for 1075H must precede registration for 1071H
CHEM 1075H - Honors Chemistry I Laboratory (PHYS)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01878 - Chem 1065/Chem 1075H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Develop laboratory skills while investigating physical and chemical phenomena closely linked to lecture material. Experimental design, data collection and treatment, discussion of errors, and the proper treatment of hazardous wastes. Prereq-&1071H, honors student, permission of University Honors Program.
BIOL 1001 - Introductory Biology: Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01640
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Biological diversity from genetic variation to diversity of species/ecosystems. Genetic, evolutionary, and ecological processes governing biological diversity. Genetic, evolutionary, and ecological perspectives on issues concerning human diversity, human population growth, health, agriculture, and conservation. Lab.
BIOL 1003 - Evolution and Biology of Sex (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01640
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Evolution of sexual reproduction/genetics. Biology of sex determination. Human reproduction, development, and disease transmission. Scientific inquiry, history of evolutionary thought. Genetics, variation, behavioral ecology, human evolution, population growth.
BIOL 1009 - General Biology (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01525 - Biol 1009/Biol 1009H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Major concepts of modern biology. Molecular structure of living things, energy recruitment/utilization, flow of genetic information through organisms/populations. Principles of inheritance, ecology, and evolution. Includes lab. prereq: high school chemistry
BIOL 1010 - Human Biology: Concepts and Current Ethical Issues (BIOL, CIV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02450
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Concepts related to structure/function of human body. Unifying themes such as homeostasis. Impact of science on society, civic life, and ethics. Weekly debates/discussion relating to current issues in science.
BIOL 2002 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I (BIOL)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or equiv], CBS major] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 2002H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I (BIOL)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or equiv], CBS major, honors student] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOC 2331 - Chemical Mechanisms in Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: [CHEM 1062 or equiv], one semester of general biology recommended
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Organic structure, properties, chemical mechanisms as they apply to biological systems. Theoretical approach. Metabolic conversions, biodegradation, other biology-specific aspects of chemistry. prereq: [CHEM 1062 or equiv], one semester of general biology recommended
BIOL 2005 - Animal Diversity Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 2005/2012
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Dissection, direct observation of representatives of major animal groups.
BIOL 2007 - Marine Animal Diversity Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00469 - Biol 2005/2012
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Survey of marine animal diversity. Understanding major animal groups, how they relate to one another, how they differ in structure, how each group achieves survival/ reproduction in diverse environments. Lab includes dissections, including vertebrates, such as fish. prereq: Introductory biology with lab
BIOL 2012 - General Zoology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 2005/2012
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Major animal groups (phyla). Applications of morphological, physiological, and developmental characteristics to define evolutionary relationships. Parasitic forms affecting human welfare. Lab requires dissection, including mammals. prereq: One semester of college biology
BIOL 2022 - General Botany
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 2022/2822
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles of plant biology. Organization, function, growth/development, and reproductive biology of plants and plant-like organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester of college biology
VBS 2032 - General Microbiology With Laboratory
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00431 - Biol 2032/MicB 3301/VBS 2032
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Bacterial metabolism, growth/genetics, biology of viruses/fungi. Control of microorganisms. Host-microbe interactions, microorganisms/disease, applied microbiology. prereq: One semester each of college chemistry, biology
BIOL 2003 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01489 - Biol 2003/Biol 2003H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Second of two courses. Biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Ecology/biochemistry concepts within problem solving/application.
BIOL 2003H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01489 - Biol 2003/Biol 2003H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Second of two courses. Biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Ecology/biochemistry concepts within problem solving/application.
BIOC 3021 - Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00467 - BioC 3021/BioC 3022/BioC 4331/
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamentals of biochemistry. Structure/function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates. Metabolism/regulation of metabolism. Quantitative treatments of chemical equilibria, enzyme catalysis, and bioenergetics. Chemical basis of genetic information flow. prereq:(BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003) and (CHEM 2301 or CHEM 2081/2085) or equivalent AND not a CBS student
BIOC 4025W - Laboratory in Biochemistry (WI)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theory, principles, and use of fundamental techniques in modern biochemistry labs. prereq: 3021 or 4331 or equiv
BIOC 4125 - Laboratory in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: BioC/Biol 4125/4185
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring & Summer
Basic recombinant DNA techniques: methods for growing, isolating, and purifying recombinant DNA and cloning vectors, DNA sequencing and sequence analysis, gene expression, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), other current techniques. prereq: [3021 or Biol 3021 or or Biol 4003], [4025 or GCD 4015 or GCD 4025 or MicB 3301]
BIOC 4325 - Laboratory in Mass Spectrometry
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Hands-on experience with techniques/instruments. Sample preparation/handling, 2-dimenstioal gels, MS-MS, MALDI-TOF, electrospray/LC-MS, experiment selection/procedures, software, data processing. prereq: 4332, 4521
BIOC 4331 - Biochemistry I: Structure, Catalysis, and Metabolism in Biological Systems
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00467 - BioC 3021/BioC 3022/BioC 4331/
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Advanced survey of structure/catalysis, metabolism/bioenergetics. prereq: (BIOL 1009 or 2003 or equiv) AND (Chem 2302 or CHEM 2081/2085 or equiv)
BIOC 4332 - Biochemistry II: Molecular Mechanisms of Signal Transduction and Gene Expression
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Advanced survey of molecular biology. Mechanisms of gene action/biological regulation. prereq: 4331 or instr consent
BIOC 4521 - Introduction to Physical Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Physical chemical principles, their applications in biochemistry. Thermodynamics, kinetics, spectroscopy, solution dynamics as applied to biochemical reactions/ biopolymers. prereq: 4331 recommended, (Chem 1062/1066 or CHEM 1082/1086) AND (Physics 1202 or 1302)
BIOC 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4960 - Special Topics in Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
In-depth study of a topic in biochemistry. prereq: [[3021 or equiv], CHEM 2301]] or instr consent
BIOC 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
How plants make/use food. Mineral function/uptake. Water relations. Transport processes. Growth/development. prereq: [1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv], [CHEM 1011 or one semester chemistry with some organic content]
BIOL 3005W - Plant Function Laboratory (WI)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Various plant processes at subcellular, organ, whole plant levels. Lab, recitation. prereq: Concurrent enrollment 3002
BIOL 3007W - Plant, Algal, and Fungal Diversity and Adaptation (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evolution/diversity of plants. Their adaptations for survival in varied environments. Includes lab. prereq: One semester college biology, CHEM 1021
BIOL 3209 - Understanding the Evolution-Creationism Controversy (CIV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Aspects of evolution-creationism controversy, including its history, legacy, relevance, and key people. Court decisions, public opinion, and related issues (e.g., racism, politics). prereq: BIOL 1001, 1009, 1951 or 2002, or equiv
BIOL 3211 - Physiology of Humans and Other Animals
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Ways different animals solve similar physiological problems. prereq: [1009 or 2003], [CHEM 1062/1066 or 1082/1086], [2005 is recommended]
BIOL 3272 - Applied Biostatistics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01933
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Conceptual basis of statistical analysis. Statistical analysis of biological data. Data visualization, descriptive statistics, significance tests, experimental design, linear model, simple/multiple regression, general linear model. Lectures, computer lab. prereq: High school algebra; 2003 recommended
BIOL 3503 - Biology of Aging
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Age-related changes in individuals/populations. Evolution of senescence. Genes that influence aging. Interventions. Prospects for an aging human society. prereq: 1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv
BIOL 3600 - Directed Instruction
Credits: 1.0 -2.0 [max 6.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Students assist with biology colloquium. prereq: 1020, upper div, application, instr consent; up to 4 cr may apply to major
BIOL 3610 - Internship: Professional Experience in Biological Sciences
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 6.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Matches student's academic or career goals with opportunities in industry, non-profit organizations, and government agencies. Prereq-Acceptance into CBS Internship Program, internship workshop, college consent.
BIOL 3700 - Undergraduate Seminar
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 9.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Faculty members lead students in discussions on topics of interest.
EEB 3807 - Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00005
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Population growth/interactions. Ecosystem function applied to ecological issues. Regulation of human populations, dynamics/impacts of disease, invasions by exotic organisms, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity. Lab, field work. prereq: [One semester college biology], [MATH 1142 or MATH 1271 or MATH 1281 or equiv]
EEB 3811 - Introduction to Animal Behavior
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00390
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Biological study of animal behavior. Mechanism development, function, evolution. Emphasizes evolution of adaptive behavior, social behavior in natural environment. Lab, field work. prereq: 1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv or instr consent
BIOL 3960H - Communicating in the Biological Sciences
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Oral reports on topics of current interest to biologists. Progress reports on lab and field research by students.
BIOL 4121 - Microbial Ecology and Applied Microbiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Evolution/structure of microbial communities. Population interaction within ecosystems. Quantitative/habitat ecology. Biogeochemical cycling. Molecular microbial ecology, gene transfer in the environment. Molecular phylogeny of microorganisms. Application of microbes in agriculture. Production of commodity chemicals, drugs, and other high-value products. prereq: 3301
BIOL 4201 - Teaching in the Biology Laboratory
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Pedagogical underpinnings for teaching in lab. prereq: Student who is teaching in CBS lab course
BIOL 4596 - Coral Reef Ecology (Dive Trip)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
SCUBA diving/snorkeling on tropical reef. Conduct primary research/writing. prereq: Introductory biology with lab, valid passport, and SCUBA certification.
BIOL 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature or literature on biology education. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4794W - Directed Research (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4850 - Special Topics in Biology
Credits: 1.0 -5.0 [max 10.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Summer
Offered at Itasca Biological Station and Laboratories. Metagenomics, telemetry/animal behavior, aquatic botany, field evolution, parasite and disease ecology. prereq: Beginning biology
BIOL 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature or literature on biology education. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 5309 - Molecular Ecology And Ecological Genomics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01987
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Application of molecular tools (PCR, sequencing, AFLP, SNPs, QTL) and analyses of molecular data for understanding ecological/evolutionary processes. Strengths/weaknesses of techniques/analyses. Questions molecular tools are used to answer. prereq: BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3409 or BIOL 4003
BIOL 5950 - Special Topics
Credits: 1.0 -4.0 [max 8.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
In-depth study of special topic in life sciences.
EEB 3001 - Ecology and Society (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Basic concepts in ecology. Organization, development, function of ecosystem. Population growth/regulation. Human effect on ecosystems. prereq: [Jr or sr] recommended; biological sciences students may not apply cr toward major
EEB 3407 - Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00005
Typically offered: Every Fall
Principles of ecology from populations to ecosystems. Applications to human populations, disease, exotic organisms, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity and global dynamics of the earth. prereq: [Math 1142, 1241, 1271 or equivalent]
EEB 3408W - Ecology (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00005
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles of population growth/interactions, communities and ecosystem function applied to ecological issues. Regulation of populations, dynamics/impacts of disease, invasions by exotic organisms, biodiversity, global change. Lab. Scientific writing. Quantitative skill development (mathematical models, data analysis, statistics and some coding in R). prereq: [One semester college biology or instr consent], [MATH 1142 or MATH 1271 or Math 1272 or Math 1241 or Math 1242 or MATH 1281 or Math 1282 or equiv]
EEB 3409 - Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00006
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Diversity of forms in fossil record and in presently existing biology. Genetic mechanisms of evolution, including natural selection, sexual selection, genetic drift. Examples of ongoing evolution in wild/domesticated populations and in disease-causing organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester college biology
EEB 3411 - Introduction to Animal Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00390
Typically offered: Every Fall
Biological study of animal behavior. Mechanism development, function, and evolution. Emphasizes evolution of adaptive behavior, social behavior in the natural environment. Lab. prereq: One semester of college biology
EEB 3412W - Introduction to Animal Behavior (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Writing intensive course. Introduction to animal behavior. Feeding behavior, reproductive behavior, perception, learning, animal conflict, social behavior, parental care, communication. Scientific process. Formulate research questions. prereq: Undergrad biology course
EEB 3603 - Science, Protection, and Management of Aquatic Environments
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Fundamentals of aquatic ecology. Case study approach to water problems faced by society (e.g., eutrophication, climate change, invasive species, acid rain, wetland protection, biodiversity preservation). Science used to diagnose/remediate or remove problems. prereq: One semester college biology
EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01680
Prerequisites: BIOL 2022 or BIOL 3002 or BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or #
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Plant function, its plasticity/diversity in an ecological context. Impact of environmental stresses on major physiological processes of plants, including photosynthesis, respiration, water uptake/transport, and nutrient uptake/assimilation. Lab, field trip to Cedar Creek.
EEB 4129 - Mammalogy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evolutionary and biogeographic history of mammalia. Recognize, identify, and study natural history of mammals at the ordinal level, North American mammals at familial level, and mammals north of Mexico at generic level. Minnesota mammals at specific level. Includes lab. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 2012
EEB 4134 - Introduction to Ornithology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Structure, evolution, classification, distribution, migration, ecology, habitats, identification of birds. Lecture, lab, weekly field walks. One weekend field trip. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 2012
EEB 4329 - Primate Ecology and Social Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Primates as model system to explore animal/human behavior. Factors influencing sociality/group composition. Mating systems. Prevalence of altruistic, cooperative, and aggressive behavior. Strength of social bonds in different species. Evolution of intelligence/culture. prereq: BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2002 or BIOL 3411 or ANTH 1001 or instr consent
EEB 4330W - Animal Communication (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Mechanisms of signal production/perception, signal propagation. How signals can convey information. How signalers, signals, receivers are adapted for communication by natural/sexual selection. prereq: BIOL 1951, BIOL 2003/2004, BIOL 3411, PHYS 1201W, PHYS 1202W [PHYS 1301W, PHYS 1302W]
EEB 4609W - Ecosystem Ecology (ENV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Regulation of energy and elements cycling through ecosystems. Dependence of cycles on kinds/numbers of species within ecosystems. Effects of human-induced global changes on functioning of ecosystems. prereq: Biol 3407 or instr consent
EEB 4611 - Biogeochemical Processes
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: [BIOC 2331, CHEM 2301, PHYS 1201] or #
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Application of biochemistry, ecology, chemistry, and physics to environmental issues. Issues in biogeochemistry. Impact of humans on biogeochemical processes in soils, lakes, oceans, estuaries, forests, urban/managed ecosystems, and extreme environments (e.g., early Earth, deep sea vents, thermal springs). prereq: [BIOC 2331, CHEM 2301, PHYS 1201] or instr consent
EEB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4839 - Field Studies in Mammalogy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Techniques for studying small mammals. Lectures/field projects emphasize identification, distributions, community interactions, ecophysiology, population ecology. prereq: College-level biology course that includes study of animals or instr consent
EEB 4844 - Field Ornithology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Biology of breeding birds through use of field techniques at Itasca Biological Station/Laboratories. Daily fieldwork emphasizes identification, behavioral observations, netting/censusing. prereq: One semester college biology or instr consent
EEB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fundamentals of quantitative genetics. Genetic/environmental influences on expression of quantitative traits. Approaches to characterizing genetic basis of trait variation. Processes that lead to change in quantitative traits. Applied/evolutionary aspects of quantitative genetic variation. prereq: [BIOL 4003 or GCD 3022] or instr consent; a course in statistics is recommended
EEB 5053 - Ecology: Theory and Concepts
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Classical and modern mathematical theories of population growth, interspecific interactions, ecosystem dynamics and functioning, with emphasis on underlying assumptions and on effects of added biological reality on robustness of predictions, stability, interspecific interactions, ecosystem structure and functioning. prereq: Biol 3407 or instr consent
EEB 5068 - Plant Physiological Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01680
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Plant function, its plasticity/diversity in ecological context.Impact of environmental stresses on major physiological processes of plants, including photosynthesis, respiration, water uptake/transport, and nutrient uptake/assimilation. Lab, field trip to Cedar Creek. prereq: BIOL 2022 or BIOL 3002 or BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or instr consent
EEB 5221 - Molecular Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Molecular basis of evolutionary change. Selection, neutral evolutionary processes at molecular level. Evolution from gene to genome level: protein structure/function, multigene families, organelle genomes, genome organization. Lectures, current literature, workshops. prereq: [[BIOL 4003 or GCD 3022], grad student]] or instr consent
EEB 5322 - Evolution and Animal Cognition
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Animal cognitive abilities. Learning, perception, memory, navigation, and communication from evolutionary/comparative perspective. Cognitive abilities as adaptations that solve specific environmental problems. Empirical methods for assessing cognitive abilities. Emphasizes parsimonious interpretations of data. Controversial topics such as animal intelligence, animal language and whether non-human animals have a "theory of mind." prereq: Biol 3411 or Psy 3061 or instr consent
EEB 5371 - Principles of Systematics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Theoretical/practical procedures of biological systematics. Phylogeny reconstruction. Computer-assisted analyses, morphological and molecular approaches, species concepts/speciation, comparative methods, classification, historical biogeography, nomenclature, use/value of museums. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
EEB 5601 - Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Advanced introduction to description/analysis of interaction of physical, chemical, and biological factors that control functioning of life in lakes and other freshwater aquatic environments. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
EEB 5605 - Limnology Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Field/lab methods to obtain information on environmental conditions in aquatic environments and measure abundance of aquatic organisms, especially plankton. Field/lab instruments, sampling devices, microscopy, water chemistry, data analysis. prereq: 3603 or instr consent
EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation of energy and elements cycling through ecosystems. Dependence of cycles on kinds/numbers of species within ecosystems. Effects of human-induced global changes on functioning of ecosystems. prereq: [Biol 3407 or Biol 5407] or instr consent
ESCI 4103W - Fossil Record of Mammals (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Evolutionary history of mammals and their extinct relatives. Methods in reconstructing phylogeny. Place of mammals in evolutionary history of vertebrate animals. Major morphological/ecological transitions. Origins of modern groups of mammals. Continuing controversies in studying fossil mammals.
GCD 3033 - Principles of Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Components and activities common to eukaryotic cells. Chromosomes, membranes, organelles and the cytoskeleton, and processes including cellular communication, replication, motility, transport and gene expression. Relevance to human health and medicine. Appropriate for non-CBS majors. prereq: BIOL 1009 or equiv
GCD 3485 - Bioinformatic Analysis: Introduction to the Computational Characterization of Genes and Proteins
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Use of computer applications in manipulation/analysis of DNA, RNA, and protein sequences. prereq: One semester of college biology
GCD 4025 - Cell Biology, Development & Regeneration Laboratory
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course is designed for juniors and seniors to learn experimental approaches and techniques to study cellular processes and stem cell biology during animal development and tissue regeneration. Students will be exposed to the advantages of different model systems that include cultured cells, chick, C. elegans and zebrafish. Students will learn to manipulate the cytoskeleton, perform cell differentiation, RNAi and regeneration assays, and to image both fixed tissue and live animal samples with conventional light microscopes as well as cutting edge technology, including super-resolution and multi-photon microscopes. prereq: Biol 4004 or instr consent
GCD 4034 - Molecular Genetics and Genomics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Molecular genetics and genomics of eukaryotes. Course emphasizes mechanisms of gene regulation and how these are studied. Current strategies used to study the activity and function of genes and genomes, including the role of chromatin, will be covered. Techniques will include gene knockouts/knockdown, genome engineering, genome-wide analysis of RNA and protein expression and function, as well as genome-wide protein binding and chromatin interaction mapping. Technologies covered will include next-generations and third-generation sequencing and CRISPR-based strategies for gene modification and precision gene regulation. Students will analyze and present recent primary papers in molecular genetic and genomics.
GCD 4111 - Histology: Cell and Tissue Organization
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Structure/function of vertebrate tissues/organs. Electron microscopy, light microscopy, physiology, cell biology of higher animals. Light microscopy of mammalian tissues. prereq: 3033 or Biol 4004 or instr consent
GCD 4134 - Endocrinology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Survey of structure and function of invertebrate and vertebrate endocrine systems. prereq: BIOL 3211 or BIOC 3021 or BIOC 3022 or BIOC 4331 or instr consent
GCD 4143 - Human Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles of human genetics at the molecular, cellular, individual, and populations levels. Chromosomal and biochemical disorders; gene mapping; mutation and natural selection; variation in intelligence and behavior; genetic screening, counseling and therapy. prereq: 3022 or Biol 4003 or instr consent
GCD 4151 - Molecular Biology of Cancer
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Regulatory pathways involved in directing normal development of complex eukaryotic organisms, how disruptions of these pathways can lead to abnormal cell growth/cancer. Causes, detection, treatment, prevention of cancer. prereq: Biol 4003
GCD 4161 - Developmental Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Mechanisms that govern development from gametogenesis through fertilization. Embryogenesis/postembryonic development. Mechanisms of morphogenesis/differentiation. Classical/molecular approaches in various model organisms. Genetic models such as bacteriophage, yeast, Drosophila, C. elegans, Arabidopsis, zebrafish, and the mouse. prereq: Biol 4003; concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in BIOL 4004 irecommended
GCD 4171 - Stem Cells in Biology and Medicine
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01725 - GCD 8181/SCB 8181
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Contemporary stem cell biology with emphasis on mechanisms/applications. Embryonic, tissue-specific, and induced pluripotent stem cells and potential uses in human disease. prereq: BIOL 4003, [BIOL 4004 or concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in BIOL 4004 or instr consent]
GCD 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings and use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 5036 - Molecular Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Modern, integrative approaches combining cell/molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics to investigate cell organization/function. Membranes, signaling, extracellular matrix, secretion, endocytosis, cytoskeleton, nucleus. Analysis of scientific papers to illustrate new concepts in and experimental approaches to cell organization/function. prereq: Biol 4004 or instr consent; [sr or grad student] recommended
MICB 3301 - Biology of Microorganisms
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00431 - Biol 2032/MicB 3301/MicB 3303/
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathogenesis, immunology, ecology of microbes. Molecular structure in relation to bacterial function/disease. Includes lab. prereq: BIOL 3020 or instructor consent
MICB 3303 - Biology of Microorganisms
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00431 - Biol 2032/MicB 3301/MicB 3303/
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathogenesis, infectious disease, immunology, ecology of microbes. Molecular structure in relation to function of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses. prereq: BIOL 3020 or instructor consent
PMB 4111 - Microbial Physiology and Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02535
Typically offered: Every Fall
Structural/functional organization of bacteria/archaea. Energy metabolism utilizing light, inorganic/organic chemicals. Cell morphologies, roles/assembly of surface structures. Growth/survival mechanisms in various extreme environments. Adaptation to changing conditions by development of specialized cells/structures, altering metabolic patterns. prereq: BioC 3021 or Biol 3021 or BioC 4331
MICB 4131 - Immunology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01727 - /MicB 4131/VPM 4131
Typically offered: Every Fall
Molecular, genetic, cellular bases for humoral/cell-mediated immunity. Innate immunity. Antigen recognition by B/T lymphocytes. Interactions between lymphocytes/other cells of immune system. Cytokines. Immunoregulation. Key aspects of clinical immunology. prereq: [2022 or VPB 2022 or BIOL 2032 or VPB 2032 or VBS 2032 or 3301 or MicB 3301], [BIOC 3021 or BIOL 3021 or BIOC 4331]
MICB 4151 - Molecular and Genetic Bases for Microbial Diseases
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Genetic basis of microbial pathogenesis. Effect of gene transfer and regulation on evolution of microbial pathogens and capacity to colonize, induce disease. Biochemical and cellular interactions between bacteria and human hosts. prereq: MicB 4131 and BioC 3021 advised
MICB 4161W - Eukaryotic Microbiology (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Cell biology of higher eukaryotes, animal/plant pathogenesis, evolution, industrial microbiology. Tetrahymena/Chlamydomons/Paramecium/Toxoplasma/Aspergillus/ Neurospora. prereq: 3301, [GCD 3022 or Biol 4003]
MICB 4171 - Biology, Genetics, and Pathogenesis of Viruses
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: MicB 4141W/4171
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Structure, attachment, entry. Genome replication/mRNA production by RNA viruses. Reverse transcription. DNA virus templates. Replication of DNA virus genomes. Processing of viral pre-mRNA. Translational control. Assembly, host defense, tumor viruses, pathogenesis, HIV, antivirals. prereq: [BIOC 3021, BIOL 4003, [3301 or BIOL 4004]] or instr consent; seats are prioritized for CBS majors (others who meet the course prerequisites can contact the instructor for permission)
MICB 4215 - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Physiology and Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Isolation/cultivation of wide variety of bacteria. Physiological experiments illustrate characteristic features of microorganisms. prereq: 3301 or Biol 2032 or VBS 2032 or intro microbiology course with lab
MICB 4225W - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Genetics (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01638
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Yeast is used as model organism for microbial molecular genetic principles such as isolation of mutants, meiotic mapping, mitotic recombination, and gene replacement. Hands-on experimentation. prereq: 3301, BIOL 4003
MICB 4235 - Advanced Laboratory: Virology, Immunology, and Microbial Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Techniques, experimental methods in microbial genetics, immunology. Virology used to study microbes/interactions with host. prereq: 3301, 4131, BIOC 3021, [completed or concurrent registration is required in MicB 4141W/4171]; access from a wait list
MICB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
MICB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 15.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
MICB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, scientific literature. prereq: 3301, dept consent
MICB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 28.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: 3301, instr consent
NSCI 3001W - Neuroscience and Society (CIV, WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Ethical implications. Readings, personal reflections, class discussions, debates, and formal writing. Development of logical arguments, writing skills, oral presentation skills, and teamwork. Students present/argue both their own personal views and those of others. What it is like to have altered mentation, i.e. a brain disease or disability. Readings/multimedia reports from primary neuroscience literature as well as philosophy, policy, and law literature and popular media.
NSCI 3101 - Introduction to Neurobiology I: Molecular, Cellular, and Systems
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00470 - Biol 3101/NSci 3101/Phsl 3101
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Basic principles of cellular/molecular neurobiology. Nervous systems.
NSCI 3102W - Introduction to Neurobiology II: Perception and Behavior (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00471 - NSci/Phsl 3102W
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Organization of neural systems/subsystems underlying sensory/motor aspects of behavior. Writing intensive. prereq: 3101, grade of at least B+ in 3101 recommended
NSCI 4100 - Development of the Nervous System: Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01694 - Nsci 4100/Nsci 8211
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
How nervous system develops. General cellular/molecular mechanisms. Experimental data demonstrating mechanisms.
NSCI 4105 - Neurobiology Laboratory I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Principles, methods, and laboratory exercises for investigating neural mechanisms and examining experimental evidence.
NSCI 4151 - Advanced Topics in Neuroscience
Credits: 3.0 [max 9.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
In-depth study of aspects of neurodevelopment, neurochemistry/molecular neuroscience, sensory systems, motor control, and behavioral neuroscience. Primarily for undergraduates majoring in neuroscience or related areas.
NSCI 4167 - Neuroscience in the Community
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
A service learning experience in which a student is paired with a middle school science teacher who has completed the BrainU program in neuroscience. Student observes and assists in implementing previously developed neuroscience educational activities and designs and implements a new classroom activity to teach concepts of neuroscience to middle school learners. prereq: instr consent
NSCI 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study of selected topics. Emphasis on readings, use of scientific literature. Writing intensive. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
NSCI 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. Writing intensive. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
NSCI 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study of selected topics with emphasis on selected readings and use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; max of 7 cr of 4993 and/or 4994 may count toward major requirements
NSCI 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; max of 7 cr of 4993 and/or 4994 may count toward major requirements
PMB 4321 - Minnesota Flora
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Practical skills for identifying plant species/surveying Minnesota vegetation to students of biology, environmental sciences, resource management, horticulture. Integrates botany, ecology, evolution, earth history, climate, global change in context of local plant communities. Labs/Saturday field trips explore Minnesota plants/plant communities. prereq: One semester college biology
PMB 4404 - Developmental Plant Anatomy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Introduction to the microscopic structure and development of plants at the cell, tissue, and organ level. Emphasis on relationships between anatomy and the ontogeny, phylogeny, and ecology of seed plants with some reference to lower vascular plants. prereq: Biol 2022 or Biol 3007
PMB 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Systematics of flowering plants of the world. Ecology, geography, origins, and evolution. Family characteristics. Floral structure, function, evolution. Pollination biology. Methods of phylogenetic reconstruction. Molecular evolution. Taxonomic terms. Methods of collection/identification. Lab. prereq: BIOL 1001 or 1009 or 1009H or 2002
PMB 4516W - Plant Cell Biology: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: PBio 4516W/5516
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Structure, function, and dynamic properties of plant cellular components. How cellular structures function and contribute to cell growth. Cell fate/development. Developing a clear/concise writing style for incisive criticism of scientific papers. prereq: [Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007], [BioC 3021 or Biol 3021 or Biol 4003]
PMB 4601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Biochemical analysis of processes unique to photosynthetic organisms. Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation. Synthesis of carbohydrates, lipids, and derivatives. Aromatic compounds such as lignin, other natural products. Functions of natural products. prereq: [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003], CHEM 2301
PMB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
PMB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent
PMB 5109 - Current Questions in Fungal Biology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Diversity of fungi and their interactions with other organisms. Pathogenic/mutualistic interactions with animals/plants. Use of fungal systems for drug discovery and understanding pathogenicity, signal transduction, morphogenesis, and evolution.
PMB 5412 - Plant Physiology and Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Physiological and biochemical bases of plant systems with emphasis on higher plants. prereq: Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007, Biol/BioC 3021 or BioC 4331
PMB 5514 - Plant Molecular Genetics and Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey topics in plant molecular biology. How advances in molecular/genomic biology are used to understand plant physiology and developmental biology. Uses of transgenic plants in research/biotechnology. prereq: BIOC 3021 or BIOL 3021 or BIOL 4003 or BIOC 4332 or equiv
PMB 5516 - Plant Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: PBio 4516W/5516
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Structure, function, and dynamic properties of plant cellular components such as organelles, cytoskeleton, and cell wall. How cellular structures are assembled, how it contributes to cell growth/division. Cell fate/development. Responses to hormones and external signals. prereq: [Biol 2022 or Biol 3007 or Biol 3022], [Biol 3021 or BioC 3021 or Biol 4003]
PMB 5601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Biochemical analysis of processes unique to photosynthetic organisms. Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation. Synthesis of carbohydrates, lipids, and derivatives. Aromatic compounds such as lignin, other natural products. Functions of natural products. prereq: [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003], CHEM 2301
PMB 5960 - Special Topics
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 18.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Topics vary, see Class Schedule.
ANTH 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01722 - Anth 3002/EEB 3002
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Methods/theories used to understand humans in an evolutionary framework. What can be known only, or primarily, form an evolutionary perspective. How evolutionary biology of humans might lead to better evolutionary theory. How physiology, development, behavior, and ecology coordinate/co-evolve in humans.
EEB 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01722
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Methods/theories to understand humans in evolutionary framework. What can be known only/primarily from evolutionary perspective. How evolutionary biology of humans might lead to better evolutionary theory. How physiology, development, behavior, and ecology coordinate/coevolve in humans.
BIOL 3004 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01526 - Biol 3004/Biol 3004H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Accompanies 2003. Students design and perform research projects that will require an additional 4 to 6 hours of lab work per week; times to be arranged. Each section is devoted to either Pseudomonas adaptive radiation, zebrafish environmental toxicology, or microbiome/bioinformatics research. If you have taken BIOL 2002 before Fall 2015, you should register for a Pseudomonas or zebrafish research project; only students with previous command line coding experience should apply for a bioinformatics research project. All projects involve relationships between biology and other sciences, and applying quantitative skills, scientific method, and modern biological tools to real-world questions. BIOL (2002 or 2002H or 1961or 1961H) and CBS major
BIOL 3004H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01526 - Biol 3004/Biol 3004H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Accompanies 2003H. Students design and perform research projects that will require an additional 4-6 hours of lab work per week; times to be arranged. Each section is devoted to either Pseudomonas adaptive radiation, zebrafish environmental toxicology, or microbiome/bioinformatics research. If you have taken BIOL 2002 before Fall 2015 you should register for a Pseudomonas or zebrafish research project; only students with previous command line coding experience should apply for a bioinformatics research project. All projects involve relationships between biology and other sciences, and applying quantitative skills, scientific method, and modern biological tools to real-world questions. prereqs BIOL (2002 or 2002H or 1961or 1961H) and honors
BIOL 4003 - Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00052 - Biol 4003/GCD 3022
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Genetic information, its transmission from parents to offspring, its expression in cells/organisms, and its course in populations. prereq: [[Biol 3020 or BioC 3021 or BioC 4331], [any CBS major or major in [animal science or applied plant science or BA biology or BA microbiology or nutrition or physiology or biology/society/environment or biomedical engineering] or Grad MBS major]] or instr consent
GCD 3022 - Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 4003/GCD 3022
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Mechanisms of heredity, implications for biological populations. Applications to practical problems. prereq: BIOL 2002 or BIOL 1009
BIOL 4004 - Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01965 - Biol 4004/GCD 4005W
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Processes fundamental to cells. Emphasizes eukaryotic cells. Assembly/function of membranes/organelles. Cell division, cell form/movement, intercellular communication, transport, secretion pathways. Cancer cells, differentiated cells. prereq: - [(CBS major or CSE major) and (BIOL 3020 or BIOL 4003)] or grad MSB
GCD 4005W - Cell Biology-Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01965 - Biol 4004/GCD 4005W
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Processes fundamental to cells. Emphasizes eukaryotic cells. Assembly/function of membranes/organelles. Cell division, cell form/movement, intercellular communication, transport, secretion pathways. Cancer cells, differentiated cells. prereq: GCD major,3020, 4003