Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Social and Administrative Pharmacy Ph.D.

Pharmaceutical Care and Health
College of Pharmacy
Link to a list of faculty for this program.
Contact Information
7-155 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard Street S.E., Minneapolis, MN 55455 (612-624-2973; fax:612-625-9931)
  • Program Type: Doctorate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2019
  • Length of program in credits: 71
  • This program does not require summer semesters for timely completion.
  • Degree: Doctor of Philosophy
Along with the program-specific requirements listed below, please read the General Information section of this website for requirements that apply to all major fields.
Social and administrative pharmacy (SAPH) is the application of behavior-oriented interdisciplinary theories to pharmacy problem solving and pharmacy system development. This includes the study of the social, psycho-social, political, legal, public policy, historic, and economic factors that impinge upon the use, non-use, and abuse of drugs. Students in the Social and Administrative Pharmacy Program are prepared for research and related activities of investigating relationships between biological and physical factors in social settings that involve the drug use process. This flexible interdisciplinary program uses the resources of the many health and social science departments at the University, and may include courses and offerings from public health, geriatrics, management, sociology, psychology, and public affairs. The program focuses on the discovery and dissemination of new knowledge to foster appropriate use of drugs to improve patient outcomes at the individual and societal level. Students are educated and mentored to become professional scientists. Those who complete the program will understand the process of conducting high-quality research and problem solving through the application of disciplinary and interdisciplinary knowledge, theory, and research methodology.
Program Delivery
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Prerequisites for Admission
The preferred undergraduate GPA for admittance to the program is 3.00.
Special Application Requirements:
Applicants must complete a supplementary application form in addition to the University application. The supplementary form along with three letters of recommendation should be uploaded to the University's online application. GRE scores are required and a performance level of 580 (158 for November 1, 2011-June 30, 2012) is preferred on the TOEFL for all international applicants whose native language is not English.
International applicants must submit score(s) from one of the following tests:
  • TOEFL
    • Internet Based - Total Score: 79
    • Internet Based - Writing Score: 21
    • Internet Based - Reading Score: 19
    • Paper Based - Total Score: 550
  • IELTS
    • Total Score: 6.5
  • MELAB
    • Final score: 80
Key to test abbreviations (TOEFL, IELTS, MELAB).
For an online application or for more information about graduate education admissions, see the General Information section of this website.
Program Requirements
35 credits are required in the major.
12 credits are required outside the major.
24 thesis credits are required.
This program may be completed with a minor.
Use of 4xxx courses towards program requirements is not permitted.
A minimum GPA of 3.00 is required for students to remain in good standing.
Required Courses (23 credits)
All PhD students must complete the following courses for 23 credits and take all courses for an A-F grade. Students are required to complete SAPH 8100 (1 credit) 8 times.
SAPH 5100 - Pro-Seminar (1.0 cr)
SAPH 8100 - Seminar (1.0 cr)
SAPH 8173 - Principles and Methods of Implementing Research (3.0 cr)
SAPH 8235 - Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy (3.0 cr)
SAPH 8420 - Social and Behavioral Aspects of Pharmacy Practice (3.0 cr)
SAPH 8500 - Pharmacy and Its Environment (3.0 cr)
PUBH 6806 - Principles of Public Health Research (2.0 cr)
Statistics Requirement (6 - 8 credits)
Take at least 2 of the following courses or equivalent statistics courses selected in consultation with the advisor.
Take 6 - 8 credit(s) from the following:
· STAT 5021 - Statistical Analysis (4.0 cr)
· STAT 5302 - Applied Regression Analysis (4.0 cr)
· EPSY 8251 - Statistical Methods in Education I (3.0 cr)
· EPSY 8252 - Statistical Methods in Education II (3.0 cr)
· PUBH 6450 - Biostatistics I (4.0 cr)
· PUBH 6451 - Biostatistics II (4.0 cr)
Electives (6 credits)
Take 6 or more credit(s) from the following:
· SAPH 8054 - Advanced Studies in Pharmaceutical Care Practice (3.0 cr)
· SAPH 8200 - Research Problems (1.0-8.0 cr)
· SAPH 8255 - Pharmaceutical Marketing (3.0 cr)
· SAPH 8610 - Pharmacoepidemiology (3.0 cr)
· SAPH 8700 - Hospital Pharmacy Administration (3.0 cr)
· SAPH 8702 - Hospital Pharmacy Survey (1.0 cr)
· SAPH 8810 - Social Psychology of Health Care (3.0 cr)
· SAPH 8840 - Social Measurement (3.0 cr)
Outside Coursework (12 credits)
Take at least 12 credits outside the major, selected in consultation with the advisor.
Thesis Credits
Take at least 24 doctoral thesis credits.
SAPH 8888 - Thesis Credit: Doctoral (1.0-24.0 cr)
 
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SAPH 5100 - Pro-Seminar
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
History, foundational frameworks, and key research domains for social and administrative pharmacy through examining landmark literature. Students think critically, reflect on important works, and create a cognitive map of the discipline and their own focus for study.
SAPH 8100 - Seminar
Credits: 1.0 [max 8.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Contemporary issues and research problems in sociobehavioral pharmacy, pharmacoeconomics and policy, and clinical research. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8173 - Principles and Methods of Implementing Research
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01044 - Nurs 8173/SAPh 8173
Typically offered: Every Fall
Integrates scientific, statistical, and practical aspects of research. Interrelationships among design, sample selections, subject access, human subjects requirements, instrument selection and evaluation, data management, analyses plans, grant writing, and research career issues. Field experiences. prereq: Two grad stat courses
SAPH 8235 - Pharmaceutical Economics and Policy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Economic analysis of pharmaceutical sector of health care systems. Problems of pricing production and distribution of pharmaceuticals. Domestic or international policy issues relevant to price and access of pharmaceuticals. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8420 - Social and Behavioral Aspects of Pharmacy Practice
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Historical development of the profession, its growth and development, emphasizing forces of education, professionalization, attitude modification, and changes occurring as a product of legal and organizational forces in society. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8500 - Pharmacy and Its Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Cultural foundations of pharmacy. Development of present state of pharmacy practice. Role of pharmacist as health practitioner in relation to other health practitioners. Identification of factors (health policy, regulation, economics, research and development, promotion) that affect individual responses to drug therapy. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
PUBH 6806 - Principles of Public Health Research
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evaluation of public health research literature and planning for independent research projects. Formulation of research question, research design, sampling techniques, use of research concepts, and data analysis. Data collection techniques, including questionnaires, interviews, and data analysis. prereq: Pub hlth or grad or professional school student or instr consent
STAT 5021 - Statistical Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Intensive introduction to statistical methods for graduate students needing statistics as a research technique. prereq: Credit will not be granted if credit has been received for: : 3011; College algebra or instr consent; Stat course recommended
STAT 5302 - Applied Regression Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Simple, multiple, and polynomial regression. Estimation, testing, prediction. Use of graphics in regression. Stepwise and other numerical methods. Weighted least squares, nonlinear models, response surfaces. Experimental research/applications. prereq: 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or instr consent
EPSY 8251 - Statistical Methods in Education I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02313
Prerequisites: [EPSY 5261 or equiv] or undergrad statistics course
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Statistical Methods in Education I is the first course in an entry-level, doctoral sequence for students in education. This course covers estimation and hypothesis testing with a particular focus on ANOVA and an introduction to multiple linear regression. Prepares students for EPSY 8252/8262. prereq: [EPSY 5261 or equiv] or undergrad statistics course
EPSY 8252 - Statistical Methods in Education II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02314
Prerequisites: [8251, 8261 or equiv]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Statistical Methods in Education II is the second course in an entry-level, doctoral sequence for students in education. This course focuses on multiple linear regression and provides an introduction to linear mixed models. prereq: [8251, 8261 or equiv]
PUBH 6450 - Biostatistics I
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Descriptive statistics. Gaussian probability models, point/interval estimation for means/proportions. Hypothesis testing, including t, chi-square, and nonparametric tests. Simple regression/correlation. ANOVA. Health science applications using output from statistical packages. prereq: [College-level algebra, health sciences grad student] or instr consent
PUBH 6451 - Biostatistics II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Two-way ANOVA, interactions, repeated measures, general linear models. Logistic regression for cohort and case-control studies. Loglinear models, contingency tables, Poisson regression, survival data, Kaplan-Meier methods, proportional hazards models. prereq: [PubH 6450 with grade of at least B, health sciences grad student] or instr consent
SAPH 8054 - Advanced Studies in Pharmaceutical Care Practice
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Analyzing practice/implementation of pharmaceutical care. Students confront their assumptions about pharmacy profession, pharmacy practice, and pharmaceutical care. Discussions, guest speakers, intensive literature searches/evaluation.
SAPH 8200 - Research Problems
Credits: 1.0 -8.0 [max 16.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individually designed research experience directed at contemporary problems related to drug use process. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8255 - Pharmaceutical Marketing
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Historical development of distributive systems, marketing channels, institutions, policies, and practices as they relate to pharmaceutical industry. Contemporary issues/theory related to pharmaceutical marketing. Pharmaceutical proportion, especially directed to consumer advertising. prereq: Grad SACP major or instr consent
SAPH 8610 - Pharmacoepidemiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Pharmacoepidemiology is the study of the uses and effects of drugs in patient populations. The science of pharmacoepidemiology borrows from pharmacology and epidemiology. This course will introduce students to the field of pharmacoepidemiology including study methodology, relevant statistics, data sources, measurement of treatments and outcomes, sources of bias and control of confounding, techniques to reduce bias and confounding, survival analysis and regression techniques, interpretation of results, and drug safety surveillance and risk management.
SAPH 8700 - Hospital Pharmacy Administration
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
History, classification, organization, and functions of hospital departments in relation to the pharmacy service. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8702 - Hospital Pharmacy Survey
Credits: 1.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Readings for self-directed students to explore contemporary issues in hospital pharmacy practices. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8810 - Social Psychology of Health Care
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Behavioral and social aspects of recovery responses to drugs and other therapies, patients' compliance with prescribed therapies, relationships between healthcare professional and patient. prereq: Grad SAPh major or instr consent
SAPH 8840 - Social Measurement
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
How social factors such as innovativeness, compliance, religiosity, and stress are measured and tested for reliability and validity. Relationships between theory, concepts, variables, data. prereq: Intro stat course, understanding of simple correlations or instr consent
SAPH 8888 - Thesis Credit: Doctoral
Credits: 1.0 -24.0 [max 100.0]
Grading Basis: No Grade
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
(No description) prereq: Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 24 cr required