Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Veterinary Medicine Ph.D.

College of Veterinary Medicine - Adm
College of Veterinary Medicine
Link to a list of faculty for this program.
Contact Information
College of Veterinary Medicine, 1365 Gortner Avenue, Room 443 VMC, Saint Paul, MN 55108 (612-625-3770; fax: 612-626-2825)
  • Program Type: Doctorate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2017
  • Length of program in credits: 48
  • This program requires summer semesters for timely completion.
  • NO
  • Degree: Doctor of Philosophy
Along with the program-specific requirements listed below, please read the General Information section of this website for requirements that apply to all major fields.
The veterinary medicine graduate program focuses on the scientific study of the mechanisms of transmission and progression of diseases of importance to domestic animals, wildlife and humans with applications to diagnosis, prevention, and treatment. Includes training in infectious and noninfectious disease, epidemiology, environmental biology, ethology, anatomical, clinical and molecular pathobiology.
Accreditation
This program is accredited by NA
Program Delivery
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Prerequisites for Admission
The preferred undergraduate GPA for admittance to the program is 3.25.
DVM or equivalent; students with a BA or BS in biological sciences may be considered. Previous laboratory experience is preferred.
Other requirements to be completed before admission:
Applicants must submit a CV or résumé; three letters of recommendation from persons familiar with their scholarship and research potential; and a statement of any research experience, as well as career interests, goals, and objectives.
Special Application Requirements:
Submission of all application materials by December 15 is required to ensure consideration for fellowships and research assistantships awarded for the next academic year.
Applicants must submit their test score(s) from the following:
  • GRE
International applicants must submit score(s) from one of the following tests:
  • TOEFL
    • Internet Based - Total Score: 79
    • Internet Based - Writing Score: 21
    • Internet Based - Reading Score: 19
    • Paper Based - Total Score: 550
  • IELTS
    • Total Score: 6.5
  • MELAB
    • Final score: 80
The preferred English language test is Test of English as Foreign Language.
Key to test abbreviations (GRE, TOEFL, IELTS, MELAB).
For an online application or for more information about graduate education admissions, see the General Information section of this website.
Program Requirements
24 credits are required in the major.
0 credits are required outside the major.
24 thesis credits are required.
This program may be completed with a minor.
Use of 4xxx courses toward program requirements is permitted under certain conditions with adviser approval.
A minimum GPA of 3.00 is required for students to remain in good standing.
Ethics Course Requirement
Take the following animal ethics course:
VMED 8134 - Ethical Conduct of Animal Research (3.0 cr)
Seminar Requirement
Take VMED 8550 twice for a total of 2 credits.
VMED 8550 - Veterinary Medicine Seminar (1.0 cr)
Statistics Requirement
A minimum of one Statistics course is required. Two Statistics courses are preferred. Select coursework in consultation with the advisor.
PUBH 6414 - Biostatistical Literacy (3.0 cr)
or PUBH 6450 - Biostatistics I (4.0 cr)
or PUBH 6451 - Biostatistics II (4.0 cr)
or STAT 5021 - Statistical Analysis (4.0 cr)
or STAT 5031 - Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement (4.0 cr)
or STAT 5302 - Applied Regression Analysis (4.0 cr)
or STAT 5303 - Designing Experiments (4.0 cr)
or STAT 5421 - Analysis of Categorical Data (3.0 cr)
8xxx-Level Coursework Requirement
Take at least 3 8xxx-level biological sciences courses from the following list, or select others, in consultation with the advisor. CMB 8202 is recommended.
BIOC 8002 - Molecular Biology and Regulation of Biological Processes (3.0 cr)
or BIOC 8216 - Signal Transduction and Gene Expression (3.0 cr)
or GCD 8008 - Mammalian Gene Transfer and Genome Engineering (2.0 cr)
or GCD 8073 - Genetics & Genomics in Human Health (3.0 cr)
or GCD 8131 - Advanced Molecular Genetics and Genomics (3.0 cr)
or GCD 8151 - Cell Structure and Function (3.0 cr)
or GCD 8161 - Advanced Developmental Biology (3.0 cr)
or CMB 8100 - Research Rotation in Comparative and Molecular Biosciences (1.0 cr)
or CMB 8202 - Mechanisms of Animal Health and Disease II (3.0 cr)
or CMB 8303 - Comparative Models of Disease (2.0 cr)
or CMB 8344 - Mechanisms of Hormone Action (2.0 cr)
or VMED 8192 - Dairy Health Management: Critical Thinking (1.0 cr)
or VMED 8193 - Welfare of Farmed Animals (1.0 cr)
or VMED 8394 - Research in Veterinary Medicine (1.0-3.0 cr)
or VMED 8492 - Seminar: Infectious Diseases and Swine Medicine (1.0 cr)
or VMED 8592 - Infectious Disease Journals: Critical Thinking (1.0 cr)
Additional Coursework
Take additional courses from the following list, or select others in consultation with the advisor, to complete the minimum course credit requirement.
VPM 4131 - Immunology (3.0 cr)
or CMB 5200 - Statistical Genetics and Genomics (4.0 cr)
or VMED 5165 - Surveillance of Foodborne Diseases and Food Safety Hazards (2.0 cr)
or VMED 5180 - Ecology of Infectious Disease (3.0 cr)
or VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3.0 cr)
or VMED 5182 - Molecular biology for the Public Health Professional (2.0 cr)
or VMED 5190 - Seminar and Presentation Development (2.0 cr)
or VMED 5420 - Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Disease (3.0 cr)
or VMED 5442 - Quantitative Methods for Analysis of Food Animal Disease Data (4.0 cr)
or VMED 5594 - Research in Veterinary Medicine (1.0-4.0 cr)
or VMED 5596 - Swine Diseases and Diagnostics (2.0-3.0 cr)
or VMED 5910 - Grant Writing: What Makes a Winning Proposal? (2.0 cr)
or VMED 5921 - Seminar in Food Protection and Defense (1.0 cr)
or PUBH 6341 - Epidemiologic Methods I (3.0 cr)
or PUBH 6342 - Epidemiologic Methods II (3.0 cr)
or PUBH 6343 - Epidemiologic Methods III (4.0 cr)
or PUBH 6350 - Epidemiologic Methods III: Lab (1.0 cr)
or PUBH 6385 - Epidemiology and Control of Infectious Diseases (2.0 cr)
Thesis Credits
Take at least 24 doctoral thesis credits.
VMED 8888 - Thesis Credit: Doctoral (1.0-24.0 cr)
 
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VMED 8134 - Ethical Conduct of Animal Research
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00512 - AnSc 8134/CMB 8134/VMed 8134
Typically offered: Every Fall
Ethical considerations in use of animal subjects in agricultural, veterinary, and biomedical research. Federal, state, and University guidelines relating to proper conduct for acquisition/use of animals for laboratory, observational, epidemiological, and clinical research. Regulatory requirements. Bases for proper conduct. Societal impact on scientific investigations utilizing animal subjects.
VMED 8550 - Veterinary Medicine Seminar
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01852
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Seminar. Exposure to research activities of CMB and VMED students and faculty. Students prepare/present a 20 minute seminar on their original research. prereq: Grad student
PUBH 6414 - Biostatistical Literacy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Develop ability to read/interpret statistical results in primary literature. Minimal calculation. No formal training in any statistical programming software. Biostatistical Literacy will cover the fundamental concepts of study design, descriptive statistics, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, odds ratios, relative risks, adjusted models in multiple linear, logistic and Poisson regression, and survival analysis. The focus will be when to use a given method and how to interpret the results, not the actual computation or computer programming to obtain results from raw data. prereq: MPH or certificate student or environmental health or instr consent
PUBH 6450 - Biostatistics I
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Descriptive statistics. Gaussian probability models, point/interval estimation for means/proportions. Hypothesis testing, including t, chi-square, and nonparametric tests. Simple regression/correlation. ANOVA. Health science applications using output from statistical packages. prereq: [College-level algebra, health sciences grad student] or instr consent
PUBH 6451 - Biostatistics II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Two-way ANOVA, interactions, repeated measures, general linear models. Logistic regression for cohort and case-control studies. Loglinear models, contingency tables, Poisson regression, survival data, Kaplan-Meier methods, proportional hazards models. prereq: [PubH 6450 with grade of at least B, health sciences grad student] or instr consent
STAT 5021 - Statistical Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Intensive introduction to statistical methods for graduate students needing statistics as a research technique. prereq: Credit will not be granted if credit has been received for: : 3011; College algebra or instr consent; Stat course recommended
STAT 5031 - Statistical Methods for Quality Improvement
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Random variability/sampling. Controlling statistical process. Shewhart/accumulative charting. Analyzing plant data, trend surface, and variance/design of experiments. prereq: [3021 or 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or 8102], Math 1272
STAT 5302 - Applied Regression Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Simple, multiple, and polynomial regression. Estimation, testing, prediction. Use of graphics in regression. Stepwise and other numerical methods. Weighted least squares, nonlinear models, response surfaces. Experimental research/applications. prereq: 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or instr consent
STAT 5303 - Designing Experiments
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analysis of variance. Multiple comparisons. Variance-stabilizing transformations. Contrasts. Construction/analysis of complete/incomplete block designs. Fractional factorial designs. Confounding split plots. Response surface design. prereq: 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or instr consent
STAT 5421 - Analysis of Categorical Data
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Varieties of categorical data, cross-classifications, contingency tables. Tests for independence. Combining 2x2 tables. Multidimensional tables/loglinear models. Maximum-likelihood estimation. Tests for goodness of fit. Logistic regression. Generalized linear/multinomial-response models.
BIOC 8002 - Molecular Biology and Regulation of Biological Processes
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Classical to current topics in molecular biology. Aspects of DNA, RNA, and protein biology. DNA replication, repair, and recombination. RNA transcription, editing, and regulation. Protein translation/modification. Technologies such as deep-sequencing micro-RNA and prions. prereq: [BMBB or MCDBG] grad student or instr consent
BIOC 8216 - Signal Transduction and Gene Expression
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Cell signaling, metabolic regulation in development. Procaryotic/eucaryotic systems used as models for discussion. Literature-based course. prereq: 8002 or instr consent
GCD 8008 - Mammalian Gene Transfer and Genome Engineering
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Current gene transfer and genome engineering technology. Applications of genetic modifications in animals, particularly transgenic animals and human gene therapy. prereq: instr consent
GCD 8073 - Genetics & Genomics in Human Health
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Application of molecular, biochemical, chromosomal, and population genetics to human variation and disease. Abnormal chromosome number and structure; abnormal enzyme, structural protein, receptor, and transport; analysis of inheritance patterns; behavioral genetics; genetic basis of common disease. Current research articles in human genetics. prereq: 8131 or BIOL 4003 or instr consent
GCD 8131 - Advanced Molecular Genetics and Genomics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Literature-based course in modern molecular genetic and genomic analysis. Students will gain a deep understanding of the fundamental molecular mechanisms controlling inheritance in biological systems. Students will gain a facility in thinking critically and creatively about how genes work at cellular, organismal, and transgenerational levels. Course instruction emphasizes active-learning approaches, student presentations, and group projects. prereq: [3022 or BIOL 4003], [BIOC 3021 or BIOC 4331] or instr consent
GCD 8151 - Cell Structure and Function
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Structure, function, and biochemistry of cellular organelles. Cellular interactions in eukaryotes. Emphasizes membranes, secretion, trafficking, cytoskeleton, cell motility, nucleus, cell cycle, apoptosis, cell signaling, and signal transduction mechanisms. prereq: [[[4034 or 8121 or BioC 8002], Biol 4004] or BMBB or MCDBconcurrent registration is required (or allowed) in G grad student] or instr consent
GCD 8161 - Advanced Developmental Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Current concepts/experimental approaches to basic mechanisms of development. Model organisms. Embryology, cell fate determination, differentiation, pattern formation, polarity, cell migration, cell interactions. Analysis of original research articles. prereq: [BMBB or MCDBconcurrent registration is required (or allowed) in G grad student or GCD4161] or [[GCD 8131 or Biol 4003], Biol 4004, GCD4034]] or instr consent
CMB 8100 - Research Rotation in Comparative and Molecular Biosciences
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Current developments in faculty research. Topics specific to research adviser's area of interest. Eight weeks.
CMB 8202 - Mechanisms of Animal Health and Disease II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Multi-perspective approach to critically evaluating journal articles, as done for peer-reviewed journals. Aspects of host/pathogen interactions, including molecular/genetic mechanisms of host resistance/pathogenesis.
CMB 8303 - Comparative Models of Disease
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Disease processes in organ systems. Examples of animal models. Comparative medicine. Clinical relevance of problem/disease. Animal models used to study disease process/problem. Lectures. prereq: Enrollment in a biological sciences grad program or instr consent
CMB 8344 - Mechanisms of Hormone Action
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Mechanisms of hormone/cytokine action. Focuses on major signal transduction/apoptosis. Topics incorporate pharmacology, biochemistry, and cell biology of hormone action in relevant physiological systems. Lectures on basic principles. Specialized lectures. Discussion of primary literature. prereq: Course in biochemistry or cell biology or instr consent
VMED 8192 - Dairy Health Management: Critical Thinking
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Group discussions surrounding critical evaluations of scientific journal articles and dairy-related scientific presentations. Facilitated by both students and faculty.
VMED 8193 - Welfare of Farmed Animals
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course covers topics on the evaluation and assessment of the welfare of farmed animals. Literature review, discussions, and analyses are used to increase skills needed to evaluate methods for improving the welfare of farmed animals in various situations.
VMED 8394 - Research in Veterinary Medicine
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Research problems relating to any aspect of internal medicine or to the various systems in animals. prereq: instr consent
VMED 8492 - Seminar: Infectious Diseases and Swine Medicine
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Students, faculty, and guest speakers present seminars on current research in diagnosis, control, and treatment of infectious diseases.
VMED 8592 - Infectious Disease Journals: Critical Thinking
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course is intended to discuss published papers, experimental methods, approaches, diseases and animal health problems with the goal of promoting critical thinking. Students will be responsible for identifying, reviewing and sharing relevant material as well as leading discussion of their assigned class meeting.
VPM 4131 - Immunology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01727
Typically offered: Every Spring
Molecular, genetic, and cellular bases for humoral/cell-mediated immunity. Innage immunity. Antigen recognition by B and T lymphocytes. Interactions between lymphocytes and other cells of immune system. Cytokines. Immunoregulation. Key aspects of clinical immunology.
CMB 5200 - Statistical Genetics and Genomics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Statistical issues in genomics. Gene detection, including statistical analysis/designs for linkage study and for mapping quantitative trait loci. Linkage analysis using pedigree data for codominant/dominant markers. Using radiation hybrid mapping and single cell typing. Design issues in linkage analysis, parentage testing, and marker polymorphism.
VMED 5165 - Surveillance of Foodborne Diseases and Food Safety Hazards
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: PubH 5181/VMed 5165
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles/methods for surveillance of foodborne diseases. Investigation of outbreaks. Assessment of food safety hazards. Focuses on integration of epidemiologic/lab methods. prereq: [PUBH 5330, [professional school or grad student]] or instr consent
VMED 5180 - Ecology of Infectious Disease
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00899
Typically offered: Every Fall
How host, agent, environmental interactions influence transmission of infectious agents. Environmental dissemination, eradication/control, evolution of virulence. Use of analytical/molecular tools.
VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Spatial distribution of disease events. Exposures/outcomes. Factors that determine where diseases occur. Analyzing spatial disease data in public health, geography, epidemiology. Focuses on human/animal health related examples. prereq: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
VMED 5182 - Molecular biology for the Public Health Professional
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course focuses on introducing students to molecular biology lab tools that are used to investigate infectious diseases in public health settings. The course combines laboratory sessions during which students will learn and run molecular assays with computer lab sessions during which students will analyze molecular data.
VMED 5190 - Seminar and Presentation Development
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Skills needed to research, organize, develop, and deliver an oral scientific presentation or to assist in finding, compiling, and organizing information for presentations, theses, or papers suitable for publication. prereq: Grad student
VMED 5420 - Molecular Epidemiology of Infectious Disease
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Impact, application, and interpretation of molecular techniques in understanding etiology, transmission, and control of infectious diseases important to animal and public health. Theoretical/practical aspects of molecular biology methods in context of epidemiological studies of infectious diseases, including bacterial/viral infections of veterinary/zoonotic significance. Population and evolutionary genetics of pathogenic microorganisms. Data analysis/interpretation. Design of descriptive/hypothesis-driven epidemiological studies involving molecular techniques. prereq: Basic course in microbiology
VMED 5442 - Quantitative Methods for Analysis of Food Animal Disease Data
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles and application of advanced methods for analysis of food animal disease data. Analytical techniques taught include risk assessment, spatial analysis, disease modeling and disease economics. The goal is to promote critical thinking applied to the solution of problems. prereq: basic statistics (PUBH6450 or equivalent) and basic epidemiology (CVM6922 or PUBH6341 or equivalent)
VMED 5594 - Research in Veterinary Medicine
Credits: 1.0 -4.0 [max 8.0]
Prerequisites: Jr, #
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Independent study as determined by instructor. Usual activity includes conducting research in instructor's lab, though research in field may also be included. prereq: Jr, instr consent
VMED 5596 - Swine Diseases and Diagnostics
Credits: 2.0 -3.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Review of recent advances in swine diseases; farm visits for on-farm disease diagnostics and control programs.
VMED 5910 - Grant Writing: What Makes a Winning Proposal?
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01473 - CMB 5910/VMed 5910
Typically offered: Every Spring
Components of a strong proposal. Grant submission process. What reviewers look for. How to locate grant announcements that match research interests.
VMED 5921 - Seminar in Food Protection and Defense
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Complexities of our food systems. Natural/intentional threats to food security within various industry sectors. Which agencies are responsible for regulating food chains, monitoring food safety, responding to contamination events.
PUBH 6341 - Epidemiologic Methods I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02236 - PubH 6320PubH /6341
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to epidemiologic concepts and methods: (1) Study design (randomized trials and observational studies); (2) Measures of exposure-disease association; (3) Casual inference and bias; (4) Confounding and effect modification.
PUBH 6342 - Epidemiologic Methods II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Methods and techniques for designing, implementing, analyzing, and interpreting observational epidemiologic studies, including cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies.
PUBH 6343 - Epidemiologic Methods III
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Analysis/interpretation of data from various epidemiological study designs. SAS used to demonstrate epidemiological/statistical concepts in data analysis. prereq: [6342, 6451] with a grade of at least B- or instr consent
PUBH 6350 - Epidemiologic Methods III: Lab
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Skills-based course in which students get hands-on experience in analysis of a variety of epidemiologic datasets using SAS programming to apply epidemiologic methods presented in PubH 6343, examine crude data for outliers, data errors and distributional assumptions, debug code when programs do not run correctly, and prepare a scientific presentation with appropriate content for introduction/background, methods, results and discussion.
PUBH 6385 - Epidemiology and Control of Infectious Diseases
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles and/ methods. Strategies for disease control and prevention, including immunization. Relevance of modes of transmission of specific agents for disease spread and prevention. Public health consequences of infectious diseases at local, national, and international levels.
VMED 8888 - Thesis Credit: Doctoral
Credits: 1.0 -24.0 [max 100.0]
Grading Basis: No Grade
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
(No description) prereq: Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 24 cr required