Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Geography Minor

Geography, Environment, Society
College of Liberal Arts
Link to a list of faculty for this program.
Contact Information
Department of Geography, 414 Social Sciences Building, 267 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (612-625-6080; fax: 612-624-1044)
  • Program Type: Graduate minor related to major
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2021
  • Length of program in credits (master's): 9
  • Length of program in credits (doctoral): 12
  • This program does not require summer semesters for timely completion.
The geography graduate program at Minnesota reflects the intellectual breadth of the discipline by maintaining strengths in the broad areas of human geography, physical geography, nature-society relationships, and geographic information science.
Program Delivery
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Prerequisites for Admission
Special Application Requirements:
Students interested in the minor are strongly encouraged to confer with their major field advisor and director of graduate studies, and the Geography director of graduate studies regarding feasibility and requirements.
For an online application or for more information about graduate education admissions, see the General Information section of this website.
Program Requirements
Use of 4xxx courses towards program requirements is not permitted.
The minor must be developed in consultation with a faculty advisor, who is selected in consultation with the Geography director of graduate studies. The minimum cumulative GPA is 3.0 for minor field coursework applied to the PhD-level minor.
Coursework (9 to 12 credits)
Master's students select 9 credits, and doctoral students select 12 credits from the following in consultation with the Geography director of graduate studies:
GEOG 3362 - Geography and Real Estate (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5374 - The City in Film (4.0 cr)
GEOG 5385 - Globalization and Development: Political Economy (4.0 cr)
GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments (4.0 cr)
GEOG 5401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5431 - Plant and Animal Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5511 - Principles of Cartography (4.0 cr)
GEOG 5530 - Cartography Internship (2.0-7.0 cr)
GEOG 5531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis (4.0 cr)
GEOG 5541 - Principles of Geocomputing (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5543 - Advanced Geocomputing (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science (4.0 cr)
GEOG 5562 - GIS Development Practicum (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5588 - Advanced Geovisualization (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5839 - Introduction to Dendrochronology (3.0 cr)
GEOG 5900 - Topics in Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8001 - Problems in Geographic Thought (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8002 - Research Methods in Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8005 - Proseminar: Population Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8006 - Proseminar: Research Methods in Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8007 - Proseminar: Theories of Development and Change (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8020 - Research Seminar: Economic Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8101 - Proseminar: Nature and Society (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8102 - Proseminar: The State, the Economy, and Spatial Development (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8103 - Proseminar: Physical Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8105 - Proseminar: Historical Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8106 - Seminar: Social and Cultural Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8107 - Geographic Writing (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8200 - Seminar: Urban Geography (2.0-3.0 cr)
GEOG 8201 - Explorations in the Geography of Minnesota (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8211 - Federal Policy Research (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8212 - Africa (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8214 - South Asia (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8220 - Agrarian Change and Rural Development (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8230 - Theoretical Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8240 - Medical Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8260 - Seminar: Physical Geography (2.0 cr)
GEOG 8270 - Seminar: Climatology (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8280 - Biogeography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8290 - Seminar in GIS and Cartography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8291 - Seminar in GIS, Technology, and Society (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8292 - Seminar in GIS: Spatial Analysis and Modeling (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8293 - CyberGIS (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8294 - Spatiotemporal Modeling and Simulation (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8301 - Advanced Qualitative Methods (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8302 - Research Development (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8336 - Development Theory and the State (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8350 - Seminar: World Population (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8405 - Seminar: Graduate Student Professional Development (1.0 cr)
GEOG 8420 - Teaching Practicum (1.0 cr)
GEOG 8800 - Seminar: Development of Geographic Thought (3.0 cr)
GEOG 8970 - Directed Readings (1.0-5.0 cr)
GEOG 8980 - Topics: Geography (1.0-3.0 cr)
Program Sub-plans
Students are required to complete one of the following sub-plans.
Students may not complete the program with more than one sub-plan.
Masters
Doctoral
 
More program views..
View college catalog(s):
· College of Liberal Arts

View PDF Version:
Search.
Search Programs

Search University Catalogs
Related links.

College of Liberal Arts

Graduate Admissions

Graduate School Fellowships

Graduate Assistantships

Colleges and Schools

One Stop
for tuition, course registration, financial aid, academic calendars, and more
 
GEOG 3362 - Geography and Real Estate
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Through lectures involving professionals working in the real estate business, field trips, and personal research the course examines the nature and history of real property ("land") ownership in the United States with special reference to Minnesota. The focus will be on the mechanistic, legalistic, and historic characteristics of ownership rather than the uses to which real property has been put or the philosophical, sociological, or economic aspects of ownership or use. More attention will be paid to the published and unpublished primary materials that characterize the nature of land ownership than to the secondary literature.
GEOG 5374 - The City in Film
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3374W/3374V/5374W
Typically offered: Every Spring
Cinematic portrayal of changes in 20th-century cities worldwide. Social/cultural conflict, political/economic processes, changing gender relationships, rural versus urban areas, population/development issues (especially as they affect women/children). Meets concurrently with 3374. Additional weekly meeting discusses films, readings. Project on a topic selected in consultation with instructor. prereq: grad student or instr consent
GEOG 5385 - Globalization and Development: Political Economy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Nature/scope of modern world system (capitalism), its impact on regional development processes. Roles of state and of international financial institutions. prereq: Sr or grad or instr consent
GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Analysis of three principal components of rural landscape (form of land surface, plant life that cloaks it, structures that people have placed upon it). Structures associated with agriculture, including mining, forestry, resort areas, and small towns.
GEOG 5401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3401/5401
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Processes that create/change the spatial patterns of climate, vegetation, and soils. Potential of humans to alter climate, vegetation, and soil processes. Possible impacts of human-altered environmental conditions. prereq: grad student or instr consent
GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Theories of climatic fluctuations and change at decadal to centuries time scales; analysis of temporal and spatial fluctuations especially during the period of instrumental record. prereq: 1425 or 3401 or instr consent
GEOG 5431 - Plant and Animal Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3431/5431
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Introduction to biogeography. Focuses on patterns of plant/animal distributions at different scales over time/space. Evolutionary, ecological, and applied biogeography. Paleobiogeography, vegetation-environment relationships, vegetation dynamics/disturbance ecology, human impact on plants/animals, nature conservation. Discussions, group/individual projects, local field trips.
GEOG 5511 - Principles of Cartography
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3511/Geog 5511
Typically offered: Every Spring
Topics on data sources for mapping. History of thematic cartography (focused on 19th-century European activity). Multivariate classification/symbolization. Models for cartographic generalization, spatial interpolation, and surface representation. Animated/multimedia cartography.
GEOG 5530 - Cartography Internship
Credits: 2.0 -7.0 [max 10.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Provides intensive hands-on experience in contemporary map production and design, ranging from GIS applications to digital prepress. Strong computer skills essential. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 5531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3531/5531
Typically offered: Every Fall
Applied/theoretical aspects of geographical quantitative methods for spatial analysis. Emphasizes analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in human/physical areas.
GEOG 5541 - Principles of Geocomputing
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3541/Geog 5541
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
The availability of computing infrastructures such as high-performance and cloud computing, high-speed networks, and rich data has led to a new scientific paradigm using computational science. Geocomputation is the "application of a computational science paradigm to study a wide range of problems in geographical and earth systems (the geo) contexts" (Openshaw, 2014). This course will introduce students to geocomputation as well as related areas including big spatial data, and cyberinfrastructure. Students will engage in hands-on-exercises learning principles and best-practices in geocomputing. The ability to program is an essential skill for GIScientists. Learning to program takes time and a lost of practice, and in this course students will learn how to develop programs in the Python programming language to solve geospatial problems.
GEOG 5543 - Advanced Geocomputing
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
The availability of computing infrastructures such as high-performance and cloud computing, highspeed networks, and rich data has led to a new scientific paradigm using computational approaches, termed computational science. Geocomputation is the "application of a computational science paradigm to study a wide range of problems in geographical and earth systems (the geo) contexts" (Openshaw, 2014). This course will delve into advanced topics in geocomputation as well as related areas ranging from geographic information and spatial big data to cyberinfrastructure and parallel computation. Students will engage in hands-on exercises learning principles and best practices in geocomputing while using cutting-edge computational infrastructures.
GEOG 5561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3561/ Geog 5561
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to the study of geographic information systems (GIS) for geography and non-geography students. Topics include GIS application domains, data models and sources, analysis methods and output techniques. Lectures, reading, and hands-on experience with GIS software. prereq: grad
GEOG 5562 - GIS Development Practicum
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: GIS 5571 or #
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Algorithms/data structures for digital cartographic data, topological relationships, surface modeling, and interpolation. Map projections, geometric transformations, numerical generalization, raster/vector processing. Hands-on experience with software packages. prereq: GIS 5571 or instr consent
GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Core concepts in urban geographic information science including sources for urban geographical and attribute data (including census data), urban data structures (focusing on the TIGER data structure), urban spatial analyses (including location-allocation models), geodemographic analysis, network analysis, and the display of urban data. prereq: 3561 or 5561
GEOG 5588 - Advanced Geovisualization
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
The generation and use of geographic information has become an integral part of our daily life, science, and technology. This has led to increasing interest in the design and development of interactive maps and dynamic geographic visualizations in 2D, 3D, and Web environments. The Advanced Geovisualization course intends to equip students with the knowledge and advanced technical skills needed to design and implement effective maps and create dynamic and interactive visualizations using geospatial data sets.
GEOG 5839 - Introduction to Dendrochronology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3839/Geog 5839
Typically offered: Every Fall
Historical development, operational techniques, biological background, and principles of tree ring analysis. Applications of tree-ring data to investigate environmental change and past cultures. prereq: [1403, [BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009 or equiv]] or instr consent
GEOG 5900 - Topics in Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 9.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Special topics and regions. Course offered by visiting professors in their research fields.
GEOG 8001 - Problems in Geographic Thought
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Currents of geographic thought in biophysical, GIS, human, cultural, and human-environment subfields. Focuses on concepts/paradigms through which geographers have attempted to unify/codify the discipline, around which debate has flourished, and about which interdisciplinary histories can be traced.
GEOG 8002 - Research Methods in Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Seminar. Overview of research designs/methods in geography. Relationships between different research paradigms (modes of inquiry), research designs, and methods. Critical readings. Analyses of research projects.
GEOG 8005 - Proseminar: Population Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Conceptual literature and empirical studies on fertility, mortality, and migrations in different parts of the world. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8006 - Proseminar: Research Methods in Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Introduction to research design, strategies, methods of data collection, analysis, interpretation, and representation in contemporary geographic research. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8007 - Proseminar: Theories of Development and Change
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Recent research themes and questions in geography and related social sciences on Third World development; development theories, conceptually grounded case studies, and grassroots-based research. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8020 - Research Seminar: Economic Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Contemporary research. Advanced topics, which vary with interests of faculty offering course. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8101 - Proseminar: Nature and Society
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Interconnectedness of environment and people, nature and society. Conceptual literature and empirical studies in human/cultural/political ecology. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8102 - Proseminar: The State, the Economy, and Spatial Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Introduction to research in economic, political, and urban geography: conceptual research addressing interrelationship between political and economic processes and spatial dynamics of urban and regional development; empirical research documenting nature and extent of this interrelationship at different spatial scales. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8103 - Proseminar: Physical Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Historical development of research in physical geography, current research trends, and transfer of current research to undergraduate education. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8105 - Proseminar: Historical Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Introduction to conceptual research and empirical studies. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8106 - Seminar: Social and Cultural Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Role of space and place in constitution of social and cultural life, social relations, and social identities; class, space, and place; geography of race and racism; environmental racism; geography of gender and sexuality; nationalism, national identity, and territory. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8107 - Geographic Writing
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Analysis of organization and presentation of geographic research. Critiques of selected examples of geographic writing. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8200 - Seminar: Urban Geography
Credits: 2.0 -3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Contemporary research. Topics vary with the interests of faculty.
GEOG 8201 - Explorations in the Geography of Minnesota
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Physical environment, agriculture, forestry, mining, land survey, population, recreation, cities/towns, transportation. Sources of information about the state. Students make short oral/written reports. Might provide springboard for a Plan B paper, thesis, or dissertation. Two or three Saturday field trips. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8211 - Federal Policy Research
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
U.S. environmental policies at federal/state level. Policy formulation, implementation, and evaluation. This seminar provides students with the necessary information to carry out independent research into public policy and will add unfamiliar sources to their research bibliographies. Descriptive and analytical rather than theoretical, and illustrative rather than comprehensive, it gives both social scientists and biophysical scientists additional perspective to their personal research and adds an important dimension to their analysis. It will allow them to find, describe, critically review, and communicate those aspects of federal policy of concern. Students are encouraged to choose areas of policy coinciding with their areas of research. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8212 - Africa
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8214 - South Asia
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.
GEOG 8220 - Agrarian Change and Rural Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Contours of agricultural/rural development in Third World. Theories of agrarian transformation and of rural development. Role of agriculture in economic development. Peasant economy. Nature/role of state intervention in rural sector.
GEOG 8230 - Theoretical Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Advanced topics. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course. Contemporary theoretical/philosophical themes transcending subdisciplines of human/physical geography. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8240 - Medical Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Geographic inquiry concerning selected problems of health and health care. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8260 - Seminar: Physical Geography
Credits: 2.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Topics of contemporary research. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course.
GEOG 8270 - Seminar: Climatology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Sample topics: climate modeling; climatic variability; climate change and predictability; severe local storms; drought; energy balance; urban climate; statistical climatology. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8280 - Biogeography
Credits: 3.0 [max 9.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Forest dynamics, dendrochronology, tree rings and climate, environmental disturbance, paleobiogeography, field/lab methods in biogeography. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8290 - Seminar in GIS and Cartography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Selected concepts/methods. Topics, which vary yearly, include spatial analysis methods in GIS; advanced visualization methods; data quality and error propagation in GIS; generalization methods in GIS and cartography; role of time in GIS; interactive/animated cartography; incorporation of uncertainty. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8291 - Seminar in GIS, Technology, and Society
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Relationships between practice of GIS and political, economic, legal, institutional structures of society. Effects of GIS on society. Nontraditional spaces in GIS. GIS and local decision making. Privacy issues. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8292 - Seminar in GIS: Spatial Analysis and Modeling
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Overview of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial analysis/modeling of human/environmental systems. Spatial statistics, modeling spatiotemporal processes, simulation techniques, visualization, complex systems/complexity. Guidance in thesis/dissertation research. prereq: 3511 [or equiv statistics course], [3561 or 5561 or equiv intro GIS course] or instr consent
GEOG 8293 - CyberGIS
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Just as physical infrastructure provides services such as electricity, plumbing, and road networks to communities across the world, cyberinfrastructure has emerged to provide computational services and capabilities to scientific communities. Cyberinfrastructure integrates high-performance computing, digital sensors, virtual organizations, and software tools and services to facilitate computationally-intensive and collaborative scientific research. CyberGIS, broadly defined as cyberinfrastructure-based geographic information systems, integrates cyberinfrastructure, geographic information systems (GIS), and spatial analysis to enable collaborative geographic problem solving. This course will delve into advanced topics within the context of cyberGIS and related technologies. Particular emphasis will be placed on raster data processing including a broad introduction to raster data, cartographic modeling, and raster data manipulation. We will situate raster data processing in the broader context of geographic information science and cyberGIS focusing on the how synthesizing computational thinking and spatial thinking influence methodological approaches. Students will be expected to draw on their own experiences and backgrounds to enhance discussions, labs, and research projects. Students will gain hands-on experience developing methods to analyze and manipulate raster data.
GEOG 8294 - Spatiotemporal Modeling and Simulation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Many geographic, societal, and environmental phenomena as well as biological and ecological systems involve dynamic processes that are changing in space and time. Examples include hurricanes, animal migrations, spread of diseases, human mobility and population dynamics. Movement is a key to understanding the underlying mechanisms of these dynamic processes. Today, the availability of an unprecedented amount of movement observations at ne spatial and temporal granularities has resulted in substantial advances in GISciences approaches for the analysis, modeling, and simulation of movement and its patterns. Spatiotemporal models and simulation techniques are often used to analyze and better understand the patterns of spatiotemporal processes, and to assess their behavioral responses in varying environmental conditions. This seminar introduces students to the concepts of spatiotemporal processes and patterns. We review existing methods for modeling and simulation of spatiotemporal phenomena, especially movement. Students will develop computational skills to model a phenomena of their choice and create simulations.
GEOG 8301 - Advanced Qualitative Methods
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Techniques available to scholars who use qualitative methods. Participant observation. Formal/informal interviews: life/oral histories, focus interviews. Documentary and material culture analysis. Practical experience, theoretical/ethical questions.
GEOG 8302 - Research Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Students in geography and related social sciences are guided in key steps to effective research proposal writing. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8336 - Development Theory and the State
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Why certain interventionist states in third world countries have been able to guide their economies to overcome legacy of underdevelopment while most have failed to induce development. Internal/external conditions that facilitated such departure from underdevelopment. Comparative national/provincial case studies: Taiwan, South Korea, Botswana, Brazil, India. Applying theoretical approaches to policy issues.
GEOG 8350 - Seminar: World Population
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Contemporary research in world population development and problems. Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8405 - Seminar: Graduate Student Professional Development
Credits: 1.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Strategies for success in graduate program. Preparation for a career as a geographer. Completing/defending the dissertation. Publishing, job search, tenure process, oral presentations, non-academic career paths. prereq: Geography grad student
GEOG 8420 - Teaching Practicum
Credits: 1.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Teaching methodologies, learning objectives, course content, classroom techniques, student/course evaluation. Specific application to instruction in Geography. prereq: [Geog or MGIS] grad student or instr consent
GEOG 8800 - Seminar: Development of Geographic Thought
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Topics vary with interests of faculty offering course. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 8970 - Directed Readings
Credits: 1.0 -5.0 [max 10.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
tbd prereq: dept consent
GEOG 8980 - Topics: Geography
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 30.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Seminar offered by visiting or regular faculty. Topics vary with interests of faculty. prereq: instr consent