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Twin Cities Campus

Greek Minor

Classical and Near Eastern Religions and Cultures
College of Liberal Arts
  • Program Type: Undergraduate minor related to major
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2022
  • Required credits in this minor: 17 to 28
The minor in Greek introduces students to the language and culture of ancient Greece. It develops skills in reading and comprehending classical Greek, with a focus on the prose literature of ancient Athens and the poetry of Homer. This minor may complement a student's intended major study, especially in philosophy, history, religious studies, biblical studies, political science, and English; it may also be useful for students planning to go to medical school.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
Students must complete 3 courses before admission to the program.
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
Required prerequisites
Introductory Course
Take exactly 1 course(s) totaling 3 - 4 credit(s) from the following:
· CNRC 1002 - World of Greece [HIS] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 1042 - Greek and Roman Mythology [AH] (4.0 cr)
or CNRC 1042H - Honors Course: Greek and Roman Mythology [AH] (4.0 cr)
Required prerequisites
First-Year Greek
In select cases, students with advanced proficiency may be exempt from taking one or both of these courses. Placement is determined by the Director of Classical Language Instruction.
Take 0 - 2 course(s) totaling 0 - 10 credit(s) from the following:
· GRK 1001 - Beginning Classical Greek I (5.0 cr)
· GRK 1002 - Beginning Classical Greek II (5.0 cr)
Minor Requirements
Students may earn a BA in Classics or a minor in Greek, but not both.
Intermediate Greek Courses
Take exactly 2 course(s) totaling exactly 8 credit(s) from the following:
· GRK 3003 - Intermediate Greek Prose (4.0 cr)
· GRK 3004 - Intermediate Greek Poetry (4.0 cr)
Greek Elective
Take exactly 1 course(s) totaling exactly 3 credit(s) from the following:
· GRK 5100 - Advanced Reading (3.0 cr)
· GRK 5200 - Advanced Readings in Greek Prose (3.0 cr)
· GRK 5701 - Prose Composition (3.0 cr)
Electives
Take exactly 1 course(s) totaling 3 or more credit(s) from the following:
· CNRC 3042 - Myths, Legends, and Literature of the Ancient Near East [AH] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3081W - Classical Epic in Translation [LITR, WI] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3082W - Greek Tragedy in Translation [LITR, WI] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3103 - Ancient Greece: Alexander and the East [HIS] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3601W - Sexuality and Gender in Ancient Greece and Rome [AH, WI] (3.0 cr)
· GRK 5100 - Advanced Reading (3.0 cr)
· GRK 5200 - Advanced Readings in Greek Prose (3.0 cr)
· GRK 5701 - Prose Composition (3.0 cr)
· HIST 3052 - Ancient Civilization: Greece [HIS, GP] (3.0 cr)
· HIST 3054 - Ancient Egypt and its Neighbors (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3061 - "Bread and Circuses:" Spectacles and Mass Culture in Antiquity [HIS, CIV] (3.0 cr)
or HIST 3061 - "Bread and Circuses": Spectacles and Mass Culture in Antiquity [HIS, CIV] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions [HIS] (3.0 cr)
or CNRC 5071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions (3.0 cr)
or RELS 3071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions [HIS] (3.0 cr)
or RELS 5071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3072 - The Birth of Christianity [AH] (3.0 cr)
or CNRC 5072 - The Birth of Christianity [AH] (3.0 cr)
or RELS 3072 - The Birth of Christianity [AH] (3.0 cr)
or RELS 5072 - The Birth of Christianity [AH] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3152 - Art and Archaeology of Ancient Greece [HIS] (3.0 cr)
or ARTH 3152 - Art and Archaeology of Ancient Greece [HIS] (3.0 cr)
· CNRC 3535 - Death and the Afterlife in the Ancient World [AH] (3.0 cr)
or RELS 3535 - Death and the Afterlife in the Ancient World [AH] (3.0 cr)
 
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CNRC 1002 - World of Greece (HIS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Ancient Greek civilization, from second millenium BCE to Roman period. Art/archaeology, philosophy, science, literature, social/political institutions. Focuses on connections with contemporary cultures corresponding to Ancient Near East.
CNRC 1042 - Greek and Roman Mythology (AH)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 1042/CNES 1042H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introduction to stories/study of Greek/Roman mythology.
CNRC 1042H - Honors Course: Greek and Roman Mythology (AH)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 1042/CNES 1042H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to stories/study of Greek/Roman mythology. prereq: Honors or instr consent
GRK 1001 - Beginning Classical Greek I
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to grammar/vocabulary of classical Greek as written in Athens in 5th/4th centuries BCE. Forms/simple constructions. Some reading of simple, heavily adapted passages from ancient texts.
GRK 1002 - Beginning Classical Greek II
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Continuation of Greek 1001. More complex constructions, including participles, clauses, indirect discourse. Some reading of adapted passages from ancient texts. prereq: Grade of at least C- or S in 1001 or dept consent
GRK 3003 - Intermediate Greek Prose
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Grk 3003/Grk 3113/Grk 5003
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to Athenian prose authors of 5th/4th centuries BCE. Readings of continuous passages of unadapted Greek texts (history, speeches). Review of grammar/vocabulary. Some discussion of major themes/issues in Greek culture as illustrated by texts. prereq: Grade of at least C- or S in 1002 or 5001 or instr consent
GRK 3004 - Intermediate Greek Poetry
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Grk 3004/Grk 5004
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to Greek epic poetry. Readings of selections from Homer's Iliad and Odyssey. Quantitative meter and poetic devices. Discussion of major themes and issues as developed in Homer's poetry. prereq: dept consent
GRK 5100 - Advanced Reading
Credits: 3.0 [max 18.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Reading in Greek texts/authors. Texts/authors vary. prereq: [GRK 3004 or equiv], at least two yrs of college level Greek. Must contact Classical and Near Eastern Studies department for permission to register.
GRK 5200 - Advanced Readings in Greek Prose
Credits: 3.0 [max 6.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
The primary material for this course will be a selection of readings from three or more different Greek prose authors connected by genre (e.g. historical writing, philosophy, oratory, novel), theme (e.g. medicine, Athenian politics of the 5 th /4 th centuries, religious innovation), period (e.g. classical period, Second Sophistic), or the like. Primary readings and critical approach will vary from year to year, making the course repeatable. Some modern secondary reading will be assigned to provide a basis for discussion and a model for student written work. prereq: [GRK 3004 or equiv], at least two yrs of college level Greek. Contact the Classical & Near Eastern Religions & Cultures Department (CNRC) with any questions.
GRK 5701 - Prose Composition
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Moving step by step through Ancient Greek grammar, starting with simple sentences and progressing to complex ones. Course ends with students translating short passages of modern English prose into Greek. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
CNRC 3042 - Myths, Legends, and Literature of the Ancient Near East (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Literature begins in Sumer and Egypt, the lands where writing was first invented and where it was first used to record poems and stories. The cuneiform script was initially developed to write Sumerian, then adapted to write Akkadian, the principal Semitic language of ancient Mesopotamia, and later to write other languages, including Hurrian and Hittite. In this course we shall read legends, myths, dialogues, satires, and other literary works from the ?cuneiform world? in translation. We shall analyze these ancient works of literature on their own terms, within their cultural and historical contexts, and in light of other literary traditions.
CNRC 3081W - Classical Epic in Translation (LITR, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3081W/CNES 5081/CLCV 3081
Typically offered: Fall Odd, Spring Even Year
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, Virgil's Aeneid. Cultural context of epic. Development of the hero. Epic style. Poetics of epic.
CNRC 3082W - Greek Tragedy in Translation (LITR, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3082W/CNES 5082W
Typically offered: Fall Even, Spring Odd Year
Origins of tragedy. Ancient theatres. Selected plays of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides.
CNRC 3103 - Ancient Greece: Alexander and the East (HIS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Achievements of Alexander the Great, their effect on Greek-speaking world. Greek colonization of Egypt. Hellenistic art, literature, philosophy.
CNRC 3601W - Sexuality and Gender in Ancient Greece and Rome (AH, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3601/CNES 5601
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Evidence for Ancient Greek and Roman ideas about sexuality and gender roles. The methodologies by which it is analyzed. Norms of writing about ancient culture, gender, and sexuality.
GRK 5100 - Advanced Reading
Credits: 3.0 [max 18.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Reading in Greek texts/authors. Texts/authors vary. prereq: [GRK 3004 or equiv], at least two yrs of college level Greek. Must contact Classical and Near Eastern Studies department for permission to register.
GRK 5200 - Advanced Readings in Greek Prose
Credits: 3.0 [max 6.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
The primary material for this course will be a selection of readings from three or more different Greek prose authors connected by genre (e.g. historical writing, philosophy, oratory, novel), theme (e.g. medicine, Athenian politics of the 5 th /4 th centuries, religious innovation), period (e.g. classical period, Second Sophistic), or the like. Primary readings and critical approach will vary from year to year, making the course repeatable. Some modern secondary reading will be assigned to provide a basis for discussion and a model for student written work. prereq: [GRK 3004 or equiv], at least two yrs of college level Greek. Contact the Classical & Near Eastern Religions & Cultures Department (CNRC) with any questions.
GRK 5701 - Prose Composition
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Moving step by step through Ancient Greek grammar, starting with simple sentences and progressing to complex ones. Course ends with students translating short passages of modern English prose into Greek. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
HIST 3052 - Ancient Civilization: Greece (HIS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
A broad survey of ancient Greek culture and history from the third millennium B.C. to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.
HIST 3054 - Ancient Egypt and its Neighbors
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Hist 3054 / CNRC 3054
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Ancient Egypt exerts fascination upon modern societies, as it did upon its ancient contemporaries. The decipherment of the hieroglyphic script, in the early 19th century CE, opened the way to recovering its history all the way back to the invention of the writing system more than 5,000 years ago. Ancient Egypt has meanwhile been a special focus of racialized interpretations of civilization, from the birth of modern Egyptology onward. Europeans of the colonial age saw Egyptian civilization as an anomaly in Africa, measured excavated skulls to prove its extraneous origins, and segregated it from its geographic context.
CNRC 3061 - "Bread and Circuses:" Spectacles and Mass Culture in Antiquity (HIS, CIV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3061/Hist3061
Typically offered: Fall Odd, Spring Even Year
Development of large-scale public entertainments in ancient Mediterranean world, from athletic contests of Olympia and dramatic festivals of Athens to chariot races and gladiatorial games of Roman Empire. Wider significance of these spectacles in their impact on political, social, and economic life of the societies that supported them.
HIST 3061 - "Bread and Circuses": Spectacles and Mass Culture in Antiquity (HIS, CIV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3061/Hist3061
Typically offered: Fall Odd, Spring Even Year
Development of large-scale public entertainments in ancient Mediterranean world, from athletic contests of Olympia and dramatic festivals of Athens to chariot races and gladiatorial games of Roman Empire. Wider significance of these spectacles in their impact on political, social, and economic life of the societies that supported them.
CNRC 3071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions (HIS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3071/CNES 5071/RelS 3071/
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Greek religion from the Bronze Age to Hellenistic times. Sources include literature, art, and archaeology. Homer and Olympian deities, ritual performance, prayer/sacrifice, temple architecture, death and the afterlife, mystery cults, philosophical religion. Near Eastern salvation religions.
CNRC 5071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3071/CNES 5071/RelS 3071/
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Greek religion from Bronze Age to Hellenistic times. Literature, art, archaeology. Homer/Olympian deities. Ritual performance, prayer, sacrifice. Temple architecture. Death/afterlife. Mystery cults. Philosophical religion. Near Eastern salvation religions. Meets with 3071.
RELS 3071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions (HIS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3071/CNES 5071/RelS 3071/
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Greek religion from the Bronze Age to Hellenistic times. Literature, art, archaeology. Homer/Olympian deities. Ritual performance, prayer, sacrifice. Temple architecture. Death/afterlife. Mystery cults. Philosophical religion. Near Eastern salvation religions. Meets with 3171.
RELS 5071 - Greek and Hellenistic Religions
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3071/CNES 5071/RelS 3071/
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Greek religion from Bronze Age to Hellenistic times. Literature, art, archaeology. Homer/Olympian deities. Ritual performance, prayer, sacrifice. Temple architecture. Death/afterlife. Mystery cults. Philosophical religion. Near Eastern salvation religions. Meets with 3071.
CNRC 3072 - The Birth of Christianity (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RelS 3072/
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Early Jesus movement in cultural/historical setting. Origins in Judaism. Traditions about Jesus. Apostle Paul, controversies/interpreters. Authority, religious practice, structure. Emergence of canon. Contemporary methods of New Testament study. Biblical writings as history/narrative. CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RELS 3072/RELS 5072 meet together.
CNRC 5072 - The Birth of Christianity (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RelS 3072/
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Early Jesus movement in cultural/historical setting. Origins in Judaism. Traditions about Jesus. Apostle Paul, controversies/interpreters. Authority, religious practice, structure. Emergence of canon. Contemporary methods of New Testament study. Biblical writings as history/narrative. CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RELS 3072/RELS 5072 meet together.
RELS 3072 - The Birth of Christianity (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RelS 3072/
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Early Jesus movement in cultural/historical setting. Origins in Judaism. Traditions about Jesus. Apostle Paul, controversies/interpreters. Authority, religious practice, structure. Emergence of canon. Contemporary methods of New Testament study. Biblical writings as history/narrative. CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RELS 3072/RELS 5072 meet together.
RELS 5072 - The Birth of Christianity (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RelS 3072/
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Early Jesus movement in cultural/historical setting. Origins in Judaism. Traditions about Jesus. Apostle Paul, controversies/interpreters. Authority, religious practice, structure. Emergence of canon. Contemporary methods of New Testament study. Biblical writings as history/narrative. CNES 3072/CNES 5072/RELS 3072/RELS 5072 meet together.
CNRC 3152 - Art and Archaeology of Ancient Greece (HIS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ArtH 3152/CNES 3152
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course will provide an introduction to the history of Greek art, architecture and archaeology from the formation of the Greek city states in the ninth century BCE, through the expansion of Greek culture across the Mediterranean and Asia in the Hellenistic period, to the coming of Rome in the first century BCE. While this survey concentrates on the main developments of Greek art, an important sub-theme of this course this is the changes Classical visual culture underwent as it served non-Greek peoples, including the role it played for Alexander and his successors in forging multiethnic, globally minded empires in Western, Central and South Asia. No background in the time period or discipline is expected and therefore this class will also serve as an introduction to interdisciplinary study of art history and the classical world. A number of art historical methodologies will be introduced in order to not only give students a useful background in art history but to give them the tools to think as art historians and incorporate related visual and textual evidence meaningfully into their writing.
ARTH 3152 - Art and Archaeology of Ancient Greece (HIS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ArtH 3152/CNES 3152
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course will provide an introduction to the history of Greek art, architecture and archaeology from the formation of the Greek city states in the ninth century BCE, through the expansion of Greek culture across the Mediterranean and Asia in the Hellenistic period, to the coming of Rome in the first century BCE. While this survey concentrates on the main developments of Greek art, an important sub-theme of this course this is the changes Classical visual culture underwent as it served non-Greek peoples, including the role it played for Alexander and his successors in forging multiethnic, globally minded empires in Western, Central and South Asia. No background in the time period or discipline is expected and therefore this class will also serve as an introduction to interdisciplinary study of art history and the classical world. A number of art historical methodologies will be introduced in order to not only give students a useful background in art history but to give them the tools to think as art historians and incorporate related visual and textual evidence meaningfully into their writing.
CNRC 3535 - Death and the Afterlife in the Ancient World (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3535/CNES 5535/RelS 3535/
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors related to death and the afterlife found in the cultures of the ancient Mediterranean and Near East. Literature, funerary art/epitaphs. Archaeological evidence for burial practices and care of dead.
RELS 3535 - Death and the Afterlife in the Ancient World (AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: CNES 3535/CNES 5535/RelS 3535/
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors related to death and afterlife found in cultures of ancient Mediterranean and Near East. Literature, funerary art/epitaphs. Archaeological evidence for burial practices and care of dead.