Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Plant Biology B.S.

Plant Biology
College of Biological Sciences
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2012
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 73 to 87
  • Degree: Bachelor of Science
Plant biologists study all aspects of biology as they pertain to plants or fungi and make important contributions to analyzing and preserving biodiversity worldwide. They work to enhance the nutritional value of crops as well as their resistance to disease, pests, and drought while working to reduce the need for pesticides, fertilizer, and irrigation. Current faculty research interests include genomics, gene expression, chromosome structure, plant growth substances, signal transduction, plant responses to stress, the plant cytoskeleton and cell morphogenesis, metabolic activities during development, cellular structure and ultrastructure of vascular and nonvascular plants, aquatic biology, lichenology, molecular evolution and systematics, fungal/plant interactions, biological rhythms, and fungal diversity. Plant biology majors follow one of two tracks. One track fits the needs of students who are primarily interested in environmental biology, evolution, or other aspects of whole organisms; the other track is appropriate for students interested in molecular, cellular, and development biology. All plant biology majors are guaranteed experience in a research laboratory as long as they show satisfactory progress toward their degree and make arrangements by the middle of their junior year.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
Freshmen are usually admitted to pre-major status before admission to this major.
A GPA above 2.0 is preferred for the following:
  • 2.50 transferring from another University of Minnesota college
  • 2.50 transferring from outside the University
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
All students are required to complete general University and college requirements including writing and liberal education courses. For more information about University-wide requirements, see the liberal education requirements. Required courses for the major or minor in which a student receives a D grade (with or without plus or minus) do not count toward the major or minor (including transfer courses).
Program Requirements
Chemistry
Chemical Principles I
CHEM 1021 {Inactive} [PHYS] (4.0 cr)
Chemical Principles II
CHEM 1022 {Inactive} [PHYS] (4.0 cr)
Additional Chemistry
BIOC 2331 - Chemical Mechanisms in Biology (3.0 cr)
or CHEM 2301 - Organic Chemistry I (3.0 cr)
CHEM 2302 - Organic Chemistry II (3.0 cr)
CHEM 2311 - Organic Lab (4.0 cr)
or BIOC 4025W - Laboratory in Biochemistry [WI] (2.0 cr)
Quantitative Requirement
Quantitative I
MATH 1271 - Calculus I [MATH] (4.0 cr)
Quantitative II
Take exactly 1 course(s) from the following:
· BIOL 3272 - Applied Biostatistics (3.0 cr)
· MATH 1272 - Calculus II (4.0 cr)
· STAT 3011 - Introduction to Statistical Analysis [MATH] (4.0 cr)
· CSCI 3003 - Introduction to Computing in Biology (3.0 cr)
Physics
PHYS 1201W - Introductory Physics for Biology and Pre-medicine I [PHYS, WI] (5.0 cr)
or PHYS 1301W - Introductory Physics for Science and Engineering I [PHYS, WI] (4.0 cr)
PHYS 1202W - Introductory Physics for Biology and Pre-medicine II [PHYS, WI] (5.0 cr)
or PHYS 1302W - Introductory Physics for Science and Engineering II [PHYS, WI] (4.0 cr)
General Biology
BIOL 2002 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I [BIOL] (6.0 cr)
or BIOL 2002H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I [BIOL] (6.0 cr)
BIOL 2003 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 2003H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II (3.0 cr)
BIOL 3004 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 3004H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory (3.0 cr)
General Plant Biology
BIOL 3007W - Plant, Algal, and Fungal Diversity and Adaptation [WI] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function (2.0 cr)
with BIOL 3005W - Plant Function Laboratory [WI] (2.0 cr)
Biology Core
BIOC 3021 - Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
or BIOC 4331 - Biochemistry I: Structure, Catalysis, and Metabolism in Biological Systems (4.0 cr)
BIOL 3407 - Ecology (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 3408W - Ecology [WI] (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 3807 - Ecology (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 3409 - Evolution (3.0 cr)
BIOL 4003 - Genetics (3.0 cr)
BIOL 4004 - Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
Plant Biology Major Electives
One course must be completed from Group A and Group B. Courses from Group C may be used if additional credits are needed to reach 11 total credits. Other Group C electives can be approved by the director of undergraduate studies or a faculty mentor. Approval must be sent to CBS Student Services.
Take 11 or more credit(s) from the following:
Group A: Organismal Biology
Take 1 or more course(s) from the following:
· FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 4321 - Minnesota Flora (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity (3.0 cr)
· PLPA 5203 - Introduction to Fungal Biology (3.0 cr)
· Group B: Cell Biology and Genetics
Take 1 or more course(s) from the following:
· PBIO 4601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 5301 - Plant Genomics (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5309 - Molecular Ecology And Ecological Genomics (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 5412 - Plant Physiology (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 5514 - Plant Molecular Genetics and Development (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 4516W - Plant Cell Biology: Writing Intensive [WI] (3.0 cr)
or PBIO 5516 - Plant Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
· Group C: Statistics, Mathematics, and Electives
· EEB 3963 - Modeling Nature and the Nature of Modeling (3.0 cr)
or STAT 3011 - Introduction to Statistical Analysis [MATH] (4.0 cr)
or STAT 3021 - Introduction to Probability and Statistics (3.0 cr)
Lab/Field Requirement
Any course 3xxx or higher offered at the Lake Itasca Biological Station and Laboratories may be used to fulfill the Lab/Field Requirement. BIOL 3002 and 3005W or BIOL 3007W may be used for the Lab/Field Requirement if not used in the General Plant Biology area. Courses that are listed in both Major Electives Group A or B AND the Lab/Field Requirement can count in both areas.
Take 2 or more course(s) from the following:
· BIOC 4025W - Laboratory in Biochemistry [WI] (2.0 cr)
· BIOC 4125 - Laboratory in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (3.0 cr)
· BIOC 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOC 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 5605 - Limnology Laboratory (2.0 cr)
· FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology (4.0 cr)
· GCD 4025 - Cell Biology, Development & Regeneration Laboratory (3.0 cr)
· GCD 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· GCD 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· MICB 3301 - Biology of Microorganisms (5.0 cr)
· MICB 4215 - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Physiology and Diversity (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4225W - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Genetics [WI] (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4235 - Advanced Laboratory: Virology, Immunology, and Microbial Genetics (3.0 cr)
· MICB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· MICB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PBIO 4321 - Minnesota Flora (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity (3.0 cr)
· PBIO 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PBIO 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
Program Sub-plans
A sub-plan is not required for this program.
Honors UHP
This is an honors sub-plan.
Students admitted to the University Honors Program (UHP) must fulfill UHP requirements in addition to degree program requirements. Honors courses used to fulfill degree program requirements will also fulfill UHP requirements. Current departmental honors course offerings are listed at: http://www.honors.umn.edu/academics/curriculum/dept_courses_current.html. Honors students complete an honors thesis project in the final year, most often in conjunction with an honors thesis course, or with an honors directed studies or honors directed research course. Students select honors courses and plan for a thesis project in consultation with their UHP adviser and their departmental faculty adviser.
BIOL 2960H and 3960H are strongly recommended for CBS sophomores and juniors, respectively. Directed Research is the basis for an honors thesis completed in conjunction with BIOL 4960H.
 
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· College of Biological Sciences

View future requirement(s):
· Spring 2015
· Fall 2014
· Spring 2014
· Fall 2013
· Spring 2013
· Fall 2012

View sample plan(s):
· Plant Biology
· Plant Biology (with CHEM 1015)

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· Plant Biology B.S.
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BIOC 2331 - Chemical Mechanisms in Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01923
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Organic structure, properties, chemical mechanisms as they apply to biological systems. Theoretical approach. Metabolic conversions, biodegradation, other biology-specific aspects of chemistry. prereq: [CHEM 1062 or equiv], one semester of general biology recommended
CHEM 2301 - Organic Chemistry I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01929
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Organic compounds, constitutions, configurations, conformations, reactions. Molecular structure. Chemical reactivity/properties. Spectroscopic characterization of organic molecules. prereq: C- or better in 1062/1066 or 1072H/1076H or equiv or B or better in 1071H/1075H, 1072H/1076H
CHEM 2302 - Organic Chemistry II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01923 - Chem 2302/Chem 2332H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Reactions, synthesis, and spectroscopic characterization of organic compounds, organic polymers, and biologically important classes of organic compounds such as lipids, carbohydrates, amino acids, peptides, proteins, and nucleic acids. prereq: Grade of at least C- in 2301
CHEM 2311 - Organic Lab
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02108 - Chem 2311/Chem 2312H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab techniques in synthesis, purification, and characterization of typical organic compounds. prereq: Grade of at least C- in [2302, 2304] or [concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 2302, concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 2304]
BIOC 4025W - Laboratory in Biochemistry (WI)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theory, principles, and use of fundamental techniques in modern biochemistry labs. prereq: 3021 or 4331 or equiv
MATH 1271 - Calculus I (MATH)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Math 1142/1271/1281/1371/1571H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Differential calculus of functions of a single variable, including polynomial, rational, exponential, and trig functions. Applications, including optimization and related rates problems. Single variable integral calculus, using anti-derivatives and simple substitution. Applications may include area, volume, work problems. prereq: 4 yrs high school math including trig or satisfactory score on placement test or grade of at least C- in [1151 or 1155]
BIOL 3272 - Applied Biostatistics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01933
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Conceptual basis of statistical analysis. Statistical analysis of biological data. Data visualization, descriptive statistics, significance tests, experimental design, linear model, simple/multiple regression, general linear model. Lectures, computer lab. prereq: High school algebra; 2003 recommended
MATH 1272 - Calculus II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Math 1272/1282/1252/1372/1572
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Techniques of integration. Calculus involving transcendental functions, polar coordinates. Taylor polynomials, vectors/curves in space, cylindrical/spherical coordinates. prereq: [1271 or equiv] with grade of at least C-
STAT 3011 - Introduction to Statistical Analysis (MATH)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: AnSc 2211/Stat 3011/5021
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Standard statistical reasoning. Simple statistical methods. Social/physical sciences. Mathematical reasoning behind facts in daily news. Basic computing environment.
CSCI 3003 - Introduction to Computing in Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Emphasizes computing tasks common in biology. Programming techniques: variables, flow control, input/output, strings, pattern matching, arrays, hash tables, functions, subroutines. Concepts in computing: algorithms, complexity, documentation, regular expressions/grammars, local variables, encapsulation. Students complete lab projects in Perl language. prereq: 1002H or Biol 1002 or 1009H or Biol 1009 or equiv or instr consent
PHYS 1201W - Introductory Physics for Biology and Pre-medicine I (PHYS, WI)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00078 - Phys 1101W/1201W/1301W/1401V/1
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of physics. Description of motion, forces, conservation principles, structure of matter. Applications to mechanical systems, including fluids, waves, heat. Lab. prereq: [High school or college calculus], trigonometry, algebra
PHYS 1301W - Introductory Physics for Science and Engineering I (PHYS, WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00078 - Phys 1101W/1201W/1301W/1401V/1
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Use of fundamental principles to solve quantitative problems. Motion, forces, conservation principles, structure of matter. Applications to mechanical systems. prereq: concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in Math 1271 or concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in Math 1371 or concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in Math 1571
PHYS 1202W - Introductory Physics for Biology and Pre-medicine II (PHYS, WI)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: Phys 1202W/1302W/1402V
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of physics. Motion, forces, conservation principles, structure of matter. Applications to electromagnetic phenomena, including optics, atomic structure. Lab. prereq: 1201W
PHYS 1302W - Introductory Physics for Science and Engineering II (PHYS, WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Phys 1202W/1302W/1402V
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Use of fundamental principles to solve quantitative problems. Motion, forces, conservation principles, fields, structure of matter. Applications to electromagnetic phenomena. prereq: 1301W, concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in Math 1272 or Math 1372 or Math 1572
BIOL 2002 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I (BIOL)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361 - Biol 2002/Biol 2002H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or equiv], CBS major] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 2002H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part I (BIOL)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or equiv], CBS major, honors student] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 2003 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01489 - Biol 2003/Biol 2003H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Second of two courses. Biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Ecology/biochemistry concepts within problem solving/application. prereq: 2002 or 2002H or CBS major
BIOL 2003H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01489 - Biol 2003/Biol 2003H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Second of two courses. Biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Ecology/biochemistry concepts within problem solving/application. prereq: [2002 or 2002H], honors
BIOL 3004 - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01526 - Biol 2004/Biol 2004H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Accompanies 2003. Students design/perform research projects. Relationship between biology and other sciences. Applying quantitative skills, scientific method, and modern biological tools to real-world questions. prereq: [2002 or 2002H or CBS major]
BIOL 3004H - Foundations of Biology for Biological Sciences Majors, Part II Laboratory
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01526 - Biol 2004/Biol 2004H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Accompanies 2003H. Students design/perform research projects. Relationship between biology and other sciences. Applying quantitative skills, scientific method, and modern biological tools to real-world questions. prereq: [2002 or 2002H], honors
BIOL 3007W - Plant, Algal, and Fungal Diversity and Adaptation (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evolution/diversity of plants. Their adaptations for survival in varied environments. Includes lab. prereq: One semester college biology, CHEM 1021
BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
How plants make/use food. Mineral function/uptake. Water relations. Transport processes. Growth/development. prereq: [1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv], [CHEM 1011 or one semester chemistry with some organic content]
BIOL 3005W - Plant Function Laboratory (WI)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Various plant processes at subcellular, organ, whole plant levels. Lab, recitation. prereq: Concurrent enrollment 3002
BIOC 3021 - Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00467 - BioC 3021/BioC 6021
Prerequisites: [2331 or CHEM 2301, [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003]] or #
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamentals of biochemistry. Structure/function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates. Metabolism/regulation of metabolism. Quantitative treatments of chemical equilibria, enzyme catalysis, and bioenergetics. Chemical basis of genetic information flow. prereq: [2331 or CHEM 2301, [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003]] or instr consent
BIOC 4331 - Biochemistry I: Structure, Catalysis, and Metabolism in Biological Systems
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Advanced survey of structure/catalysis, metabolism/bioenergetics. prereq: [[BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003 or equiv], [CHEM 2302 or equiv]] or instr consent
BIOL 3407 - Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00005 - Biol 3407/3807/5407/EEB 3001
Typically offered: Every Fall
Principles of population growth/interactions and ecosystem function applied to ecological issues. Regulation of human populations, dynamics/impacts of disease, invasions by exotic organisms, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity. Lab. prereq: [One semester college biology], [MATH 1142 or MATH 1271 or MATH 1281 or equiv]
BIOL 3408W - Ecology (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00005 - Biol 3407/3807/5407/EEB 3001
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles of population growth/interactions and ecosystem function applied to ecological issues. Regulation of human populations, dynamics/impacts of disease, invasions by exotic organisms, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity. Lab. prereq: [One semester college biology], [MATH 1142 or MATH 1271 or MATH 1281 or equiv]
BIOL 3807 - Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 3407/3807/5407/EEB 3001
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Population growth/interactions. Ecosystem function applied to ecological issues. Regulation of human populations, dynamics/impacts of disease, invasions by exotic organisms, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity. Lab, field work. prereq: [One semester college biology], [MATH 1142 or MATH 1271 or MATH 1281 or equiv]
BIOL 3409 - Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 3409/5409
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Diversity of forms in fossil record and in presently existing biology. Genetic mechanisms of evolution. Examples of ongoing evolution in wild/domesticated populations and in disease-causing organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester college biology
BIOL 4003 - Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 4003/GCD 3022
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Genetic information, its transmission from parents to offspring, its expression in cells/organisms, and its course in populations. prereq: [[BIOC 3021 or BIOC 4331], [any CBS major or major in [animal science or applied plant science or BA biology or BA microbiology or nutrition or physiology or biology/society/environment] or Grad MBS major]] or instr consent
BIOL 4004 - Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01965 - Biol 4004/GCD 4005W
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Processes fundamental to cells. Emphasizes eukaryotic cells. Assembly/function of membranes/organelles. Cell division, cell form/movement, intercellular communication, transport, secretion pathways. Cancer cells, differentiated cells. prereq: 4003, [BIOC 3021 or BIOC 4331], [CBS major or CSE major or grad MSB major]
FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Form/function of forests as ecological systems. Characteristics/dynamics of species, populations, communities, landscapes, and ecosystem processes. Examples applying ecology to forest management. Weekly discussions focus on research topics in forest ecology, exercises applying course concepts, and current issues in forest resource management. Required weekend field trip. prereq: Biol 1001 or 1009; 1 semester college chemistry recommended
EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01680
Prerequisites: BIOL 2022 or BIOL 3002 or BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or #
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Plant function, its plasticity/diversity in an ecological context. Impact of environmental stresses on major physiological processes of plants, including photosynthesis, respiration, water uptake/transport, and nutrient uptake/assimilation. Lab, field trip to Cedar Creek.
PBIO 4321 - Minnesota Flora
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Practical skills for identifying plant species/surveying Minnesota vegetation to students of biology, environmental sciences, resource management, horticulture. Integrates botany, ecology, evolution, earth history, climate, global change in context of local plant communities. Labs/Saturday field trips explore Minnesota plants/plant communities. prereq: One semester college biology
PBIO 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Systematics of flowering plants of the world. Ecology, geography, origins, and evolution. Family characteristics. Floral structure, function, evolution. Pollination biology. Methods of phylogenetic reconstruction. Molecular evolution. Taxonomic terms. Methods of collection/identification. Lab. prereq: BIOL 1001 or 1009 or 1009H or 2002
PLPA 5203 - Introduction to Fungal Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fungi are a critical component of the diversity and function of terrestrial ecosystems, affecting decomposition, plant nutrient uptake, and agricultural practices. Key components of fungal biology, including ecology, genetics, life cycles and diversity. Labs provide hands on experience with a diverse range of organisms. prereq: BIOL 1009 or equiv
PBIO 4601 - Topics in Plant Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Biochemical analysis of processes unique to photosynthetic organisms. Photosynthesis and carbon dioxide fixation. Synthesis of carbohydrates, lipids, and derivatives. Aromatic compounds such as lignin, other natural products. Functions of natural products. prereq: [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003], CHEM 2301
PBIO 5301 - Plant Genomics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01050 - PBio 5301/PlPa 5301
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to genomics. Emphasizes plants and relevant model organisms. DNA marker/sequencing technology, comparative genomics, whole genome sequencing, DNA chips/microarrays, EST libraries and SAGE analysis, gene-knockout systems, genome databases, sequence comparison/clustering algorithms, visualization tools. prereq: [Intro course in genetics, intro course in biochemistry] or instr consent
BIOL 5309 - Molecular Ecology And Ecological Genomics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01987
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Application of molecular tools (PCR, sequencing, AFLP, SNPs, QTL) and analyses of molecular data for understanding ecological/evolutionary processes. Strengths/weaknesses of techniques/analyses. Questions molecular tools are used to answer. prereq: BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3409 or BIOL 4003
PBIO 5412 - Plant Physiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Physiological and biochemical bases of plant systems with emphasis on higher plants. prereq: Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007, Biol/BioC 3021 or BioC 4331
PBIO 5514 - Plant Molecular Genetics and Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey topics in plant molecular biology. How advances in molecular/genomic biology are used to understand plant physiology and developmental biology. Uses of transgenic plants in research/biotechnology. prereq: BIOC 3021 or BIOL 3021 or BIOL 4003 or BIOC 4332 or equiv
PBIO 4516W - Plant Cell Biology: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: PBio 4516W/5516
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Structure, function, and dynamic properties of plant cellular components. How cellular structures function and contribute to cell growth. Cell fate/development. Developing a clear/concise writing style for incisive criticism of scientific papers. prereq: [Biol 2022 or Biol 3002 or Biol 3007], [BioC 3021 or Biol 3021 or Biol 4003]
PBIO 5516 - Plant Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: PBio 4516W/5516
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Structure, function, and dynamic properties of plant cellular components such as organelles, cytoskeleton, and cell wall. How cellular structures are assembled, how it contributes to cell growth/division. Cell fate/development. Responses to hormones and external signals. prereq: [Biol 2022 or Biol 3007 or Biol 3022], [Biol 3021 or BioC 3021 or Biol 4003]
EEB 3963 - Modeling Nature and the Nature of Modeling
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: EEB 3963/5963
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Hands-on modeling experiences in context of biological applications. Reviews calculus concepts. Students carry out modeling steps, from developing the model, to analytical analysis, to developing computer code, to running the models. prereq: [Math 1281, Math 1282] or equiv or instr consent
STAT 3011 - Introduction to Statistical Analysis (MATH)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: AnSc 2211/Stat 3011/5021
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Standard statistical reasoning. Simple statistical methods. Social/physical sciences. Mathematical reasoning behind facts in daily news. Basic computing environment.
STAT 3021 - Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Elementary probability, probability distributions. Sampling, elements of statistical inference. Regression. prereq: Math 1272
BIOC 4025W - Laboratory in Biochemistry (WI)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theory, principles, and use of fundamental techniques in modern biochemistry labs. prereq: 3021 or 4331 or equiv
BIOC 4125 - Laboratory in Molecular Biology and Biotechnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: BioC/Biol 4125/4185
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring & Summer
Basic recombinant DNA techniques: methods for growing, isolating, and purifying recombinant DNA and cloning vectors, DNA sequencing and sequence analysis, gene expression, Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), other current techniques. prereq: [3021 or Biol 3021 or or Biol 4003], [4025 or GCD 4015 or GCD 4025 or MicB 3301]
BIOC 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4068 - Plant Physiological Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01680
Prerequisites: BIOL 2022 or BIOL 3002 or BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or #
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Plant function, its plasticity/diversity in an ecological context. Impact of environmental stresses on major physiological processes of plants, including photosynthesis, respiration, water uptake/transport, and nutrient uptake/assimilation. Lab, field trip to Cedar Creek.
EEB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 5605 - Limnology Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Field/lab methods to obtain information on environmental conditions in aquatic environments and measure abundance of aquatic organisms, especially plankton. Field/lab instruments, sampling devices, microscopy, water chemistry, data analysis. prereq: 3603 or instr consent
FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Form/function of forests as ecological systems. Characteristics/dynamics of species, populations, communities, landscapes, and ecosystem processes. Examples applying ecology to forest management. Weekly discussions focus on research topics in forest ecology, exercises applying course concepts, and current issues in forest resource management. Required weekend field trip. prereq: Biol 1001 or 1009; 1 semester college chemistry recommended
GCD 4025 - Cell Biology, Development & Regeneration Laboratory
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course is designed for juniors and seniors to learn experimental approaches and techniques to study cellular processes and stem cell biology during animal development and tissue regeneration. Students will be exposed to the advantages of different model systems that include cultured cells, chick, C. elegans and zebrafish. Students will learn to manipulate the cytoskeleton, perform cell differentiation, RNAi and regeneration assays, and to image both fixed tissue and live animal samples with conventional light microscopes as well as cutting edge technology, including super-resolution and multi-photon microscopes. prereq: Biol 4004 or instr consent
GCD 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
MICB 3301 - Biology of Microorganisms
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00431
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathogenesis, immunology, ecology of microbes. Molecular structure in relation to bacterial function/disease. Includes lab. prereq: [BIOL 1002 or BIOL 1009 or BIOL 2003], [CHEM 2301 or BIOC 2331]
MICB 4215 - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Physiology and Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Isolation/cultivation of wide variety of bacteria. Physiological experiments illustrate characteristic features of microorganisms. prereq: 3301 or Biol 2032 or VBS 2032 or intro microbiology course with lab
MICB 4225W - Advanced Laboratory: Microbial Genetics (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01638
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Yeast is used as model organism for microbial molecular genetic principles such as isolation of mutants, meiotic mapping, mitotic recombination, and gene replacement. Hands-on experimentation. prereq: 3301, BIOL 4003
MICB 4235 - Advanced Laboratory: Virology, Immunology, and Microbial Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Techniques, experimental methods in microbial genetics, immunology. Virology used to study microbes/interactions with host. prereq: 3301, 4131, BIOC 3021, [completed or concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in MicB 4141W/4171]
MICB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 15.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
MICB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 28.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: 3301, instr consent
PBIO 4321 - Minnesota Flora
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Practical skills for identifying plant species/surveying Minnesota vegetation to students of biology, environmental sciences, resource management, horticulture. Integrates botany, ecology, evolution, earth history, climate, global change in context of local plant communities. Labs/Saturday field trips explore Minnesota plants/plant communities. prereq: One semester college biology
PBIO 4511 - Flowering Plant Diversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Systematics of flowering plants of the world. Ecology, geography, origins, and evolution. Family characteristics. Floral structure, function, evolution. Pollination biology. Methods of phylogenetic reconstruction. Molecular evolution. Taxonomic terms. Methods of collection/identification. Lab. prereq: BIOL 1001 or 1009 or 1009H or 2002
PBIO 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
PBIO 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent