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Environmental Science B.A.

Division of Science & Mathematics - Adm
Division of Science and Mathematics
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2015
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 76
  • Degree: Bachelor of Arts
This major is for students interested in an interdisciplinary science education that prepares them to deal with environmental challenges. The basic natural resources of land, air, and water are studied in the context of protecting and sustaining the environment. Students become knowledgeable about environmental issues and applied environmental science. The environmental science curriculum draws courses predominantly from the disciplines of the Division of Science and Mathematics.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
All students are required to complete general University and college requirements. For more information, see the general education requirements.
Program Requirements
Students are required to take 2 semester(s) of any second language.
Students are encouraged to fulfill distribution requirements with courses that complement the environmental science major (e.g., ECON 1111 - Microeconomics, ECON 3007 - Environmental and Natural Resource Economics I, and ECON 3008 - Environmental and Natural Resource Economics II). Selection of electives must be done in consultation with an environmental science adviser. By the beginning of their junior year, students should submit a clearly articulated educational plan and a list of selected electives, to be reviewed and approved by the Environmental Science Advisory Group. Courses in the Division of Science and Math, other than those listed below, may be used to fulfill the "Elective Science Courses" with the prior approval of the Environmental Science Advisory Group. Required courses may not be taken S-N unless offered S-N only. Up to 4 credits of coursework with a grade of D or D+ may be used to meet the major requirements. A minimum GPA of 2.00 is required in the major to graduate. The GPA includes all, and only, University of Minnesota coursework. Grades of F are included in GPA calculation until they are replaced.
Required Courses
Basic Sciences
CHEM 1101 - General Chemistry I [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
CHEM 1102 - General Chemistry II [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
MATH 1101 - Calculus I [M/SR] (5.0 cr)
or MATH 1021 - Survey of Calculus [M/SR] (4.0 cr)
PHYS 1101 - General Physics I [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
or PHYS 1091 - Principles of Physics I [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
STAT 1601 - Introduction to Statistics [M/SR] (4.0 cr)
or STAT 2601 - Statistical Methods [M/SR] (4.0 cr)
Applied Sciences
BIOL 3131 - Ecology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
GEOL 1101 - Physical Geology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
GEOL 2161 - GIS and Remote Sensing [SCI] (4.0 cr)
GEOL 3501 - Hydrology [SCI] (4.0 cr)
ENST 1101 - Environmental Problems and Policy [ENVT] (4.0 cr)
ESCI 4901 - Environmental Science Senior Seminar I (1.0 cr)
ESCI 4902 - Environmental Science Senior Seminar II (1.0 cr)
ENST 2101 - Environmental Biology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 1111 - Fundamentals of Genetics, Evolution, and Development [SCI] (3.0 cr)
BIOL 2101 - Evolution of Biodiversity [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
Required Practicum
Completion of an applied educational experience in environmental science. An approved educational experience in a work, research, and/or field setting that provides a practical complement to the student's classroom learning experiences. Educational experiences are approved by the Environmental Science Advisory Group. A wide variety of experiences are possible, ESCI 3196 - Environmental Science Field Camp is one example.
ESCI 3196 - Environmental Science Field Camp [SCI] (2.0-4.0 cr)
or Completion of an applied educational experience in environmental science.
Elective Science Courses
Courses from at least two disciplines must be included. No more than 8 credits from 2xxx courses may be used to meet this requirement. If a second major is sought in the Division Science and Mathematics, at least 12 elective credits for the environmental science major must come from a discipline outside the second major (e.g., a geology major cannot apply more than 8 GEOL elective credits toward the environmental science major).
Take 20 or more credit(s) from the following:
· BIOL 4121 - Herpetology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4131 - Vertebrate Natural History (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4151 - Entomology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4172 - Plant Systematics (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4191 - Freshwater Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4301 - Plant Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4332 - Ecology of Agriculture and Forestry [ENVT] (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4333 - Biogeochemistry and Global Change (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4351 - Conservation Biology (4.0 cr)
· CHEM 2301 - Organic Chemistry I [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· CHEM 2302 - Organic Chemistry II [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· CHEM 2304 - Organic Chemistry II with a Biological Emphasis [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· CHEM 3101 - Analytical Chemistry [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
· CHEM 3301 - The Chemistry of Sustainable Energy [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· CHEM 3501 - Physical Chemistry I [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· ESCI 3111 - Evolution of the Minnesota Prairie [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
· ESCI 3301 - The Chemistry of Sustainable Energy [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 2001 - Natural and Unnatural Geologic Hazards [ENVT] (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 2121 - Sedimentology and Stratigraphy [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 2131 - Geomorphology [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 2141 - Glacial and Quaternary Geology [SCI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 3111 - Introduction to Paleontology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 3502 - Groundwater [ENVT] (4.0 cr)
· PHYS 2301 - Atmospheric Physics [ENVT] (4.0 cr)
· STAT 4601 - Biostatistics (4.0 cr)
· ESCI 3401 - Polymer Chemistry and the Environment [SCI] (4.0 cr)
or CHEM 3401 - Polymer Chemistry and the Environment [SCI] (4.0 cr)
 
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CHEM 1101 - General Chemistry I (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Scientific method, measurements, nomenclature, stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, thermochemistry, chemical periodicity, introduction to chemical bonding, and properties of common elements and ions. Development of scientific reasoning and problem-solving skills. Laboratory exercises concomitant with these topics. (three 65-min lect, 180 min lab) prereq: Math 0901 or placement beyond Math 0901 using ACT/placement exam score
CHEM 1102 - General Chemistry II (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Continuation of Chem 1101. Chemical bonding, states of matter, solutions, acid-base chemistry, chemical equilibrium, oxidation-reduction reactions, kinetics, thermodynamics, quantum theory, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry. Lab exercises concomitant with these topics. (three 65-min lect, 180 min lab) prereq: 1101
MATH 1101 - Calculus I (M/SR)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Limits and continuity; the concepts, properties, and some techniques of differentiation, antidifferentiation, and definite integration and their connection by the Fundamental Theorem. Partial differentiation. Some applications. Students learn the basics of a computer algebra system. prereq: 1012, 1013 or placement
MATH 1021 - Survey of Calculus (M/SR)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 1012 or placement; credit will not be granted for Math 1021 if a grade of C- or higher has previously been received for Math 1101
Typically offered: Every Spring
Short course for students in social sciences, biological sciences, and other areas requiring a minimal amount of calculus. Topics include basic concepts of functions, derivatives and integrals, exponential and logarithmic functions, maxima and minima, partial derivatives; applications. prereq: 1012 or placement; credit will not be granted for Math 1021 if a grade of C- or higher has previously been received for Math 1101
PHYS 1101 - General Physics I (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Vectors, kinematics, laws of motion, circular motion, work-energy theorem, conservation principles, rotational motion, gravitation, simple harmonic oscillations, wave phenomena, fluid mechanics, thermal properties of matter, kinetic theory, laws of thermodynamics. (4 hrs lect and rec, 2 hrs lab) prereq: Math 1101 or instr consent
PHYS 1091 - Principles of Physics I (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to physics without the use of calculus. Vectors, kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, work and energy, momentum, torque, fluids, thermal physics, laws of thermodynamics, oscillations and waves. (4 hrs lect, 2 hrs lab) prereq: high school higher algebra
STAT 1601 - Introduction to Statistics (M/SR)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Scope, nature, tools, language, and interpretation of elementary statistics. Descriptive statistics; graphical and numerical representation of information; measures of location, dispersion, position, and dependence; exploratory data analysis. Elementary probability theory, discrete and continuous probability models. Inferential statistics, point and interval estimation, tests of statistical hypotheses. Inferences involving one and two populations, ANOVA, regression analysis, and chi-squared tests; use of statistical computer packages. prereq: high school higher algebra
STAT 2601 - Statistical Methods (M/SR)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Descriptive statistics, elementary probability theory; laws of probability, random variables, discrete and continuous probability models, functions of random variables, mathematical expectation. Statistical inference; point estimation, interval estimation, tests of hypotheses. Other statistical methods; linear regression and correlation, ANOVA, nonparametric statistics, statistical quality control, use of statistical computer packages. prereq: Math 1101 or Math 1021
BIOL 3131 - Ecology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Basic principles and models of population biology, community structure and function, and ecosystem dynamics. Lab exercises emphasize field work, techniques for characterizing local plant and animal communities, and experimental investigation of topics such as competition and behavioral ecology. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab and field study; weekend field trip required) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101, Stat 1601 or 2601, or instr consent
GEOL 1101 - Physical Geology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to the materials that make up the Earth and the structures, surface features, and geologic processes involved in its origin and development. Lab work includes study of the major constituents of the Earth's crust, including the important rocks and minerals; study of surface and geologic features using aerial photographs, topographic maps, and satellite imagery. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab)
GEOL 2161 - GIS and Remote Sensing (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to design, development, and application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS); overview of acquisition and utility of satellite data and imagery; emphasis on applications in Earth and environmental sciences; lab component focuses on practical aspects of GIS development and use and involves original semester projects designed and implemented by individual students. prereq: 1101 or Biol 1101 or Biol 1111 or instr consent
GEOL 3501 - Hydrology (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
An examination of the hydrological cycle; evapotranspiration and precipitation; processes of infiltration; rainfall-runoff relationships and the generation of overland flow; response of the drainage basin to storm events; flood-frequency analysis; elements of groundwater flow and evaluation of aquifer characteristics; water quality, contamination, and contaminant transport. (4 hrs lect) prereq: Math 1101 or instr consent
ENST 1101 - Environmental Problems and Policy (ENVT)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
An introduction to the ways in which state, national, and international political systems deal with environmental issues and goals. The development of environmental governance, the regulatory and economic tools of environmental policy, and the impact of institutions, culture, social movements, and historical development.
ESCI 4901 - Environmental Science Senior Seminar I
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Capstone experience in environmental science. Identification and selection of individual research topics and related bibliographic resources; development of skills in the reading of environmental science literature (assessing data, recognizing gaps in the research findings, identifying problems in research conclusions). Discussion of selected topics of environmental interest. prereq: instr consent
ESCI 4902 - Environmental Science Senior Seminar II
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Capstone experience in environmental science. Completion of research, assessment of information or data, and formulation of conclusions on the research topic selected. Presentations of research projects. prereq: 4901, instr consent
ENST 2101 - Environmental Biology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to concepts in biodiversity, evolution, and ecology. Includes basic chemistry and concepts from cell biology, molecular biology, and genetics. A one-course gateway into upper division Biology courses normally requiring the Biol 1111-2101 sequence. (two 65-min lectures, one 180-min lab)[Note: credit will not be granted if credit has been received for Biol 2101]
BIOL 1111 - Fundamentals of Genetics, Evolution, and Development (SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to scientific methods and the history of biology, with an emphasis on mechanisms of inheritance, development, and descent with modification. Overview of pre-Darwinian scientific thought; the theory of evolution; a qualitative introduction to genetics and molecular biology; and a summary of developmental biology. (two 75-min lect) prereq: biol major/minor or chem major or any health sciences preprofessional program or ElEd or SeEd major with middle school science specialties or instr consent
BIOL 2101 - Evolution of Biodiversity (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Analysis of evolutionary trends using historical and contemporary evidence. Principles of classification and phylogenetic reconstruction. Includes laboratory survey of the major groups of organisms. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: 1101 or 1111 or instr consent
ESCI 3196 - Environmental Science Field Camp (SCI)
Credits: 2.0 -4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
An educational experience in a field or internship setting focusing on identification and solution of environmental science problems in an environmental field, including environmental geology, hydrology, environmental chemistry or environmental biology. A course syllabus or written plan of work must be approved by the Environmental Science Advisory Committee before registration. Prereq-jr status
BIOL 4121 - Herpetology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Survey of amphibians and reptiles, including their evolution, systematics, identification, behavior, ecological relationships, and contemporary problems associated with human activities. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab or field study) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4131 - Vertebrate Natural History
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Survey of vertebrates, including their evolution, systematics, and ecological relationships. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab or field study) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4151 - Entomology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Structure, life histories, habits, and classification of common families of insects, including their economic significance. (two 65-min lect, 180-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4172 - Plant Systematics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Survey of vascular plant taxa, with an emphasis on the flowering plant families and their evolutionary relationships. Lab emphasizes use of keys for identification of Midwestern plant families and genera. (two 65-min lect, 180-min lab) prereq: 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4191 - Freshwater Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Structure, function, and biota of freshwater ecosystems, including lakes, streams, and wetlands. Lab emphasizes independent research and field study in local habitats. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab; all day field trip required) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101, 2111 and prereq or coreq Stat 1601 or 2601 or instr consent
BIOL 4301 - Plant Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Descriptive and experimental study of plants. Anatomy, development, physiology, secondary compounds, evolution, human uses of plants. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101, 2111 or instr consent
BIOL 4332 - Ecology of Agriculture and Forestry (ENVT)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 3131 or #
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Global and regional aspects of agriculture, forestry, and biofuel production in the context of community and ecosystem ecology. Nutrient cycling, carbon management, biodiversity, and the ecological challenges of feeding and providing energy to 9-12 billion people in the face of global climate change. Emphasis on analysis of primary literature. Short local field trips required. prereq: 3131 or instr consent
BIOL 4333 - Biogeochemistry and Global Change
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 3131 or #
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Cycling of elements vital to life, particularly, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and carbon (C). Focus on understanding the feedback between physical and ecological processes and the biologically driven coupling of nutrient cycles. Analysis of humans as drivers of change in the biogeochemistry of ecosystems. Heavy emphasis on current primary literature. prereq: 3131 or instr consent
BIOL 4351 - Conservation Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Application of demographic and genetic models to protect biodiversity, including planning for uncertainty. Population viability, inbreeding depression, contemporary evolution, design and management of reserves, and invasive species. Lab exercises include field trips and computer modeling of endangered species. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101, coreq or prereq Biol 3131, Biol 3700 or instr consent
CHEM 2301 - Organic Chemistry I (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to the structure and reactivity of organic molecules; nomenclature and functional groups; stereochemistry; mechanisms of substitution and elimination pathways; physical organic chemistry; introduction to synthetic strategy; fundamentals of spectroscopic techniques. prereq: 1102
CHEM 2302 - Organic Chemistry II (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01741 - Chem 2302/Chem 2304
Typically offered: Every Spring
Continuation of topics from Chem 2301; spectroscopy; chemistry of polyenes, aromatic systems, and amines; enol and enolate chemistry; free-radical chemistry; retrosynthetic analysis; special topics. prereq: C or better in 2301, coreq 2321 or instr consent for chem majors
CHEM 2304 - Organic Chemistry II with a Biological Emphasis (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01741 - Chem 2302/Chem 2304
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Continuation of topics from Chem 2301, with an emphasis on compounds and reactions of biological interest. Topics include spectroscopy, structure and reactivity of aromatic compounds, phosphoryl and acyl group transfer, nucleophilic carbonyl addition, reactions involving enolate and enamine intermediates, coenzyme chemistry, electrophilic addition, beta elimination, oxidation and reduction of organic compounds, and reactions involving free radical intermediates. prereq: C or better in 2301, Biol 2111 or instr consent
CHEM 3101 - Analytical Chemistry (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
The application of chemical equilibria to chemical analysis with emphasis on the fundamental quantitative aspects of analytical chemistry. Acid-base, oxidation-reduction, and complexometric titrations, introduction to electrochemical and spectrophotometric analyses and separations. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab) prereq: 1102
CHEM 3301 - The Chemistry of Sustainable Energy (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01758 - Chem 3301/ESci 3301
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Same as ESci 3301. The fundamental chemical concepts underlying energy sources. Topics include: energy basics, fossil fuels, "sustainable" energy sources, biomass, solar voltaics, hydrogen fuel cells, and nuclear energy. prereq: 2302 or 2304 or instr consent
CHEM 3501 - Physical Chemistry I (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
The gas state. Classical thermodynamics. Phase, chemical and heterogeneous equilibria. Chemical kinetics. Kinetic theory of gases. Transport. prereq: 1102, Phys 1101, Math 1102 or instr consent
ESCI 3111 - Evolution of the Minnesota Prairie (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Interpretation of the geologic, geochemical, climatologic, and paleontological records of western Minnesota to reconstruct the origin and history of the landscape, flora, and fauna during the last 15,000 years. Topics include: climate, deglaciation, large lakes, vegetation changes, late Pleistocene mammals, peopling of the upper Midwest, and extraterrestrial impact events in the upper Midwest. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab, and field trip) prereq: Geol 1101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
ESCI 3301 - The Chemistry of Sustainable Energy (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01758 - Chem 3301/ESci 3301
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Same as Chem 3301. The fundamental chemical concepts underlying energy sources. Topics include: energy basics, fossil fuels, "sustainable" energy sources, biomass, solar voltaics, hydrogen fuel cells, and nuclear energy. prereq: Chem 2302 or instr consent
GEOL 2001 - Natural and Unnatural Geologic Hazards (ENVT)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Examination of the more significant interactions between humans and geologic environments and processes. Earthquake and volcanic hazards, river flooding, mass movements and slope stability, coastal hazards, and water resources and pollution. Lectures and problems sets emphasize the quantitative approaches used to determine the likelihood and frequency of natural hazards, assess associated risks, and mitigate damage.
GEOL 2121 - Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Processes of sedimentation, including origin, transportation, and deposition of sediments; interpretation of sedimentary environments. Principles of stratigraphy and their applications. Lab work includes sedimentary particle analysis; stratigraphic sections; and interpretation of ancient sedimentary environments based on stratified sequences of sedimentary rock. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab and field trips) prereq: 2101
GEOL 2131 - Geomorphology (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Study of the Earth's surface and surficial processes; weathering, erosion, and deposition, and the resulting landforms and products; the history of the study of landforms in the United States. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab and field trips) prereq: 1101
GEOL 2141 - Glacial and Quaternary Geology (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Glaciers, glaciology, glacial deposition, glacial erosion; climatic change and the growth and advance of ice sheets; effect of glaciations on flora and fauna. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab and field trips) prereq: 1101
GEOL 3111 - Introduction to Paleontology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
An introduction to the study of the evolutionary history of life on earth as revealed in the fossil and geologic record. Laboratory focuses on study of the classification, morphology, and paleoecology of invertebrate fossils. (two 65-min lect, one 3-hr lab, and weekend collecting trip required) prereq: 2151 or Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
GEOL 3502 - Groundwater (ENVT)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
The origin, occurrence, and availability of groundwater, aquifer geology and groundwater resources, chemical character of groundwater and groundwater pollution, groundwater wells and well design, and groundwater as a geologic agent. (3 hrs lect, 3 hrs lab and field trips) prereq: 1101 or instr consent
PHYS 2301 - Atmospheric Physics (ENVT)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Introduction to atmospheric physics with an emphasis on thermodynamics. Atmospheric thermodynamics including gas laws, phase transitions, laws of thermodynamics, two-component systems, atmospheric stability; radiative transfer including atmospheric optics and remote sensing; some aspects of atmospheric chemistry such as aerosols, chemical cycles, traces gases; cloud microphysics including nucleation and growth; and atmospheric dynamics including equations of motion for fluid flow; applications to weather systems. (4 hrs lect) prereq: 1092 or 1102, Math 1102
STAT 4601 - Biostatistics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Design and analysis of biological studies: biological assays, case-control studies, randomized clinical trials, factorial designs, repeated measures designs, observational studies, and infectious disease data. Analysis of survival data: basic concepts in survival analysis, group comparisons, and Cox regression model. Use of statistical computer packages. prereq: 1601 or 2601 or 2611 or instr consent
ESCI 3401 - Polymer Chemistry and the Environment (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01801 - Chem 3401/ESci 3401
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Same as Chem 3401. Introduction to many traditional topics in polymer chemistry including those with a connection to elements of the environment and environmental science such as the preparation of polymers from renewable feedstocks, polymers in renewable energy, green syntheses of polymers, and environmental impacts of polymers. prereq: Chem 2302 or 2304 or instr consent
CHEM 3401 - Polymer Chemistry and the Environment (SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01801 - Chem 3401/ESci 3401
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Same as ESci 3401. Introduction to many traditional topics in polymer chemistry including those with a connection to elements of the environment and environmental science such as the preparation of polymers from renewable feedstocks, polymers in renewable energy, green syntheses of polymers, and environmental impacts of polymers. prereq: 2302 or 2304 or instr consent