Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Forest Resources B.S.

Forest Resources
College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2012
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 120
  • This program requires summer terms.
  • Degree: Bachelor of Science
The forest resources curriculum prepares students to plan, implement, and research the management, protection, and sustainable use of forest and related resources and environments, including timber, water, wildlife, recreation, and aesthetic resources. The curriculum provides a unique integration of the physical, biological, and social sciences with managerial sciences and policy, field skill development, and technologies for measuring and monitoring natural resources. Students are also trained in problem solving approaches to address specific local, regional, and global issues. Students select one of two tracks: 1) forest ecosystem management and conservation and 2) urban and community forestry. Students should choose one of these tracks early in their college careers. A minor is also available. Graduates find positions as foresters, urban foresters, land and water resource managers, conservationists, researchers, habitat managers, ecologists, geographic information systems specialists, resource analysts/consultants, silviculture specialists, nursery managers, land acquisition specialists, environmental planners, and educators. Principal employers are federal, state and local forestry, wildlife, parks, conservation and related natural resource agencies; forest products industry companies; landowner organizations; consulting firms; and nongovernmental conservation organizations and international development agencies. Additionally, the curriculum provides excellent preparation in the fundamental and applied sciences that is essential for graduate study and careers in research and teaching.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
All students are required to complete general University and college requirements including writing and liberal education courses. For more information about University-wide requirements, see the liberal education requirements. Required courses for the major or minor in which a student receives a D grade (with or without plus or minus) do not count toward the major or minor (including transfer courses).
Program Requirements
All major requirements must be taken A-F (unless only offered S-N), and students must earn a grade of at least C- or better.
Communication Skills
COMM 1101 - Introduction to Public Speaking [CIV] (3.0 cr)
Mathematical Thinking
ESPM 3012 - Statistical Methods for Environmental Scientists and Managers [MATH] (4.0 cr)
MATH 1151 - Precalculus II [MATH] (3.0 cr)
Physical and Biological Sciences
BIOL 2022 - General Botany (3.0 cr)
BIOL 1001 - Introductory Biology: Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 1009 - General Biology [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
SOIL 2125 - Basic Soil Science [PHYS, ENV] (4.0 cr)
or SOIL 1125 - The Soil Resource [ENV] (4.0 cr)
Chemistry
CHEM 1021 {Inactive} [PHYS] (4.0 cr)
or CHEM 1015 - Introductory Chemistry: Lecture [PHYS] (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1017 - Introductory Chemistry: Laboratory [PHYS] (1.0 cr)
Social Sciences
ESPM 3261 - Economics and Natural Resources Management [SOCS, ENV] (4.0 cr)
ESPM 3241W - Natural Resource and Environmental Policy [SOCS, CIV, WI] (3.0 cr)
Professional Courses
FNRM 1001 - Orientation and Information Systems (1.0 cr)
FNRM 3131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources [TS] (4.0 cr)
FNRM 4232W - Managing Recreational Lands [WI] (4.0 cr)
FNRM 1101 - Dendrology: Identifying Forest Trees and Shrubs (3.0 cr)
FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology (4.0 cr)
FNRM 3411 - Managing Forest Ecosystems: Silviculture (3.0 cr)
Field training in assessment and biology of forests courses are taught at the Cloquet Forestry Ctr
FNRM 2101 - Identifying Forest Plants (1.0 cr)
with FNRM 2102 - Northern Forests: Field Ecology (2.0 cr)
with FNRM 2104 - Measuring Forest Resources (1.0 cr)
Program Sub-plans
Students are required to complete one of the following sub-plans. (Note for the Twin Cities and Morris campuses: The honors sub-plan does not meet this requirement. Honors students are required to complete one sub-plan plus the honors sub-plan. Please see an adviser if no honors sub-plan is listed for the program.)
Honors UHP
This is an honors sub-plan.
Students admitted to the University Honors Program (UHP) must fulfill UHP requirements in addition to degree program requirements. Honors courses used to fulfill degree program requirements will also fulfill UHP requirements. Current departmental honors course offerings are listed at: http://www.honors.umn.edu/academics/curriculum/dept_courses_current.html Honors students complete an honors thesis project in the final year, most often in conjunction with an honors thesis course, or with an honors directed studies or honors directed research course. Students select honors courses and plan for a thesis project in consultation with their UHP adviser and their departmental faculty adviser.
As part of their honors program, CFANS students complete CFAN 3100H; they must submit their project for this faculty-mentored honors experience to the honors committee for approval prior to registration.
Forest Ecosystem Management and Conservation
Students pursuing the Forest Ecosystem Management and Conservation track learn the principles, practices, and techniques of forest and related resource management. The track prepares students to become directly involved in forest ecosystem management or further specializations such as resource analysis, conservation planning, timber harvesting, forest protection, or policy analysis. Principal employers are federal, state and county forestry, wildlife, and conservation agencies; forest products companies; consulting firms; international agencies; and nongovernmental conservation organizations. Successful completion of track course work qualifies a student for the Society of American Forester's Candidate Certified Forester program.
All required courses in this track must be taken A-F and completed with a grade of at least C-.
Forest Ecosystem Management and Conservation Core
FNRM 3114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management (3.0 cr)
FNRM 3218 - Measuring and Modeling Forests (3.0 cr)
FNRM 3262 - Remote Sensing of Natural Resources and Environment (3.0 cr)
FNRM 3431 - Timber Harvesting and Road Planning (2.0 cr)
FNRM 3471 - Forest Planning and Management (3.0 cr)
FNRM 5413 - Managing Forest Ecosystems: Silviculture Lab (1.0 cr)
ESPM 3202W - Environmental Conflict Management, Leadership, and Planning [WI] (3.0 cr)
ENT 4251 - Forest and Shade Tree Entomology (3.0 cr)
or PLPA 3003 - Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees (3.0 cr)
FW 2001W - Introduction to Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology [ENV, WI] (3.0 cr)
or FW 4102 - Principles of Conservation Biology [ENV] (3.0 cr)
or FW 4103 - Principles of Wildlife Management (3.0 cr)
Advanced Training in Assessment and Management of Forests
A minimum of 2 courses required.
Take 2 - 3 course(s) from the following:
· FNRM 4511 - Field Silviculture (2.0 cr)
· FNRM 4515 - Field Remote Sensing and Resource Survey (2.0 cr)
· FNRM 4521 - Field Timber Harvesting and Road Planning (2.0 cr)
Urban & Community Forestry
The urban and community forestry track prepares students for planning and managing vegetation and related resources in or near urban communities, and for specializations such as urban planning and environmental education. Urban forests include areas along streets, in parks, private lands, greenbelts, and open spaces. Graduates help plan, design, and protect these forests including supervision of tree selection, planting, and plant health care programs. Employers include city government, tree care/arboricultural firms, state and federal forestry agencies, nurseries, and utility companies. Graduates may also qualify for traditional forestry positions. This track includes a field session.
All required courses in this track must be taken A-F and completed with a grade of at least C-.
Urban and Community Forestry Core
HORT 1015 - Woody and Herbaceous Plants (4.0 cr)
FNRM 3501 - Arboriculture: Selection and Maintenance of Trees (3.0 cr)
HORT 4141W - Plant Production I [WI] (4.0 cr)
FNRM 4501 - Urban Forest Management: Managing Greenspaces for People (3.0 cr)
ENT 4251 - Forest and Shade Tree Entomology (3.0 cr)
PLPA 3003 - Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees (3.0 cr)
FNRM 3218 - Measuring and Modeling Forests (3.0 cr)
or ESPM 3211 - Survey, Measurement, and Modeling for Environmental Analysis (3.0 cr)
FNRM 3114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management (3.0 cr)
or ESPM 4061W - Water Quality and Natural Resources [ENV, WI] (3.0 cr)
FR 4118 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
or BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function (2.0 cr)
URBS 1001W - Introduction to Urban Studies: The Complexity of Metropolitan Life [WI] (3.0 cr)
or URBS 3001W - Introduction to Urban Studies: The Complexity of Metropolitan Life [WI] (3.0 cr)
 
More program views..
View college catalog(s):
· College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences

View future requirement(s):
· Fall 2012
· Fall 2014
· Spring 2014
· Fall 2013

View sample plan(s):
· Forest Ecosystem Management and Conservation
· Urban and Community Forestry

View checkpoint chart:
· Forest Resources B.S.
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COMM 1101 - Introduction to Public Speaking (CIV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00670
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Public communication processes, elements, and ethics. Criticism of and response to public discourse. Practice in individual speaking designed to encourage civic participation.
ESPM 3012 - Statistical Methods for Environmental Scientists and Managers (MATH)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00258
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to statistical principles, foundations, and methods for examining data and drawing conclusions. Regression modeling of relationships in environmental and natural resource science and management problems. prereq: Two yrs of high school math
MATH 1151 - Precalculus II (MATH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00066
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Properties of trigonometric functions and their inverses, including graphs and identities, with applications; polar coordinates, equations, graphs; complex numbers, complex plane, DeMoivre's Theorem; conic sections; systems of linear equations and inequalities, with applications; arithmetic and geometric sequences and series. prereq: Satisfactory score on placement exam or grade of at least C- in [1031 or 1051]
BIOL 2022 - General Botany
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 2022/2822
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles of plant biology. Organization, function, growth/development, and reproductive biology of plants and plant-like organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester of college biology
BIOL 1001 - Introductory Biology: Evolutionary and Ecological Perspectives (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01640 - Biol 1001/Biol 1001H/Biol 1003
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Biological diversity from genetic variation to diversity of species/ecosystems. Genetic, evolutionary, and ecological processes governing biological diversity. Genetic, evolutionary, and ecological perspectives on issues concerning human diversity, human population growth, health, agriculture, and conservation. Lab.
BIOL 1009 - General Biology (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01525
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Major concepts of modern biology. Molecular structure of living things, energy recruitment/utilization, flow of genetic information through organisms/populations. Principles of inheritance, ecology, and evolution. Includes lab. prereq: high school chemistry; 1 term college chemistry recommended
SOIL 2125 - Basic Soil Science (PHYS, ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00452 - Soil 1125/2125/5125/AgUM 2251
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Basic physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil. Soil genesis classification, principles of soil fertility. Use of soil survey information to make a land-use plan. WWW used for lab preparation information. prereq: [CHEM 1015, CHEM 1017] or CHEM 1021 or equiv
SOIL 1125 - The Soil Resource (ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00452 - Soil 1125/2125/5125/AgUM 2251
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Basic physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil. Soil genesis classification and principles of soil fertility. Soil survey information (WEB Soil Survey) used to make a land-use plan. WWW used for lab.
CHEM 1015 - Introductory Chemistry: Lecture (PHYS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01088 - Chem 1011/Chem 1015
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lectures online, exams on campus. Matter/energy, atoms, compounds, solutions, chemical reactions, mole/chemical calculations, gases, liquids, solids, chemical bonding, atomic/molecular structure, acids, bases, equilibria. Physical/chemical properties of hydrocarbons and organic compounds. Problem solving. prereq: [High school chemistry or equiv], two yrs high school math, not passed chem placement exam, Internet access; high school physics recommended
CHEM 1017 - Introductory Chemistry: Laboratory (PHYS)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Organic chemistry. Matter/energy, atoms, compounds, solutions, chemical reactions, mole/chemical calculations, gases, liquids, solids, chemical bonding, atomic/molecular structure, acids, bases, equilibria. Physical/chemical properties of hydrocarbons and organic compounds containing halogens, nitrogen, or oxygen. Problem solving. prereq: [1015 or concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 1015], dept consent
ESPM 3261 - Economics and Natural Resources Management (SOCS, ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00362
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Microeconomic principles, their application to natural resource management problems. Tools to address market failure, project analysis. Economic/financial considerations. Benefit/cost analysis. Valuation/assessment methods for property/market/nonmarket benefits. Planning/management problems. Managing renewable natural resources. Case studies. prereq: MATH 1031 or MATH 1051 or MATH 1142 or MATH 1155 or MATH 1271 or ESPM 3012 or STAT 3011 or Soc 3811 or equiv
ESPM 3241W - Natural Resource and Environmental Policy (SOCS, CIV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3241W/5241
Typically offered: Every Spring
Political processes in management of the environment. How disagreements are addressed by different stakeholders, private-sector interests, government agencies, institutions, communities, and nonprofit organizations.
FNRM 1001 - Orientation and Information Systems
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Forest resources, recreation resource management, urban forestry programs. Forestry and natural resource careers. Qualification requirements for government positions, competencies, internships, and experiences to compete for jobs in industry. Course planning, mentoring, alumni contacts. Leadership, organization, process. Lab equipment/software, GUIs, the Internet, spreadsheets, Lumina, periodical indexes.
FNRM 3131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources (TS)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3131/5131
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Spatial data development/analysis in science/management of natural resources. Data structures/sources/collection/quality. Geodesy, map projections, spatial/tabular data analysis. Digital terrain analysis, cartographic modeling, modeling perspectives, limits of technology. Lab exercises. Both onsite and fully online options for course enrollment. prereq: Soph or jr or sr or UHP fr
FNRM 4232W - Managing Recreational Lands (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles/practices of wildland recreation management. Federal recreation land management policy/organization. Recreation resource and visitor use management. Visitor-caused impacts. Management tools. Exams, applied assignments.
FNRM 1101 - Dendrology: Identifying Forest Trees and Shrubs
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Identification nomenclature, classification, and distribution of common/important forest trees/shrubs. Use of keys. Field/lab methods of identification.
FNRM 3104 - Forest Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Form/function of forests as ecological systems. Characteristics/dynamics of species, populations, communities, landscapes, and ecosystem processes. Examples applying ecology to forest management. Weekly discussions focus on research topics in forest ecology, exercises applying course concepts, and current issues in forest resource management. Required weekend field trip. prereq: Biol 1001 or 1009; 1 semester college chemistry recommended
FNRM 3411 - Managing Forest Ecosystems: Silviculture
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00373
Typically offered: Every Spring
Management of forest ecosystems for sustaining ecological integrity, soil productivity, water quality, wildlife habitat, biological diversity, commodity production in landscape context. Silvics, forest dynamics, disturbances, regeneration, restoration, silvicultural systems. Ramifications of management choices. Weekend field trip. prereq: [5413, FNRM [major or minor]] or instr consent
FNRM 2101 - Identifying Forest Plants
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Field identification of common northwoods trees, shrubs, and nonwoody vascular plants. Emphasizes concept of plant communities, soil site relationships, and wildlife values. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center. prereq: [Biol 1001 or Biol 1009]; 1101, Biol 2022 recommended
FNRM 2102 - Northern Forests: Field Ecology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Field examination of natural history of northern/boreal forests with respect to soils, ecological characteristics of trees, community-environment relationships, stand development, succession, and regeneration ecology. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 1009
FNRM 2104 - Measuring Forest Resources
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Introduction to land survey, tree/forest stand measurement (mensuration), and forest sampling techniques. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center.
PHYS 1001W - Energy and the Environment (PHYS, ENV, WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: 9V3V
Fundamental principles governing physical world in context of energy/environment. Lab. prereq: 1 yr high school algebra
FNRM 3218 - Measuring and Modeling Forests
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3218/5218
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Sampling design, survey techniques to assess resource conditions. Applying metrics/sampling methods to forest vegetation. Calculating tree/stand volume. Modeling approaches. Case studies of modeling to project future growth. Landscape processes, characterization, modeling. prereq: [ESPM 3012 or STAT 3011], MATH 1151
FNRM 3262 - Remote Sensing of Natural Resources and Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3262/5262
Typically offered: 9V3V
Principles/techniques of remote sensing and its applications to mapping/monitoring land/water resources from local to global scales. Forest and natural resource inventory. Forest cover and soil mapping. Landuse/global change analysis. Lab provides hands-on experience working with aerial photography and digital sensing imagery.
FNRM 3471 - Forest Planning and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3471/5471
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Processes/techniques for scheduling forest management activities. Goals of landowners, industry, government, and society. Predicting forest outcomes, financial analysis, forest regulation, mathematical models, linear programming, economic analysis. Landscape-level management, desired conditions, historical range of variability, wildlife management, carbon sequestration, resource monitoring, certification, adaptive management. prereq: Intro silviculture or concurrent registration in silviculture or instr consent
FNRM 3114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3114/5114
Typically offered: 9V
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest management and other land use patterns/activities on water yield, stormflow, erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Economic/social factors. National/global examples. Forest ecosystems. prereq: [[BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009], [[CHEM 1015, CHEM 1017] or CHEM 1021], MATH 1151] or instr consent
FNRM 5413 - Managing Forest Ecosystems: Silviculture Lab
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Development of silvicultural prescriptions to achieve various landowner objectives. Timber cruise, growth/yield simulations, stand density management diagrams, thinning schedules, use of forest vegetation simulator. Field trips, computer labs, lectures. prereq: FNRM [major or minor] or grad student
ESPM 3011W - Ethics in Natural Resources (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V3V
Normative/professional ethics, and leadership considerations, applicable to managing natural resources and the environment. Readings, discussion.
ESPM 3202W - Environmental Conflict Management, Leadership, and Planning (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3202W/5202
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Negotiation of natural resource management issues. Use of collaborative planning. Case study approach to conflict management, strategic planning, and building leadership qualities. Emphasizes analytical concepts, techniques, and skills.
FW 2001W - Introduction to Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology (ENV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V3V
Fish, wildlife, and other forms of biodiversity. Single species, populations, ecosystem, and landscape approaches. Experiential/interactive course. Decision-case studies. prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009
FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
Environmental interactions of wildlife at population/community levels. Environmental threats from human activities. Habitat management practices. Objectives, polices, regulations in population management. prereq: [4102 or 4103], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3807]
ENT 4251 - Forest and Shade Tree Entomology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Biology, ecology, population management of forest/shade tree insects. Emphasizes predisposing factors/integrated management. Lecture/lab.
PLPA 3003 - Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Diseases of trees in urban and forested areas. Biology, ecology and control of tree diseases. Labs provide experience identifying disease agents and learning appropriate integrated control procedures.
ESPM 3607 - Natural Resources Consumption and Sustainability (GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: 3V
Current world trends for industrial raw materials; environmental/other tradeoffs related to options for satisfying demand/needs; global and systemic thinking; provides a framework for beginning a process of thinking critically about complex environmental problems/potential solutions in a diverse global economy.
ESPM 3101 - Conservation of Plant Biodiversity
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3101/5101
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
Introduction to principles underlying assessment/conservation of plant biodiversity at individual, population, and community levels. Case studies in management of biodiversity to restore/maintain ecosystem function. Issues such as genetics, timber harvesting, invasive species, plant reproduction. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 1009
ESPM 3031 - Applied Global Positioning Systems for Geographic Information Systems
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3031/5031
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
GPS principles, operations, techniques to improve accuracy. Datum, projections, and coordinate systems. Differential correction, accuracy assessments discussed/applied in lab exercises. Code/carrier phase GPS used in exercises. GPS handheld units, PDA based ArcPad/GPS equipment. Transferring field data to/from desktop systems, integrating GPS data with GIS. prereq: Intro GIS course, [jr or sr]
ESPM 3245 - Sustainable Land Use Planning and Policy (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00361 - ESPM 3245/ESPM 5245
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
Policies affecting land use planning at local, state, and federal levels. Ecosystem and landscape scale planning. Collaborative and community-based approaches to planning for ecological, social, and economic sustainability. Class project applies interdisciplinary perspectives on planning and policy, including information gathering techniques, conservation planning tools, and evaluation of planning options. prereq: Jr or sr
ESPM 3251 - Natural Resources in Sustainable International Development (GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3251/5251/LAS 3251
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
International perspectives on resource use and sustainable development. Integration of natural resource issues with social, economic, and policy considerations. Agriculture, forestry, agroforestry, non-timber forest products, water resources, certification, development issues. Global case studies. Impact of consumption in developed countries on sustainable development in lesser developed countries.
ESPM 3703 - Agroforestry in Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3703/5703
Typically offered: 3V
Biological, physical, and environmental attributes of agroforestry as pertains to watershed management. Coupling production with watershed protection benefits. Implications for policy, economics, and human dimensions in sustainable development. Examples, case studies from N Amer and from developing countries.
ESPM 4061W - Water Quality and Natural Resources (ENV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Water quality decision making. International focus. Ecology of aquatic ecosystems, how they are valuable to society and changed by landscape management. Case studies, impaired waters, TMDL process, student engagement in simulating water quality decision making.
ENT 5241 - Ecological Risk Assessment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Ent 5241/WRS 5241
Typically offered: 3V
Evaluating current/potential impact of physical, chemical, biological agents on ecosystems. Identifying ecological stressors, assessing level of exposure, measuring ecological responses, communicating/managing risks. Class participation, two reaction papers, final exam, small-group project. prereq: instr consent
ESPM 5555 - Wetland Soils
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
Morphology, chemistry, hydrology, formation of mineral/organic soils in wet environments. Soil morphological indicators of wet conditions, field techniques of identifying hydric soils for wetland delineations. Peatlands. Wetland benefits, preservation, regulation, mitigation. Field trips, lab, field hydric soil delineation project. prereq: 1125 or 2125 or equiv or instr consent; concurrent registration is required (or allowed) in 4511 recommended
FNRM 3203 - Forest Fire and Disturbance Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00307
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Ecology, history, management, control of fire, wind, insect infestation, deer browsing, other disturbances in forests, including disturbance regimes of boreal, northern hardwood, savannas of North America. Influence of disturbance on wildlife habitat, urban/wildland interfaces, forest management, stand/landscape dynamics. Tree mortality in fires, successional patterns created by fires, interactions of life history traits of plants with disturbances. prereq: 3104 or equiv
FNRM 3204 - Landscape Ecology and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3204/5204
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
Introduction to landscape ecology at different scales in time/space. Development/implications of broad-scale patterns of ecological phenomena, role of disturbance in ecosystems, characteristic spatial/temporal scales of ecological events. Principles of landscape ecology as framework for landscape research, analysis, conservation, and management. prereq: Ecology course
FNRM 3431 - Timber Harvesting and Road Planning
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3431/5431
Typically offered: 3V
Introduction to forest operations. Terminology, basic engineering, equipment and harvesting system options, productivity/costs. Relationship to forest management and silviculture. Road planning, forest management guidelines, approaches for mitigating potential impacts to soil/water resources. Environmental implications of method/equipment choices. Selling timber. Sale design, layout, and administration. Two all-day field trips. prereq: 3411 or instr consent
FNRM 5153 - Forest Hydrology & Watershed Biogeochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3E
This rigorous course examines hydrology and biogeochemical cycling in forested watersheds. Topics include role of forests in hydrologic processes (precipitation, runoff generation, and streamflow) and exports (sediment, carbon, and nitrogen). Readings from primary literature, active discussion participation, research/review paper. prereq: [Basic hydrology course, one course in ecology, and one course in chemistry [upper div or grad student]] or instr consent
FNRM 5228 - Advanced Assessment and Modeling
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9E
Application of recently developed mathematics, computer science, and statistics methodologies to natural resource functioning, management, and use problems. Specific topics, software, and methodologies vary. prereq: 3218, Math 1272, Stat 5021
FNRM 5264 - Advanced Forest Management Planning
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Applied models for forest planning to integrate forest resource conditions/uses. Stand-level management. Forest-wide/landscape-level planning. Regional timber supply analysis. Optimization models and heuristic techniques as tools. Integrating sustainable timber production with desirable future conditions and spatial structure for biodiversity. Problems, case studies involving recent large-scale applications. prereq: 3471 or instr consent
FNRM 4511 - Field Silviculture
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: 5V
Collection of field data to prepare/write silvicultural prescriptions for regeneration, thinning, and harvesting in context of landscape, watershed, and wildlife habitat issues. Field exercises in forest entomology, pathology, tree improvement, and non-timber forest products. Tree planting. Marking stands for harvest. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center. Field trips to forests managed by state/industry. prereq: [3104, 3411] or instr consent
FNRM 4515 - Field Remote Sensing and Resource Survey
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: 5V
Field applications of remote sensing, sampling/measurement methods to inventory/mapping of forest and other natural resources. Offered at Cloquet Forestry Center. prereq: [3218, 3262] or instr consent
FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Survey of social, psychological, economic, policy aspects of managing/conserving wildlife, fisheries, and related resources. prereq: [Biol 1001 or Biol 1009], Biol 3407
FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V
Environmental interactions of wildlife at population/community levels. Environmental threats from human activities. Habitat management practices. Objectives, polices, regulations in population management. prereq: [4102 or 4103], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3807]
FW 5604W - Fisheries Ecology and Management (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Managed species/systems. Applied aquatic/fish ecology related to fisheries. Role of planning in fisheries management. Application of management tools, assessment of their efficacy.
ESCI 1001 - Earth and Its Environments (PHYS, ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01201 - Geo 1001/1005/1012/1101/1105
Typically offered: 9V3V5V
Physical processes that shape the Earth: volcanoes, earthquakes, plate tectonics, glaciers, rivers. Current environmental issues/global change. Lecture/lab. Optional field experience.
HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Ecological/physiological concepts for revegetation of grasslands, wetlands, forests, and landscapes. Plant selection, stand establishment/evaluation. State/federal programs that administer restoration/reclamation. Field trips. prereq: [One college course in ecology, one college course in [plant science or botany]] or instr consent
LA 3501 - Environmental Design and Its Biological and Physical Context (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V5V
Dynamic relationships between environmentally designed places and biological/physical contexts. Integration of created place and biological/physical contexts. Case studies, student design.
SOIL 3416 - Plant Nutrients in the Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 2125
Typically offered: 9V3V
Fundamental concepts in soil fertility and plant nutrition. Discuss dynamics of mineral elements in soil, plants, and the environment. Evaluation, interpretation, and correction of plant nutrient problems.
BIOL 3407 - Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00005 - Biol 3407/3807/5407/EEB 3001
Typically offered: 9V
Principles of population growth/interactions and ecosystem function applied to ecological issues. Regulation of human populations, dynamics/impacts of disease, invasions by exotic organisms, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity. Lab. prereq: [One semester college biology], [MATH 1142 or MATH 1271 or MATH 1281 or equiv]
EEB 4609W - Ecosystem Ecology (ENV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Regulation of energy and elements cycling through ecosystems. Dependence of cycles on kinds/numbers of species within ecosystems. Effects of human-induced global changes on functioning of ecosystems. prereq: Biol 3407 or instr consent
ENT 4251 - Forest and Shade Tree Entomology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Biology, ecology, population management of forest/shade tree insects. Emphasizes predisposing factors/integrated management. Lecture/lab.
PLPA 3003 - Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Diseases of trees in urban and forested areas. Biology, ecology and control of tree diseases. Labs provide experience identifying disease agents and learning appropriate integrated control procedures.
ESPM 3011W - Ethics in Natural Resources (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V3V
Normative/professional ethics, and leadership considerations, applicable to managing natural resources and the environment. Readings, discussion.
ESPM 3202W - Environmental Conflict Management, Leadership, and Planning (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3202W/5202
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Negotiation of natural resource management issues. Use of collaborative planning. Case study approach to conflict management, strategic planning, and building leadership qualities. Emphasizes analytical concepts, techniques, and skills.
FNRM 3114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3114/5114
Typically offered: 9V
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest management and other land use patterns/activities on water yield, stormflow, erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Economic/social factors. National/global examples. Forest ecosystems. prereq: [[BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009], [[CHEM 1015, CHEM 1017] or CHEM 1021], MATH 1151] or instr consent
FNRM 3218 - Measuring and Modeling Forests
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3218/5218
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Sampling design, survey techniques to assess resource conditions. Applying metrics/sampling methods to forest vegetation. Calculating tree/stand volume. Modeling approaches. Case studies of modeling to project future growth. Landscape processes, characterization, modeling. prereq: [ESPM 3012 or STAT 3011], MATH 1151
FNRM 3262 - Remote Sensing of Natural Resources and Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3262/5262
Typically offered: 9V3V
Principles/techniques of remote sensing and its applications to mapping/monitoring land/water resources from local to global scales. Forest and natural resource inventory. Forest cover and soil mapping. Landuse/global change analysis. Lab provides hands-on experience working with aerial photography and digital sensing imagery.
FNRM 3431 - Timber Harvesting and Road Planning
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3431/5431
Typically offered: 3V
Introduction to forest operations. Terminology, basic engineering, equipment and harvesting system options, productivity/costs. Relationship to forest management and silviculture. Road planning, forest management guidelines, approaches for mitigating potential impacts to soil/water resources. Environmental implications of method/equipment choices. Selling timber. Sale design, layout, and administration. Two all-day field trips. prereq: 3411 or instr consent
FNRM 3471 - Forest Planning and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3471/5471
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Processes/techniques for scheduling forest management activities. Goals of landowners, industry, government, and society. Predicting forest outcomes, financial analysis, forest regulation, mathematical models, linear programming, economic analysis. Landscape-level management, desired conditions, historical range of variability, wildlife management, carbon sequestration, resource monitoring, certification, adaptive management. prereq: Intro silviculture or concurrent registration in silviculture or instr consent
FNRM 5413 - Managing Forest Ecosystems: Silviculture Lab
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Development of silvicultural prescriptions to achieve various landowner objectives. Timber cruise, growth/yield simulations, stand density management diagrams, thinning schedules, use of forest vegetation simulator. Field trips, computer labs, lectures. prereq: FNRM [major or minor] or grad student
ESPM 3202W - Environmental Conflict Management, Leadership, and Planning (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3202W/5202
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Negotiation of natural resource management issues. Use of collaborative planning. Case study approach to conflict management, strategic planning, and building leadership qualities. Emphasizes analytical concepts, techniques, and skills.
ENT 4251 - Forest and Shade Tree Entomology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Biology, ecology, population management of forest/shade tree insects. Emphasizes predisposing factors/integrated management. Lecture/lab.
PLPA 3003 - Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Diseases of trees in urban and forested areas. Biology, ecology and control of tree diseases. Labs provide experience identifying disease agents and learning appropriate integrated control procedures.
FW 2001W - Introduction to Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology (ENV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V3V
Fish, wildlife, and other forms of biodiversity. Single species, populations, ecosystem, and landscape approaches. Experiential/interactive course. Decision-case studies. prereq: BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009
FW 4102 - Principles of Conservation Biology (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: introductory biology course
Typically offered: 3V
Introduction to themes/concepts of diverse, dynamic, and interdisciplinary field. Biological/social underpinnings of conservation problems/solutions. prereq: introductory biology course
FW 4103 - Principles of Wildlife Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Foundation for understanding discipline of wildlife management. Preparation for upper division wildlife courses. prereq: Intro biology course, [jr or sr]
FNRM 4511 - Field Silviculture
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: 5V
Collection of field data to prepare/write silvicultural prescriptions for regeneration, thinning, and harvesting in context of landscape, watershed, and wildlife habitat issues. Field exercises in forest entomology, pathology, tree improvement, and non-timber forest products. Tree planting. Marking stands for harvest. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center. Field trips to forests managed by state/industry. prereq: [3104, 3411] or instr consent
FNRM 4515 - Field Remote Sensing and Resource Survey
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: 5V
Field applications of remote sensing, sampling/measurement methods to inventory/mapping of forest and other natural resources. Offered at Cloquet Forestry Center. prereq: [3218, 3262] or instr consent
FNRM 4521 - Field Timber Harvesting and Road Planning
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: 5V
Design, layout, and administration of timber sales. Forest road planning and design. Protecting residual trees during harvesting operations. Timber appraisal, forest management guidelines. Road location and profiling. Planning/layout considerations. Field trips to visit timber harvesting and road planning sites with public and private organizations. Taught at Cloquet Forestry Center. prereq: [3411, 3431] or instr consent
HORT 1015 - Woody and Herbaceous Plants
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: 9V
How to identify plants around the world. A few hundred of the most important cultivated plants for northern climates, their distinguishing features, common uses, cultural specificities, and notable cultivars.
FNRM 3501 - Arboriculture: Selection and Maintenance of Trees
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Selection, growth, propagation, and maintenance of trees for urban spaces. Tree selection, site preparation, plant health care management. Prevention, diagnosis, and remediation of urban tree risks such as insects, pathogens, pollution, development, and climate change. prereq: [1101 or Hort 1012], Biol 2022
HORT 4141W - Plant Production I (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01606
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: 9V
Basic techniques in producing nursery plants, including irrigation, fertilization, and pruning. Lectures, labs, weekly discussions. prereq: 1001 or 1015 or instr consent
FNRM 4501 - Urban Forest Management: Managing Greenspaces for People
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 4501/5501
Typically offered: 3V
Management concepts for green infrastructure of cities, towns, and communities. Urban forest as a social/biological resource. Emphasizes management of urban forest ecosystem to maximize benefits to people. Tree selection, risk assessment, cost-benefit analysis, landscape planning, values, perceptions. How urban forestry can be a tool to improve community infrastructure. prereq: [1101, 3501, Ent 4251, PlPa 3003, [UF major or minor]] or instr consent
ENT 4251 - Forest and Shade Tree Entomology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Biology, ecology, population management of forest/shade tree insects. Emphasizes predisposing factors/integrated management. Lecture/lab.
PLPA 3003 - Diseases of Forest and Shade Trees
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 3V
Diseases of trees in urban and forested areas. Biology, ecology and control of tree diseases. Labs provide experience identifying disease agents and learning appropriate integrated control procedures.
FNRM 3218 - Measuring and Modeling Forests
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3218/5218
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 3V
Sampling design, survey techniques to assess resource conditions. Applying metrics/sampling methods to forest vegetation. Calculating tree/stand volume. Modeling approaches. Case studies of modeling to project future growth. Landscape processes, characterization, modeling. prereq: [ESPM 3012 or STAT 3011], MATH 1151
ESPM 3211 - Survey, Measurement, and Modeling for Environmental Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: ENR 3211/5211
Typically offered: 3V
Survey, measurement, modeling concepts/methods for study of natural resources/environmental issues. Emphasizes survey design for data collection, estimation. Analysis for issues encompassing land, water, air, vegetation, animal, soil, human/social variables. prereq: [MATH 1031 or MATH 1051], [3012 or FW 4001 or STAT 3011 or SOC 3811], computer competency
FNRM 3114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: FR 3114/5114
Typically offered: 9V
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest management and other land use patterns/activities on water yield, stormflow, erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Economic/social factors. National/global examples. Forest ecosystems. prereq: [[BIOL 1001 or BIOL 1009], [[CHEM 1015, CHEM 1017] or CHEM 1021], MATH 1151] or instr consent
ESPM 4061W - Water Quality and Natural Resources (ENV, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: 9V
Water quality decision making. International focus. Ecology of aquatic ecosystems, how they are valuable to society and changed by landscape management. Case studies, impaired waters, TMDL process, student engagement in simulating water quality decision making.
BIOL 3002 - Plant Biology: Function
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: 3V
How plants make/use food. Mineral function/uptake. Water relations. Transport processes. Growth/development. prereq: [1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv], [CHEM 1011 or one semester chemistry with some organic content]
URBS 1001W - Introduction to Urban Studies: The Complexity of Metropolitan Life (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V3V
Interdisciplinary course, ranging across spatial, historical, economic, political, and design perspectives, among many others.
URBS 3001W - Introduction to Urban Studies: The Complexity of Metropolitan Life (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: 9V3V
Interdisciplinary course, ranging across spatial, historical, economic, political, and design perspectives, among many others.