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Crookston Campus

Biology B.S.

Math, Science and Technology
Academic Affairs
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2018
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 74
  • This program requires summer terms.
  • Degree: Bachelor of Science
The BS in biology provides students with a broad knowledge of the biological sciences while introducing them to the practical skills needed in today's biotech industries and the background required to be successful applicants to graduate programs. Students may choose from advanced courses designed to emphasize studies in either animal or plant systems while participating in a common core of courses which provide knowledge in the basic principles relevant to both areas. Program outcomes for graduates: Explain and reconstruct the scientific method and can apply this mode of inquiry in a laboratory setting Explain and apply basic principles of biology in work setting Demonstrate teamwork skills Apply, critique, and synthesize protocols from current literature Demonstrate and critique effective oral and written communication skills Formulate proper data collection and analysis methods Interpret and practice professional and ethical behavior related to biological research Identify, provide examples, differentiate, and integrate current biology techniques into their scientific investigations
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
All students are required to complete general University and college requirements. For more information, see the graduation requirements.
Program Requirements
A maximum of two D grades are allowed for core courses required in the program and technology requirements. This includes grades earned at UMC or transferred in from another institution.
Biology Core Requirements
Required Courses - 38 credits
BIOL 1009H - Honors: General Biology [BIOL SCI, PEOPLE/ENV] (4.0 cr)
BIOL 1805 - Nature of Life (2.0 cr)
BIOL 2032 - General Microbiology (4.0 cr)
BIOL 3022 - Principles of Genetics (3.0 cr)
BIOL 3027 - Cell Biology (3.0 cr)
BIOL 3122 - Evolution (3.0 cr)
BIOL 3822 - Techniques in Molecular Biology (4.0 cr)
BIOL 3899 - Pre-Internship Seminar (0.5 cr)
BIOL 3900 - Internship (1.0-2.0 cr)
BIOL 3901 - Post-Internship Seminar (0.5 cr)
BIOL 4101 - Biology Seminar (1.0 cr)
NATR 3374 - Ecology [BIOL SCI] (4.0 cr)
WRIT 3303 - Writing in Your Profession (3.0 cr)
BIOL 2012 - General Zoology (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 2022 - General Botany (3.0 cr)
Chemistry Core Requirements
Required Courses - 21 credits
CHEM 1061 - Chemical Principles I [PHYS SCI, PEOPLE/ENV] (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1062 - Chemical Principles II (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1065 - Chemical Principles I Laboratory [PHYS SCI, PEOPLE/ENV] (1.0 cr)
CHEM 1066 - Chemical Principles II Laboratory (1.0 cr)
CHEM 2301 - Organic Chemistry I (3.0 cr)
CHEM 2302 - Organic Chemistry II (3.0 cr)
CHEM 2310 - Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (2.0 cr)
CHEM 2311 - Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (2.0 cr)
CHEM 3021 - Biochemistry (3.0 cr)
Math and Physics Core Requirements
Required Courses - 15 credits
MATH 1150 - Elementary Statistics [MATH THINK] (3.0 cr)
MATH 1271 - Calculus I [MATH THINK] (4.0 cr)
PHYS 1101 - Introductory College Physics I [PHYS SCI] (4.0 cr)
PHYS 1102 - Introductory College Physics II [PHYS SCI] (4.0 cr)
Liberal Education Requirements
A minimum of 40 liberal education credits required. Students must complete the 10 goal areas of the Minnesota Transfer Curriculum with the following specific liberal education courses required:
COMP 1011 - Composition I [COMMUNICAT] (3.0 cr)
COMP 1013 - Composition II [COMMUNICAT] (3.0 cr)
SPCH 1101 - Public Speaking [COMMUNICAT] (3.0 cr)
Technology Requirement
Students must take 3 credits from the following courses. (If applicable, the course selected from below may be used to satisfy both the program and technology requirements.)
CA 1xxx
or CA 2xxx
or CHEM 3022 - Chemical Analysis in the Biological and Environmental Sciences (4.0 cr)
or MATH 1150 - Elementary Statistics [MATH THINK] (3.0 cr)
Biology Major Electives
Take 10 - 12 credit(s) from the following:
· AGRO 3030 - Research Techniques in Agriculture and Natural Resources (3.0 cr)
· AGRO 3230 - Introduction to Plant Pathology (3.0 cr)
· ANSC 3203 - Animal Anatomy and Physiology (4.0 cr)
· ANSC 3304 - Reproduction, AI, and Lactation (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 2103 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 2104 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 3131 - Plant Physiology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3140 - Histology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 3464 - Mammalogy (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3466 - Ornithology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3722 - Limnology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 3994 - Undergraduate Research (1.0-3.0 cr)
· BIOL 4361 - Developmental Biology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 1001 - Introductory Geology [PHYS SCI, PEOPLE/ENV] (3.0 cr)
· HSCI 1123 - Fundamentals of Nutrition [BIOL SCI] (3.0 cr)
· MATH 1272 - Calculus II (4.0 cr)
· NATR 3364 - Plant Taxonomy (3.0 cr)
· SOIL 1293 - Soil Science (3.0 cr)
· AGRO 2573 - Entomology (3.0 cr)
or NATR 2573 - Entomology (3.0 cr)
Open Electives
Students must take enough open electives credits to meet the 120 credit graduation requirement.
 
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BIOL 1009H - Honors: General Biology (BIOL SCI, PEOPLE/ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Quantitative methods used to emphasize the dynamic nature of biology. Modern biology. Molecular structure of living things, energy recruitment/utilization, flow of genetic information through organisms/populations. Principles of inheritance, ecology, and evolution. Includes lab. prereq: High school chemistry or consent of instructor
BIOL 1805 - Nature of Life
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Prerequisites: Biology major
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to biology program, faculty, coursework, and expectations. Mandatory camping trip to Itasca State Park. prereq: Biology major
BIOL 2032 - General Microbiology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fundamental principles of microbiology. Bacterial metabolism, growth, and genetics. Biology of viruses/fungi. Microorganisms and disease. Applied microbiology. prereq: Biol 1009 or 1009H or 2103, Chem 1001 or 1021
BIOL 3022 - Principles of Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Basic principles of Mendelian, molecular, and population genetics. Computer simulations/models used to study aberrations and their implications. prereq: Biol 1009, Chem 1021 or 1401, Math 1031 or 1131 or 1150
BIOL 3027 - Cell Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Structure/function of prokaryotic/eukaryotic cells, including cell surface, membranes, organelles, cytoskeleton, cell growth, cell physiology, experimental methods used in cell studies. Lab includes contemporary cell biology research techniques, hypothesis testing, and communication of results. prereq: 1009, [1401 or Chem 1021]
BIOL 3122 - Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Origin, history, opposition, and evidence supporting evolutionary ideas. Origin of life, phylogeny, biological history, mechanisms of evolutionary change, population genetics, speciation, tempo of evolution, macroevolution, extinction, biogeography. prereq: 1009
BIOL 3822 - Techniques in Molecular Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Basic recombinant DNA techniques. Methods for growing, isolating, and purifying recombinant DNA and cloning vectors. DNA sequencing, sequence analysis. Gene expression. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Other current techniques. Lab. prereq: 2032, 3022, [CHEM 3021 or concurrent registration in CHEM 3021]
BIOL 3899 - Pre-Internship Seminar
Credits: 0.5 [max 0.5]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Expectations/responsibilities of internship. Preparing for graduate school application/job search. Presentations about internship experiences by those who have recently completed 3900 (internship). Discussions between students, staff, and invited guests.
BIOL 3900 - Internship
Credits: 1.0 -2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Credit given for professional work experience outside an academic deparment. prereq: 3899, department approval, consent of instructor
BIOL 3901 - Post-Internship Seminar
Credits: 0.5 [max 0.5]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Students who have recently completed internships prepare/deliver PowerPoint presentation on experience. Discussions between post-/pre-internship students, staff, and invited guests. prereq: 3900
BIOL 4101 - Biology Seminar
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Survey of current literature. Preparation/presentation of selected topics. Evaluation of seminars. Utilizing contemporary research/presentation technologies. prereq: Sr
NATR 3374 - Ecology (BIOL SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Interactions among plants, animals, and the physical environment; structure and function of ecosystems; population dynamics, biotic communities; principles of biotic succession and ecosystem management. prereq: Biol 1009, Soil 1293
WRIT 3303 - Writing in Your Profession
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Comp 1011, 1013
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Writing about subjects related to students' academic disciplines and future professions. Developing persuasive writing skills for academic, personal, and professional purposes. Effective communication principles, audiences, formats, and technologies. prereq: Comp 1011, 1013
BIOL 2012 - General Zoology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Major animal groups (phyla). Applications of morphological, physiological, and developmental characteristics to define evolutionary relationships. Parasitic forms affecting human welfare. Lab requires dissection, including mammals. prereq: 1009
BIOL 2022 - General Botany
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles of plant biology. Organization, function, growth/development, and reproductive biology of plants and plant-like organisms. Lab included. prereq: 1009 or 1009H
CHEM 1061 - Chemical Principles I (PHYS SCI, PEOPLE/ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Concepts of inorganic chemistry, atomic theory/structure, periodicity of elements. Basic rules of oxidation/chemical combination. Molecular structure (hybridization, molecular orbitals). Thermochemistry, gases, solution process, colligative properties. prereq: 1001
CHEM 1062 - Chemical Principles II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Behavior of gases, thermodynamics, properties of solutions, solution equilibria, oxidation/reduction reactions. Rigorous course. Develops chemical foundations required in some agriculture, environmental, preprofessional programs. prereq: 1061 minimum C- grade, 1065
CHEM 1065 - Chemical Principles I Laboratory (PHYS SCI, PEOPLE/ENV)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Basic laboratory skills. Investigating physical/chemical phenomena associated with lecture material. Experimental design, data collection/treatment, discussion of errors, proper treatment of hazardous wastes. prereq: 1001
CHEM 1066 - Chemical Principles II Laboratory
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Basic laboratory skills. Investigating physical/chemical phenomena associated with lecture material. Experimental design, data collection/treatment, discussion of errors, proper treatment of hazardous wastes. prereq: 1061 minimum C- grade, 1065
CHEM 2301 - Organic Chemistry I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Important classes of organic compounds, their structures/reactions. Relation between structure, reactivity, and properties. Spectroscopic characterization of organic molecules. prereq: 1062, 1066, concurrent enrollment in 2310
CHEM 2302 - Organic Chemistry II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Reactions, synthesis, and characterization of organic compounds and biologically significant classes of organic compounds (lipids, carbohydrates, amino acids, proteins, nucleic acids). prereq: [Grade of at least C- in 2301 or consent of instructor], concurrent enrollment in 2311
CHEM 2310 - Organic Chemistry Laboratory I
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Laboratory techniques in synthesis, purification, and characterization of organic compounds. prereq: Concurrent enrollment in 2301
CHEM 2311 - Organic Chemistry Laboratory II
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Lab techniques in synthesis, purification, and characterization of organic compounds. prereq: 2310, concurrent enrollment in 2302
CHEM 3021 - Biochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Fundamentals of biochemistry. Structure/function of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates. Metabolism, regulation of metabolism. Quantitative treatments of chemistry equilibria, enzyme catalysis, and bioenergetics. Chemistry basis of genetic information. prereq: Grade of at least C- in [2301 or consent of instructor], BIOL 1009
MATH 1150 - Elementary Statistics (MATH THINK)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Descriptive statistics, elementary probability, normal distribution, binomial distribution, confidence intervals, tests of hypotheses, correlation, regression, chi-square, ANOVA. prereq: 0991 or ACT math score of 20 or higher
MATH 1271 - Calculus I (MATH THINK)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Limits, differential calculus of functions of single variable, applications. Introduction to integral calculus of single variable. prereq: 1250 or ACT math score of 28 or higher
PHYS 1101 - Introductory College Physics I (PHYS SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
First of two-semester sequence. Algebra-based introduction to physics and physics problem solving. Motion, forces, torque, momentum, energy, thermal energy/heat. Topics presented in applied context. prereq: Math 1031
PHYS 1102 - Introductory College Physics II (PHYS SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Second of two-semester sequence. Algebra-based introduction to physics and physics problem solving. Vibrations, light, sound, electricity, magnetism. Selected modern physics topics (e.g., radiation). Topics presented in applied context. prereq: Math 1031, Phys 1101
COMP 1011 - Composition I (COMMUNICAT)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Process of clear, concrete, and convincing writing. Generation and discovery of subjects, revisions, editing.
COMP 1013 - Composition II (COMMUNICAT)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Writing a research paper/s. Formulating/answering a research question. Developing an organizational/argument strategy for topic/audience. Supporting research question/argument with scholarly sources. prereq: 1011
SPCH 1101 - Public Speaking (COMMUNICAT)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Topic selection, research, organization, rehearsal, and extemporaneous delivery of informative and persuasive speeches.
CHEM 3022 - Chemical Analysis in the Biological and Environmental Sciences
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Theories/techniques of quantitative chemical analysis. Covers data handling, atomic/molecular spectroscopies, gas/liquid chromatography, and mass spectrometry. Labs focus on application of quantitative chemical methods to problems encourntered in environmental science/biology. prereq: 2301, 2310
MATH 1150 - Elementary Statistics (MATH THINK)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Descriptive statistics, elementary probability, normal distribution, binomial distribution, confidence intervals, tests of hypotheses, correlation, regression, chi-square, ANOVA. prereq: 0991 or ACT math score of 20 or higher
AGRO 3030 - Research Techniques in Agriculture and Natural Resources
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Experimental design and methodology in agriculture and natural resources research. Basic philosophy, data interpretation and analysis, and application of research information to practical management situations. prereq: Math 1150, Jr or Sr
AGRO 3230 - Introduction to Plant Pathology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Nature, diagnosis, and management of plant diseases. Identification, control, and life cycles of representative plant diseases significant in the Upper Midwest that illustrate plant pathology principles. prereq: Agro 1183 or Hort 1010, Biol 1009
ANSC 3203 - Animal Anatomy and Physiology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Anatomy/physiology of several species. Organization of body from cells into tissues/organs. Identification, comparison, and contrast of different species. Growth development/function of selected bodily systems. prereq: 1004, Biol 1009
ANSC 3304 - Reproduction, AI, and Lactation
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Functions of reproductive organs, fertilization, the estrous cycle and its endocrine control, reproductive efficiency and problems, principles of artificial insemination. Anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of the mammary gland; mammary growth; initiation of and maintenance of lactation. Milk synthesis and factors influencing the lactation curve. prereq: 3203
BIOL 2103 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Systems approach to anatomical structures and physiological functions of human body. Key concepts at chemical, cellular, tissue, and organ levels. Emphasizes spacial relationships of structures and their related functions within integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine systems. Lab. prereq: 1009
BIOL 2104 - Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Systems approach to anatomical structures and physiological functions of human body. Emphasizes spacial relationships of structures and their related functions within circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, and digestive systems. Metabolism, nutrition, urinary/reproductive systems, human development. Genetics concepts. Lab. prereq: 1009
BIOL 3131 - Plant Physiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 2022, Chem 1401
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Plant functions with emphasis on higher plants. Growth and development, mineral nutrition, translocation, water relations, photosynthesis, and nitrogen metabolism. prereq: 2022, Chem 1401
BIOL 3140 - Histology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Microscopic examination of morphological characteristics of human tissues, organs, and blood cells. Lab. prereq: 2104 or 3027 or consent of instructor
BIOL 3464 - Mammalogy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 3464/NatR 3464
Typically offered: Every Fall
Classification, reproduction, physiology, behavior, ecological adaptations, zoogeography of mammals. Emphasizes techniques used in field/laboratory studies. prereq: 2012
BIOL 3466 - Ornithology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Biol 3466/NatR 3466
Typically offered: Every Spring
Classification, reproduction, physiology, behavior, ecological adaptations, zoogeography of birds. Emphasizes techniques used in field/laboratory studies. prereq: 2012
BIOL 3722 - Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Description/analysis of events in lakes, streams, and ponds, beginning with their origins and progressing through their physics, chemistry, and biology. These parameters interrelated with population of aquatic environment. prereq: Biol 2022, Chem 1001, Phys 1012, Math 1031 or 1131 or 1150
BIOL 3994 - Undergraduate Research
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Advanced independent work in special fields. prereq: Instructor's consent
BIOL 4361 - Developmental Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Molecular/cellular mechanisms of development. Emphasizes animal systems. Cell cycle, gametogenesis, fertilization, morphogenetic movements, cytodifferentiation, cell interactions, pattern formation, gene expression, organogenesis, metamorphosis, regeneration and aging. Lab. prereq: 3022, 3027
GEOL 1001 - Introductory Geology (PHYS SCI, PEOPLE/ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Survey of Earth, including its composition, structure, and dynamics; internal and surface processes related to theories of sea floor and continental movement; summary of geological history and development of life.
HSCI 1123 - Fundamentals of Nutrition (BIOL SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamentals of nutrition and metabolism, including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, minerals, vitamins, and water. Assessment of health risks, health promotion, and disease prevention.
MATH 1272 - Calculus II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Techniques of integration, calculus involving transcendental functions, polar coordinates, Taylor polynomials, vectors/curves in space, cylindrical/spherical coordinates. prereq: Math 1271
NATR 3364 - Plant Taxonomy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles of plant taxonomy with emphasis on higher vascular plants of the Upper Midwest: family characteristics, floral structure, ecology, evolutionary relationships, values to human life, and importance as wildlife food and cover. Methods of field study and collection. prereq: Biol 2022 or instructor consent
SOIL 1293 - Soil Science
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Formation, classification, and composition of soils, with emphasis on environmental quality, chemical and physical properties affecting growth and nutrition of plants, management principles and practices used to increase productivity and conserve soil and water resources for agronomic crops. prereq: Chem 1001
AGRO 2573 - Entomology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01679 - AGRO2573/NATR2573
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Insect taxonomy, anatomy, and physiology. Emphasis on insects of economic importance, especially in the Upper Midwest. Control methods, including integrated pest management. prereq: Agro 1183 or Hort 1010
NATR 2573 - Entomology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01679 - AGRO2573/NATR2573
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Insect taxonomy, anatomy, and physiology. Emphasis on insects of economic importance, especially in the Upper Midwest. Control methods, including integrated pest management. prereq: Hort 1010 or Agro 1183