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Duluth Campus

Environmental Science B.S.

Swenson College of Science & Engineering
Swenson College of Science and Engineering
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2012
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 103 to 107
  • This program requires summer terms.
  • Degree: Bachelor of Science
The B.S. in environmental science is designed for students who want a multidisciplinary science education focusing on aspects of the environment. This environmental science program requires a broad base of knowledge in the basic sciences and mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, Earth sciences, and statistics. In addition, prudent study of environmental science requires understanding of economic, political, and ethical considerations. Environmental science features an intense grounding in resource issues (including courses in renewable and non-renewable resources)and builds on the strength of UMD in freshwater issues. In addition, the capstone course deals with sources, distribution, and ultimate fate of air, water, and solid waste pollution. Elective courses from areas such as habitats, climate processes, environmental chemistry, quantitative methods, and global resources are also required. The program is predicated on the belief that a student graduating with a B.S. in environmental science should have a firm background in physical and life sciences and a basic understanding of 1) existing environmental policies and regulations and the legislative process of their formation; 2) the major environmental issues including water, global climate, energy, pollution, and population; 3) techniques of environmental monitoring and prediction; and 4) economics and business organization.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For entering freshmen, the only admission requirement is acceptance into the College of Science and Engineering. Transfer students must meet campus and college requirements and are accepted into the program at the level corresponding to credits completed, based on existing transfer manuals and on faculty judgment when courses are not in existing manuals.
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
The Board of Regents, on recommendation of the faculty, grants degrees from the University of Minnesota. Requirements for an undergraduate degree from University of Minnesota Duluth include the following:
  1. Students must meet all course and credit requirements of the departments and colleges or schools in which they are enrolled including an advanced writing course. Students seeking two degrees must fulfill the requirements of both degrees. However, two degrees cannot be awarded for the same major.
  2. Students must complete all requirements of the Liberal Education Program.
  3. Students must complete a minimum of 120 semester credits.
  4. At least 30 of the last 60 degree credits earned immediately before graduation must be awarded by UMD.
  5. Students must complete at least half of their courses at the 3xxx-level and higher at UMD. Study-abroad credits earned through courses taught by UM faculty and at institutions with which UMD has international exchange programs may be used to fulfill this requirement.
  6. If a minor is required, students must take at least three upper division credits in their minor field from UMD.
  7. The minimum cumulative UM GPA required for graduation will be 2.00 and will include only University of Minnesota coursework. A minimum UM GPA of 2.00 is required in each UMD undergraduate major and minor. No academic unit may impose higher grade point standards to graduate.
  8. Diploma, transcripts, and certification will be withheld until all financial obligations to the University have been met.
Program Requirements
Required Environmental Science Core (20 cr)
ESCI 2210 - Science and Management of Environmental Systems (4.0 cr)
ESCI 3101 - Nonrenewable Resources (3.0 cr)
ESCI 3102 - Renewable Resources (3.0 cr)
ESCI 4102 - Environmental Assessment (3.0 cr)
CHE 4615 {Inactive} (4.0 cr)
or ESCI 4101 - Pollution and Technology (3.0 cr)
Required Courses From Other Programs (65-66 cr)
BIOL 1011 - General Biology I [LE CAT4, NAT SCI] (5.0 cr)
BIOL 1012 - General Biology II [SUSTAIN] (5.0 cr)
BIOL 2801 - General Ecology (3.0 cr)
BIOL 2802 - Ecology Laboratory (2.0 cr)
GEOL 1110 - Geology and Earth Systems [LE CAT4, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN] (4.0 cr)
MATH 1297 - Calculus II [LOGIC & QR] (5.0 cr)
PHYS 2013 - General Physics I [LE CAT5, NAT SCI] (4.0 cr)
PHYS 2014 - General Physics Lab I [NAT SCI] (1.0 cr)
PHYS 2015 - General Physics II (4.0 cr)
PHYS 2016 - General Physics Lab II (1.0 cr)
WRIT 3150 - Advanced Writing: Science (3.0 cr)
Chemistry I
CHEM 1161 {Inactive} [LE CAT4, NAT SCI] (5.0 cr)
or CHEM 1153 - General Chemistry I [LE CAT5, NAT SCI] (4.0 cr)
CHEM 1154 - General Chemistry Lab I [LE CAT4, NAT SCI] (1.0 cr)
Chemistry II
CHEM 1162 {Inactive} (5.0 cr)
or CHEM 1155 - General Chemistry II (4.0 cr)
CHEM 1156 - General Chemistry Lab II (1.0 cr)
Analytical Chemistry
CHEM 2212 - Environmental Chemistry [NAT SCI, SUSTAIN] (4.0 cr)
or CHEM 2222 - Quantitative Analysis (3.0 cr)
CHEM 2223 - Quantitative Analysis Laboratory (1.0 cr)
Economics
ECON 1022 - Principles of Economics: Macro [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
or ECON 1023 - Principles of Economics: Micro [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
Climate
GEOL 3100 - Earth's Climate and Environment: Past and Future (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 3401 - Weather and Climate (3.0 cr)
Calculus
MATH 1290 - Calculus for the Natural Sciences [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (5.0 cr)
or MATH 1296 - Calculus I [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (5.0 cr)
Statistics
STAT 2411 - Statistical Methods [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (3.0 cr)
or STAT 3411 - Engineering Statistics (3.0 cr)
or STAT 3611 - Introduction to Probability and Statistics (4.0 cr)
Water Science Electives (8-11 cr)
Must include three courses, at least one course each from Group A and B. Courses used to satisfy a water science elective may not be used to satisfy a concentration elective. At least one course used to fill the water science electives or the concentration electives must have a laboratory or field component.
Take 3 or more course(s) totaling 8 - 11 credit(s) from the following:
Group A Groundwater
Take 1 - 2 course(s) from the following:
· GEOL 5240 - Physical Hydrogeology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 5250 - Environmental Hydrogeology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 4710 - Aqueous Geochemistry (4.0 cr)
· Group B Surface Water
Take 1 - 2 course(s) from the following:
· BIOL 3835 - Freshwater Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5805 - Fisheries Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5833 - Stream Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5861 - Lake Ecology (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 4446 - Water Processes and Management (3.0 cr)
· LIM 5004 - Field Limnology (2.0 cr)
· LIM 5101 - Physical Limnology (3.0 cr)
· LIM 5102 - Chemical Limnology (3.0 cr)
· LIM 5103 - Geological Limnology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5839 - Coral Reef Field Studies (3.0 cr)
or GEOL 5839 - Coral Reef Geology (3.0 cr)
Concentration Electives (10 cr)
Courses can be distributed among the groups in any combination. Discuss with adviser the benefits of breadth (credits in several concentrations) versus depth (credits in a particular concentration).
Take 10 or more credit(s) from the following:
Climate Processes
Take 0 - 10 credit(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3401 - Weather and Climate (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3422 - Natural Hazards (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 4446 - Water Processes and Management (3.0 cr)
· GEOL 3210 - Geomorphology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 5210 - Glacial and Quaternary Geology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 5220 - Advances in Paleoclimatology (3.0 cr)
· LIM 5103 - Geological Limnology (3.0 cr)
· Environmental Chemistry
Take 0 - 10 credit(s) from the following:
· BIOL 5868 - Ecotoxicology (3.0 cr)
· CHEM 2541 - Organic Chemistry I (3.0 cr)
· CHEM 2542 - Organic Chemistry II (3.0 cr)
· CHEM 2543 - Organic Chemistry I Laboratory (1.0 cr)
· CHEM 2544 - Organic Chemistry II Laboratory (1.0 cr)
· GEOL 3710 - Introduction to Geochemistry (3.0 cr)
· GEOL 4710 - Aqueous Geochemistry (4.0 cr)
· LIM 5102 - Chemical Limnology (3.0 cr)
· Global Resources
Take 0 - 10 credit(s) from the following:
· ECON 3721 - Natural Resource and Energy Economics (3.0 cr)
· ECON 3777 - Environmental Economics (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3461 - Geography of Global Resources [SUSTAIN] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 4451 - The Geography of Soils (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 5240 - Physical Hydrogeology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 5250 - Environmental Hydrogeology (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 4355 - Economic Geology (4.0 cr)
· Habitats
Take 0 - 10 credit(s) from the following:
· BIOL 4805 - Ecological Invasions (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 5777 - Plankton Biology (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 5801 - Microbial Ecology (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 5802 - Microbial Ecology Laboratory (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 5805 - Fisheries Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5808 - Landscape Ecology: Theory and Application (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5833 - Stream Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5861 - Lake Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5863 - Ecosystems Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5865 - Conservation Biology (2.0 cr)
· BIOL 5870 - Wetland Ecology (3.0 cr)
· BIOL 5839 - Coral Reef Field Studies (3.0 cr)
or GEOL 5839 - Coral Reef Geology (3.0 cr)
· Quantitative Methods
Take 0 - 10 credit(s) from the following:
· BIOL 5807 - Mathematical Ecology (3.0 cr)
· CHE 2111 - Material and Energy Balances (3.0 cr)
· CHE 2121 - Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics (3.0 cr)
· CHE 3111 - Fluid Mechanics (3.0 cr)
· CHE 5022 - Transport Processes in Wells and Pipelines (3.0 cr)
· GIS 5572 - Environmental Application of GIS (4.0 cr)
· GIS 5581 - Digital Image Processing and Analysis (4.0 cr)
· GEOL 5215 - Glaciology (3.0 cr)
· LIM 5004 - Field Limnology (2.0 cr)
· LIM 5101 - Physical Limnology (3.0 cr)
· MATH 3280 - Differential Equations with Linear Algebra (4.0 cr)
· PHYS 5043 - Environmental Optics (3.0 cr)
· PHYS 5053 - Data Analysis Methods in Physics (3.0 cr)
· PHYS 5541 - Fluid Dynamics (3.0 cr)
· STAT 5411 - Analysis of Variance (3.0 cr)
 
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ESCI 2210 - Science and Management of Environmental Systems
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Scientific foundations of major environmental issues that impact society, including water, natural resources, and global climate change. Issues and human impacts will be explored through field and lab exercises designed to give the student hands on experience in environmental characterization and monitoring. prereq: GEOL 1110 and (CHEM 1155 or 1162)
ESCI 3101 - Nonrenewable Resources
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Geology of nonrenewable resources and introduction to extractive industry methods and procedures. Formation and occurrence of natural resources, theory and practice of technologies associated with the production, separation, purification, conversion, consumption, and waste disposal of nonrenewable energy and mineral resources. prereq: 2210, Chem 1151 or 1161, Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014, or instructor consent
ESCI 3102 - Renewable Resources
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles of renewable energy, energy conversion, irreversible thermodynamics and thermodynamic engines, thermoelectric generators, turbines, photovoltaic conversion, electrochemical conversion, fuel cells, pumping efficiency, wind energy, conversion of wave energy, heat pumps, ecosystems and biomass energy, and energy transmission and storage. prereq: Phys 2012 or 2015 and 2016
ESCI 4102 - Environmental Assessment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Environmental issues identification and investigation. Review of case studies of environmental investigations and the components of environmental impact statements. Selection of local or regional environmental issues and evaluation of the environmental problems from a multidisciplinary perspective. Preparation of draft Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). prereq: instructor consent; no grad credit
ESCI 4101 - Pollution and Technology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Sources, distribution, and ultimate fate of air, water and solid/hazardous wastes. Principles of treatment of point and non-point source wastes. Case studies of successful remediation technologies. Models of contaminant movement in the environment. Landfill construction. Application of federal law: National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Pollution Prevention Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, and Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act. prereq: 2210, Chem 1151 or 1161, Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014, or instructor consent, no grad credit
BIOL 1011 - General Biology I (LE CAT4, NAT SCI)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Fundamental concepts of biology, including chemical basis of life, cell structure and function, energy transformations, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, genetics, molecular biology, DNA technology, development, origin of life, and evolution. (4 hrs lect, 2.5 hrs lab) prereq: 1 yr high school Chem or 1 semester college Chem, Math ACT 21 or higher or MATH 1005 or higher.
BIOL 1012 - General Biology II (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Fundamental concepts of biology, including classification and diversity of life, anatomy, physiology, and development of prokaryotes, protistans, fungi, animals, and plants; behavior; population, community, and ecosystem ecology. (4 hrs lect, 2.5 hrs lab) prereq: A grade of C- or better in 1011
BIOL 2801 - General Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Relationships between life and environment for individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems; surveys of environmental factors and biomes. May be taken without lab 2802. (3 hrs lect) prereq: A grade of C- or better in both 1011 and 1012; may be taken without lab BIOL 2802
BIOL 2802 - Ecology Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Writing-intensive course that introduces sampling, data analysis and interpretation, hypothesis testing, ethical considerations in scientific practice. Includes field studies (4 hrs lab) prereq: A grade of C- or better in 1011, 1012 and 2801, concurrent enrollment is allowed in 2801.
GEOL 1110 - Geology and Earth Systems (LE CAT4, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Comprehensive survey of Earth's composition, structure, and dynamics to develop an understanding of internal processes, plate tectonics, and surface processes as a framework for geological history and development of life.
MATH 1297 - Calculus II (LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01421 - Math 1597/1297
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Second part of a standard introduction to calculus. Vectors, applications of integrals, transcendental functions, series, and multivariable functions and partial derivatives. prereq: A grade of at least C- in 1290 or 1296 or 1596
PHYS 2013 - General Physics I (LE CAT5, NAT SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Calculus-based introduction to Newtonian Mechanics, fluid mechanics, and heat. The companion laboratory, PHYS 2014 should be taken concurrently. The combination of PHYS 2013 and 2014 meets liberal education category 4. prereq: previous or concurrent registration in PHYS 2014. Prerequisite of Math 1290 or 1296 or 1596; credit will not be granted if already received for PHYS 1201 or 2011.
PHYS 2014 - General Physics Lab I (NAT SCI)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Calculus-based introduction to Newtonian Mechanics, fluid mechanics, and heat exemplified by laboratory study. This laboratory accompanies lecture PHYS 2013 and should be taken concurrently. The combination of PHYS 2013 and 2014 meets liberal education category 4. prereq: previous or concurrent enrollment in PHYS 2013
PHYS 2015 - General Physics II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Calculus-based introduction to electricity, magnetism and optics. The companion laboratory, PHYS 2016, should be taken concurrently. prereq: previous or concurrent registration in 2016. Prerequisite of 2011 or 2013 and 2014, Math 1297 or 1597; credit will not be granted if already received for PHYS 1202, 1204 or 2012.
PHYS 2016 - General Physics Lab II
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Calculus-based introduction to electricity, magnetism and optics exemplified by laboratory study. This laboratory accompanies lecture PHYS 2015 and should be taken concurrently. prereq: Previous or concurrently enrollment in PHYS 2015.
WRIT 3150 - Advanced Writing: Science
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Study and practice of writing tasks in science, including oral presentations. Exploration of rhetorical situations in professional practice, including research methods, document design, editing, effective collaboration, and ethical issues in the production of professional documents, such as instructions, lab reports, proposals, short and long reports, and career documents. prereq: 1120 or equivalent, min 60 cr; credit will not be granted if already received for COMP 3150
CHEM 1153 - General Chemistry I (LE CAT5, NAT SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02278 - CHEM 1173/CHEM 1153/CHEM 1161
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of chemistry exemplified by study of elements, compounds, and their reactions. Covers fundamental concepts of the atom, molecule, stoichiometry, chemical reactions, thermochemistry, gas laws, atomic structure, periodic table, chemical bonding, and other selected topics. The companion laboratory, CHEM 1154, should be taken concurrently. The combination of CHEM 1153 and CHEM 1154 meets the lab component of NAT SCI, LE CAT 4. prereq: One year high school chem, high school algebra, Math ACT 21 or higher or a grade of least C- in Math 1005, SCSE, exercise science, athletic training, teaching life science, teaching earth and space science, teaching physical science or B.A. major in environment and sustainability, biology, chemistry or geological sciences student. Credit will not be granted if already received for 1151 or 1161 or 1173.
CHEM 1154 - General Chemistry Lab I (LE CAT4, NAT SCI)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02279 - CHEM 1174/CHEM 1154
Prerequisites: Previous or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 1153; credit will not be granted if already received for CHEM 1151, 1161 or 1174.
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Basic laboratory skills while investigating the fundamental principles of chemistry. Covers fundamental concepts of the atom and molecule, stoichiometry, acid-base reactions, oxidation-reduction reactions, thermochemistry, characteristic properties of anions, gas laws and spectrophotometry. This laboratory accompanies lecture CHEM 1153. The combination of CHEM 1153 and CHEM 1154 meets liberal education category 4 requirements. prereq: Previous or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 1153; credit will not be granted if already received for CHEM 1151, 1161 or 1174.
CHEM 1155 - General Chemistry II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02280 - CHEM 1175/CHEM 1155/CHEM 1162
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of chemistry exemplified by study of elements, compounds, and their reactions. Covers intermolecular forces, properties of liquids, solids and solution, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, solubility, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, and other selected topics. Solid knowledge of college algebra and General Chemistry I is required. The companion laboratory course CHEM 1156 should be taken concurrently. prereq: 1151 or 1153 or 1161; credit will not be granted if already received for 1152, 1162 or 1175.
CHEM 1156 - General Chemistry Lab II
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02281
Prerequisites: 1151 or 1161 or 1154, concurrent or previous enrollment in CHEM 1155; credit will not be granted if already received for Chem 1152, 1162 or 1176.
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of chemistry exemplified by laboratory study of elements, compounds, and their reactions. Covers titration, intermolecular forces, colligative properties, kinetics, chemical equilibria, and qualitative analysis. This laboratory accompanies lecture CHEM 1155. prereq: 1151 or 1161 or 1154, concurrent or previous enrollment in CHEM 1155; credit will not be granted if already received for Chem 1152, 1162 or 1176.
CHEM 2212 - Environmental Chemistry (NAT SCI, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Study of chemical processes in natural air, water, soil and sediment environments. Sources, reaction, transport, effects, and fates of natural and anthropogenic chemical species will be covered. Methods of analysis of environmental samples, with emphasis on quantitative treatment of data. prereq: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176, Environmental Science major; credit will not be granted if already received for 2222 or 2223 or 2242
CHEM 2222 - Quantitative Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1175, concurrent registration in 2223 is strongly recommended; credit will not be granted if already received for 2212 or 2242
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Theory in analytical techniques; introduces gravimetric, volumetric, and spectrophotometric methods. prereq: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1175, concurrent registration in 2223 is strongly recommended; credit will not be granted if already received for 2212 or 2242
CHEM 2223 - Quantitative Analysis Laboratory
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Prerequisites: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176; concurrent registration in 2222 is required; credit will not be granted if already received for 2212 or 2242
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab companion to 2222 involving the quantitative analysis of organic and inorganic samples using classical and instrumental techniques. Students are instructed in the use of classical and modern computer-controlled instrumentation and techniques, as applied to the acquisition and analysis of experimental data. prereq: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176; concurrent registration in 2222 is required; credit will not be granted if already received for 2212 or 2242
ECON 1022 - Principles of Economics: Macro (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analyzing overall performance of an economic system. National income accounting and theory, unemployment, inflation, fiscal policy, money, monetary policy, economic growth, international trade, non-U.S. economies, and real-world application of these concepts. prereq: Minimum 15 credits or department consent
ECON 1023 - Principles of Economics: Micro (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analyzing free enterprise system through study of product and resource markets. Supply and demand, utility, production and cost, market structure, resource use, market failures, regulatory role of government, and real-world application of these concepts. prereq: Minimum 15 credits or department consent
GEOL 3100 - Earth's Climate and Environment: Past and Future
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Exploration of the processes that control Earth's climate and affect the environment on timescales of 100's of millions to 10's of years. Discussions will include how and why the dinosaur's environment was different from today's environment and concerns about future global warming. prereq: 1110 or 1130 or 1610, Chem 1151 or 1153/1154
GEOG 3401 - Weather and Climate
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Atmospheric composition, structure, and motion; precipitation processes, air masses, fronts, cyclonic storms, and general weather patterns. Global distribution and classification of climates. prereq: 1414, minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
MATH 1290 - Calculus for the Natural Sciences (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01420 - Math1290/1296/1596
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Differential and integral calculus needed for modeling in earth and life sciences. Computational software. Not intended for students in mathematics, engineering, or physical sciences. prereq: Math ACT 27 or higher or a grade of at least C- in Math 1250 or department consent
MATH 1296 - Calculus I (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01420 - Math1290/1296/1596
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
First part of a standard introduction to calculus of functions of a single variable. Limits, continuity, derivatives, integrals, and their applications. prereq: Math ACT 27 or higher or a grade of at least C- in Math 1250 or department consent
STAT 2411 - Statistical Methods (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Graphical and numerical descriptions of data, elementary probability, sampling distributions, estimations, confidence intervals, one-sample and two-sample t-test. prereq: Math ACT 24 or higher or a grade of at least C- in Math 1005 or higher or department approval
STAT 3411 - Engineering Statistics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Statistical considerations in data collection and experimentation. Descriptive statistics, least squares, elementary probability distributions, confidence intervals, significance tests, and analysis of variance as applied analysis of engineering data. prereq: MATH 1297 with a grade of C- or better, cannot be applied to a math or statistics major
STAT 3611 - Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Basic probability, including combinatorial methods, random variables, mathematical expectation. Binomial, normal, and other standard distributions. Moment-generating functions. Basic statistics, including descriptive statistics and sampling distributions. Estimation and statistical hypothesis testing. prereq: A grade of at least C- in Math 1290 or Math 1296
GEOL 5240 - Physical Hydrogeology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Introduction to concepts of fluid movement in Earth's crust and the interaction of rocks and water. Introduction to the hydrologic cycle, theory of flow through porous media, crustal-scale flow systems, role of fluids in the plate tectonic cycle. prereq: 2110, Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014, Math 1296 or Math 1290 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4240
GEOL 5250 - Environmental Hydrogeology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
A quantitative introduction to hydrogeology and aquifer mechanics with emphasis on environmental applications, including, unsaturated flow, interaction between surface water and groundwater, wellhead protection, well hydraulics, inverse methods, and solute transport. Offered alternate years. prereq: Math 1296 or Math 1290 and (Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014) or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4250
GEOL 4710 - Aqueous Geochemistry
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Principles of solution chemistry, with application to chemical weathering, acid deposition, rivers, lakes, and oceans. Use of chemical equilibrium software to examine complex real world problems. prereq: Math 1290 or Math 1297 and Chem 1152 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 5710
BIOL 3835 - Freshwater Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Exploration of freshwater habitats and their biological diversity with emphasis on how human behavior is affecting those habitats and biodiversity. prereq: 2801 or concurrent
BIOL 5805 - Fisheries Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Lectures, readings and computer exercises relating to current issues in fisheries ecology. Computer exercises will emphasize techniques used by scientists working in the field and prepare the student for the use of quantitative research tools for independent research. Includes 2 one-hour lectures and 1 three-hour lab weekly. prereq: 2801, 2802, college-level course in statistics or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5833 - Stream Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Studies of stream communities and ecosystems as influenced by biological interactions and physical factors. Emphasis on North Shore streams. (2 hrs lect, 6 hrs lab and field) prereq: 2801 or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5861 - Lake Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Ecology of lakes and reservoirs. (3 hrs lect) prereq: 2801 or WRS or IBS Grad student
GEOG 4446 - Water Processes and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to the components of surface water processes and water resources management, including precipitation, runoff generation, channel processes, spatial and temporal variations in water distribution, aspects of water quantity and quality, and basin management problems. prereq: 1414, no grad credit
LIM 5004 - Field Limnology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Field measurements on local lakes, streams; research cruise aboard R/V Blue Heron on Lake Superior; laboratory exercises in biological, chemical, geological and physical limnology. prereq: Graduate student or instructor consent
LIM 5101 - Physical Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01569 - LIM 5101/5001
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Physical description of lake dynamics including: lake morphometry, water budget, light distribution, circulation, fronts, waves and mixing. Descriptive, mathematical, numerical and data-analysis techniques are used to investigate the various topics. prereq: Math 1297, Phys 2012 or 2015 and 2016, or grad student
LIM 5102 - Chemical Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Organic and inorganic chemistry of natural waters, major and minor ions, pH-Eh relationships, carbon and nutrient cycles, pore water chemistry, sediment chemistry, microbial geochemistry. Offered alternate years. prereq: Math 1296, Phys 1002 or 1202, Chem 1152 or 1162, or grad student; Credit will not be granted if already received for 5001
LIM 5103 - Geological Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01419 - Lim 5103/5002
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Geological aspects of freshwater systems: origins, tectonic and climatic settings of lakes, geophysical mapping, physical sedimentary processes, sedimentary geochemistry, geochronology and paleolimnology. Offered alternate years prereq: Math 1296, Phys 1002 or 1202, Chem 1152 or 1162, or grad student
BIOL 5839 - Coral Reef Field Studies
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01396 - Biol 5839/Geol 5839
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Biological studies of the coral reef complex and associated habitats of the Caribbean. Ecology and taxonomy of associated biota. Field study on San Salvador, Bahamas; taught J-term every other year. prereq: 2801 or instructor consent or IBS Grad student
GEOL 5839 - Coral Reef Geology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01396 - Biol 5839/Geol 5839
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Physical, chemical and sedimentary processes in coral reef environments, reef morphology, stratigraphic framework of modern and ancient reefs, reef type and dependence on basin morphology and tectonic setting, coral reefs and Quaternary sea-level change. Includes field study of reef systems. prereq: Junior or senior or grad student in Geology or related field
GEOG 3401 - Weather and Climate
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Atmospheric composition, structure, and motion; precipitation processes, air masses, fronts, cyclonic storms, and general weather patterns. Global distribution and classification of climates. prereq: 1414, minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
GEOG 3422 - Natural Hazards
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geography of natural hazards. Human-physical environment interrelationships under extreme geophysical conditions; causes, characteristics, and consequences of natural hazards such as earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and drought; human adjustment to these events. prereq: 1414, minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
GEOG 4446 - Water Processes and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to the components of surface water processes and water resources management, including precipitation, runoff generation, channel processes, spatial and temporal variations in water distribution, aspects of water quantity and quality, and basin management problems. prereq: 1414, no grad credit
GEOL 3210 - Geomorphology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01407 - Geol 2210/3210
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Study of Earth surface processes emphasizing the origin and evolution of landforms; response of the physical environment to climatic change and tectonic events, and application of physical, chemical, and mathematical principles to the study and interpretation of landforms. prereq: 1110 or 2110, Math 1250 or 1290 or 1296 or 1596 or instructor consent
GEOL 5210 - Glacial and Quaternary Geology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Physics of glacier flow, processes of erosion and deposition, survey of glacial landforms, history and chronology of glaciation. Survey of geological and biological responses to changing environment resulting from climatic fluctuations during last three million years of Earth history. Field studies on the glacial deposits of Minnesota. (2 hrs lect, 2 hrs field lab) prereq: 3210 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4210
GEOL 5220 - Advances in Paleoclimatology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Analysis of past global change from climate proxy records in glacial ice, tree rings, ocean and lake sediments, ocean corals. Impact of ocean and atmospheric circulation on global climate; climate cycles; El Nino; human impact on global climate. Offered alternate years. prereq: instructor consent
LIM 5103 - Geological Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01419 - Lim 5103/5002
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Geological aspects of freshwater systems: origins, tectonic and climatic settings of lakes, geophysical mapping, physical sedimentary processes, sedimentary geochemistry, geochronology and paleolimnology. Offered alternate years prereq: Math 1296, Phys 1002 or 1202, Chem 1152 or 1162, or grad student
BIOL 5868 - Ecotoxicology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Examines the effects of toxicants on constituents of the biosphere at levels of biological organization from cells to ecosystems. Toxicant identification, toxicity testing, exposure routes, bioaccumulation, toxicant effects, regulations, and current issues. prereq: 2101, 2801, college-level statistics course or WRS or IBS Grad student
CHEM 2541 - Organic Chemistry I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176; credit will not be granted if already received for 2521
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Structure and bonding, stereochemistry, functional group reactions. prereq: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176; credit will not be granted if already received for 2521
CHEM 2542 - Organic Chemistry II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 2521 or 2541; credit will not be granted if already received for 2522, 2532
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Functional group reactions, bioorganic chemistry. prereq: 2521 or 2541; credit will not be granted if already received for 2522, 2532
CHEM 2543 - Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Prerequisites: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176, must be taken after or concurrently with CHEM 2541; credit will not be granted if already received for 2521, CHE 3231, ENGR 2110
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory companion to CHEM 2541. Structure and bonding, stereochemistry, functional group reactions. prereq: 1152 or 1162 or 1155 and 1156 or 1175 and 1176, must be taken after or concurrently with CHEM 2541; credit will not be granted if already received for 2521, CHE 3231, ENGR 2110
CHEM 2544 - Organic Chemistry II Laboratory
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory companion to Chem 2542, for non-chemistry majors. Functional group reactions, bioorganic chemistry. prereq: 2521 or (2541 and 2543), must be taken after or concurrently with CHEM 2542; credit will not be granted if already received for 2522, 2532, 2545
GEOL 3710 - Introduction to Geochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Understanding chemical reactions occurring in geological processes on scales ranging from atomic to global. Geochemistry of the Earth; chemical reactions and stability of minerals; applications of geochemistry to understanding global processes and environmental problems. (3 hrs lect) prereq: Math 1296 or equiv, Chem 1152 or instructor consent
GEOL 4710 - Aqueous Geochemistry
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Principles of solution chemistry, with application to chemical weathering, acid deposition, rivers, lakes, and oceans. Use of chemical equilibrium software to examine complex real world problems. prereq: Math 1290 or Math 1297 and Chem 1152 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 5710
LIM 5102 - Chemical Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Organic and inorganic chemistry of natural waters, major and minor ions, pH-Eh relationships, carbon and nutrient cycles, pore water chemistry, sediment chemistry, microbial geochemistry. Offered alternate years. prereq: Math 1296, Phys 1002 or 1202, Chem 1152 or 1162, or grad student; Credit will not be granted if already received for 5001
ECON 3721 - Natural Resource and Energy Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Microeconomic analysis of natural resource and energy markets. Role of these resources in production processes and waste generation, use and pricing of nonrenewable and renewable resources over time, resource availability, sustainable development, and ecological economics. prereq: 1023, preferred but not required: 3023; credit will not be granted if already received for ECON 4721
ECON 3777 - Environmental Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Microeconomic analysis of environmental quality as an economic good. Pollution control, benefit-cost analysis, valuation methodologies and their application to air and water quality, hazardous waste management, preservation, and global pollutants. prereq: 1023, preferred but not required: 3023; credit will not be granted if already received for ECON 4777
GEOG 3461 - Geography of Global Resources (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Spatial distribution and uses of global natural resources addressed through models of resource management, focusing on energy, non-fuel minerals, population, food, and technology. Theoretical approach and political perspective applied to trade, international economic development, and environmental issues. prereq: Minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
GEOG 4451 - The Geography of Soils
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Examines soil formation and processes in varied environments, with emphasis on soil as a dynamic system, integral to all terrestrial ecosystems. Human impact and use of soils is examined with regard to land degradation and soil erosion. prereq: 1414 or Geol 1110 or grad student or instructor consent
GEOL 5240 - Physical Hydrogeology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Introduction to concepts of fluid movement in Earth's crust and the interaction of rocks and water. Introduction to the hydrologic cycle, theory of flow through porous media, crustal-scale flow systems, role of fluids in the plate tectonic cycle. prereq: 2110, Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014, Math 1296 or Math 1290 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4240
GEOL 5250 - Environmental Hydrogeology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
A quantitative introduction to hydrogeology and aquifer mechanics with emphasis on environmental applications, including, unsaturated flow, interaction between surface water and groundwater, wellhead protection, well hydraulics, inverse methods, and solute transport. Offered alternate years. prereq: Math 1296 or Math 1290 and (Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014) or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4250
GEOL 4355 - Economic Geology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Geologic description, distribution, and genesis of economic mineral deposits; processes leading to their formation; relationship to plate tectonics; exploration techniques and criteria for finding new deposits. Course fees assessed. prereq: 2312 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4350 or 5350
BIOL 4805 - Ecological Invasions
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Characteristics of successful invaders, ecological effects of invasive species, genetic effects on native populations, impacts on human societies, options for control, relationships to other global changes. Case studies prereq: 2801 or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5777 - Plankton Biology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Explores topics in the biology of plant and animal plankton with emphasis on lake communities. Topics include biogeography, life-history, anatomy, physiology, and ecology of plankton. Basic limnology covered as relevant. Meets twice weekly for lecture and literature discussion. prereq: 2801, 2802 or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5801 - Microbial Ecology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Microorganisms in natural environments: diversity, distribution, energetics, and growth of heterotrophic and autotrophic microbes in oxic and anoxic habitats. Roles of microbial populations and communities in biogeochemical cycling, ecosystem functioning, landscapes, and industrial, agricultural, and environmental applications. prereq: (2101, (2801 or 4501)), or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5802 - Microbial Ecology Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Lab and field-oriented exercises that teach concepts about microbial populations and their communities, energetics, food webs, biogeochemistry, and biodiversity while providing an introduction to research methods. Students master advanced microscopic, culturing, spectroscopic, molecular, radioisotopic, and computational techniques. (3 hours lab) prereq: 5801 (may take concurrently) or WRS or IBS grad student
BIOL 5805 - Fisheries Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Lectures, readings and computer exercises relating to current issues in fisheries ecology. Computer exercises will emphasize techniques used by scientists working in the field and prepare the student for the use of quantitative research tools for independent research. Includes 2 one-hour lectures and 1 three-hour lab weekly. prereq: 2801, 2802, college-level course in statistics or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5808 - Landscape Ecology: Theory and Application
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Key issues in landscape ecology including scale, measuring landscape patterns, mechanisms shaping landscapes, implications of landscape patterns on plant and animal populations, communities, and ecosystems, and implementing landscape principles for natural resource management. prereq: 2801, 2802 or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5833 - Stream Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Studies of stream communities and ecosystems as influenced by biological interactions and physical factors. Emphasis on North Shore streams. (2 hrs lect, 6 hrs lab and field) prereq: 2801 or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5861 - Lake Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Ecology of lakes and reservoirs. (3 hrs lect) prereq: 2801 or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5863 - Ecosystems Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Survey of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, emphasizing current literature on ecosystem processes. (3 hrs lect) prereq: 2801, or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5865 - Conservation Biology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Introduction to science of species, habitat, and ecosystem conservation and management. prereq: 2801 or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5870 - Wetland Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Hydrology, nutrient cycling, and productivity of wetland ecosystems and the adaptations and interactions of resident biota; assessment, management, conservation, restoration, and creation of wetlands. Two daylong weekend field trips required. prereq: 2801, 2802 or WRS or IBS Grad student
BIOL 5839 - Coral Reef Field Studies
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01396 - Biol 5839/Geol 5839
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Biological studies of the coral reef complex and associated habitats of the Caribbean. Ecology and taxonomy of associated biota. Field study on San Salvador, Bahamas; taught J-term every other year. prereq: 2801 or instructor consent or IBS Grad student
GEOL 5839 - Coral Reef Geology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01396 - Biol 5839/Geol 5839
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Physical, chemical and sedimentary processes in coral reef environments, reef morphology, stratigraphic framework of modern and ancient reefs, reef type and dependence on basin morphology and tectonic setting, coral reefs and Quaternary sea-level change. Includes field study of reef systems. prereq: Junior or senior or grad student in Geology or related field
BIOL 5807 - Mathematical Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Development and use of mathematical models to describe ecological patterns and processes. prereq: (2801, (Math 1290 or Math 1297)) or WRS or IBS Grad student
CHE 2111 - Material and Energy Balances
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Elementary principles of chemical processes, emphasizing material and energy balances. prereq: Chem 1151 or 1161 or 1153 and 1154, Math 1296 or 1596 minimum grade of C
CHE 2121 - Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Application of thermodynamic principles to chemical engineering, emphasizing pressure-volume-temperature relationships, thermodynamic laws, thermochemistry, chemical equilibrium, and phase relationships. prereq: 2111, (prereq or coreq Math 3280)
CHE 3111 - Fluid Mechanics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01422 - ChE 3111/ME 3111
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Mass and energy balances, Bernoulli's equation, momentum balance, laminar and turbulent flow, boundary layer theory, pumps, compressors, and turbines. prereq: BSChE cand, CHE 2111 prereq or coreq, Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014, Math 3280, or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for ME 3111 or CE 3221.
CHE 5022 - Transport Processes in Wells and Pipelines
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Exposes students to various elements of fluid and heat flows that occur in oil/gas wells and pipelines. The fundamentals of multiphase flow are explained in terms of single-phase flow mechanics and configuration of the phases. Simplicity in modeling approach is retained. Field examples are used to reinforce understanding of the models. prereq: 3111, 3112 or Grad student or instructor consent
GIS 5572 - Environmental Application of GIS
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to ArcGIS and its applications to the environmental issues such as natural hazards, forest management, contaminated sites, soil erosion, habitat assessment, and regional planning. prereq: 3563 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 5572
GIS 5581 - Digital Image Processing and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
This advanced remote sensing course focuses on theories and applications of digital image processing and provides students with knowledge and skills of advance digital image processing and analysis techniques. Topics include image display and visualization, methods for geometric and radiometric corrections, image enhancement, image classification and change detection, digital image processing, analysis of hyperspectral and active microwave images. prereq: 3580 or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 4580 or GEOG 5581
GEOL 5215 - Glaciology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Theory of glacier flow. Anatomy of glaciers and ice sheets, mechanics and therodynamics of glacier flow. Reconstruction of physical characteristics of past ice sheets from glacial sediments and landforms. Glacier response to climate change. Offered alternate years prereq: 8 credits geology, Math 1290 or Math 1296, (Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014) or grad student or instructor consent
LIM 5004 - Field Limnology
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Field measurements on local lakes, streams; research cruise aboard R/V Blue Heron on Lake Superior; laboratory exercises in biological, chemical, geological and physical limnology. prereq: Graduate student or instructor consent
LIM 5101 - Physical Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01569 - LIM 5101/5001
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Physical description of lake dynamics including: lake morphometry, water budget, light distribution, circulation, fronts, waves and mixing. Descriptive, mathematical, numerical and data-analysis techniques are used to investigate the various topics. prereq: Math 1297, Phys 2012 or 2015 and 2016, or grad student
MATH 3280 - Differential Equations with Linear Algebra
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
First, second, and higher order equations; series methods; Laplace transforms; systems; software; modeling applications; introduction to vectors; matrix algebra, eigenvalues. prereq: A grade of at least C- in 1297 or 1597
PHYS 5043 - Environmental Optics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Application of optics in environmental measurements of irradiance and radiance, optical remote sensing using ship-borne and satellite platforms, diffuse spectra, single vs. multiple scattering, object visibility, inherent vs. apparent optical properties, scattering in Beer's law, optical algorithms. prereq: 2012 or 2015 and 2016 or course containing elementary optics
PHYS 5053 - Data Analysis Methods in Physics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Problems of data analysis in the context of dynamical models. Emphasis will be placed on large datasets that arise in astrophysics, particle dynamics, physical oceanography and meteorology. (2 hr lect & 2 hr lab) prereq: 2012 or 2015 and 2016, 1 sem programming, lab or field experience beyond 2012/2015 and 2016
PHYS 5541 - Fluid Dynamics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Analytic and numeric treatment of dynamics of fluids. Rotating, stratified fluids, with applications in limnology, oceanography, and meteorology. prereq: 2022 or 2001, Math 3280
STAT 5411 - Analysis of Variance
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 2411 or 3411 or 3611; a grade of C- or better is required in all prerequisite courses
Typically offered: Every Fall
Analysis of variance techniques as applied to scientific experiments and studies. Randomized block designs, factorial designs, nesting. Checking model assumptions. Using statistical computer software. prereq: 2411 or 3411 or 3611; a grade of C- or better is required in all prerequisite courses