Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Conservation Sciences M.S.

Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology
College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences
Link to a list of faculty for this program.
Contact Information
Department of Fisheries, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, 135 B Skok Hall, 2003 Upper Buford Circle, St. Paul, MN 55108 (612-624-7751)
  • Program Type: Master's
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2018
  • Length of program in credits: 30
  • This program does not require summer semesters for timely completion.
  • Degree: Master of Science
Along with the program-specific requirements listed below, please read the General Information section of this website for requirements that apply to all major fields.
The conservation sciences (CS) program has two complementary objectives leading to a unique multidisciplinary program. The first is to provide students with sound graduate training in the biological sciences relevant to the global conservation of plants, animals, and ecosystems. The second objective promotes the study of social, political, and economic sciences that relate to recognition and solution of conservation problems. Students may select one of the three tracks, 1) conservation science or 2) fisheries and aquatic biology or 3) wildlife ecology & management. Students may also pursue a joint degree in law and conservation sciences through the joint law degree program. The overall goal of the program is to prepare students to develop solutions or approaches to address problems that are scientifically and environmentally sound and likely to be acted upon or implemented within their social and political context.
Program Delivery
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Prerequisites for Admission
The preferred undergraduate GPA for admittance to the program is 3.00.
A BS/BA degree in biology or a closely related field is preferred. Applicants with a baccalaureate degree in another field are accepted, but may be required to take selected courses in biology.
Special Application Requirements:
A statement of career goals and three letters of recommendation evaluating the applicant's potential for graduate study are required. Scores less than five years old from the General Test of the GRE are required. TOEFL is required for applicants who speak English as a second language. Applicants to the joint law degree program must also apply to the Law School. Application deadline is December 15. Typically, students only are admitted for fall semester.
Applicants must submit their test score(s) from the following:
  • GRE
International applicants must submit score(s) from one of the following tests:
  • TOEFL
    • Internet Based - Total Score: 79
    • Internet Based - Writing Score: 21
    • Internet Based - Reading Score: 19
    • Paper Based - Total Score: 550
  • IELTS
    • Total Score: 6.5
  • MELAB
    • Final score: 80
  • MN Batt
Key to test abbreviations (GRE, TOEFL, IELTS, MELAB, MN Batt).
For an online application or for more information about graduate education admissions, see the General Information section of this website.
Program Requirements
Plan A: Plan A requires 14 major credits, 6 credits outside the major, and 10 thesis credits. The final exam is oral.
Plan B: Plan B requires 14 major credits and 6 credits outside the major. The final exam is oral. A capstone project is required.
Capstone Project:Plan B master's students must demonstrate familiarity with the tools of research or scholarship in their major field, the ability to work independently, and the ability to present the results of their investigation effectively, by completing at least one Plan B project. The Plan B project should involve a combined total of approximately 120 hours (the equivalent of three full-time weeks) of work. The advisory committee specifies both the nature and extent of the options available to satisfy this requirement, subject to approval by the director of graduate studies. The Plan B project must be satisfied independent of the courses in the student's program.
This program may be completed with a minor.
Use of 4xxx courses toward program requirements is permitted under certain conditions with adviser approval.
A minimum GPA of 3.00 is required for students to remain in good standing.
At least 1 semesters must be completed before filing a Degree Program Form.
Core Course
Take the following course for 3 credits:
FW 8452 - Conservation Biology (3.0 cr)
Seminar Requirement
Take 2 semesters of CBIO 8001. Students in the fisheries and aquatic biology track may substitute one semester of CBIO 8001 with FW 8200.
Take 2 or more credit(s) from the following:
· CONS 8001 - Conservation Biology Seminar (1.0 cr)
· FW 8200 - Seminar (1.0-4.0 cr)
Statistics Requirement
Take at least one 3-credit statistics or systematics course from following list, or select other 5xxx- or 8xxx-level coursework in consultation with the advisory committee.
Take 3 or more credit(s) from the following:
· BIOL 5272 - Applied Biostatistics (3.0 cr)
· STAT 5021 - Statistical Analysis (4.0 cr)
· STAT 5302 - Applied Regression Analysis (4.0 cr)
· STAT 5303 - Designing Experiments (4.0 cr)
· STAT 5421 - Analysis of Categorical Data (3.0 cr)
· STAT 5601 - Nonparametric Methods (3.0 cr)
· FW 8051 - Statistical Modeling of Ecological Data using R and WinBugs/JAGS (4.0 cr)
· EEB 5371 - Principles of Systematics (3.0 cr)
Plan Options
Plan A
Take at least 10 master's thesis credits.
CONS 8777 - Thesis Credits: Master's (1.0-18.0 cr)
-OR-
Plan B
Take an additional 10 elective course credits, chosen in consultation with the advisor. Coursework may be from the electives section of the chosen track, or other 5xxx- or 8xxx-level courses.
Joint- or Dual-degree Coursework:
JD/Conservation Sciences-MS Students may take a total of 12 credits in common among the academic programs.
Program Sub-plans
Students are required to complete one of the following sub-plans.
Students may not complete the program with more than one sub-plan.
Conservation Science
The conservation science track is available for students wishing to emphasize this concentration within the conservation sciences degree. The track provides structure and oversight for students interested in the interface of population, species, and ecosystem biology with disciplines of social sciences, education, economics. The conservation science track name will be posted to the transcript.
Conservation Science - Electives
Take at least 12 (Plan A) or at least 22 (Plan B) elective credits from the following list, or select other 5xxx- or 8xxx-level coursework in consultation with the advisory committee.
Take 12 or more credit(s) from the following:
· APEC 5151 - Applied Microeconomics: Firm and Household (3.0 cr)
· APEC 5651 - Economics of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4129 - Mammalogy (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4134 - Introduction to Ornithology (4.0 cr)
· EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5409 - Evolution (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology (3.0 cr)
· ENT 4231 - Insect Behavior (3.0 cr)
· ENT 5011 - Insect Structure and Function (4.0 cr)
· ENT 5041 - Insect Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EPSY 5221 - Principles of Educational and Psychological Measurement (3.0 cr)
· EPSY 5243 - Principles and Methods of Evaluation (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5104 - Forest Ecology (4.0 cr)
· FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources (4.0 cr)
· FNRM 5203 - Forest Fire and Disturbance Ecology (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5204 - Landscape Ecology and Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5262 - Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resources and Environment (3.0 cr)
· FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation (3.0 cr)
· FW 5051 - Analysis of Populations (4.0 cr)
· FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife [WI] (3.0 cr)
· FW 5625 - Wildlife Handling and Immobilization for Research and Management (2.0 cr)
· GEOG 8280 - Biogeography (3.0 cr)
· HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration (4.0 cr)
· LA 5202 - Landscape Analysis Workshop (1.0 cr)
· LA 5204 - Metropolitan Landscape Ecology (3.0 cr)
· PA 5251 - Strategic Planning and Management (3.0 cr)
· PA 5253 - Designing Planning and Participation Processes (3.0 cr)
· PA 5501 - Theories and Policies of Development (3.0 cr)
· PA 5511 - Community Economic Development (3.0 cr)
· VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3.0 cr)
Fisheries and Aquatic Biology
Three-quarters of the global ecosystem is water and most is a global commons. Many biologists and economists argue that freshwater is one of the most critical global resources and that the functional integrity and biodiversity within freshwater and marine ecosystems are highly threatened. The fisheries and aquatic biology (FAB) track is available for MS, PhD, and joint degree students wishing to emphasize this concentration. The track name will be posted to the transcript, and may be useful to the graduate for obtaining jobs with many federal and state agencies where such expertise is specified in job announcements or hiring criteria. The track designation clearly indicates that the student has specialized coursework and research or project experience leading to expertise in fisheries or aquatic biology. Combined with a typical undergraduate degree in biology or natural resource science, careful selection of courses in the graduate program will satisfy the educational requirements for professional certification by the American Fisheries Society.
Students in the track must be advised or co-advised by a faculty member affiliated with the track. Requests for admission to the track may be made during the application process or at any time after the student is admitted to conservation sciences. Students in the track must meet all MS degree requirements. Students who designate this track will be expected to work closely with their Student Advisory Committee (SAC) to develop an appropriate course of study. The track coordinator will review each student's academic program to examine how track expectations are met and forward it with a recommendation to the director of graduate studies for approval.
Fisheries & Aquatic Biology - Required Courses
Take a minimum of 6 credits from the following list. Other advanced courses or colloquia on fisheries or aquatic biology, not listed here, may satisfy track requirements; consult with the track coordinator.
Take 6 or more credit(s) from the following:
· EEB 5601 - Limnology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5605 - Limnology Laboratory (2.0 cr)
· EEB 8601 - Introduction to Stream Restoration (3.0 cr)
· EEB 8602 - Stream Restoration Practice (2.0 cr)
· ENT 5361 - Aquatic Insects (4.0 cr)
· FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5153 - Forest Hydrology & Watershed Biogeochemistry (3.0 cr)
· FW 4401 - Fish Physiology and Behavior (3.0 cr)
· FW 5136 - Ichthyology (4.0 cr)
· FW 5601 - Fisheries Population Analysis (3.0 cr)
· FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation (3.0 cr)
· FW 8459 - Stream and River Ecology (3.0 cr)
· FW 8465 - Fish Habitats and Restoration (3.0 cr)
Fisheries & Aquatic Biology - Electives
Take at least 6 (Plan A) or 16 (Plan B) course credits from following list, or select 5xxx- or 8xxx-level coursework in consultation with the advisory committee.
Take 6 or more credit(s) from the following:
· APEC 5151 - Applied Microeconomics: Firm and Household (3.0 cr)
· APEC 5651 - Economics of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5409 - Evolution (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology (3.0 cr)
· ENT 4231 - Insect Behavior (3.0 cr)
· ENT 5011 - Insect Structure and Function (4.0 cr)
· ENT 5041 - Insect Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EPSY 5221 - Principles of Educational and Psychological Measurement (3.0 cr)
· EPSY 5243 - Principles and Methods of Evaluation (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources (4.0 cr)
· FNRM 5204 - Landscape Ecology and Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5262 - Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resources and Environment (3.0 cr)
· FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation (3.0 cr)
· FW 5051 - Analysis of Populations (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 8280 - Biogeography (3.0 cr)
· HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration (4.0 cr)
· LA 5202 - Landscape Analysis Workshop (1.0 cr)
· LA 5204 - Metropolitan Landscape Ecology (3.0 cr)
· PA 5251 - Strategic Planning and Management (3.0 cr)
· PA 5253 - Designing Planning and Participation Processes (3.0 cr)
· PA 5511 - Community Economic Development (3.0 cr)
· VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3.0 cr)
Wildlife Ecology and Management
The Wildlife Ecology and Management track is available for students wishing to emphasize this concentration within the conservation sciences degree. The track provides structure and oversight for students interested in the ecology and management of both game and non-game wildlife species. The track name will be posted to the transcript, and may be useful to the graduate for obtaining jobs with many federal and state agencies where such expertise is specified in job announcements or hiring criteria. The track designation clearly indicates that the student has specialized coursework and research or project experience leading to expertise in wildlife ecology & management.
Students in the track must be advised or co-advised by a faculty member affiliated with the track. Requests for admission to the track may be made during the application process or at any time after the student is admitted to conservation sciences. Students in the track must meet all MS degree requirements. Students who designate this track will be expected to work closely with their Student Advisory Committee (SAC) to develop an appropriate course of study. The track coordinator will review each student's academic program to examine how track expectations are met and forward it with a recommendation to the director of graduate studies for approval.
Wildlife Ecology and Management - Electives
Take at least 12 (Plan A) or at least 22 (Plan B) elective credits from the following list, or select other 5xxx- or 8xxx-level coursework in consultation with the advisory committee.
Take 12 or more credit(s) from the following:
· APEC 5151 - Applied Microeconomics: Firm and Household (3.0 cr)
· APEC 5651 - Economics of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4129 - Mammalogy (4.0 cr)
· EEB 4134 - Introduction to Ornithology (4.0 cr)
· EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5409 - Evolution (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology (3.0 cr)
· ENT 4231 - Insect Behavior (3.0 cr)
· ENT 5011 - Insect Structure and Function (4.0 cr)
· ENT 5041 - Insect Ecology (3.0 cr)
· EPSY 5243 - Principles and Methods of Evaluation (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5104 - Forest Ecology (4.0 cr)
· FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources (4.0 cr)
· FNRM 5203 - Forest Fire and Disturbance Ecology (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5204 - Landscape Ecology and Management (3.0 cr)
· FNRM 5262 - Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resources and Environment (3.0 cr)
· FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation (3.0 cr)
· FW 5051 - Analysis of Populations (4.0 cr)
· FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife [WI] (3.0 cr)
· FW 5625 - Wildlife Handling and Immobilization for Research and Management (2.0 cr)
· GEOG 8280 - Biogeography (3.0 cr)
· HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration (4.0 cr)
· LA 5202 - Landscape Analysis Workshop (1.0 cr)
· LA 5204 - Metropolitan Landscape Ecology (3.0 cr)
· PA 5251 - Strategic Planning and Management (3.0 cr)
· PA 5253 - Designing Planning and Participation Processes (3.0 cr)
· PA 5501 - Theories and Policies of Development (3.0 cr)
· PA 5511 - Community Economic Development (3.0 cr)
· VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology (3.0 cr)
 
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FW 8452 - Conservation Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Seminar examining population- to system-level biological issues (genetics; demographic processes; community, ecosystem, and landscape scale interaction; restoration ecology; ex situ strategies for restoration and recovery) and societal issues (social, economic, cultural perspectives; sustainable development strategies; roles of institutions; international and U.S. policies).
CONS 8001 - Conservation Biology Seminar
Credits: 1.0 [max 6.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Topics vary. prereq: instr consent
FW 8200 - Seminar
Credits: 1.0 -4.0 [max 16.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Oral and written student reports on selected topics from current literature in fisheries biology and management and wildlife. Lectures by and discussions with faculty and visiting specialists.
BIOL 5272 - Applied Biostatistics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01933
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Conceptual basis of statistical analysis. Statistical analysis of biological data. Data visualization, descriptive statistics, significance tests, experimental design, linear model, simple/multiple regression, general linear model. Lectures, computer lab. prereq: One semester of college-level [[calculus or statistics or computer programming], general biology]
STAT 5021 - Statistical Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Intensive introduction to statistical methods for graduate students needing statistics as a research technique. prereq: Credit will not be granted if credit has been received for: : 3011; College algebra or instr consent; Stat course recommended
STAT 5302 - Applied Regression Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Simple, multiple, and polynomial regression. Estimation, testing, prediction. Use of graphics in regression. Stepwise and other numerical methods. Weighted least squares, nonlinear models, response surfaces. Experimental research/applications. prereq: 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or instr consent
STAT 5303 - Designing Experiments
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analysis of variance. Multiple comparisons. Variance-stabilizing transformations. Contrasts. Construction/analysis of complete/incomplete block designs. Fractional factorial designs. Confounding split plots. Response surface design. prereq: 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or instr consent
STAT 5421 - Analysis of Categorical Data
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Varieties of categorical data, cross-classifications, contingency tables. Tests for independence. Combining 2x2 tables. Multidimensional tables/loglinear models. Maximum-likelihood estimation. Tests for goodness of fit. Logistic regression. Generalized linear/multinomial-response models.
STAT 5601 - Nonparametric Methods
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Order statistics. Classical rank-based procedures (e.g., Wilcoxon, Kruskal-Wallis). Goodness of fit. Topics may include smoothing, bootstrap, and generalized linear models. prereq: 3022 or 4102 or 5021 or 5102 or instr consent
FW 8051 - Statistical Modeling of Ecological Data using R and WinBugs/JAGS
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: Graduate-level statistics class, [working knowledge of program R or #]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regression methods for modeling ecological data. Real world examples from ecology, as well as environmental/natural resource sciences/management. Computer-based solutions using R/Bayesian modeling software. prereq: Graduate-level statistics class, [working knowledge of program R or instr consent]
EEB 5371 - Principles of Systematics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Theoretical/practical procedures of biological systematics. Phylogeny reconstruction. Computer-assisted analyses, morphological and molecular approaches, species concepts/speciation, comparative methods, classification, historical biogeography, nomenclature, use/value of museums. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
CONS 8777 - Thesis Credits: Master's
Credits: 1.0 -18.0 [max 50.0]
Grading Basis: No Grade
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
(No description) prereq: Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 10 cr total required [Plan A only]
APEC 5151 - Applied Microeconomics: Firm and Household
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Quantitative techniques for analysis of economic problems of firms and households. Links between quantitative tools and economic analysis Regression analysis, mathematical programming, and present value analysis. prereq: 3001 or or Math 1271 or Math 2243 or equiv or grad student or instr consent
APEC 5651 - Economics of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01860 - ApEc 5651/PA 5722
Typically offered: Every Spring
Economic analyses, including project evaluation of current natural resource/environmental issues. Intertemporal use of natural resources, natural resource scarcity/adequacy, environmental quality, and mechanisms for pollution control and their implications for public policy. prereq: [[3001 or ECON 3101], [3611 or ECON 3611 or ESPM 3261]] or instr consent
EEB 4129 - Mammalogy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evolutionary and biogeographic history of mammalia. Recognize, identify, and study natural history of mammals at the ordinal level, North American mammals at familial level, and mammals north of Mexico at generic level. Minnesota mammals at specific level. Includes lab. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 2012
EEB 4134 - Introduction to Ornithology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Structure, evolution, classification, distribution, migration, ecology, habitats, identification of birds. Lecture, lab, weekly field walks. One weekend field trip. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 2012
EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fundamentals of quantitative genetics. Genetic/environmental influences on expression of quantitative traits. Approaches to characterizing genetic basis of trait variation. Processes that lead to change in quantitative traits. Applied/evolutionary aspects of quantitative genetic variation. prereq: [BIOL 4003 or GCD 3022] or instr consent; a course in statistics is recommended
EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Evolutionary principles applied to aggressive competition, mate choice, cooperation, and parental investment. Optimization models used to examine foraging strategies, predator/prey interactions, and territoriality. Evolution of sex, sexual selection, dispersal. Evolutionary game theory. prereq: Biol 3411 or instr consent
EEB 5409 - Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Diversity of forms in fossil record and in presently existing biology. Genetic mechanisms of evolution, including natural selection, sexual selection, genetic drift. Examples of ongoing evolution in wild/domesticated populations and in disease-causing organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester college biology
EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation of energy and elements cycling through ecosystems. Dependence of cycles on kinds/numbers of species within ecosystems. Effects of human-induced global changes on functioning of ecosystems. prereq: [Biol 3407 or Biol 5407] or instr consent
ENT 4231 - Insect Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Diversity of behavior in insects. Modes of perception, ways in which stimuli are translated into behavior. Genetic basis of behavior. Behavioral traits with Mendelian and more complex modes of inheritance. Natural history of insect behavior. Emphasizes how evolution has shaped diversity of behaviors. Movement/dispersal, feeding, defense/escape, mating/reproduction, sociality. Case studies. prereq: Biol 1009 or equiv or instr consent; [3005 or EEB 3111] recommended
ENT 5011 - Insect Structure and Function
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Comparative study of insect structures/functions from evolutionary perspective. Introduction to physiology of digestion, respiration, other organ systems. prereq: 3005 or instr consent
ENT 5041 - Insect Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Synthetic analysis of the causes of insect diversity and of fluctuations in insect abundance. Focus on abiotic, biotic, and evolutionary mechanisms influencing insect populations and communities. prereq: Biol 5041 or EBB 5122 or instr consent
EPSY 5221 - Principles of Educational and Psychological Measurement
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Concepts, principles, and methods in educational/psychological measurement. Reliability, validity, item analysis, scores, score reports (e.g., grades). Modern measurement theories, including item response theory and generalizability theory. Emphasizes construction, interpretation, use, and evaluation of assessments regarding achievement, aptitude, interests, attitudes, personality, and exceptionality.
EPSY 5243 - Principles and Methods of Evaluation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: EdPA 5501/EPsy 5243
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introductory course in program evaluation; planning an evaluation study, collecting and analyzing information, reporting results; overview of the field of program evaluation.
FNRM 5104 - Forest Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02381 - FNRM 3104/5104
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Form and function of forests as ecological systems. Characteristics and dynamics of species, populations, communities, landscapes, and ecosystem processes. Examples applying ecology to forest management. Weekly discussions on research topics, exercises, and current issues in forest resource management. Required weekend field trip. Introductory biology course recommended.
FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02342
Typically offered: Every Fall
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest and land management activities on water yield, streamflow, groundwater erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Regional/national/global examples. Forest ecosystems.
FNRM 5131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00369
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Geographic information systems (GIS), focusing on spatial data development and analysis in the science and management of natural resources. Basic data structures, sources, collection, and quality; geodesy and map projections; spatial and tabular data analyses; digital elevation data and terrain analyses; cartographic modeling and layout. Lab exercises provide practical experiences complementing theory covered in lecture. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5203 - Forest Fire and Disturbance Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00307
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Ecology, history, management, control of fire, wind, insect infestation, deer browsing, other disturbances in forests, including disturbance regimes of boreal, northern hardwood, savannas of North America. Influence of disturbance on wildlife habitat, urban/wildland interfaces, forest management, stand/landscape dynamics. Tree mortality in fires, successional patterns created by fires, interactions of life history traits of plants with disturbances. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5204 - Landscape Ecology and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00795 - FNRM 3204/FNRM 5204
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to landscape ecology at different scales in time/space. Development/implications of broad-scale patterns of ecological phenomena, role of disturbance in ecosystems. Characteristic spatial/temporal scales of ecological events. Principles of landscape ecology as framework for landscape research, analysis, conservation, and management. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5262 - Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resources and Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00372 - FNRM 3262/FNRM 5262
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introductory principles and techniques of remote sensing and geospatial analysis applied to mapping and monitoring land and water resources from local to global scales. Examples of applications include: Land cover mapping and change detection, forest and natural resource inventory, water quality monitoring, and global change analysis. The lab provides hands-on experience working with satellite and aerial imagery and image processing methods and software. Prior coursework in Geographic Information Systems and introductory statistics is recommended. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey of social, psychological, economic, policy aspects of managing/conserving wildlife, fisheries, and related resources. prereq: [Biol 1001 or Biol 1009], Biol 3407
FW 5051 - Analysis of Populations
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00648 - EEB/FW 5051
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation, growth, general dynamics of populations. Data needed to describe populations, population growth, population models, regulatory mechanisms. prereq: [4001 or STAT 3011 or ESPM 3012], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or BIOL 3807], Senior or grad student
FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: [4102 or 4103], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3807]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Environmental interactions of wildlife at population/community levels. Environmental threats from human activities. Habitat management practices. Objectives, polices, regulations in population management. prereq: [4102 or 4103], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3807]
FW 5625 - Wildlife Handling and Immobilization for Research and Management
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Practical techniques to maximize human/animal safety and encourage effective operations. Preparation procedures, legal responsibilities, capture drugs/delivery systems, safety measures, ethical issues, basic veterinary procedures for handling wildlife. Field course. Uses live animals. prereq: General biology, [grad student or vet med student or FW sr]
GEOG 8280 - Biogeography
Credits: 3.0 [max 9.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Forest dynamics, dendrochronology, tree rings and climate, environmental disturbance, paleobiogeography, field/lab methods in biogeography. prereq: instr consent
HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02353
Typically offered: Every Fall
Ecological/physiological concepts for revegetation of grasslands, wetlands, forests, and landscapes. Plant selection, stand establishment/evaluation. State/federal programs that administer restoration/reclamation. Field trips. prereq: [One college course in ecology, one college course in [plant science or botany]] or instr consent
LA 5202 - Landscape Analysis Workshop
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to field techniques for site analysis, including vegetation, soil, and landform description. One-week session, before fall term, at lake Itasca Forestry and Biological Station.
LA 5204 - Metropolitan Landscape Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theories/principles of holistic landscape ecology. People, nature, and environmental stewardship in metropolitan landscapes. Urban areas, rural areas that provide food, water, energy, and recreation. prereq: BED accelerated status or LA grad student or instr consent
PA 5251 - Strategic Planning and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Theory and practice of strategic planning and management for public and nonprofit organizations and networks. Strategic planning process, management systems; stakeholder analyses. Tools and techniques such as purpose expansions, SWOT analyses, oval mapping, portfolio analyses, and logic models.
PA 5253 - Designing Planning and Participation Processes
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Theory/practice of design, implementation, evaluation of planning/participation processes. Types of planning. Stakeholders, including underrepresented groups. Costs/benefits of participation. Participant roles. Planning/participation tools/techniques. prereq: Major or minor in urban/regional planning or instr consent
PA 5501 - Theories and Policies of Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
What makes some countries wealthier than others, one group of people healthier and more educated than another? How does the behavior of rich nations affect poor nations? Origins of development thought, contemporary frameworks and policy debates. Economic, human, and sustainable development. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
PA 5511 - Community Economic Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Contexts/motivations behind community economic development activities. Alternative strategies for organizing/initiating economic development projects. Tools/techniques for economic development analysis/planning (market analysis, feasibility studies, development plans). Implementation at local level. prereq: Grad or instr consent
VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Spatial distribution of disease events. Exposures/outcomes. Factors that determine where diseases occur. Analyzing spatial disease data in public health, geography, epidemiology. Focuses on human/animal health related examples. prereq: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
EEB 5601 - Limnology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Advanced introduction to description/analysis of interaction of physical, chemical, and biological factors that control functioning of life in lakes and other freshwater aquatic environments. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
EEB 5605 - Limnology Laboratory
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Field/lab methods to obtain information on environmental conditions in aquatic environments and measure abundance of aquatic organisms, especially plankton. Field/lab instruments, sampling devices, microscopy, water chemistry, data analysis. prereq: 3603 or instr consent
EEB 8601 - Introduction to Stream Restoration
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01305 - CE 8601/EEB 8601/Geo 8601
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Science/policy behind stream restoration. How to evaluating/critiquing a stream restoration project. Assimilate geomorphic, hydrologic, and ecological data at watershed and reach scales to plan a restoration project. Developing a monitoring/assessment program for an existing or future restoration project. prereq: Grad student in [CE or GEO or EEB or WRS or FW or BAE or FR or HORT or ENR or LA or SRSE] or instr consent
EEB 8602 - Stream Restoration Practice
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01295
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Field experience, group design project. Students provide a stream restoration context for each other's elective coursework, complete critical assessments of stream restoration projects, and design a stream restoration site. prereq: CE 8601 or GEO 8601
ENT 5361 - Aquatic Insects
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Taxonomy, natural history of aquatic insects including their importance in aquatic ecology, water resource management, recreation, and conservation. Emphasizes family-level identification of immatures/adults. Field trips scheduled to local aquatic habitats. A collection is required. prereq: instr consent
FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02342
Typically offered: Every Fall
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest and land management activities on water yield, streamflow, groundwater erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Regional/national/global examples. Forest ecosystems.
FNRM 5153 - Forest Hydrology & Watershed Biogeochemistry
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
This rigorous course examines hydrology and biogeochemical cycling in forested watersheds. Topics include role of forests in hydrologic processes (precipitation, runoff generation, and streamflow) and exports (sediment, carbon, and nitrogen). Readings from primary literature, active discussion participation, research/review paper. prereq: [Basic hydrology course, one course in ecology, and one course in chemistry [upper div or grad student]] or instr consent
FW 4401 - Fish Physiology and Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fish mechanisms/behavior. Links between fish biology, fisheries ecology, management, aquaculture. Homeostasis, neurobiology, bioenergetics, reproduction, movement. prereq: 4136, BIOL 2012, CHEM 1021(may be taken concurrently)
FW 5136 - Ichthyology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00888 - FW 4136/FW 5136
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fish biology, adaptations to different environments and modes of living, and evolutionary relationships. Laboratory emphasizes anatomy and identification of Minnesota fishes.
FW 5601 - Fisheries Population Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to theory/methods for estimating vital statistics of fish populations. Using microcomputers/statistical software to describe, analyze, model attributes of fish populations. Case studies from literature of marine/freshwater fisheries management. prereq: [4001 or Stat 5021], Biol 3407, [Math 1142 or Math 1271]
FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey of social, psychological, economic, policy aspects of managing/conserving wildlife, fisheries, and related resources. prereq: [Biol 1001 or Biol 1009], Biol 3407
FW 8459 - Stream and River Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Structure/dynamics of running waters from ecosystem perspective. Historical perspective, basic hydrology/fluvial geomorphology, terrestrial-aquatic interactions, detrital dynamics, metabolism, drift, trophic relations, biotic/abiotic interactions, ecosystem experiments and natural alterations, stability/succession, ecosystem dynamics in a watershed. prereq: Limnology course or instr consent
FW 8465 - Fish Habitats and Restoration
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Mechanisms underlying physiology/behavior that shape fish community structure in specific north temperate habitats. Techniques and planning procedures for restoring lakes/streams. prereq: Intro ecology course or instr consent
APEC 5151 - Applied Microeconomics: Firm and Household
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Quantitative techniques for analysis of economic problems of firms and households. Links between quantitative tools and economic analysis Regression analysis, mathematical programming, and present value analysis. prereq: 3001 or or Math 1271 or Math 2243 or equiv or grad student or instr consent
APEC 5651 - Economics of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01860 - ApEc 5651/PA 5722
Typically offered: Every Spring
Economic analyses, including project evaluation of current natural resource/environmental issues. Intertemporal use of natural resources, natural resource scarcity/adequacy, environmental quality, and mechanisms for pollution control and their implications for public policy. prereq: [[3001 or ECON 3101], [3611 or ECON 3611 or ESPM 3261]] or instr consent
EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fundamentals of quantitative genetics. Genetic/environmental influences on expression of quantitative traits. Approaches to characterizing genetic basis of trait variation. Processes that lead to change in quantitative traits. Applied/evolutionary aspects of quantitative genetic variation. prereq: [BIOL 4003 or GCD 3022] or instr consent; a course in statistics is recommended
EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Evolutionary principles applied to aggressive competition, mate choice, cooperation, and parental investment. Optimization models used to examine foraging strategies, predator/prey interactions, and territoriality. Evolution of sex, sexual selection, dispersal. Evolutionary game theory. prereq: Biol 3411 or instr consent
EEB 5409 - Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Diversity of forms in fossil record and in presently existing biology. Genetic mechanisms of evolution, including natural selection, sexual selection, genetic drift. Examples of ongoing evolution in wild/domesticated populations and in disease-causing organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester college biology
EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation of energy and elements cycling through ecosystems. Dependence of cycles on kinds/numbers of species within ecosystems. Effects of human-induced global changes on functioning of ecosystems. prereq: [Biol 3407 or Biol 5407] or instr consent
ENT 4231 - Insect Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Diversity of behavior in insects. Modes of perception, ways in which stimuli are translated into behavior. Genetic basis of behavior. Behavioral traits with Mendelian and more complex modes of inheritance. Natural history of insect behavior. Emphasizes how evolution has shaped diversity of behaviors. Movement/dispersal, feeding, defense/escape, mating/reproduction, sociality. Case studies. prereq: Biol 1009 or equiv or instr consent; [3005 or EEB 3111] recommended
ENT 5011 - Insect Structure and Function
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Comparative study of insect structures/functions from evolutionary perspective. Introduction to physiology of digestion, respiration, other organ systems. prereq: 3005 or instr consent
ENT 5041 - Insect Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Synthetic analysis of the causes of insect diversity and of fluctuations in insect abundance. Focus on abiotic, biotic, and evolutionary mechanisms influencing insect populations and communities. prereq: Biol 5041 or EBB 5122 or instr consent
EPSY 5221 - Principles of Educational and Psychological Measurement
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Concepts, principles, and methods in educational/psychological measurement. Reliability, validity, item analysis, scores, score reports (e.g., grades). Modern measurement theories, including item response theory and generalizability theory. Emphasizes construction, interpretation, use, and evaluation of assessments regarding achievement, aptitude, interests, attitudes, personality, and exceptionality.
EPSY 5243 - Principles and Methods of Evaluation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: EdPA 5501/EPsy 5243
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introductory course in program evaluation; planning an evaluation study, collecting and analyzing information, reporting results; overview of the field of program evaluation.
FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02342
Typically offered: Every Fall
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest and land management activities on water yield, streamflow, groundwater erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Regional/national/global examples. Forest ecosystems.
FNRM 5131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00369
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Geographic information systems (GIS), focusing on spatial data development and analysis in the science and management of natural resources. Basic data structures, sources, collection, and quality; geodesy and map projections; spatial and tabular data analyses; digital elevation data and terrain analyses; cartographic modeling and layout. Lab exercises provide practical experiences complementing theory covered in lecture. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5204 - Landscape Ecology and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00795 - FNRM 3204/FNRM 5204
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to landscape ecology at different scales in time/space. Development/implications of broad-scale patterns of ecological phenomena, role of disturbance in ecosystems. Characteristic spatial/temporal scales of ecological events. Principles of landscape ecology as framework for landscape research, analysis, conservation, and management. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5262 - Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resources and Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00372 - FNRM 3262/FNRM 5262
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introductory principles and techniques of remote sensing and geospatial analysis applied to mapping and monitoring land and water resources from local to global scales. Examples of applications include: Land cover mapping and change detection, forest and natural resource inventory, water quality monitoring, and global change analysis. The lab provides hands-on experience working with satellite and aerial imagery and image processing methods and software. Prior coursework in Geographic Information Systems and introductory statistics is recommended. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey of social, psychological, economic, policy aspects of managing/conserving wildlife, fisheries, and related resources. prereq: [Biol 1001 or Biol 1009], Biol 3407
FW 5051 - Analysis of Populations
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00648 - EEB/FW 5051
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation, growth, general dynamics of populations. Data needed to describe populations, population growth, population models, regulatory mechanisms. prereq: [4001 or STAT 3011 or ESPM 3012], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or BIOL 3807], Senior or grad student
GEOG 8280 - Biogeography
Credits: 3.0 [max 9.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Forest dynamics, dendrochronology, tree rings and climate, environmental disturbance, paleobiogeography, field/lab methods in biogeography. prereq: instr consent
HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02353
Typically offered: Every Fall
Ecological/physiological concepts for revegetation of grasslands, wetlands, forests, and landscapes. Plant selection, stand establishment/evaluation. State/federal programs that administer restoration/reclamation. Field trips. prereq: [One college course in ecology, one college course in [plant science or botany]] or instr consent
LA 5202 - Landscape Analysis Workshop
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to field techniques for site analysis, including vegetation, soil, and landform description. One-week session, before fall term, at lake Itasca Forestry and Biological Station.
LA 5204 - Metropolitan Landscape Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theories/principles of holistic landscape ecology. People, nature, and environmental stewardship in metropolitan landscapes. Urban areas, rural areas that provide food, water, energy, and recreation. prereq: BED accelerated status or LA grad student or instr consent
PA 5251 - Strategic Planning and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Theory and practice of strategic planning and management for public and nonprofit organizations and networks. Strategic planning process, management systems; stakeholder analyses. Tools and techniques such as purpose expansions, SWOT analyses, oval mapping, portfolio analyses, and logic models.
PA 5253 - Designing Planning and Participation Processes
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Theory/practice of design, implementation, evaluation of planning/participation processes. Types of planning. Stakeholders, including underrepresented groups. Costs/benefits of participation. Participant roles. Planning/participation tools/techniques. prereq: Major or minor in urban/regional planning or instr consent
PA 5511 - Community Economic Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Contexts/motivations behind community economic development activities. Alternative strategies for organizing/initiating economic development projects. Tools/techniques for economic development analysis/planning (market analysis, feasibility studies, development plans). Implementation at local level. prereq: Grad or instr consent
VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Spatial distribution of disease events. Exposures/outcomes. Factors that determine where diseases occur. Analyzing spatial disease data in public health, geography, epidemiology. Focuses on human/animal health related examples. prereq: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
APEC 5151 - Applied Microeconomics: Firm and Household
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Quantitative techniques for analysis of economic problems of firms and households. Links between quantitative tools and economic analysis Regression analysis, mathematical programming, and present value analysis. prereq: 3001 or or Math 1271 or Math 2243 or equiv or grad student or instr consent
APEC 5651 - Economics of Natural Resource and Environmental Policy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01860 - ApEc 5651/PA 5722
Typically offered: Every Spring
Economic analyses, including project evaluation of current natural resource/environmental issues. Intertemporal use of natural resources, natural resource scarcity/adequacy, environmental quality, and mechanisms for pollution control and their implications for public policy. prereq: [[3001 or ECON 3101], [3611 or ECON 3611 or ESPM 3261]] or instr consent
EEB 4129 - Mammalogy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Evolutionary and biogeographic history of mammalia. Recognize, identify, and study natural history of mammals at the ordinal level, North American mammals at familial level, and mammals north of Mexico at generic level. Minnesota mammals at specific level. Includes lab. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 2012
EEB 4134 - Introduction to Ornithology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Structure, evolution, classification, distribution, migration, ecology, habitats, identification of birds. Lecture, lab, weekly field walks. One weekend field trip. prereq: Biol 1001 or Biol 2012
EEB 5042 - Quantitative Genetics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fundamentals of quantitative genetics. Genetic/environmental influences on expression of quantitative traits. Approaches to characterizing genetic basis of trait variation. Processes that lead to change in quantitative traits. Applied/evolutionary aspects of quantitative genetic variation. prereq: [BIOL 4003 or GCD 3022] or instr consent; a course in statistics is recommended
EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Evolutionary principles applied to aggressive competition, mate choice, cooperation, and parental investment. Optimization models used to examine foraging strategies, predator/prey interactions, and territoriality. Evolution of sex, sexual selection, dispersal. Evolutionary game theory. prereq: Biol 3411 or instr consent
EEB 5409 - Evolution
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Diversity of forms in fossil record and in presently existing biology. Genetic mechanisms of evolution, including natural selection, sexual selection, genetic drift. Examples of ongoing evolution in wild/domesticated populations and in disease-causing organisms. Lab. prereq: One semester college biology
EEB 5609 - Ecosystem Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation of energy and elements cycling through ecosystems. Dependence of cycles on kinds/numbers of species within ecosystems. Effects of human-induced global changes on functioning of ecosystems. prereq: [Biol 3407 or Biol 5407] or instr consent
ENT 4231 - Insect Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Diversity of behavior in insects. Modes of perception, ways in which stimuli are translated into behavior. Genetic basis of behavior. Behavioral traits with Mendelian and more complex modes of inheritance. Natural history of insect behavior. Emphasizes how evolution has shaped diversity of behaviors. Movement/dispersal, feeding, defense/escape, mating/reproduction, sociality. Case studies. prereq: Biol 1009 or equiv or instr consent; [3005 or EEB 3111] recommended
ENT 5011 - Insect Structure and Function
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Comparative study of insect structures/functions from evolutionary perspective. Introduction to physiology of digestion, respiration, other organ systems. prereq: 3005 or instr consent
ENT 5041 - Insect Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Synthetic analysis of the causes of insect diversity and of fluctuations in insect abundance. Focus on abiotic, biotic, and evolutionary mechanisms influencing insect populations and communities. prereq: Biol 5041 or EBB 5122 or instr consent
EPSY 5243 - Principles and Methods of Evaluation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: EdPA 5501/EPsy 5243
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introductory course in program evaluation; planning an evaluation study, collecting and analyzing information, reporting results; overview of the field of program evaluation.
FNRM 5104 - Forest Ecology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02381 - FNRM 3104/5104
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Form and function of forests as ecological systems. Characteristics and dynamics of species, populations, communities, landscapes, and ecosystem processes. Examples applying ecology to forest management. Weekly discussions on research topics, exercises, and current issues in forest resource management. Required weekend field trip. Introductory biology course recommended.
FNRM 5114 - Hydrology and Watershed Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02342
Typically offered: Every Fall
Hydrologic cycle and water processes in upland/riparian systems. Applications of hydrological concepts to evaluate impacts of forest and land management activities on water yield, streamflow, groundwater erosion, sedimentation, and water quality. Concepts, principles, and applications of riparian/watershed management. Regional/national/global examples. Forest ecosystems.
FNRM 5131 - Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Natural Resources
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00369
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Geographic information systems (GIS), focusing on spatial data development and analysis in the science and management of natural resources. Basic data structures, sources, collection, and quality; geodesy and map projections; spatial and tabular data analyses; digital elevation data and terrain analyses; cartographic modeling and layout. Lab exercises provide practical experiences complementing theory covered in lecture. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5203 - Forest Fire and Disturbance Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00307
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Ecology, history, management, control of fire, wind, insect infestation, deer browsing, other disturbances in forests, including disturbance regimes of boreal, northern hardwood, savannas of North America. Influence of disturbance on wildlife habitat, urban/wildland interfaces, forest management, stand/landscape dynamics. Tree mortality in fires, successional patterns created by fires, interactions of life history traits of plants with disturbances. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5204 - Landscape Ecology and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00795 - FNRM 3204/FNRM 5204
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to landscape ecology at different scales in time/space. Development/implications of broad-scale patterns of ecological phenomena, role of disturbance in ecosystems. Characteristic spatial/temporal scales of ecological events. Principles of landscape ecology as framework for landscape research, analysis, conservation, and management. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FNRM 5262 - Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resources and Environment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00372 - FNRM 3262/FNRM 5262
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introductory principles and techniques of remote sensing and geospatial analysis applied to mapping and monitoring land and water resources from local to global scales. Examples of applications include: Land cover mapping and change detection, forest and natural resource inventory, water quality monitoring, and global change analysis. The lab provides hands-on experience working with satellite and aerial imagery and image processing methods and software. Prior coursework in Geographic Information Systems and introductory statistics is recommended. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
FW 5003 - Human Dimensions of Biological Conservation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Survey of social, psychological, economic, policy aspects of managing/conserving wildlife, fisheries, and related resources. prereq: [Biol 1001 or Biol 1009], Biol 3407
FW 5051 - Analysis of Populations
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00648 - EEB/FW 5051
Typically offered: Every Spring
Regulation, growth, general dynamics of populations. Data needed to describe populations, population growth, population models, regulatory mechanisms. prereq: [4001 or STAT 3011 or ESPM 3012], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408W or BIOL 3807], Senior or grad student
FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: [4102 or 4103], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3807]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Environmental interactions of wildlife at population/community levels. Environmental threats from human activities. Habitat management practices. Objectives, polices, regulations in population management. prereq: [4102 or 4103], [BIOL 3407 or BIOL 3408 or BIOL 3807]
FW 5625 - Wildlife Handling and Immobilization for Research and Management
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Practical techniques to maximize human/animal safety and encourage effective operations. Preparation procedures, legal responsibilities, capture drugs/delivery systems, safety measures, ethical issues, basic veterinary procedures for handling wildlife. Field course. Uses live animals. prereq: General biology, [grad student or vet med student or FW sr]
GEOG 8280 - Biogeography
Credits: 3.0 [max 9.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Forest dynamics, dendrochronology, tree rings and climate, environmental disturbance, paleobiogeography, field/lab methods in biogeography. prereq: instr consent
HORT 5071 - Ecological Restoration
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02353
Typically offered: Every Fall
Ecological/physiological concepts for revegetation of grasslands, wetlands, forests, and landscapes. Plant selection, stand establishment/evaluation. State/federal programs that administer restoration/reclamation. Field trips. prereq: [One college course in ecology, one college course in [plant science or botany]] or instr consent
LA 5202 - Landscape Analysis Workshop
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to field techniques for site analysis, including vegetation, soil, and landform description. One-week session, before fall term, at lake Itasca Forestry and Biological Station.
LA 5204 - Metropolitan Landscape Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theories/principles of holistic landscape ecology. People, nature, and environmental stewardship in metropolitan landscapes. Urban areas, rural areas that provide food, water, energy, and recreation. prereq: BED accelerated status or LA grad student or instr consent
PA 5251 - Strategic Planning and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Theory and practice of strategic planning and management for public and nonprofit organizations and networks. Strategic planning process, management systems; stakeholder analyses. Tools and techniques such as purpose expansions, SWOT analyses, oval mapping, portfolio analyses, and logic models.
PA 5253 - Designing Planning and Participation Processes
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Theory/practice of design, implementation, evaluation of planning/participation processes. Types of planning. Stakeholders, including underrepresented groups. Costs/benefits of participation. Participant roles. Planning/participation tools/techniques. prereq: Major or minor in urban/regional planning or instr consent
PA 5501 - Theories and Policies of Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
What makes some countries wealthier than others, one group of people healthier and more educated than another? How does the behavior of rich nations affect poor nations? Origins of development thought, contemporary frameworks and policy debates. Economic, human, and sustainable development. prereq: Grad student or instr consent
PA 5511 - Community Economic Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Contexts/motivations behind community economic development activities. Alternative strategies for organizing/initiating economic development projects. Tools/techniques for economic development analysis/planning (market analysis, feasibility studies, development plans). Implementation at local level. prereq: Grad or instr consent
VMED 5181 - Spatial Analysis in Infectious Disease Epidemiology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,
Grading Basis: OPT No Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Spatial distribution of disease events. Exposures/outcomes. Factors that determine where diseases occur. Analyzing spatial disease data in public health, geography, epidemiology. Focuses on human/animal health related examples. prereq: Intro to epidemiology, statistics,