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Urban and Regional Studies B.A.

Geography, Urban, Environmental & Sustain Studies
College of Liberal Arts
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2015
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 51
  • Degree: Bachelor of Arts
The urban and regional studies program is an interdisciplinary major, which prepares students for careers in planning, public administration policy analysis, community activism, and other fields related to urban development and urban change. The program incorporates resources from many departments and stresses the inherent interdependence in urban life, such as the connection between urban and rural development, cultural change and economic change, and uneven development. Students gain insight into the complexities of life in urban areas and are encouraged to understand the global context of current urban problems. The program also prepares students for graduate study in planning, public administration, law, and the social sciences. Honors Requirements: Candidates must have a 3.00 overall GPA and a 3.30 in the major. An honors project and paper must be completed in GEOG 4999. Students who wish to have such work considered for honors must complete a departmental form prior to the second semester of their senior year. Completed project and papers must be approved by the sponsoring faculty member and other members of the faculty in the department.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
Required prerequisites
Introductory Requirement (1 cr)
Transfer students with 24 or more credits and current UMD students who change colleges to CLA are exempt from this requirement. New first-year students with 24 or more PSEO credits may request to be waived from this requirement.
UST 1000 - UMD Seminar (1.0-2.0 cr)
General Requirements
The Board of Regents, on recommendation of the faculty, grants degrees from the University of Minnesota. Requirements for an undergraduate degree from University of Minnesota Duluth include the following:
  1. Students must meet all course and credit requirements of the departments and colleges or schools in which they are enrolled including an advanced writing course. Students seeking two degrees must fulfill the requirements of both degrees. However, two degrees cannot be awarded for the same major.
  2. Students must complete all requirements of the Liberal Education Program.
  3. Students must complete a minimum of 120 semester credits.
  4. At least 30 of the last 60 degree credits earned immediately before graduation must be awarded by UMD.
  5. Students must complete at least half of their courses at the 3xxx-level and higher at UMD. Study-abroad credits earned through courses taught by UM faculty and at institutions with which UMD has international exchange programs may be used to fulfill this requirement.
  6. If a minor is required, students must take at least three upper division credits in their minor field from UMD.
  7. The minimum cumulative UM GPA required for graduation will be 2.00 and will include only University of Minnesota coursework. A minimum UM GPA of 2.00 is required in each UMD undergraduate major and minor. No academic unit may impose higher grade point standards to graduate.
  8. Diploma, transcripts, and certification will be withheld until all financial obligations to the University have been met.
Program Requirements
1. The study of foreign language is recommended, but not required.
Lower Division (20 cr)
SOC 1101 - Introduction to Sociology [LE CAT6, LECD CAT06, SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY] (4.0 cr)
SOC 2155 - Introduction to Research Methods and Analysis (4.0 cr)
URS 1001 - Introduction to Urban and Regional Studies [LE CAT8] (3.0 cr)
GEOG 1202 - World Regional Geography [LE CAT8, LEIP CAT08, GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 1304 - Human Geography [LE CAT6, LECD CAT06, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
ECON 1022 - Principles of Economics: Macro [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
or ECON 1023 - Principles of Economics: Micro [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
POL 1011 - American Government and Politics [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
or POL 1610 - Introduction to Political Theory [LE CAT7, HUMANITIES] (3.0 cr)
Upper Division (16 cr)
ARTH 2300 - The City as a Work of Art [LE CAT9, LEIP CAT09, HUMANITIES] (3.0 cr)
GEOG 3334 - Urban Geography (3.0 cr)
GEOG 3335 - Urban Planning (3.0 cr)
GEOG 3481 - Urban Ecology (3.0 cr)
GEOG 4612 - Field Techniques (4.0 cr)
or SOC 3155 - Quantitative Research Methods and Analysis (4.0 cr)
or SOC 3156 - Qualitative Research Methods and Analysis (4.0 cr)
Internship (3 cr)
Students must take a minimum of 3 credits.
URS 3097 - Internship in Urban and Regional Studies (1.0-6.0 cr)
Elective Categories (8 cr)
Students are required to complete one of the following categories consisting of three or more classes. URS 3991 (independent study) may be applicable to an area with departmental consent.
Sustainability, Public Policy, and Public Administration
Take 3 or more course(s) from the following:
· ECON 4570 - Public Finance (3.0 cr)
· ECON 3721 - Natural Resource and Energy Economics (3.0 cr)
· ECON 3777 - Environmental Economics (3.0 cr)
· ECON 4935 - Urban/Regional Economics (3.0 cr)
· ES 3500 - Ecological Economics (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3422 - Natural Hazards (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 4446 - Water Processes and Management (3.0 cr)
· POL 3015 - State and Local Government (4.0 cr)
· SOC 3901 - Social Change and Social Policy (3.0 cr)
· WS 3600 - Ecofeminism: Theories and Sustainable Practices [SUSTAIN] (3.0 cr)
or Urban Society and Culture
Take 3 or more course(s) from the following:
· SOC 3821 - Sociology of Community (3.0 cr)
· SOC 3841 - Urban Justice Field Experience (2.0 cr)
· SOC 3945 - Social Stratification (3.0 cr)
· SOC 4949 - Race and Ethnic Relations (3.0 cr)
· WS 2101 - Women, Race, and Class [LE CAT8, LECD CAT08, SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY] (3.0 cr)
or Spatial Analysis and Planning
Take 3 or more course(s) from the following:
· FORS 3205 - GEOG 3205 Mapping in Belize (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 2552 - Introduction to Maps and Geospatial Information [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3532 - Map Design and Geographic Visualization (4.0 cr)
· GIS 3533 - Multimedia, Animated and Internet Mapping (4.0 cr)
· GIS 3563 - Geographic Information Science I: Theory and Analysis (4.0 cr)
· GIS 3564 - Geographic Information Science II: Applied GIS (4.0 cr)
· GIS 3580 - Earth Imagery (4.0 cr)
· GIS 4585 - Applied Statistics in GIS (4.0 cr)
· GIS 5571 - Geographic Information Science in Urban Analysis (4.0 cr)
· GIS 5572 - Environmental Application of GIS (4.0 cr)
· GIS 5573 - GIScience in Regional Sustainability Applications (4.0 cr)
· GIS 5581 - Digital Image Processing and Analysis (4.0 cr)
or Cities in a Global Society
Take 3 or more course(s) from the following:
· AAAS 3306 - Cities in Africa (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 4500 - The New Commons: Governing Shared Resources for Present and Future Generations [SUSTAIN] (4.0 cr)
· ECON 3150 - Development Economics (3.0 cr)
· FORS 3167 - GEOG 3167 Cultural Geography of Iceland (3.0 cr)
· FORS 3800 - COMM 3800/GEOG 3800 Grassroots Activism in India (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3370 - Geographies of Development (3.0 cr)
· POL 3451 - Theories of International Relations (4.0 cr)
· POL 3570 - Politics of Developing Nations (3.0 cr)
· POL 3575 - Latin American Politics and Development (4.0 cr)
· WS 3000 - Transnational Perspectives on Feminism [SOC SCI, GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
· WS 3001 - Gender Relations in the Global South [GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
Advanced Writing Requirement (3 cr)
WRIT 31xx
 
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UST 1000 - UMD Seminar
Credits: 1.0 -2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Facilitates the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD.
SOC 1101 - Introduction to Sociology (LE CAT6, LECD CAT06, SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to sociological concepts and their application.
SOC 2155 - Introduction to Research Methods and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles/practice of research design, sampling, data collection including field observation/surveys. Data management, analysis, and reporting of quantitative/qualitative data. Ethics/administration in sociological research. Introduction to SPSS statistical software. Lab
URS 1001 - Introduction to Urban and Regional Studies (LE CAT8)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Interdisciplinary introduction to urban and regional issues. Political, historical, socioeconomic, and spatial processes in the United States. Intended for urban and regional studies sophomores and others considering it as a major.
GEOG 1202 - World Regional Geography (LE CAT8, LEIP CAT08, GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Geography of human groups in diverse settings. Emphasis on cultural diversity, regional development, and human and environmental forces shaping regional patterns and processes. Geographic analysis of selected regions and countries.
GEOG 1304 - Human Geography (LE CAT6, LECD CAT06, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Ecological basis of human existence. Human population patterns and cultural diffusion. Agricultural geography. Political geography. Geography of language, religion, and ethnic groups. Effects of urbanization; economic geography.
ECON 1022 - Principles of Economics: Macro (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analyzing overall performance of an economic system. National income accounting and theory, unemployment, inflation, fiscal policy, money, monetary policy, economic growth, international trade, non-U.S. economies, and real-world application of these concepts. prereq: Minimum 15 credits or department consent
ECON 1023 - Principles of Economics: Micro (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analyzing free enterprise system through study of product and resource markets. Supply and demand, utility, production and cost, market structure, resource use, market failures, regulatory role of government, and real-world application of these concepts. prereq: Minimum 15 credits or department consent
POL 1011 - American Government and Politics (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles of American national government. Survey of American governmental system, structure, operations, and services; constitutionalism, federalism, civil liberties, parties, pressure groups, and elections.
POL 1610 - Introduction to Political Theory (LE CAT7, HUMANITIES)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to the history of political thought from a thematic perspective such as freedom and citizenship, democracy and its critics, political obligation and justice, diversity and inequality. Close attention to method of interpretation and argument.
ARTH 2300 - The City as a Work of Art (LE CAT9, LEIP CAT09, HUMANITIES)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
The city as a work of art and center of culture. A study of artistic representations combined with references to primary texts. Use of case studies of particular urban centers to explore the rise of the city and the history of urban planning around the globe.
GEOG 3334 - Urban Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
As the world becomes more urbanized there seems to be less distinction between global problems and urban problems. Analysis of the relationship between urbanization and other aspects of our modern world such as economic globalization, increased levels of international migration, and warfare. Examine how global dilemmas can be seen in the national and international issues. Pay particular attention to the everyday struggles that occur in the households and neighborhoods of cities as people attempt to care for themselves and their families in this rapidly changing world. prereq: Minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
GEOG 3335 - Urban Planning
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Urban planning explores the purpose, practice, and theories of modern community planning for the promotion of social and economic well-being. The causes of urban problems, and the tools planners can use to solve them will be investigated. Special focus will be paid to citizen participation and how the voices of community members can be heard in the planning process. prereq: Minimum 30 credits
GEOG 3481 - Urban Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to theoretical, practical and policy aspects of urban ecology. Discusses methods of sustainable cities and ecologically responsible planning. Includes study of relevant field techniques and policy issues, including public participation in planning process and development of sustainable growth strategies. prereq: Minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
GEOG 4612 - Field Techniques
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geographic survey of physical and cultural aspects of selected urban and rural landscapes, including basic methods of observation, measurement, recording, analysis, and presentation of field data. Chiefly field training. prereq: Minimum 60 credits or grad student or instructor consent
SOC 3155 - Quantitative Research Methods and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Descriptive statistics. Measures of central tendency, deviation, association. Inferential statistics focusing on probability and hypothesis testing. T-tests, Chi-square tests, analysis of variance, measures of association, introduction to statistical control. Statistical software (SPSS) used to analyze sociological data. Lab. prereq: 2155, crim major or soc major or URS major, min 30 cr
SOC 3156 - Qualitative Research Methods and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Application of qualitative research methods to study of social structures. Emphasizes field techniques, secondary data analysis, and interpretation. Lab prereq: (2155 or anth major or urs major or cst minor), at least 60 cr or instructor consent
URS 3097 - Internship in Urban and Regional Studies
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 8.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Scheduled assignments with direct supervision in public agencies or relevant private firms. prereq: URS major, jr or sr, instructor consent
ECON 4570 - Public Finance
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Theory and practice of determining governmental expenditures and revenues, including consideration of public goods, welfare economics, raising of revenues, debt policy, and economic stabilization. prereq: 1022, 1023
ECON 3721 - Natural Resource and Energy Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Microeconomic analysis of natural resource and energy markets. Role of these resources in production processes and waste generation, use and pricing of nonrenewable and renewable resources over time, resource availability, sustainable development, and ecological economics. prereq: 1023, preferred but not required: 3023; credit will not be granted if already received for ECON 4721
ECON 3777 - Environmental Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Microeconomic analysis of environmental quality as an economic good. Pollution control, benefit-cost analysis, valuation methodologies and their application to air and water quality, hazardous waste management, preservation, and global pollutants. prereq: 1023, preferred but not required: 3023; credit will not be granted if already received for ECON 4777
ECON 4935 - Urban/Regional Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Allocation of unevenly distributed and imperfectly mobile resources. Alternative theories relating to urban and regional growth processes. Analysis of intraregional structures as contributors to growth process. Selected economic problems unique to urban communities. prereq: 1003 or 1022, 1023, preferred but not required 3023
ES 3500 - Ecological Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Examine the basic principles and assumptions of Micro and Macro Economics, and their relevance in our modern global economic system. Examine the environmental/social consequences of deviations from these assumptions, and alternative economic models/analyses and policies consistent with sustainable development. prereq: [ES or URS major] and [Econ 1022 or Econ 1023] or instructor consent
GEOG 3422 - Natural Hazards
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geography of natural hazards. Human-physical environment interrelationships under extreme geophysical conditions; causes, characteristics, and consequences of natural hazards such as earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, and drought; human adjustment to these events. prereq: 1414, minimum 30 credits or instructor consent
GEOG 4446 - Water Processes and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to the components of surface water processes and water resources management, including precipitation, runoff generation, channel processes, spatial and temporal variations in water distribution, aspects of water quantity and quality, and basin management problems. prereq: 1414, no grad credit
POL 3015 - State and Local Government
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
State and local governments in the United States; governmental institutions and processes; intergovernmental relations. Special reference to Minnesota prereq: 1011, 45 cr or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 3020
SOC 3901 - Social Change and Social Policy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Social change and maintenance forces as they affect social life. Emphasis on social theory and research along with formation and implementation of social policy leading to both change and maintenance. prereq: 30 cr or instructor consent
WS 3600 - Ecofeminism: Theories and Sustainable Practices (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
In-depth study of ecofeminist theories that explore the interlocking oppressions of women, the earth/nature/other animals, and colonized Others. Scientific, economic, religious, philosophical issues examined. Applied ecofeminist analysis of individual, local, regional, national and transnational ethical, social and environmental issues, such as food and farming, animals, toxins, birthing and reproductive technologies, water quality, and privatization, etc. prereq: 1000 or 2101 or instructor consent
SOC 3821 - Sociology of Community
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Theoretical orientations and empirical investigations of community structure, processes, conflict, and change. Community components and types; community development strategies reviewed and applied. prereq: 1101, 30 cr
SOC 3841 - Urban Justice Field Experience
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Summer
Guided tour of metropolitan neighborhoods and courts, emphasizing race, class, justice, and change. prereq: Min 60 cr or grad student or instructor consent
SOC 3945 - Social Stratification
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Theories and research about the effects of economic inequality in people's lives. Social class formation and the effects of institutionalized power structures. Intersection of social class, gender and race/ethnicity. Primary focus on the United States but with international comparisons. prereq: 1101 or CRIM 1301 or CSt 1101 or Anth 1604, min 30 cr or instructor consent
SOC 4949 - Race and Ethnic Relations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Overview of race and ethnic relations in America; conditions of major racial and ethnic minorities; formation of racial/ethnic identities, sources of prejudice, discrimination; intergroup conflict; assimilation, persistence of ethnicity; intergroup diversity; major racial and ethnic groups; the new immigrants. prereq: 1101 or CRIM 1301 or CSt 1101 or Anth 1604, 60 cr, or instructor consent
WS 2101 - Women, Race, and Class (LE CAT8, LECD CAT08, SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Racism, sexism, and classism are major factors which have influenced human relations from past to present. This course examines how the social-historical construction of race, class and gender continues to affect the experience of all people in particular people of color. This course seeks to enable students to understand the processes through which these social oppressions are created, normalized, internalized, maintained and perpetuated. A core element to this course is provoking students to recognize their own contribution in perpetuating oppressive systems, and their responsibility creatively to develop individual and collective acts of resistance to all of the "isms" and to societal transformation towards the just society.
FORS 3205 - GEOG 3205 Mapping in Belize
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02084 - GEOG 3205/FORS 3205
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Summer
Study abroad course; taught on site in Belize. Novice mappers to the geospatially proficient students will be exposed to a meaningful field experience and lab practicum where field data and satellite imagery will be combined to render valuable information about the Maya Gold landscape. Students will utilize Global Positioning System (GPS) and remote sensing techniques to create informative and cartographically derived outputs; a map. Through this international experience, students will be exposed to a unique cultural experience where they will learn what is important to Mayan culture by observing the dynamics of this landscape. Time spent in Belize will expose each student to the eclectic mingling of Mestizo, Mopan and Kekchi Maya, Garifuna, Creoles, Lebanese, East Indian and Chinese peoples. prereq: Admission to an approved study abroad program requires consent from the International Education Office.
GEOG 2552 - Introduction to Maps and Geospatial Information (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
This course will define a map and consider maps as tools for communication. Students will explore the effects of scale, projection, cartographic symbolization and generalization on the mapping process and resulting digital databases. Students will be introduced to spatial data models, types of spatial data and representation, and will study alternative or non-tradition map representations provided by GIS and Remote Sensing.
GEOG 3532 - Map Design and Geographic Visualization
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Thematic mapping of qualitative and quantitative data. Data measurement levels and their relationships to geographic phenomena and map symbols. Appropriate treatment (both statistical and representational) of map data. Designing and creating maps using computers. (2 hrs lect, 4 hrs lab) prereq: 2552 or instructor consent; Stat 1411 recommended
GIS 3533 - Multimedia, Animated and Internet Mapping
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
In an age where the user has increasingly become their own mapmaker (e.g., Mapquest, online GIS) this course examines recent issues in cartography related to map animation, the Internet, geovisualization, and on-demand cartographic systems-focusing on the new cartographic challenges and opportunities associated with interactive, digital mapping systems. This class will examine both theoretical and practical issues in the design of effective digital maps and mapping systems. prereq: GEOG 3532; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3533
GIS 3563 - Geographic Information Science I: Theory and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3564 or 4563 and 4564.
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Emphasizes the concepts needed to use GIS effectively for manipulating, querying, analyzing and visualizing spatial data. This course will provide an introduction to and basic skills with industry standard GIS software in a wide variety of applications in both the natural and social sciences. The course will cover basic data modeling, data manipulation, and analytical methods and implications of geospatial technologies on society. prereq: credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3564 or 4563 and 4564.
GIS 3564 - Geographic Information Science II: Applied GIS
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course provides more hands-on skills with industry standard GIS software in a wide variety of applications in both the natural and social sciences. The course will cover the design aspects of application, as well as organizational and institutional aspects of applied GIScience. Lastly, the courses will consider ethics and geospatial information and a code of ethics for geospatial professionals. prereq: 3563; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3564 or 4563 and 4564.
GIS 3580 - Earth Imagery
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course is a selective overview of the methods used for imaging the Earth, it's atmosphere, and it's subsurface. The main objective is to expose students to some of the common methods of Earth Imaging and provide them with a hands-on experience. This course introduces airphotos, satellite imaging, and Digital Elevation Models (DEMs). By the end of the course students will be able to comfortably analyze airphotos, Landsat and other satellite data, and create and analyze DEMs. prereq: 2552; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3580
GIS 4585 - Applied Statistics in GIS
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
The aim of this course is to provide GIS students or students in related fields or interested in spatial data analysis, with little to no previous statistical knowledge, with the basic skills needed to question and analyze data and reach valuable conclusions. Many of the methods covered in this course are commonly used in various fields of social or environmental studies, in economy and management, in sciences and engineering: statistics are a linqua franca that is often a key element of interdisciplinary work. however, there will be an emphasis on the specificity of date that varies in space, and methods specific to spatial analysis will be introduced. Through the theoretical background will be discussed, the class will focus more on application that on theory, through a problem solving approach. We will use a variety of software, mostly ArcGIS, QGIS and MS Excel. prereq: 3563; and STAT 1411 preferred; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3585 or GIS 3585; no grad credit.
GIS 5571 - Geographic Information Science in Urban Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
This advanced course serves to provide students with an opportunity to explore the many applications of geographic information systems in local government, transportation development, and community planning. Students will learn how GIS can be used to effectively carry out urban and regional planning tasks. Several lab projects will be focused around advanced tasks in GIS analysis using land-use planning subject areas and will use Duluth area data. Several guess lectures will focus on current GIS projects and "real-world" experience. Students will gain a basic understanding of GIS project planning and data management. Software used will be ESRI ArcGIS. prereq: 3563 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 5571
GIS 5572 - Environmental Application of GIS
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to ArcGIS and its applications to the environmental issues such as natural hazards, forest management, contaminated sites, soil erosion, habitat assessment, and regional planning. prereq: 3563 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 5572
GIS 5573 - GIScience in Regional Sustainability Applications
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
This course serves to provide students with an opportunity to explore the many applications of geographic information systems in environmental sustainability, renewable energy, and community planning for the future. Students will learn how GIS can be used to effectively carry out short term GIS projects. Focus will be on current topics such as energy use calculations, sustainable community development, watershed planning and transit planning in the regional area. Several guest lectures will focus on current GIS applications Software used will be ESRI ArcGIS. prereq: 3563 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 5573
GIS 5581 - Digital Image Processing and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
This advanced remote sensing course focuses on theories and applications of digital image processing and provides students with knowledge and skills of advance digital image processing and analysis techniques. Topics include image display and visualization, methods for geometric and radiometric corrections, image enhancement, image classification and change detection, digital image processing, analysis of hyperspectral and active microwave images. prereq: 3580 or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 4580 or GEOG 5581
AAAS 3306 - Cities in Africa
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
This course is about Africa's burgeoning cities and metropolitan enclaves. The primary goal is to provide an understanding of the past and current factors leading to the growth in the sizes of African cities and an assessment of the consequences and sustainability of controlled and uncontrolled urbanization in Africa. prereq: minimum 90 credits or instructor consent
ANTH 4500 - The New Commons: Governing Shared Resources for Present and Future Generations (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course examines efforts and provides skills to manage water, climate, wildlife, and internet, cultural heritage and other key pieces of ecosystem and community infrastructure at global and local levels as "commons," shared resources governed by culturally diverse, engaged communities for present and future generations. prereq: Minimum 90 credits or grad student; credit will not be granted if already received for CST 4500
ECON 3150 - Development Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Overview of the conceptual meaning of economic growth and development, problems facing developing countries, economic models underlying different development paths. Exploration of socio-historical and economic reasons for lack of development in selected areas and policy options to promote economic progress. prereq: 1022, 1023
FORS 3167 - GEOG 3167 Cultural Geography of Iceland
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02252
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
Taught in Iceland this course explores the changing cultural & political geography of Iceland and its relationship to the complex processes of globalization, regional politics and local economies. It examines the history of Iceland as a Viking settlement, a colony of Denmark, and an independent nation with a focus on the political and economic connection between Iceland and other places have influenced the country. Students will examine Iceland's position as part of the European Economic Community but not of the common currency or the European Union, contributed to the 2008 economic crisis and the responses to that crisis. Student will consider how geographic context, national culture and political economy impact the cultural geography of Iceland and is designed to give an intercultural experience with contemporary economic and political issues through a geographic perspective. Students will apply geographic theories of cultural difference, political economy, and resistance to develop an understanding of the multiple sites and scales of Icelandic identity, culture and politics. prereq: Admission to an approved study abroad program requires consent from the International Education Office.
FORS 3800 - COMM 3800/GEOG 3800 Grassroots Activism in India
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02244 - FORS 3800/COMM 3800/GEOG 3800
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Summer
Taught in Bangalore, India where students will examine the process of social change in Bangalore and witness firsthand how disempowered groups such as tribal communities and religious minorities are advocating for their social and economic rights. Bangalore has grown tremendously in the last 10 years, as the city has become the center of India's technology economy; however, the benefits of this growth have not been equally distributed. Students will examine the causes of disenfranchisement (including gender, caste, and colonialism) as well as how city has changed as a result of globalization and the liberalization of the Indian economy. This course has three goals: (1) Students understand the notions of community employment as theorized by scholars such as Paulo Freire, M.K. Gandhi, R.J. Ambedkar, as well as more contemporary Indian thinkers; (2) Students visit and learn about the cultural and historical forces that have shaped India, and (3) Students interact firsthand with activists and disenfranchised communities involved in struggles for human rights/empowerment. prereq: Minimum 2.5 GPA, minimum 30 credits, instructor consent. Admission to an approved study abroad program requires consent from the International Education Office.
GEOG 3370 - Geographies of Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Focuses on the theories of development, development in practice, and the spaces of development. Specifically considers theories of development and their interpretations, strategies of development and developing nations, and interconnections and globalization and development. prereq: Minimum 30 credits
POL 3451 - Theories of International Relations
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 45 cr including 8 cr social science or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Historical and contemporary theories of international relations. Views of contending theorists are analyzed and assessed. prereq: 45 cr including 8 cr social science or instructor consent
POL 3570 - Politics of Developing Nations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 1050 or 1500 or 8 cr social sciences, 45 cr or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even, Spring Odd Year
Nature of political development; individual and institutional causes and consequences of development; political economy of the Third World. prereq: 1050 or 1500 or 8 cr social sciences, 45 cr or instructor consent
POL 3575 - Latin American Politics and Development
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
A comparative examination of politics and development in the Latin American region. Topics of this course include transition to democracy, democratic consolidation, rule of law, human rights, the military and politics, women and politics, executive-legislative relations, civil society, and economic development. prereq: Minimum 45 credits
WS 3000 - Transnational Perspectives on Feminism (SOC SCI, GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Examination of feminist movements worldwide. Focuses on feminist theories and research, and feminist non-governmental organization in a transnational perspective, and specifically on the effects of and resistance to such realities as racism, neo-colonialism, nationalism, imperialism, militarization, globalization, poverty, war, reproductive control, and violence against women in its many manifestations. prereq: 1000 or 2101 or instructor consent
WS 3001 - Gender Relations in the Global South (GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Using comparative historical, political, socioeconomic and feminist perspectives this course critically examines how factors such as colonialism, imperialism, and globalization continue to impact, construct, and reconstruct gender relations in post-colonial cultures with adverse consequences for women in Third World countries. It also examines how conditions in Third World countries are shaped by global economic systems, which lead to massive migrations of Third World women into the United States. It critically evaluate the concepts of universal subordination, particularly, a consciousness which categories women in the Global South as "overall victims," the other, or exotic.