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Twin Cities Campus

Behavioral Biology Minor

Ecology, Evolution & Behavior
College of Biological Sciences
  • Program Type: Undergraduate free-standing minor
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2019
  • Required credits in this minor: 15 to 18
  • N/A
Behavioral biology is the scientific discipline that aims to understand all aspects of the biological bases of animal behavior. These aspects include the causal mechanisms underlying behaviors (i.e., genetic, hormonal, neuronal, neuromodulatory, and sensory mechanisms), changes in behaviors over the animal's lifetime (i.e., during development or through learning), the adaptive value of behaviors (i.e., their contribution to survival and reproduction), and the evolutionary history of behaviors (i.e., how they change over evolutionary timescales). Consequently, the range of disciplines informing the study of behavioral biology is exceedingly broad and includes cell and developmental biology, endocrinology, ecology, economics, evolution, genetics, neuroscience, physiology, and psychology. Basic research in behavioral biology informs a diverse array of applied sciences, from conservation biology, to robotics, animal science, biomedical science, and veterinary medicine. Consistent with this breadth, the behavioral biology minor is an interdisciplinary curriculum through which students learn foundational concepts of behavioral biology, and gain perspectives about basic and applied issues involving the biology of animal behavior. Students will have the flexibility to tailor coursework to meet their own professional and career goals. Through a combination of courses, laboratories, and research opportunities, students who complete the minor will gain knowledge and skills that will enrich their lives and provide a base for subsequent work or study in the many fields touched by behavioral biology.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
Students must complete 1 courses before admission to the program.
A GPA above 2.0 is preferred for the following:
  • 2.00 already admitted to the degree-granting college
Students who have a cumulative GPA of 2.0 or better and have completed the Behavioral Biology Core course (EEB 3411, or EEB 3412W, or EEB 3811) with a C- or better will be eligible to declare the minor.
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
Required prerequisites
Behavioral Biology Prerequisites
These courses are prerequisite coursework for the course options in the Behavioral Biology Core.
BIOL 1009 - General Biology [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
or BIOL 1009H - Honors: General Biology [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
BIOL 1951H - Foundations of Biology Lecture I for Biological Sciences Majors [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
BIOL 1961H - Foundations of Biology Lab I for Biological Sciences Majors [BIOL] (2.0 cr)
or BIOL 1951 - Foundations of Biology Lecture I for Biological Sciences Majors [BIOL] (4.0 cr)
BIOL 1961 - Foundations of Biology Lab I for Biological Sciences Majors [BIOL] (2.0 cr)
The following courses provide broad overviews of behavioral biology. One of these courses must be taken to satisfy the core requirement of the minor. A grade of C- or better in the course is required for admission into the minor.
Take 1 or more course(s) from the following:
· EEB 3411 - Introduction to Animal Behavior (3.0 cr)
· EEB 3412W - Introduction to Animal Behavior [WI] (4.0 cr)
· EEB 3811W - Introduction to Animal Behavior [WI] (4.0 cr)
Minor Requirements
Various seminar-style courses (e.g., honors seminars, freshman seminars, graduate seminars) are offered that are directly related to behavioral biology. Students may petition the Director of the Behavioral Biology minor to count up to two of these seminar credits toward completion of the minor. Unit-specific seminars and colloquia (e.g., the EEB Departmental Seminar or the Neuroscience Colloquium) will not be considered.
Behavioral Biology Elective Requirement
Students must complete 6 credits (minimum 2 courses) of behavioral biology-related courses from the following list of electives. Approval of additional or substitution elective courses will be made by the Director of the Undergraduate Minor in consultation with the advisory committee.
Take 2 or more course(s) totaling 6 or more credit(s) from the following:
· ANSC 2016 - Introduction to Applied Animal Behavior (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 4009W - Warfare and Human Evolution [WI] (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 5009 - Human Behavioral Biology (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 5112 - Reconstructing Hominin Behavior (3.0 cr)
· EEB 4330W - Animal Communication [WI] (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5322 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology (3.0 cr)
· ENT 4021 - Honey Bees and Insect Societies (3.0 cr)
· FW 4401 - Fish Physiology and Behavior (3.0 cr)
· FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife [WI] (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 3100 - Mind and Brain (3.0 cr)
· NSCI 3102W - Neurobiology II: Perception and Behavior [WI] (3.0 cr)
· PSY 3011 - Introduction to Learning and Behavior (3.0 cr)
· PSY 3061 - Introduction to Biological Psychology (3.0 cr)
· PSY 5064 - Brain and Emotion (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 3015W - Biology, Evolution, and Cultural Development of Language & Music [SOCS, WI] (3.0 cr)
or ANTH 5015W - Biology, Evolution, and Cultural Development of Language & Music [SOCS, WI] (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology (4.0 cr)
or EEB 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology (4.0 cr)
· ANTH 4329 - Primate Ecology and Social Behavior (3.0 cr)
or EEB 4329 - Primate Ecology and Social Behavior (3.0 cr)
Research Experience in Behavorial Biology Requirement
Using established course designators for Directed Research and Directed Studies in CBS, CLA, or CFANS, students will gain experience conducting hands-on or literature-based research focusing on basic or applied aspects of behavioral biology. Approval is granted by the director of the undergraduate minor. Students completing projects in CFANS or CLA should have their work approved for the minor by the program's director of undergraduate studies, Dr. Mark Bee, then contact CBS Student Services.
Take 2 or more credit(s) from the following:
· BIOC 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· BIOC 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOC 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· BIOC 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4794W - Directed Research [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-6.0 cr)
· BIOL 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· EEB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· EEB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· EEB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· GCD 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· GCD 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· GCD 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· GCD 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· MICB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· MICB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· MICB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-6.0 cr)
· MICB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-7.0 cr)
· NSCI 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· NSCI 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· NSCI 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· NSCI 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PMB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive [WI] (1.0-6.0 cr)
· PMB 4993 - Directed Studies (1.0-7.0 cr)
· PMB 4994 - Directed Research (1.0-6.0 cr)
 
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BIOL 1009 - General Biology (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01525 - Biol 1009/Biol 1009H
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
A comprehensive introduction to biology - includes molecular structure of living things, cell processes, energy utilization, genetic information and inheritance, mechanisms of evolution, biological diversity, and ecology. Includes lab. This comprehensive course serves as a prerequisite and requirement in many majors.
BIOL 1009H - Honors: General Biology (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01525 - Biol 1009/Biol 1009H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
A comprehensive introduction to biology - includes molecular structure of living things, cell processes, energy utilization, genetic information and inheritance, mechanisms of evolution, biological diversity, and ecology. Includes lab. This comprehensive course serves as a prerequisite and requirement in many majors.
BIOL 1951H - Foundations of Biology Lecture I for Biological Sciences Majors (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or 1081 or equiv], CBS major] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 1961H - Foundations of Biology Lab I for Biological Sciences Majors (BIOL)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or 1081 or equiv], CBS major] or dept consent; prereq or coreq: [Biol 1951 or Biol 1951H]; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 1951 - Foundations of Biology Lecture I for Biological Sciences Majors (BIOL)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01361 - Biol 1951/H/Biol 2002/H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or 1081 or equiv], CBS major] or dept consent; calculus I or equiv recommended
BIOL 1961 - Foundations of Biology Lab I for Biological Sciences Majors (BIOL)
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Core biological concepts, from biomolecules to ecosystems. Emphasizes evolution, organismal diversity, and genetics within context of problem solving/applications. prereq: [[CHEM 1021 or 1061 or 1081 or equiv], CBS major]or dept consent; prereq or coreq [Biol 1951 or 1951H], calculus I or equiv recommended
EEB 3411 - Introduction to Animal Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00390
Typically offered: Every Fall
Biological study of animal behavior. Mechanism development, function, and evolution. Emphasizes evolution of adaptive behavior, social behavior in the natural environment. Lab. prereq: One semester of college biology
EEB 3412W - Introduction to Animal Behavior (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02641 - EEB 3412W/EEB 3811
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Writing intensive course. Introduction to animal behavior. Feeding behavior, reproductive behavior, perception, learning, animal conflict, social behavior, parental care, communication. Scientific process. Formulate research questions. prereq: Undergrad biology course
EEB 3811W - Introduction to Animal Behavior (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02641
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Summer
Biological study of animal behavior. Mechanism development, function, evolution. Emphasizes evolution of adaptive behavior, social behavior in natural environment. Lab, field work. prereq: 1002 or 1009 or 2003 or equiv or instr consent
ANSC 2016 - Introduction to Applied Animal Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Basic concepts and applications of animal behavior within the contexts of human use. Emphasis on domesticated species, but other species within captive environments also examined.
ANTH 4009W - Warfare and Human Evolution (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Is warfare universal? Are there truly peaceful societies? Why war occurs more often at some times/places. How/when/why warfare evolved. Warfare and intergroup aggression in other animals. Role of warfare and its primitive antecedents in evolution of our species.
ANTH 5009 - Human Behavioral Biology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
In-depth introduction to, and critical review of, human behavioral biology, examining the approaches in anthropology and related fields. Classic texts/recent empirical studies of humans and other species. Theoretical underpinnings of this new discipline/how well theoretical predictions have been supported by subsequent research.
ANTH 5112 - Reconstructing Hominin Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02149
Prerequisites: Previous coursework in Biological Anthropology or Archaeology
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Major hypotheses regarding evolution of human behavior. Combine evidence from realm of biological anthropology as we consider link between bone biology/behavior. Archaeological record. Hypotheses about biocultural evolution regarding tool-use, hunting, scavenging, food sharing, grandmothers, cooking, long distance running. prereq: Previous coursework in Biological Anthropology or Archaeology
EEB 4330W - Animal Communication (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Mechanisms of signal production/perception, signal propagation. How signals can convey information. How signalers, signals, receivers are adapted for communication by natural/sexual selection. prereq: BIOL 1951, BIOL 2003/2004, BIOL 3411, PHYS 1201W, PHYS 1202W [PHYS 1301W, PHYS 1302W]
EEB 5327 - Behavioral Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Evolutionary principles applied to aggressive competition, mate choice, cooperation, and parental investment. Optimization models used to examine foraging strategies, predator/prey interactions, and territoriality. Evolution of sex, sexual selection, dispersal. Evolutionary game theory. prereq: Biol 3411 or instr consent
ENT 4021 - Honey Bees and Insect Societies
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Natural history, identification, and behavior of honey bees and other social insects. Evolution of social behavior, pheromones and communication, organization and division of labor, social parasitism. Lab with honey bee management and maintenance of other social bees for pollination. prereq: Biol 1009 or instr consent
FW 4401 - Fish Physiology and Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Fish mechanisms/behavior. Links between fish biology, fisheries ecology, management, aquaculture. Homeostasis, neurobiology, bioenergetics, reproduction, movement. prereq: 4136, BIOL 2012, CHEM 1021(may be taken concurrently)
FW 5603W - Habitats and Regulation of Wildlife (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Environmental interactions of wildlife at population/community levels. Environmental threats from human activities. Habitat management practices. Objectives, policies, regulations in population management. prereq: [FW 4102 or FW 4103], [EEB 3407 or EEB 3408 or EEB 3807]
NSCI 3100 - Mind and Brain
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
New view of cognition that has recently emerged based on how neuroscience instantiates mental processes in physical process of brain. Topics range from the mechanisms of decision-making, to topics of emotion, memory, imagination, self-control, addiction, morality, consciousness. prereq: no prereq (1001, 1100, or other broad neuroscience course recommended)
NSCI 3102W - Neurobiology II: Perception and Behavior (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 00471 - Biol 3102W/NSci 3102W
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
This is the second of the introductory neurobiology courses. It introduces fundamental concepts in systems and behavioral neuroscience with emphasis on the neural circuits underlying perception and sensorimotor integration. Lectures will examine the neural basis of specific behaviors arising from the oculomotor, visual and auditory systems and notes are available on Canvas. Topics include: retinal processing, functional organization in the cerebral cortex, neural circuit development, language, reward, and addiction. Students must learn to read scientific papers, and to understand the main ideas well enough to synthesize them and communicate them both orally and in writing. The course is writing intensive: exams are in essay and short answer format, and a 10-15 page term paper is required. The course is required for students majoring in neuroscience. The course consists of two hours of lecture and one hour of discussion per week.
PSY 3011 - Introduction to Learning and Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Methods/findings of research on learning and behavior change. Twentieth-century theoretical perspectives, including contemporary models. Emphasizes animal learning and behavioral psychology. prereq: 1001
PSY 3061 - Introduction to Biological Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Psy 3061/5061
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Neurophysiology/neuroanatomy, neural mechanisms of motivation, emotion, sleep-wakefulness cycle, learning/memory in animals/humans. Neural basis of abnormal behavior, drug abuse. prereq: 1001 or BIOL 1009 or NSci 1100
PSY 5064 - Brain and Emotion
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Introduction to affective neuroscience. How brain promotes emotional/motivated behavior in animals/humans. Biological theories of emotion in historical/current theoretical contexts. Fundamental brain motivational systems, including fear, pleasure, attachment, stress, and regulation of motivated behavior. Implications for emotional development, vulnerability to psychiatric disorders. prereq: 3061 or 5061 or instr consent
ANTH 3015W - Biology, Evolution, and Cultural Development of Language & Music (SOCS, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01478
Typically offered: Every Spring
Language is the most human form of behavior, and the investigation of the ways language and culture interact is one of the most important aspects of the study of human beings. The most fascinating problem in this study is how language itself may have evolved as the result of the interaction between biological and cultural development of the human species. In this course we will consider the development of the brain, the relationship between early hominins, including Neanderthals and Modern Humans, and such questions as the role of gossip and music in the development of language.
ANTH 5015W - Biology, Evolution, and Cultural Development of Language & Music (SOCS, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01478
Typically offered: Every Spring
Language is the most human form of behavior, and the investigation of the ways language and culture interact is one of the most important aspects of the study of human beings. The most fascinating problem in this study is how language itself may have evolved as the result of the interaction between biological and cultural development of the human species. In this course we will consider the development of the brain, the relationship between early hominins, including Neanderthals and Modern Humans, and such questions as the role of gossip and music in the development of language.
ANTH 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01722 - Anth 3002/EEB 3002
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Methods/theories used to understand humans in an evolutionary framework. What can be known only, or primarily, form an evolutionary perspective. How evolutionary biology of humans might lead to better evolutionary theory. How physiology, development, behavior, and ecology coordinate/co-evolve in humans.
EEB 3002 - Sex, Evolution, and Behavior: Examining Human Evolutionary Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01722
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Methods/theories to understand humans in evolutionary framework. What can be known only/primarily from evolutionary perspective. How evolutionary biology of humans might lead to better evolutionary theory. How physiology, development, behavior, and ecology coordinate/coevolve in humans.
ANTH 4329 - Primate Ecology and Social Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01870 - Anth 4329/EEB 4329
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Primates as model system to explore animal/human behavior. Factors influencing sociality/group composition. Mating systems. Prevalence of altruistic, cooperative, and aggressive behavior. Strength of social bonds in different species. Evolution of intelligence/culture. prereq: BIOL 1009 or BIOL 1951 or BIOL 3411 or ANTH 1001 or instr consent
EEB 4329 - Primate Ecology and Social Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01870 - Anth 4329/EEB 4329
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Primates as model system to explore animal/human behavior. Factors influencing sociality/group composition. Mating systems. Prevalence of altruistic, cooperative, and aggressive behavior. Strength of social bonds in different species. Evolution of intelligence/culture. prereq: BIOL 1009 or BIOL 1951 or BIOL 3411 or ANTH 1001 or instr consent
BIOC 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOC 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature or literature on biology education. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4794W - Directed Research (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature or literature on biology education. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
BIOL 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
EEB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings and use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
GCD 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
MICB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
MICB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 15.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Laboratory or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
MICB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 36.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, scientific literature. prereq: 3301, dept consent
MICB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 28.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: 3301, instr consent
NSCI 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study of selected topics. Emphasis on readings, use of scientific literature. Writing intensive. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
NSCI 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. Writing intensive. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; no more than 7 cr of [4793, 4794, 4993, 4994] may count toward major requirements
NSCI 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study of selected topics with emphasis on selected readings and use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; max of 7 cr of 4993 and/or 4994 may count toward major requirements
NSCI 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent, dept consent; max of 7 cr of 4993 and/or 4994 may count toward major requirements
PMB 4793W - Directed Studies: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes readings, use of scientific literature. Written report. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4794W - Directed Research: Writing Intensive (WI)
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research, including written report. prereq: instr consent, dept consent
PMB 4993 - Directed Studies
Credits: 1.0 -7.0 [max 7.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual study on selected topics or problems. Emphasizes selected readings, use of scientific literature. prereq: instr consent
PMB 4994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -6.0 [max 42.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Lab or field investigation of selected areas of research. prereq: instr consent