Twin Cities campus
 
Twin Cities Campus

Geography B.A.

Geography, Environment, Society
College of Liberal Arts
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2012
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 35
  • Degree: Bachelor of Arts
The geography major offers integrated study of a globalized world, as made by human and non-human forces alike. The major synthesizes approaches in the humanities and the social, biophysical, and information sciences to study social, political, economic, and ecological processes and, especially, the role of space, place, and geographic networks in shaping them. Geography attempts to interpret how these phenomena are perceived and what meanings they hold. Geographers offer insight into pressing challenges of the day, from climate change and social-environmental justice, to the uneven effects of globalization and urban transformation, to the skillful and responsible use of geographic information. Depending on their specific interests, geographers employ one or more of a variety of research techniques, including field observation, legal and archival analysis, participant observation, interviewing, textual analysis, ethnography, mapping, and spatial statistics and modeling. Many geographers are interested in the intersections of science, technology, and information, such as the impact of geographic information science (GISci) on decision-making. Geography majors have an opportunity to specialize in one of several study tracks, or sub-plans, offered by the department. They may also craft a course of individualized study. The sub-plans include environmental geography, geographic information science, globalization and uneven development, the urban world, and environment and society. Descriptions can be found under Sub-plan Requirements. There are a variety of opportunities for graduates having degrees in geography. Governmental agencies of the federal, state, regional, and local levels of government seek geographers for city and regional planning, park service, law enforcement, and transportation department positions. Private industry consulting, environmental and marketing firms, and local, national and transnational organizations, NGO's, and the nonprofit sector also seek geographic skills. Many geography undergraduate majors obtain careers in education and many go on to graduate school.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
All students in baccalaureate degree programs are required to complete general University and college requirements including writing and liberal education courses. For more information about University-wide requirements, see the liberal education requirements. Required courses for the major, minor or certificate in which a student receives a D grade (with or without plus or minus) do not count toward the major, minor or certificate (including transfer courses).
Program Requirements
Students are required to complete 4 semester(s) of any second language. with a grade of C-, or better, or S, or demonstrate proficiency in the language(s) as defined by the department or college.
Special Policies on Counting Courses: 1. "Double dipping" for double or triple majors that include geography courses: in some cases, geography courses fulfill requirements of other programs. In such cases, geography majors may apply up to three geography courses toward meeting requirements of their declared double/triple major. 2. 1xxx preparatory geography courses: the breadth requirement may not be fulfilled with 1xxx courses. A maximum of one 1xxx course may count toward the major, typically as part of the 15 credits of specialty courses in a chosen sub-plan. 3. Cross-listed 3xxx/5xxx courses: qualifying students may substitute a 5xxx course for a 3xxx course with which it is cross-listed.
Preparatory Courses
Preparatory courses in geography introduce students to most of the exciting themes and topics in the geography major. These courses are not required for the major. Only one preparatory course may count toward the total number of credits required for the major. See note on 1xxx courses above.
Take 0 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 1301W - Our Globalizing World [SOCS, GP, WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 1301V {Inactive} [SOCS, GP, WI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 1372 - Geography of Global Cities [SOCS, GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 1403 - Biogeography of the Global Garden [BIOL, ENV] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 1403H - Honors: Biogeography of the Global Garden [BIOL, ENV] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 1425 - Introduction to Weather and Climate [PHYS, ENV] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 1502 - Mapping Our World [TS, SOCS] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 1904 {Inactive} [GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 1973 - Geography of the Twin Cities [SOCS] (3.0 cr)
Breadth Requirement
Take 4 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3371W - Cities, Citizens, and Communities [DSJ, WI] (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 3373 - Changing Form of the City [HIS, GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3511 - Principles of Cartography (4.0 cr)
or GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis (4.0 cr)
or GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3331 - Geography of the World Economy [SOCS, GP] (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World [SOCS, GP, WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World [SOCS, ENV] (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy [WI] (3.0 cr)
Ways of Knowing Requirement
GEOG 4001 - Modes of Geographic Inquiry (4.0 cr)
or GEOG 4002W - Environmental Thought and Practice [WI] (3.0 cr)
Senior Project Requirement
Take a minimum of 2 credits by choosing to: enroll in GEOG 3985W (honors students should enroll in GEOG 3985V); OR enroll in GEOG 3994; OR enroll in GEOG 4700, and take either GEOG 4121W or GEOG 3411W concurrently with or before GEOG 4700; OR add an additional 2 credits onto a GEOG major concentration-track course. Note: if choosing GEOG 4700 as the Senior Project, completion of this requirement won't be granted until GEOG 4121W or GEOG 3411W AND GEOG 4700 are complete.
GEOG 3985V - Honors Senior Project Seminar [WI] (4.0 cr)
or GEOG 3985W - Senior Project Seminar [WI] (4.0 cr)
or GEOG 3994 - Directed Research (1.0-8.0 cr)
or GEOG 4700 {Inactive} (1.0-3.0 cr)
or 2 additional credits added to a geography major concentration track course
Program Sub-plans
Students are required to complete one of the following sub-plans.
Honors UHP
This is an honors sub-plan.
Students admitted to the University Honors Program (UHP) must fulfill UHP requirements in addition to degree program requirements. Honors courses used to fulfill degree program requirements will also fulfill UHP requirements. Current departmental honors course offerings are listed at: http://www.honors.umn.edu/academics/curriculum/dept_courses_current.html Honors students complete an honors thesis project in the final year, most often in conjunction with an honors thesis course, or with an honors directed studies or honors directed research course. Students select honors courses and plan for a thesis project in consultation with their UHP adviser and their departmental faculty adviser.
Globalization and Uneven Development
This track focuses on a key concern of our time: increasing global connectivity coupled with persistent inequality. Through coursework studying the world economy and population, land use, land cover, and climate change, uneven development in the global north and south, and interacting systems of belief, students gain knowledge of an interconnected but continually differentiated world. Does globalization promise a future of fair and open access to resources and markets? Will it ensure the global spread of democracy? Are "global" problems, from climate change to water quality to energy resources, truly global? These are some of the important questions students take up in this study track.
Breadth requirement "gateway" course for this track: GEOG 3331 or GEOG 3381W (must petition adviser). Students may use courses not taken for the breadth requirement to fulfill sub-plan requirements. Students may not use a single course to fulfill both a breadth and a sub-plan requirement. Students must take five courses in this sub-plan, totaling at least 15 credits. A maximum of one 1xxx course may count toward the major, typically as part of the 15 credits of specialty courses in a chosen sub-plan.
Required Courses
Take 5 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3141 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3145 - The Islamic World [SOCS, GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3161 - Europe: A Geographic Perspective [GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3181 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3211 - East Asia (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3212 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3331 - Geography of the World Economy [SOCS, GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3378 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World [SOCS, ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World [SOCS, GP, WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 4121W {Inactive} [WI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 4382 {Inactive} (3.0-5.0 cr)
· GEOG 5385 - Globalization and Development: Political Economy (4.0 cr)
Environmental Geography
Environmental geography is the study of patterns and processes in the natural world. Environmental patterns include the distribution of forests and prairies, the courses of rivers and extent of their floods, and the tracks of hurricanes and tornadoes. The processes that shape these patterns range from forest fires to erosion to cloud formation. Such phenomena must be understood to help us manage natural resources, mediate risks and hazards, and conserve valued places and species. The challenges faced by our society--mitigating the effects of climate change, maintaining water supplies, and securing energy, can only be addressed with a deep understanding of the geography of the environment.
Breadth requirement "gateway" course for this track: GEOG 3401 or GEOG 3431 (must petition adviser). Students may use courses not taken for the breadth requirement to fulfill sub-plan requirements. Students may not use a single course to fulfill both a breadth and a sub-plan requirement. Students must take five courses in this sub-plan, totaling at least 15 credits. A maximum of one 1xxx course may count toward the major, typically as part of the 15 credits of specialty courses in a chosen sub-plan.
Required Courses
Take 5 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy [WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3431 - Plant and Animal Geography (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3441 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 5421 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5423 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5565 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· URBS 3751 - Understanding the Urban Environment [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis (4.0 cr)
or GEOG 5531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis (4.0 cr)
Geographic Information Science
This track concerns the theory and skills involved in collecting, storing, manipulating, analyzing, and visualizing spatial data. It includes geographic information science, geographic information systems, cartography, remote sensing, spatial analysis, and numerical modeling. It also explores the relationship between society and GIS/GISci: Where does geographic information come from? How can society make use of such information? This track exposes students to GIS/GISci and cartography applications, including land use and land cover change, environmental justice, transportation improvements, urban, regional and environmental planning, resource conservation, and society-technology relations.
Breadth requirement "gateway" course for this track: GEOG 3511 or GEOG 3531 or GEOG 3561. Students may use courses not taken for the breadth requirement to fulfill sub-plan requirements. Students may not use a single course to fulfill both a breadth and a subplan requirement. Students must take five courses in this sub-plan, totaling at least 15 credits. A maximum of one 1xxx course may count toward the major, typically as part of the 15 credits of specialty courses in a chosen sub-plan.
Required Courses
Take 5 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3511 - Principles of Cartography (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 5512 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5530 - Cartography Internship (2.0-7.0 cr)
· GEOG 5562 - GIS Development Practicum (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5563 - Advanced Geographic Information Science (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5565 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5588 - Advanced Geovisualization (3.0 cr)
· GIS 5555 - Basic Spatial Analysis (3.0 cr)
· GIS 5571 - ArcGIS I (3.0 cr)
· GIS 5572 - ArcGIS II (3.0 cr)
· GIS 5573 - Introduction to Digital Mapping: ArcGIS Basics (2.0 cr)
· GIS 5574 - Web GIS and Services (3.0 cr)
· GIS 5575 - Practical Surveying for GIS (2.0 cr)
· GIS 5578 - GIS Programming (3.0 cr)
The Urban World
The 21st century is urban, with more than half the world's population living in cities. Throughout history, cities have been places of intense human activity, interaction, innovation, and struggle. This track offers study in the history of cities and urban planning and the many processes by which cities and suburbs are made: governmental and community planning, migration, social movements, capital investment and disinvestment, artistic and cultural production, local and global interconnectedness, planned and unplanned settlement, transportation infrastructures, ecological change and its social impacts. More people live in cities than at any other time in history: find out why this matters.
Breadth requirement "gateway" course for this track: GEOG 3371W or GEOG 3373 (must petition adviser). Students may use courses not taken for the breadth requirement to fulfill sub-plan requirements. Students may not use a single course to fulfill both a breadth and a sub-plan requirement. Students must take five courses in this sub-plan, totaling at least 15 credits. A maximum of one 1xxx course may count toward the major, typically as part of the 15 credits of specialty courses in a chosen sub-plan.
Required Courses
Take 5 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy [WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3371W - Cities, Citizens, and Communities [DSJ, WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3373 - Changing Form of the City [HIS, GP] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3374W - The City in Film [AH, WI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3377 - Music in the City [DSJ, AH] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3605 - Geographic Perspectives on Planning (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3973 - Geography of the Twin Cities [SOCS] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3362 - Geography and Real Estate (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis (3.0 cr)
· URBS 3301W {Inactive} [WI] (3.0 cr)
· URBS 3751 - Understanding the Urban Environment [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· URBS 3771 - Fundamentals of Transit (3.0 cr)
· URBS 3871 - A Suburban World (3.0 cr)
Environment and Society
This track is a multifaceted curriculum focusing simultaneously on the social transformation of the natural world and the inescapably more-than-human world in which human beings live. Through coursework in this track students learn about important issues standing at the intersection of ecology and politics and that demand a geographical understanding. These include environmental sustainability and prospects for a "greener" society, uneven resource consumption between rich and poor, environmental hazards, risks, and regulation, global land-use and climate change, the emergence of distinctive cultural landscapes, deep-seated cultural discourses regarding "nature" and "society" and more.
Breadth requirement "gateway" course for this track: GEOG 3379 or GEOG 3361W. Students may use courses not taken for the breadth requirement to fulfill sub-plan requirements. Students may not use a single course to fulfill both a breadth and a sub-plan requirement. Students must take five courses in this sub-plan, totaling at least 15 credits. A maximum of one 1xxx course may count toward the major, typically as part of the 15 credits of specialty courses in a chosen sub-plan.
Required Courses
Take 5 or more course(s) from the following:
· GEOG 3101 - Geography of the United States and Canada [SOCS, TS] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3111 - Geography of Minnesota (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy [WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3376 - Political Ecology of North America [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3378 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World [SOCS, ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World [SOCS, GP, WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3411W - Geography of Health and Health Care [WI] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 4121W {Inactive} [WI] (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 3362 - Geography and Real Estate (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments (4.0 cr)
· GEOG 5423 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 5565 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
· URBS 3751 - Understanding the Urban Environment [ENV] (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change [ENV] (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 5401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3431 - Plant and Animal Geography (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 5431 - Plant and Animal Geography (3.0 cr)
· GEOG 3441 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
or GEOG 5441 {Inactive} (3.0 cr)
 
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· College of Liberal Arts

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· Spring 2021
· Fall 2020
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· Fall 2017
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· Fall 2012

View sample plan(s):
· Globalization and Uneven Development
· Environmental Geography
· Geographic Information Science
· The Urban World
· Environment and Society

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· Geography B.A.
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GEOG 1301W - Our Globalizing World (SOCS, GP, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 1301W/Geog 1301V
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introduction to geographical understandings of globalization and of connections/differences between places.
GEOG 1372 - Geography of Global Cities (SOCS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 1372/GloS 1672
Typically offered: Every Fall
Urban forms/processes. Uses key global cities as examples. Political, historical, and economic contexts of cities. Planning ideologies. Globalization. Race/segregation. Population growth. Environmental problems. Current issues in global urbanization.
GEOG 1403 - Biogeography of the Global Garden (BIOL, ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 1403/Geog 1403H
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
The geography of biodiversity and productivity, from conspicuous species to those that cause human disease and economic hardship. The roles played by evolution and extinction, fluxes of energy, water, biochemicals, and dispersal. Experiments demonstrating interactions of managed and unmanaged biotic with the hydrologic cycle, energy budgets, nutrient cycles, the carbon budget, and soil processes.
GEOG 1403H - Honors: Biogeography of the Global Garden (BIOL, ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 1403/Geog 1403H
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
The geography of biodiversity and productivity, from conspicuous species to those that cause human disease and economic hardship. The roles played by evolution and extinction, fluxes of energy, water, biochemicals, and dispersal. Experiments demonstrating interactions of managed and unmanaged biotic with the hydrologic cycle, energy budgets, nutrient cycles, the carbon budget, and soil processes. prereq: Honors
GEOG 1425 - Introduction to Weather and Climate (PHYS, ENV)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: ESPM 1425/Geog 1425
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
A pre-calculus introduction to the nature of the atmosphere and its behavior. Topics covered include atmospheric composition, structure, stability, and motion; precipitation processes, air masses, fronts, cyclones, and anticyclones; general weather patterns; meteorological instruments and observation; weather map analysis; and weather forecasting.
GEOG 1502 - Mapping Our World (TS, SOCS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Learn how maps and other spatial technologies like phones, drones, and GPS work. Use web-based tools to make maps for class, jobs, and fun. Explore how mapping is a useful lens through which to view interactions between technology and society, and see how mapping technology saves lives, rigs elections, and spies on people.
GEOG 1973 - Geography of the Twin Cities (SOCS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 1973W/3973
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Social and physical characteristics of the Twin Cities. Their place in the urban network of the United States.
GEOG 3371W - Cities, Citizens, and Communities (DSJ, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introduction to cities and suburbs as unique crossroads of cultural, social, and political processes. Competing/conflicting visions of city life, cultural diversity, and justice. Focuses on the American city.
GEOG 3373 - Changing Form of the City (HIS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Urban origins, ancient cultures/cities, the medieval city, rediscovery of planning, colonial cities. Industrialization and urban expansion. Speculative cities, utopian cities, planning triumphs/disasters. Cities as reflections of society, culture, the past.
GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3401/5401
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geographic patterns, dynamics, and interactions of atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, and biologic systems as context for human population, development, and resource use patterns.
GEOG 3511 - Principles of Cartography
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3511/Geog 5511
Typically offered: Every Spring
History and development of US academic cartography, coordinate systems and map projections, data classification and map generalization, methods of thematic symbolization, and cartographic design. A series of computer-based lab exercises will apply conceptual lecture material to the creation of thematic maps. prereq: 3 cr in geog or instr consent
GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3531/5531
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Introduction to theoretical and applied aspects of geographical quantitative methods with a focus on spatial analysis. Emphasis placed on the analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in both the human and physical areas of the discipline.
GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3561/ Geog 5561
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to study of geographic information systems (GIS) for geography and non-geography students. Topics include GIS application domains, data models and sources, analysis methods and output techniques. Lectures, readings and hands-on experience with GIS software. prereq: Jr or sr
GEOG 3331 - Geography of the World Economy (SOCS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3331/GloS 3231
Typically offered: Every Fall
Geographical distribution of resources affecting development; location of agriculture, industry, services; geography of communications; agglomeration of economic activities, urbanization, regional growth; international trade; changing global development inequalities; impact of globalizing production and finance on the welfare of nations, regions, and cities.
GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World (SOCS, GP, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3381W/GLOS 3701W
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Comparative analysis and explanation of trends in fertility, mortality, internal and international migration in different parts of the world; world population problems; population policies; theories of population growth; impact of population growth on food supply and the environment.
GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World (SOCS, ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3379/GloS 3303
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Concepts for analyzing relations between capitalist development and environment in Third World. Historical geography of capitalist development. Case studies. Likelihood of social/environmental sustainability. prereq: Soph or jr or sr
GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: BSE 3361W/Geog 3361W
Typically offered: Every Fall
Nature/effects of federal policy in the United States. How documents produced as policy are crafted/implemented. Policies relating to food/agriculture, forestry, wildlife, and transportation.
GEOG 4001 - Modes of Geographic Inquiry
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Examination of competing approaches to the study of geography. Environmental determinism; regional tradition; scientific revolution; behavioral geography; modeling and quantitative geography; radical geography; interpretive and qualitative approaches; feminist and postmodern geography; ecological thinking and complexity; geographic ethics.
GEOG 4002W - Environmental Thought and Practice (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Changing conceptions of nature, culture, and environment in Western social/political thought. How our understanding of humans/nonhumans has been transformed by scientific and technological practices. Interdisciplinary, reading intensive. prereq: Jr or sr
GEOG 3985V - Honors Senior Project Seminar (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Completion of research/writing of senior project. prereq: Honors, instr consent
GEOG 3985W - Senior Project Seminar (WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Complete the research/writing of senior project. prereq: [jr or sr], instr consent
GEOG 3994 - Directed Research
Credits: 1.0 -8.0 [max 12.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Individual guided research. Prereq instr consent, dept consent, college consent.
GEOG 3145 - The Islamic World (SOCS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3145/GloS 3645/RelS 3711
Typically offered: Every Fall
Foundation of Islam in Arabian Peninsula, its spread to Asia and Africa. Islamic civilization, influence on Europe before rise of capitalism. Rise of Capitalist Europe, colonization of Islamic World Islamic resurgence and post-colonial world. State-society and development. Culture/conflict in Moslem societies. Gender and Islam. Islamic World and the West. Moslems in North America and Europe. Case studies.
GEOG 3161 - Europe: A Geographic Perspective (GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3161/GLoS 3921
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Comparative analysis and explanation of Europe's physical, demographic, ethnic/cultural, economic, political, and urban landscapes. European integration--the European Union. Transformation of Eastern Europe.
GEOG 3211 - East Asia
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3211/3215/5211/5215
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
Physical and human geography of Japan, mainland China and Taiwan, North and South Korea; population pressure, economic and urban development, and international relations.
GEOG 3331 - Geography of the World Economy (SOCS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3331/GloS 3231
Typically offered: Every Fall
Geographical distribution of resources affecting development; location of agriculture, industry, services; geography of communications; agglomeration of economic activities, urbanization, regional growth; international trade; changing global development inequalities; impact of globalizing production and finance on the welfare of nations, regions, and cities.
GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World (SOCS, ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3379/GloS 3303
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Concepts for analyzing relations between capitalist development and environment in Third World. Historical geography of capitalist development. Case studies. Likelihood of social/environmental sustainability. prereq: Soph or jr or sr
GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World (SOCS, GP, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3381W/GLOS 3701W
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Comparative analysis and explanation of trends in fertility, mortality, internal and international migration in different parts of the world; world population problems; population policies; theories of population growth; impact of population growth on food supply and the environment.
GEOG 5385 - Globalization and Development: Political Economy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Nature/scope of modern world system (capitalism), its impact on regional development processes. Roles of state and of international financial institutions. prereq: Sr or grad or instr consent
GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: BSE 3361W/Geog 3361W
Typically offered: Every Fall
Nature/effects of federal policy in the United States. How documents produced as policy are crafted/implemented. Policies relating to food/agriculture, forestry, wildlife, and transportation.
GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3401/5401
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geographic patterns, dynamics, and interactions of atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, and biologic systems as context for human population, development, and resource use patterns.
GEOG 3431 - Plant and Animal Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3431/5431
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Introduction to biogeography. Focuses on patterns of plant/animal distributions at different scales over time/space. Evolutionary, ecological, and applied biogeography. Paleobiogeography, vegetation-environment relationships, vegetation dynamics/disturbance ecology, human impact on plants/animals, nature conservation. Discussions, group/individual projects, local field trips.
GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Analysis of three principal components of rural landscape (form of land surface, plant life that cloaks it, structures that people have placed upon it). Structures associated with agriculture, including mining, forestry, resort areas, and small towns.
GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Theories of climatic fluctuations and change at decadal to centuries time scales; analysis of temporal and spatial fluctuations especially during the period of instrumental record. prereq: 1425 or 3401 or instr consent
URBS 3751 - Understanding the Urban Environment (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examine links between cities and the environment with emphasis on air, soil, water, pollution, parks and green space, undesirable land uses, environmental justice, and the basic question of how to sustain urban development in an increasingly fragile global surrounding.
GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3531/5531
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Introduction to theoretical and applied aspects of geographical quantitative methods with a focus on spatial analysis. Emphasis placed on the analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in both the human and physical areas of the discipline.
GEOG 5531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3531/5531
Typically offered: Every Fall
Applied/theoretical aspects of geographical quantitative methods for spatial analysis. Emphasizes analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in human/physical areas.
GEOG 3511 - Principles of Cartography
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3511/Geog 5511
Typically offered: Every Spring
History and development of US academic cartography, coordinate systems and map projections, data classification and map generalization, methods of thematic symbolization, and cartographic design. A series of computer-based lab exercises will apply conceptual lecture material to the creation of thematic maps. prereq: 3 cr in geog or instr consent
GEOG 3531 - Numerical Spatial Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3531/5531
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
Introduction to theoretical and applied aspects of geographical quantitative methods with a focus on spatial analysis. Emphasis placed on the analysis of geographical data for spatial problem solving in both the human and physical areas of the discipline.
GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3561/ Geog 5561
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to study of geographic information systems (GIS) for geography and non-geography students. Topics include GIS application domains, data models and sources, analysis methods and output techniques. Lectures, readings and hands-on experience with GIS software. prereq: Jr or sr
GEOG 5530 - Cartography Internship
Credits: 2.0 -7.0 [max 10.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Provides intensive hands-on experience in contemporary map production and design, ranging from GIS applications to digital prepress. Strong computer skills essential. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 5562 - GIS Development Practicum
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: GIS 5571 or #
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Algorithms/data structures for digital cartographic data, topological relationships, surface modeling, and interpolation. Map projections, geometric transformations, numerical generalization, raster/vector processing. Hands-on experience with software packages. prereq: GIS 5571 or instr consent
GEOG 5563 - Advanced Geographic Information Science
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Advanced study of geographic information systems (GIS). Topics include spatial data models, topology, data encoding, data quality, database management, spatial analysis tools and visualization techniques. Hands-on experience using an advanced vector GIS package. prereq: B or better in 3561 or 5561 or instr consent
GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Core concepts in urban geographic information science including sources for urban geographical and attribute data (including census data), urban data structures (focusing on the TIGER data structure), urban spatial analyses (including location-allocation models), geodemographic analysis, network analysis, and the display of urban data. prereq: 3561 or 5561
GEOG 5588 - Advanced Geovisualization
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
The generation and use of geographic information has become an integral part of our daily life, science, and technology. This has led to increasing interest in the design and development of interactive maps and dynamic geographic visualizations in 2D, 3D, and Web environments. The Advanced Geovisualization course intends to equip students with the knowledge and advanced technical skills needed to design and implement effective maps and create dynamic and interactive visualizations using geospatial data sets.
GIS 5555 - Basic Spatial Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
How to use spatial data to answer questions on a wide array of social, natural, and information science issues. Exploratory data analysis/visualization. Spatial autocorrelation analysis/regression. prereq: [STAT 3001 or equiv, MGIS student] or instr consent
GIS 5571 - ArcGIS I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
First of a two-course series focusing on ArcGIS Desktop. Overview of ArcGIS system and its use for spatial data processing. Data capture, editing, geometric transformations, map projections, topology, Python scripting, and map production. prereq: [GEOG 5561 or equiv, status in MGIS program, familiarity with computer operating systems] or instr consent
GIS 5572 - ArcGIS II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Continues GIS 5571. Raster analysis, dynamic segmentation, geometric networks, geocoding, Python scripting, and data interoperability. Substantial projects include map and poster design and production. prereq: [5571, [GEOG 5561 or equiv], in MGIS program] or instr consent
GIS 5573 - Introduction to Digital Mapping: ArcGIS Basics
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3573/GIS 5573
Prerequisites: [GEOG 5561 or equiv, in MGIS program] or #
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Desktop mapping functions using ArcGIS software. Application of systems to display/analysis of geographical data. prereq: [GEOG 5561 or equiv, in MGIS program] or instr consent
GIS 5574 - Web GIS and Services
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Plan, design, develop, publish web-based GIS solution. Build websites, prepare data for web. Commercial software, Open Source software, volunteer geographic information, open GIS standards/developing web GIS application. Hands-on experience with variety of web GIS technologies/software. prereq: [GEOG 5561 or equiv, in MGIS program] or instr consent
GIS 5575 - Practical Surveying for GIS
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Surveying techniques/relationship of GPS to GIS professionals. Geodesy, data adjustment, datums, ellipsoids, coordinate systems, transformations. prereq: GEOG 5561 or equiv in MGIS program or instr consent
GIS 5578 - GIS Programming
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: #
Typically offered: Every Spring
Programming techniques using Python and other languages specifically relating to GIS technologies. prereq: instr consent
GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: BSE 3361W/Geog 3361W
Typically offered: Every Fall
Nature/effects of federal policy in the United States. How documents produced as policy are crafted/implemented. Policies relating to food/agriculture, forestry, wildlife, and transportation.
GEOG 3371W - Cities, Citizens, and Communities (DSJ, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introduction to cities and suburbs as unique crossroads of cultural, social, and political processes. Competing/conflicting visions of city life, cultural diversity, and justice. Focuses on the American city.
GEOG 3373 - Changing Form of the City (HIS, GP)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Urban origins, ancient cultures/cities, the medieval city, rediscovery of planning, colonial cities. Industrialization and urban expansion. Speculative cities, utopian cities, planning triumphs/disasters. Cities as reflections of society, culture, the past.
GEOG 3374W - The City in Film (AH, WI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3374W/3374V/5374W
Typically offered: Every Spring
Cinematic portrayal of changes in 20th-century cities worldwide including social and cultural conflict, political and economic processes, changing gender relationships, rural versus urban areas, and population and development issues (especially as they affect women and children).
GEOG 3377 - Music in the City (DSJ, AH)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geographical conceptions of place, space, embodiment, identity. Case studies of music.
GEOG 3605 - Geographic Perspectives on Planning
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
The purpose of this course is to introduce the students to the discipline of urban planning, and to the various challenges planning has aimed to respond during its history. How and why did cities come into being before the invention of modern urban planning? What were the challenges that modern urban planning arose to encounter in the late 20th century? How have the planning challenges changed since then, and how have planning tools and planning systems evolved since the early 21st century in different countries? During the course, we will also discuss the role of planning in contemporary society, asking who needs planning and why. How does planning respond to political struggles and conflicts of interests in cities today? Furthermore, we will reflect on the academic status of urban planning and ask: to what extent can planning be based on knowledge and theory? To answer these questions, we will study history of planning, get acquainted with the basics of planning theory, and look at various international examples of planning systems and planning practice drawn from a variety of international settings, the main focus being on US, UK, and mainland Europe.
GEOG 3973 - Geography of the Twin Cities (SOCS)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 1973W/3973
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Social/physical characteristics of Twin Cities. Their place in U.S. urban network.
GEOG 3362 - Geography and Real Estate
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Through lectures involving professionals working in the real estate business, field trips, and personal research the course examines the nature and history of real property ("land") ownership in the United States with special reference to Minnesota. The focus will be on the mechanistic, legalistic, and historic characteristics of ownership rather than the uses to which real property has been put or the philosophical, sociological, or economic aspects of ownership or use. More attention will be paid to the published and unpublished primary materials that characterize the nature of land ownership than to the secondary literature.
GEOG 5564 - Urban Geographic Information Science and Analysis
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Core concepts in urban geographic information science including sources for urban geographical and attribute data (including census data), urban data structures (focusing on the TIGER data structure), urban spatial analyses (including location-allocation models), geodemographic analysis, network analysis, and the display of urban data. prereq: 3561 or 5561
URBS 3751 - Understanding the Urban Environment (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examine links between cities and the environment with emphasis on air, soil, water, pollution, parks and green space, undesirable land uses, environmental justice, and the basic question of how to sustain urban development in an increasingly fragile global surrounding.
URBS 3771 - Fundamentals of Transit
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Importance of transit to an urban area. Issues surrounding development/operation of transit. Defining various modes of transit, evaluating why/where each may be used. Making capital improvements to transit system. Finance, travel demand forecasting, environmental assessment, scheduling, evaluation of effectiveness/accessibility.
URBS 3871 - A Suburban World
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Suburbs as sites of urgent battles over resources, planning practices, land use, and economic development. How suburban life shapes values, political ideals, and worldviews of its populations.
GEOG 3101 - Geography of the United States and Canada (SOCS, TS)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3101/3102
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Analysis of the ways in which the aspirations and abilities of diverse groups of people interact with the complexities of the natural environment to produce the contemporary pluralistic cultures and regional differentiation of the United States and Canada.
GEOG 3111 - Geography of Minnesota
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring & Summer
The evolution of Minnesota and its current geographical characteristics. The state is a unique political entity that possesses similarities with other states because of the homogenizing influence of the federal government.
GEOG 3361W - Geography and Public Policy (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: BSE 3361W/Geog 3361W
Typically offered: Every Fall
Nature/effects of federal policy in the United States. How documents produced as policy are crafted/implemented. Policies relating to food/agriculture, forestry, wildlife, and transportation.
GEOG 3376 - Political Ecology of North America (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Social production of nature in North America related to questions of social/environmental justice. Economic, political, cultural, ecological relations that shape specific urban/rural environments, social movements that have arisen in response to environmental change. Importance of culture/identity in struggles over resources/environments.
GEOG 3379 - Environment and Development in the Third World (SOCS, ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3379/GloS 3303
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Concepts for analyzing relations between capitalist development and environment in Third World. Historical geography of capitalist development. Case studies. Likelihood of social/environmental sustainability. prereq: Soph or jr or sr
GEOG 3381W - Population in an Interacting World (SOCS, GP, WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3381W/GLOS 3701W
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Comparative analysis and explanation of trends in fertility, mortality, internal and international migration in different parts of the world; world population problems; population policies; theories of population growth; impact of population growth on food supply and the environment.
GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3401/5401
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geographic patterns, dynamics, and interactions of atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, and biologic systems as context for human population, development, and resource use patterns.
GEOG 3411W - Geography of Health and Health Care (WI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Application of human ecology, spatial analysis, political economy, and other geographical approaches to analyze problems of health and health care. Topics include distribution and diffusion of disease; impact of environmental, demographic, and social change on health; distribution, accessibility, and utilization of health practitioners and facilities.
GEOG 3561 - Principles of Geographic Information Science
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3561/ Geog 5561
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to study of geographic information systems (GIS) for geography and non-geography students. Topics include GIS application domains, data models and sources, analysis methods and output techniques. Lectures, readings and hands-on experience with GIS software. prereq: Jr or sr
GEOG 3362 - Geography and Real Estate
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Through lectures involving professionals working in the real estate business, field trips, and personal research the course examines the nature and history of real property ("land") ownership in the United States with special reference to Minnesota. The focus will be on the mechanistic, legalistic, and historic characteristics of ownership rather than the uses to which real property has been put or the philosophical, sociological, or economic aspects of ownership or use. More attention will be paid to the published and unpublished primary materials that characterize the nature of land ownership than to the secondary literature.
GEOG 5393 - Rural Landscapes and Environments
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Analysis of three principal components of rural landscape (form of land surface, plant life that cloaks it, structures that people have placed upon it). Structures associated with agriculture, including mining, forestry, resort areas, and small towns.
GEOG 5426 - Climatic Variations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Theories of climatic fluctuations and change at decadal to centuries time scales; analysis of temporal and spatial fluctuations especially during the period of instrumental record. prereq: 1425 or 3401 or instr consent
URBS 3751 - Understanding the Urban Environment (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examine links between cities and the environment with emphasis on air, soil, water, pollution, parks and green space, undesirable land uses, environmental justice, and the basic question of how to sustain urban development in an increasingly fragile global surrounding.
GEOG 3401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change (ENV)
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3401/5401
Typically offered: Every Spring
Geographic patterns, dynamics, and interactions of atmospheric, hydrospheric, geomorphic, pedologic, and biologic systems as context for human population, development, and resource use patterns.
GEOG 5401 - Geography of Environmental Systems and Global Change
Credits: 3.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3401/5401
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Processes that create/change the spatial patterns of climate, vegetation, and soils. Potential of humans to alter climate, vegetation, and soil processes. Possible impacts of human-altered environmental conditions. prereq: grad student or instr consent
GEOG 3431 - Plant and Animal Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3431/5431
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Introduction to biogeography. Focuses on patterns of plant/animal distributions at different scales over time/space. Evolutionary, ecological, and applied biogeography. Paleobiogeography, vegetation-environment relationships, vegetation dynamics/disturbance ecology, human impact on plants/animals, nature conservation. Discussions, group/individual projects, local field trips.
GEOG 5431 - Plant and Animal Geography
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: Geog 3431/5431
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Introduction to biogeography. Focuses on patterns of plant/animal distributions at different scales over time/space. Evolutionary, ecological, and applied biogeography. Paleobiogeography, vegetation-environment relationships, vegetation dynamics/disturbance ecology, human impact on plants/animals, nature conservation. Discussions, group/individual projects, local field trips.