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Tribal Administration & Governance B.A.

American Indian Studies
College of Liberal Arts
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2017
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 54
  • Degree: Bachelor of Arts
The Tribal Administration and Governance major is designed to prepare students to work for tribes and governmental and non-governmental entities that work closely with tribes. This major combines fundamental courses in business administration from the Labovitz School of Business & Economics with courses focused on tribal sovereignty, tribal governance, and federal Indian law and policy. The curriculum is based on studying the interrelationships between federal and tribal governments and the methods used by Native Nations to administer programs. Students will learn the history of federal-tribal-state relations; learn the roles of tribal leaders and administrators; and learn the laws, polices, and issues that impact tribal governments. The major is flexible to accommodate a variety of student needs. All required courses for the major are offered online. Students may either transfer to UMD with an A.A. or the Minnesota Transfer Curriculum and complete the required courses for the major completely online in two years OR students who are beginning their undergraduate studies may come to UMD and take courses to fulfill the UMD liberal education program requirements while taking the online courses. Students who graduate with a B.A. in Tribal Administration and Governance will: Demonstrate understanding of tribal sovereignty, self-determination, and self-governance. Demonstrate a basic understanding of tribal constitutions, jurisdictions, ordinances, statutes, and laws. Demonstrate the capacity to provide strategic administration in tribal contexts. Demonstrate the capacity to manage tribal organizations and programs. Demonstrate the capacity to manage human capital in tribal contexts. Demonstrate the capacity to successfully manage projects in tribal contexts. Demonstrate applicable understanding of key principles and cases in federal Indian law and the unique legal status of Indian tribes. Demonstrate applicable understanding of significant federal statutes, policies and issues that impact tribal governments and their reservations. Demonstrate applicable understanding of the fundamentals of accounting, economics, organizational management, applied statistics, financial management, and marketing. Demonstrate applicable understanding of the leadership qualities required of tribal administrators.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • completely online (all program coursework can be completed online)
Admission Requirements
Students can declare this major at any time but once they begin the major they should take the TAG and BUS classes offered each semester (with the exception of internship which should be taken their last semester).
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
Required prerequisites
Introductory Requirement (1 cr)
Transfer students with 24 or more credits and current UMD students who change colleges to CLA are exempt from this requirement. New first-year students with 24 or more PSEO credits may request to be waived from this requirement.
UST 1000 - UMD Seminar (1.0-2.0 cr)
General Requirements
The Board of Regents, on recommendation of the faculty, grants degrees from the University of Minnesota. Requirements for an undergraduate degree from University of Minnesota Duluth include the following:
  1. Students must meet all course and credit requirements of the departments and colleges or schools in which they are enrolled including an advanced writing course. Students seeking two degrees must fulfill the requirements of both degrees. However, two degrees cannot be awarded for the same major.
  2. Students must complete all requirements of the Liberal Education Program.
  3. Students must complete a minimum of 120 semester credits.
  4. At least 30 of the last 60 degree credits earned immediately before graduation must be awarded by UMD.
  5. Students must complete at least half of their courses at the 3xxx-level and higher at UMD. Study-abroad credits earned through courses taught by UM faculty and at institutions with which UMD has international exchange programs may be used to fulfill this requirement.
  6. If a minor is required, students must take at least three upper division credits in their minor field from UMD.
  7. The minimum cumulative UM GPA required for graduation will be 2.00 and will include only University of Minnesota coursework. A minimum UM GPA of 2.00 is required in each UMD undergraduate major and minor. No academic unit may impose higher grade point standards to graduate.
  8. Diploma, transcripts, and certification will be withheld until all financial obligations to the University have been met.
Program Requirements
1. Students will receive a Certificate in Business Administration from the Labovitz School of Business and Economics (LSBE). 2. A second field of study (either a major or minor) is not required.
Certificate of Business Administration (16 cr)
After the successful completion of this required core, students will receive a Certificate in Business Administration from LSBE. These courses are provided in an online format and can be taken in any order. See Class Search for variable start dates of courses (1st half, 2nd half or full-term). Up to two of the following courses may be substituted with equivalent classroom classes.
BUS 2100 - Fundamentals of Accounting (2.0 cr)
BUS 2200 - Fundamentals of Economics (2.0 cr)
BUS 2300 - Fundamentals of Operations Management (2.0 cr)
BUS 2400 - Fundamentals of Organizational Management (2.0 cr)
BUS 2500 - Fundamentals of Applied Statistics (2.0 cr)
BUS 2600 - Fundamentals of Financial Management (2.0 cr)
BUS 2700 - Fundamentals of Marketing (2.0 cr)
BUS 2800 - Fundamentals of Human Resource Management (2.0 cr)
Required courses (34 cr)
TAG 2801 - Introduction to Tribal Administration and Governance (3.0 cr)
TAG 2820 - Foundations of Indigenous Leadership (3.0 cr)
TAG 3206 - Federal Indian Policy [SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY] (3.0 cr)
TAG 3230 - American Indian Tribal Government and Law [SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY] (3.0 cr)
TAG 3810 - Fundamentals of Tribal Strategic Management (3.0 cr)
TAG 3820 - Fundamentals of Tribal Project Management (3.0 cr)
TAG 3997 - Internship in American Indian Studies (4.0-8.0 cr)
TAG 4230 - Introduction to Federal Indian Law [SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY] (3.0 cr)
TAG 4250 - American Indian Diplomacy: Treaties, Compacts, and Agreements [GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
TAG 4810 - Best Practices in Tribal Administration (3.0 cr)
TAG 4840 - Current Issues and Opportunities in Tribal Administration and Governance (3.0 cr)
Advanced Writing Requirement (3 cr)
WRIT 31xx - Adv Writing (3 cr)
 
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UST 1000 - UMD Seminar
Credits: 1.0 -2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02403 - EHS 1000/UST 1000
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Facilitates the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD. Credit will not be granted if already received for EHS 1000.
BUS 2100 - Fundamentals of Accounting
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
Introduction to financial and managerial accounting. Basic financial statement preparation. Basic decision making by managers using financial information. prereq: CUE major or or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or Museum Studies Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2200 - Fundamentals of Economics
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
The course will provide a general description of the U.S. economy and an introduction to the framework used by economists to analyze economic issues. prereq: CUE major or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2300 - Fundamentals of Operations Management
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
Introductory survey of production and operations as a functional area of management, including operations strategy and sustainability; manufacturing and service process design; project management; global supply chain, capacity and inventory management. Current industry best practices, such as lean six-sigma will also be discussed. prereq: CUE major or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2400 - Fundamentals of Organizational Management
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
This course presents students with a broad introduction to management processes and the complex world of managing in today's business environment. Topics include what managers do and skills they must possess to achieve organizational objectives, the management functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling and organizational dynamics such as globalization, social responsibility, and change. prereq: CUE major or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or Museum Studies Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2500 - Fundamentals of Applied Statistics
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
This course introduces students to the fundamental of modern business statistics. Emphasis is on application of the statistical concepts to decision making in an uncertain environment. Topics include summary statistics, probability distributions and statistical inference. which includes estimation, hypothesis testing and regression analysis. The application of computers in statistical analysis is introduced. prereq: CUE major or Business Administration Certificate or BTAG or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2600 - Fundamentals of Financial Management
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
The objective of this course is to help the student to develop an understanding of the concepts and techniques of financial management in the modern business enterprise. Evaluation of the financial risks, returns, and costs is the necessary framework in which all business policies must be examined. Students are expected to have a basic understanding of the concepts and methods of financial management by the completion of this course. Specific topics of coverage include financial statement analysis, time value of money, risk and return, the valuation of equity and bonds, capital budgeting and the cost of capital analysis. Moreover, the course also serves as a foundation for advanced work in finance. prereq: CUE major or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2700 - Fundamentals of Marketing
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
This course introduces students to the discipline of marketing as it is practices by organizations. Emphasis is on understanding how to best serve the consumer needs utilizing the most appropriate value proposition. The four P's of marketing (product, place, price, and promotion) are introduced in the context of a globally competitive environment. prereq: CUE major or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or Museum Studies Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
BUS 2800 - Fundamentals of Human Resource Management
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
This course introduces students to the field of Human Resource Management (HRM). Course materials and assignments are designed to help students understand why organization have an HRM function, what are the primary functional areas of HRM, how a well-developed HRM system can benefit organizations, and the respective roles of line managers, employees, and HRM professional in carrying out good HRM policies and practices. prereq: CUE major or BTAG or Business Administration Certificate or college consent; this course cannot be used to fulfill a LSBE major/minor requirement.
TAG 2801 - Introduction to Tribal Administration and Governance
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02254 - AMIN 2801/TAG 2801
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course will provide an overview of tribal administration and governance. It will introduce students to principles of tribal sovereignty, tribal self-determination, and self-governance. Students will learn the significance of tribal constitutions, tribal jurisdiction and tribal laws. Students will be introduced to the interaction of federal, state, and tribal governments and how these interactions impact the governance of Native Nations. Students will be introduced to a variety of tribal government systems, and some common practices and problems in the administration of a tribal government. pre-req: TAG major
TAG 2820 - Foundations of Indigenous Leadership
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02255 - AMIN 2820/TAG 2820
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Foundations of Indigenous Leadership is an historical survey of indigenous leaders with special emphasis on the Great Lakes region. By examining the histories of indigenous leaders and communities we will explore what makes for effective indigenous leaders. The role of traditional ethics in leadership will be a central theme of the course. pre-req: TAG major
TAG 3206 - Federal Indian Policy (SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02188 - AMIN 3206/TAG 3206
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Examination of the formulation, implementation, evolution, and comparison of Indian policy from pre-colonial to self-governance. Introduces students to the theoretical approaches structuring research of federal Indian policy, views, and attitudes of the policy-makers and reaction of indigenous nations. Discussion of the policies and the impact related to those policies. prereq: minimum 30 credits and TAG major
TAG 3230 - American Indian Tribal Government and Law (SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02189
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
American Indian tribal governments and leadership, historically and today, have aimed at the promotion and protection of the nation, overseen domestic and foreign affairs, and provided for the basic needs and desires of their citizens. This course provides students a general background of the history, development, structure, and politics associated with indigenous governments, analyzing how these institutions have been modified to meet ever-changing internal needs and external pressures. prereq: minimum 30 credits and TAG major
TAG 3810 - Fundamentals of Tribal Strategic Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02256 - AMIN 3810/TAG 3810
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course examines the theory and practice of strategic planning and management for tribal governments, public agencies, nonprofit organizations, collaborations, and tribal communities. pre-req: TAG major
TAG 3820 - Fundamentals of Tribal Project Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02257 - AMIN 3820/TAG 3820
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course covers the processes of project management based upon the Project Management Institute (PMI) standards and knowledge areas. By the completion of the course, students will be able to demonstrate knowledge of project management terms and techniques such as: the triple constraint of project management and project management knowledge areas. They will also have have the tools and techniques of project management such as: selection methods; work breakdown structures; Gantt charts, network diagrams, critical path analysis; cost estimates; earned value management; and motivation theory and team building. pre-req: TAG major
TAG 3997 - Internship in American Indian Studies
Credits: 4.0 -8.0 [max 12.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02190 - AMIN 3997/TAG 3997
Prerequisites: TAG major, 60 credits; instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Supervised lab experience in American Indian agency or project or with significant Indian clientele. Advance, concurrent, and follow-up written and oral presentations. prereq: TAG major, 60 credits; instructor consent
TAG 4230 - Introduction to Federal Indian Law (SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02191 - AMIN 4230/TAG 4230
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Federal Indian law has had a profound effect on our lives, liberties, and properties of indigenous peoples. At times, U.S. policy and Supreme Court ruling shave worked to protect aboriginal rights, while at other times they have had devastating consequences. This course examines the role of the U.S. Supreme Court as a policy-making institution in their dealings with Indigenous nations, requiring us to ask about the origins of federal judicial power and their application indigenous peoples. prereq: TAG major and minimum 60 credits; credit will not be granted if already received for AMIN 3333; no grad credit
TAG 4250 - American Indian Diplomacy: Treaties, Compacts, and Agreements (GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02192 - AMIN 4250/TAG 4250
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Indigenous Nations have long engaged in diplomatic arrangements with one another, foreign nations, colonial/state governments, and the United States. Such political engagements affirm the inherent sovereignty of First Nations, recognizing the distinctive rights and power unique to Native peoples and were used to forge friendships, end wars, cede lands and resources, create reservations, and reserve hunting and fishing rights. This course examines the history of First Nations treaty making, the legal and political status of Indian treaties and agreement, the ambiguities and problems in indigenous-state diplomacy and treaty litigation. prereq: TAG major and minimum 60 credits, no grad credit
TAG 4810 - Best Practices in Tribal Administration
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02258 - AMIN 4810/TAG 4810
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course examines fundamental business "best practices" in accounting, economics, operations, organizational management, statistics, financial management, marketing, and human resources within the specific context of Tribal enterprises and government. prereq: TAG major; no grad credit
TAG 4840 - Current Issues and Opportunities in Tribal Administration and Governance
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02259
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course will study central issues and opportunities for tribal governments and consider innovative administrative/governance approaches. New Supreme Court cases, Congressional Acts and administrative policies provide new issues for tribal governments to react to and possibly may require a change to their administrative approaches to policy matters. Examples include Supreme Court decisions which have reduced tribal jurisdiction or Acts of Congress, such as the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, which changes or enhances health care delivery. Students will learn the significance of how external decisions by the federal or state government might impact tribal decision making. Students will also learn how enhancement and improvements to tribal constitutions or laws may benefit tribal members, communities as well as the surrounding non-Indian communities. Students will learn how problems can become opportunities, and how jurisdictional challenges require agile, innovative approaches by Native Nations. prereq: TAG major; no grad credit