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Biology Minor

Division of Science & Mathematics - Adm
Division of Science and Mathematics
  • Program Type: Undergraduate minor related to major
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2015
  • Required credits in this minor: 29 to 31
Objectives--The biology curriculum is designed to provide students with biological knowledge and to develop scientific skills as part of their liberal arts education. These skills include the ability to conduct and interpret scientific research and successfully communicate scientific information both verbally and in writing. The faculty believe these objectives can best be attained through a balanced core curriculum in biology and a diverse array of elective coursework, both of which include active lab and field experiences. The biology major prepares students for graduate or professional programs and for careers such as secondary biology education, government service, or private sector employment.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Minor Requirements
Courses required for the minor may not be taken S-N. Up to 5 credits of coursework with a grade of D or D+ may be used to meet the minor requirements if offset by an equivalent number of credits of A or B in the minor. The GPA in these courses must be at least 2.00.
Minor Core Curriculum
BIOL 1111 - Fundamentals of Genetics, Evolution, and Development [SCI] (3.0 cr)
BIOL 2101 - Evolution of Biodiversity [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
BIOL 2111 - Cell Biology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
CHEM 1101 - General Chemistry I [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
CHEM 1102 - General Chemistry II [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
Elective Courses
Take 2 or more course(s) from the following:
· BIOL 3121 - Molecular Biology [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
· BIOL 3131 - Ecology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4003 - Neurobiology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4103 - Cancer Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4111 - Microbiology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4121 - Herpetology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4122 - Virology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4131 - Vertebrate Natural History (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4151 - Entomology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4161 - Evolution (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4172 - Plant Systematics (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4181 - Developmental Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4191 - Freshwater Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4211 - Biochemistry (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4231 - Immunology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4301 - Plant Biology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4311 - Conservation Genetics (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4312 - Genetics (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4321 - Animal Physiology (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4332 - Ecology of Agriculture and Forestry [ENVT] (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4333 - Biogeochemistry and Global Change (4.0 cr)
· BIOL 4351 - Conservation Biology (4.0 cr)
· Or choose not more than one of the following non-biology electives:
· PSY 3211 - Biological Psychology [SCI-L] (5.0 cr)
or PSY 3201 - Comparative Psychology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
or GEOL 3111 - Introduction to Paleontology [SCI-L] (4.0 cr)
 
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BIOL 1111 - Fundamentals of Genetics, Evolution, and Development (SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Introduction to scientific methods and the history of biology, with an emphasis on mechanisms of inheritance, development, and descent with modification. Overview of pre-Darwinian scientific thought; the theory of evolution; a qualitative introduction to genetics and molecular biology; and a summary of developmental biology. (two 75-min lect) prereq: biol major/minor or chem major or any health sciences preprofessional program or ElEd or SeEd major with middle school science specialties or instr consent
BIOL 2101 - Evolution of Biodiversity (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Analysis of evolutionary trends using historical and contemporary evidence. Principles of classification and phylogenetic reconstruction. Includes laboratory survey of the major groups of organisms. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: 1101 or 1111 or instr consent
BIOL 2111 - Cell Biology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Cell structure and function. Includes topics pertaining to the chemistry, physiology, structure, and reproduction of plant and animal cells. (three 65-min lect and one 120-min lab) prereq: 1101 or 1111, Chem 1102 or instr consent
CHEM 1101 - General Chemistry I (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Scientific method, measurements, nomenclature, stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, thermochemistry, chemical periodicity, introduction to chemical bonding, and properties of common elements and ions. Development of scientific reasoning and problem-solving skills. Laboratory exercises concomitant with these topics. (three 65-min lect, 180 min lab) prereq: Math 0901 or placement beyond Math 0901 using ACT/placement exam score
CHEM 1102 - General Chemistry II (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Continuation of Chem 1101. Chemical bonding, states of matter, solutions, acid-base chemistry, chemical equilibrium, oxidation-reduction reactions, kinetics, thermodynamics, quantum theory, nuclear chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry. Lab exercises concomitant with these topics. (three 65-min lect, 180 min lab) prereq: 1101
BIOL 3121 - Molecular Biology (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles and mechanisms of DNA function, protein synthesis, and gene regulation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Genetic engineering and evolution at the molecular level. (two 100-min lect, 180-min lab, additional lab time arranged) prereq: 2111, Chem 2301 or instr consent
BIOL 3131 - Ecology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Basic principles and models of population biology, community structure and function, and ecosystem dynamics. Lab exercises emphasize field work, techniques for characterizing local plant and animal communities, and experimental investigation of topics such as competition and behavioral ecology. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab and field study; weekend field trip required) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101, Stat 1601 or 2601, or instr consent
BIOL 4003 - Neurobiology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Survey of general principles of neuronal function and formation. Emphasis on comparative aspects of simple nervous systems. prereq: 2111
BIOL 4103 - Cancer Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Examining cancer processes from a genetic, molecular, and developmental perspective, identifying the cellular events behind uncontrolled growth and metastasis, cell cycle control, apoptosis, and cell signaling and signal transduction. Exploring genetic and environmental factors that can induce cancers. prereq: 2111
BIOL 4111 - Microbiology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
The biology of pathogenesis and the treatment and prevention of infectious disease. Emphasis on prokaryotic microbes and viruses. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: 2111, prereq or coreq 3121 or instr consent
BIOL 4121 - Herpetology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Survey of amphibians and reptiles, including their evolution, systematics, identification, behavior, ecological relationships, and contemporary problems associated with human activities. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab or field study) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4122 - Virology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 3121 or #
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
An overview of virus biology. Consider evolutionary origins of viruses and compare structure, genome organization, replication strategies, and other features of common and unique viruses. (two 100-min lect) prereq: 3121 or instr consent
BIOL 4131 - Vertebrate Natural History
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Survey of vertebrates, including their evolution, systematics, and ecological relationships. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab or field study) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4151 - Entomology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Structure, life histories, habits, and classification of common families of insects, including their economic significance. (two 65-min lect, 180-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4161 - Evolution
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Survey of the history, evidence, and mechanisms of organic evolution. (three 65-min lect) prereq: Biol 2101, 2111 or instr consent
BIOL 4172 - Plant Systematics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Survey of vascular plant taxa, with an emphasis on the flowering plant families and their evolutionary relationships. Lab emphasizes use of keys for identification of Midwestern plant families and genera. (two 65-min lect, 180-min lab) prereq: 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent
BIOL 4181 - Developmental Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Survey of general concepts in developmental biology, emphasizing molecular mechanisms of positional information, pattern formation, and cellular interactions. Stresses comparative aspects of developmental processes, and the role of development in evolution. (two 65-min lectures, one 180-min lab) prereq: 2111; 4312 recommended
BIOL 4191 - Freshwater Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Structure, function, and biota of freshwater ecosystems, including lakes, streams, and wetlands. Lab emphasizes independent research and field study in local habitats. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab; all day field trip required) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101, 2111 and prereq or coreq Stat 1601 or 2601 or instr consent
BIOL 4211 - Biochemistry
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Structures, functions, and biochemical transformations of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids. (three 65-min lect) Optional lab offered. See Biol 4611. prereq: Chem 2302 or Chem 2304, prereq or coreq Biol 3121, or instr consent
BIOL 4231 - Immunology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
An introduction to the cellular and molecular aspects of immunology that are involved in health and disease. Students consider these concepts through discussion of primary literature and clinical scenarios. prereq: (or coreq) 3121 or instr consent
BIOL 4301 - Plant Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
Descriptive and experimental study of plants. Anatomy, development, physiology, secondary compounds, evolution, human uses of plants. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101, 2111 or instr consent
BIOL 4311 - Conservation Genetics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Introduction to theory of population differentiation and gene flow; applications to managing and recovering rare species. Adaptive and neutral models, linkage disequilibria, effective population size, inbreeding depression, population genetic structure. Labs use computers to model genetic changes in populations and analyze genetic structure. (two 100-min lect, one 120-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101 or instr consent; Stat 1601 or 2601 recommended.
BIOL 4312 - Genetics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 01266 - Biol 3101/Biol 4312
Typically offered: Every Spring
Principles and mechanics of inheritance and variation, including cytological, organismal, and population genetics; mechanisms of evolution; and the genetic problems of humans. (two 65-min lect, 180-min lab) prereq: 2111 or instr consent
BIOL 4321 - Animal Physiology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Periodic Spring
Functions of animal structures as they relate to coping with different environmental situations. (two 65-min lect, one 120-min lab) prereq: 2111
BIOL 4332 - Ecology of Agriculture and Forestry (ENVT)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 3131 or #
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Global and regional aspects of agriculture, forestry, and biofuel production in the context of community and ecosystem ecology. Nutrient cycling, carbon management, biodiversity, and the ecological challenges of feeding and providing energy to 9-12 billion people in the face of global climate change. Emphasis on analysis of primary literature. Short local field trips required. prereq: 3131 or instr consent
BIOL 4333 - Biogeochemistry and Global Change
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Prerequisites: 3131 or #
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Cycling of elements vital to life, particularly, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and carbon (C). Focus on understanding the feedback between physical and ecological processes and the biologically driven coupling of nutrient cycles. Analysis of humans as drivers of change in the biogeochemistry of ecosystems. Heavy emphasis on current primary literature. prereq: 3131 or instr consent
BIOL 4351 - Conservation Biology
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Application of demographic and genetic models to protect biodiversity, including planning for uncertainty. Population viability, inbreeding depression, contemporary evolution, design and management of reserves, and invasive species. Lab exercises include field trips and computer modeling of endangered species. (two 65-min lect, one 180-min lab) prereq: Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101, coreq or prereq Biol 3131, Biol 3700 or instr consent
PSY 3211 - Biological Psychology (SCI-L)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall
Brain organization and function; an emphasis on an understanding of the neural processes that underlie human and nonhuman behavior. Incorporates information from psychology, neuroscience, endocrinology, physiology, chemistry, neurology, and zoology to investigate the physiological bases of behavior. Topics include sensory processes, drugs and addiction, biological rhythms, sexual differentiation, reproduction, methods in neuroscience, neuropsychological disorders, and clinical assessment. Lab projects focus on neuroanatomical organization and function of the brain. (4 hrs lect, 1 hr lab) prereq: [1051, 2001] or Biol 1101 or Biol 1111
PSY 3201 - Comparative Psychology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Spring
Comparison of the causations of human and non-human animal behavior from both an evolutionary and biological point of view. The contributions of evolutionary selection pressures, genetics, environment, learning, and culture on the expression of behavior in a wide variety of species, through topics such as adaptation, fitness, altruism, social behavior, parental care, reproductive behavior, mating systems, and aggression. Focus on explaining modern human behavior as informed by non-human behavior. Includes lab component. prereq: [1051, 2001] or Biol 2111
GEOL 3111 - Introduction to Paleontology (SCI-L)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Fall Even Year
An introduction to the study of the evolutionary history of life on earth as revealed in the fossil and geologic record. Laboratory focuses on study of the classification, morphology, and paleoecology of invertebrate fossils. (two 65-min lect, one 3-hr lab, and weekend collecting trip required) prereq: 2151 or Biol 2101 or EnSt 2101 or instr consent