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Duluth Campus

Chinese Area Studies B.A.

World Languages & Cultures
College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2022
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 39 to 42
  • This program requires summer terms.
  • Study abroad or internship is required.
  • Degree: Bachelor of Arts
This program prepares students to thrive as globally aware and cross-culturally competent citizens through a critical understanding of Chinese cultures. Students develop functional Mandarin language communication skills. Topics studied pertain to Chinese literature, history, politics, and art. This major addresses the role of China within larger global contexts. A major in Chinese Area Studies prepares graduates to apply their language skills, cultural knowledge, and global awareness to a wide variety of career choices (government, international relations, foreign service, immigration services, tourism, and entrepreneurship). Study abroad or internship is required for this major.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
General Requirements
The Board of Regents, on recommendation of the faculty, grants degrees from the University of Minnesota. Requirements for an undergraduate degree from University of Minnesota Duluth include the following:
  1. Students must meet all course and credit requirements of the departments and colleges or schools in which they are enrolled including an advanced writing course. Students seeking two degrees must fulfill the requirements of both degrees. However, two degrees cannot be awarded for the same major.
  2. Students must complete all requirements of the Liberal Education Program.
  3. Students must complete a minimum of 120 semester credits.
  4. At least 30 semester credits must be earned through UMD, and 15 of the last 30 degree credits earned immediately before graduation must be awarded by UMD.
  5. Students must complete at least half of their courses at the 3xxx-level and higher at UMD. Study-abroad credits earned through courses taught by UM faculty and at institutions with which UMD has international exchange programs may be used to fulfill this requirement.
  6. If a minor is required, students must take at least three upper division credits in their minor field from UMD.
  7. For certificate programs, at least 3 upper-division credits that satisfy requirements for the certificate must be taken through UMD. If the program does not require upper division credits students must take at least one course from the certificate program from UMD.
  8. The minimum cumulative UM GPA required for graduation will be 2.00 and will include only University of Minnesota coursework. A minimum UM GPA of 2.00 is required in each UMD undergraduate major and minor. No academic unit may impose higher grade point standards to graduate.
  9. Diploma, transcripts, and certification will be withheld until all financial obligations to the University have been met.
Program Requirements
1) A second field of study (either a minor, another major, or dual degree). 2) Study abroad or an internship is required for this major.
Learning in Community (1 cr)
Requirement will be waived for transfer students with at least 30 credits taken post high school, for UMD students who started in a UMD collegiate unit where this is not required, and upon request for first-year students with 30 PSEO credits.
UST 1000 - Learning in Community (1.0-2.0 cr)
or EHS 1000 - Into the World [GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
or ES 1000 - Global Cultural Perspectives on Environmental Sustainability [GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
or LING 1000 - Language and Culture in the U.S. What does it Mean to Speak American [CDIVERSITY] (3.0 cr)
or PSY 1100 - Living Your Best Life: Applying Positive Psychology [CDIVERSITY] (3.0 cr)
Language Core (16 cr)
Students with language study may be exempt from some language courses and should consult the department about placement. Students who fulfill the study abroad requirement with CHIN 1399 will be exempt from CHIN 1202 by request.
CHIN 1101 - Beginning Chinese I: Mandarin Chinese [LE CAT3, LEIP CAT03, COMM & LAN] (4.0 cr)
CHIN 1102 - Beginning Chinese II: Mandarin Chinese [LE CAT, COMM & LAN] (4.0 cr)
CHIN 1201 - Intermediate Chinese I: Mandarin Chinese [LE CAT3, LEIP CAT03, COMM & LAN] (4.0 cr)
CHIN 1202 - Intermediate Chinese II: Mandarin Chinese [LE CAT3, LEIP CAT03, COMM & LAN] (4.0 cr)
Culture Core (4 cr)
CHIN 3042 - Aspects of Chinese Cultures: Interface between Traditions and Contemporary Values [HUMANITIES, GLOBAL PER] (4.0 cr)
Study Abroad or Internship (3-6 cr)
CHIN 1399 is strongly recommended and is only offered periodically in the summer. Students participate in Mandarin courses from beginning level to advanced level depending on student proficiency; consists of 90 in-class hours. Students learn Chinese culture in formal academic settings as well as in on-site authentic historical and contemporary environments. Students may participate in other programs with prior approval of the department.
CHIN 1399 - Language and Culture in China - Study Abroad [GLOBAL PER] (6.0 cr)
or CHIN 3097 - Internship (1.0-3.0 cr)
Electives (12 cr)
Take 4 or more course(s) from the following:
· ANTH 3888 - Anthropology of Food [SUSTAIN] (3.0 cr)
· ANTH 4616 - Culture and Personality (3.0 cr)
· ARTH 1305 - History of World Art III [HUMANITIES, GLOBAL PER] (3.0 cr)
· CHIN 3030 - Chinese Cinema (4.0 cr)
· COMM 3535 - Intercultural Communication [LE CAT6, LEIP CAT06, CDIVERSITY] (4.0 cr)
· COMM 4210 - Theories of Intercultural Communication (3.0 cr)
· CUE 3001 - Foundations of Cultural Entrepreneurship I (3.0 cr)
· CUE 3002 - Foundations of Cultural Entrepreneurship II (3.0 cr)
· CUE 4002 - Managing Cultural Organizations (3.0 cr)
· ENGL 1582 - Introduction to World Literatures [LE CAT, HUMANITIES, GLOBAL PER] (4.0 cr)
· HIST 2405 - History of Chinese Culture (4.0 cr)
· HIST 2410 - Modern China, Japan, Koreas, Vietnam and East Asia (4.0 cr)
· HIST 3463 - History of Modern China (4.0 cr)
· HIST 3465 - Twentieth Century China Politics (4.0 cr)
· LING 1811 - Introduction to Linguistics [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (3.0 cr)
· LING 2101 - Phonetics and Phonology [NAT SCI] (3.0 cr)
· PHIL 2011 - Philosophy of Language [LE CAT3, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
· PHIL 3291 - Current Social Political Philosophy (4.0 cr)
· PHIL 3421 - Eastern Philosophy (4.0 cr)
· POL 3400 - Contemporary Issues in World Politics (4.0 cr)
· POL 3458 - International Negotiation & Bargaining: Negotiating Across Cultures (3.0 cr)
· POL 3518 - Transitional Politics of Asia (3.0 cr)
· CHIN 1xxx-4xxx
· Optional Experience
Take 0 - 8 credit(s) from the following:
· CHIN 3591 - Independent Study (1.0-4.0 cr)
· CHIN 4591 - Independent Study (1.0-4.0 cr)
Advanced Writing (3 cr)
Recommended: WRIT 3100 - Advanced Writing: Language and Literature
WRIT 31xx - Adv Writing (3 cr)
 
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· College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences

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· Chinese Area Studies B.A.
· Study Abroad (one term)

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· Chinese Area Studies B.A.
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UST 1000 - Learning in Community
Credits: 1.0 -2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: EHS 1000/UST 1000/ ES 1000
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Facilitates the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD. Credit will not be granted if already received for EHS 1000.
EHS 1000 - Into the World (GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: EHS 1000/UST 1000/ ES 1000
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course fulfills the UST 1000 requirement. Facilitates the transition into college learning and student life at UMD and the College of Education and Human Service Professions. Introduces the promise and peril of global challenges in the 21st century and relates these challenges to local communities. pre-req: 1st semester CEHSP student
ES 1000 - Global Cultural Perspectives on Environmental Sustainability (GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course fulfills the UST 1000 requirement. This course explores the global cultural context of sustainability while facilitating the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD. Examine the topic of environmental sustainability through the context of global culture and affairs. Explore different cultural approaches to solving environmental issues, compare and contrast these approaches with those taken in the US. Investigate the concept of outsourcing with respect to the peoples and ecosystems that are impacted by the practice. pre-req: less than 30 credits earned
LING 1000 - Language and Culture in the U.S. What does it Mean to Speak American (CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course fulfills the UST 1000 requirement. Facilitate the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD while simultaneously fulfilling other core requirements. Examine the topic of Cultural Diversity in the US through the context of language and dialect in American. Explore the impact language as on the broad spectrum of American culture, and conversely, the ways in which various American cultures and their diverse heritages have influenced the many ways language is spoken in the United States., Investigate concepts of linguistic competency, perceptions and biases toward language, power structures manifested in language, and influences of class, rae, ethnicity, and heritage on spoken language. Pre-req: less than 30 credits
PSY 1100 - Living Your Best Life: Applying Positive Psychology (CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course fulfills the UST 1000 requirement. Facilitate the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD; applications of positive psychology across cultures and positive behavior change; the examination of diverse perspectives in positive psychology; the promotion of student well-being, community and inclusivity, and time- and stress-management techniques. pre-req: less than 30 credits
CHIN 1101 - Beginning Chinese I: Mandarin Chinese (LE CAT3, LEIP CAT03, COMM & LAN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to Mandarin Chinese for students with little or no prior study. Emphasis will be on expressions for daily living with appropriate grammar and vocabulary. Writing in the phonetic pin yin system will be introduced as will high frequency characters. prereq: Little or no prior formal study of this language or instructor consent
CHIN 1102 - Beginning Chinese II: Mandarin Chinese (LE CAT, COMM & LAN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Introduction to Mandarin Chinese for students with little prior study. Emphasis will be on expressions for daily living with appropriate grammar and vocabulary. Writing in the phonetic pin yin system will be introduced as will high frequency characters. prereq: 1101
CHIN 1201 - Intermediate Chinese I: Mandarin Chinese (LE CAT3, LEIP CAT03, COMM & LAN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Consolidation and enrichment of previously acquired abilities speaking and understanding Mandarin Chinese. Emphasis on oral and aural skills, vocabulary building, some reading and writing in the phonetic pin yin system with high frequency characters. pre-req: CHIN 1102 or instructor consent
CHIN 1202 - Intermediate Chinese II: Mandarin Chinese (LE CAT3, LEIP CAT03, COMM & LAN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Consolidation and enrichment of previously acquired abilities speaking and understanding Mandarin Chinese. Emphasis on oral and aural skills, vocabulary building, some reading and writing in the phonetic pin yin system with high frequency characters. pre-req: 1201 or instructor consent
CHIN 3042 - Aspects of Chinese Cultures: Interface between Traditions and Contemporary Values (HUMANITIES, GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Survey of aspects of Chinese civilization and cultures. Students will examine diverse cultural values in the international community and work toward a sense of culturally responsive citizenship in the current global society. Taught in English.
CHIN 1399 - Language and Culture in China - Study Abroad (GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 6.0 [max 6.0]
Course Equivalencies: FST 1399/CHIN 1399
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Periodic Summer
Study Chinese language and culture in a classroom setting and on field trips. Emphasis will be on language, culture and history. The program will be held in Beijing, Shanghai, and at the Ocean University of China in Qingdao, China. pre-req: instructor consent; admission to an approved study abroad program requires consent from the International Programs and Services Office
CHIN 3097 - Internship
Credits: 1.0 -3.0 [max 6.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Supervised international or domestic internship related to the program. pre-req: CHIN 1202 or equivalent with a C or better; instructor consent required
ANTH 3888 - Anthropology of Food (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: minimum 30 credits
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Advanced survey and comparative study of the relationship between food and culture in the past and present. Topics include the prehistoric, biological, and cultural aspects of the collection, production, distribution, preparation, and consumption of food, and an analysis of its social, cultural, political, and economic significance. prereq: minimum 30 credits
ANTH 4616 - Culture and Personality
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Role of culture in forming of personality; problems of individual adjustment to demands of culture. Psychological and sociopsychological approach to culture. prereq: 1604, min 60 cr
ARTH 1305 - History of World Art III (HUMANITIES, GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Examines the arts and visual culture of the Americas, Asia and Africa. This course aims to develop a critical understanding of art forms from global cultures. We will examine a range of visual material including painting, sculpture, ceramics, and architecture, from prehistoric times to present. We will also examine the critical debates that frame the study of "non-Western" art.
CHIN 3030 - Chinese Cinema
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
Overview of cinema of China. Examines a variety of filmic genres. Chinese national identity will be the main axis of inquiry. Strong focus on academic writing and research. Taught in English. pre-req: minimum 30 credits
COMM 3535 - Intercultural Communication (LE CAT6, LEIP CAT06, CDIVERSITY)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
This is a skills course in which students learn how to engage in effective intercultural communication and relationships. Students apply what they are learning by participating in intercultural communication with classmates from a wide variety of cultures. Students learn about variations in cultural practices and values and how social, political and economic forces have both been influenced by and influence those cultures. prereq: credit will not be granted if already received for 2929
COMM 4210 - Theories of Intercultural Communication
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Study major theories and concepts of intercultural communication, including national, racial, and ethnic similarities and differences in communication practices; cultural beliefs and values; issues of identity, power, conflict, and control.
CUE 3001 - Foundations of Cultural Entrepreneurship I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This first of the two entrepreneurship courses creates an entrepreneurial experience with all of the pressures and demands of an early stage creative startup. The class is designed to give students the experience of how to "search" for business models in the culture and creative industries. Students will use design and discovery thinking, combined with ideation and customer discovery to develop a business model and also a feasibility plan for the delivery of a cultural product or service. The business model can be for a for-profit enterprise or a non-profit organization, but in either case the same feasibility criteria would apply, i.e. the solution should generate financial returns and create cultural value through the preservation and/or revitalization of culture. prereq: minimum 60 earned or in-progress credits or instructor consent
CUE 3002 - Foundations of Cultural Entrepreneurship II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
This second entrepreneurship course creates an entrepreneurial experience for students with typical pressures and demands of an early stage startup. The course is about Living the Entrepreneurial Experience. It is about being in action while advancing the cultural enterprise idea from feasibility study to testing the minimum viable product. Key elements of the process involve ongoing research, conducting rapid test cycles, while engaging prospective customers, experts, stakeholders, suppliers, business partners, collaborators, and financiers. Students will develop plans to test assumptions, execute the plans and make decisions pertaining to products and services. The semester ends with a minimum viable product or service. Through action and reflection students will develop the competency to think and act entrepreneurially in order to advance the development of their cultural enterprises. prereq: minimum 60 earned or in-progress credits or instructor consent
CUE 4002 - Managing Cultural Organizations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course provides students with the knowledge and skills needed to play a leadership role in a cultural organization. Using case methodology students will know theories, methods, and practices for managing cultural organizations, gain the skills to participate strategically in the governance of such organizations and be able to design and assess the effectiveness of governance models, volunteer programs, organizational capacity, and inter-organizational relationships. Students will also know the legal requirements affecting cultural organizations and approaches to finance the programming and operations. prereq: minimum 60 credits or instructor consent, no grad credit
ENGL 1582 - Introduction to World Literatures (LE CAT, HUMANITIES, GLOBAL PER)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Sampling of literary works mainly from Middle East, Africa, Far East, and South America.
HIST 2405 - History of Chinese Culture
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Summer
This course examines the history of Chinese culture from the beginning of Chinese civilization, ca. 16th century BCE to the Republican period (1912 - 1949). Through a perspective of history, the course seeks to provide students with some basic knowledge of major Chinese cultures in a variety of fields, from philosophy, law, calligraphy, civil examination to gender, architect, art, medicine, and marital arts. It also intends to teach students the origin, development, and end of certain cultures or practices in the course of China's long history and their impacts on neighboring countries such as Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.
HIST 2410 - Modern China, Japan, Koreas, Vietnam and East Asia
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Summer
This course is an introductory study to the history of major East Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. It intends to examine the political, cultural, legal, diplomatic, religious, military history in this region and the interactions among themselves. But, in the modern period, with the heavy influence of the West, the history of East Asia is no longer restricted in East Asia, it has become an integral part of the world history. Therefore, the course seeks to explore the western influence on East Asia and East Asian countries; responses to the West.
HIST 3463 - History of Modern China
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
This course examines Chinese history from the early 1300s, late Yuan dynasty through the early 20th century. The focus of the course will be the Ming dynasty and the Qing dynasty with a particular attention on the Chinese political, legal, social, cultural, and diplomatic history in both dynasties. It intends to teach students the various factors that gradually influenced the historical course of China since middle 1300s and the important roles that the West and Japan played in shaping modern China. Ming and Qing dynasties have many things in common, albeit the Ming was founded by a Han peasant and the Qing was created by a Manchu noble.
HIST 3465 - Twentieth Century China Politics
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examines Chinese history from the late Qing to the present with a particular attention on the Chinese political, legal, social, and diplomatic history. Teaches the various factors that gradually influenced the historical course of China, the important roles that the West and Japan played in shaping modern China, the causes and consequences of the numerous political movements in the early stage of the People's Republic of China, and China's recent massive reform efforts to prosperity.
LING 1811 - Introduction to Linguistics (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Provides an introduction to a theoretical study of the nature of natural language, using examples primarily from present-day English. Students are expected to learn analytical skills to understand how human languages (and the human mind) work and how the sub-components (sounds, words, sentences and meaning) of natural languages are systematically organized.
LING 2101 - Phonetics and Phonology (NAT SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course, which is rooted in biology and physics, focuses on the sound systems of the languages of the world. What do these systems have in common? How do they differ from one another? There is an immense amount of variation across languages, but it is far from random, and this assumption is the driving factor of the course. Students will learn the anatomy of the vocal tract and the means of speech articulation, and they will learn to produce every possible sound of every possible human language. They will also analyze the acoustic signals resulting from speech articulation and how these acoustic results are perceived by hearers. Along the way, student learn to analyze large amounts of phonetic data, both by hand and electronically and to understand when a difference in speech sounds can change the meaning of a message as opposed to simply changing as a result of contextual effects. In short, when are speech sounds meaningful, and what does this tell us about the way the human language faculty is organized? The scientific approach taken here will teach students a great deal about their own language. It will also teach students a great deal about the diversity of languages in the world: how they differ, but more importantly, what they all have in common, and what it is that makes them all human.
PHIL 2011 - Philosophy of Language (LE CAT3, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Introduction to theories of meaning and truth and the structure of language. Relation of language to thought and the world; semantics and syntax; speech acts and performative utterances; descriptions and reference; and structuralism and the possibility of objective knowledge. prereq: Course in logic or literary analysis or human communication or CS or math or instructor consent
PHIL 3291 - Current Social Political Philosophy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Detailed philosophical analysis of recent writings about social and political concepts such as freedom, democracy, socialism, communism, fascism, and anarchy. prereq: 1001 or 1003 or instructor consent
PHIL 3421 - Eastern Philosophy
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Odd Year
Overview of Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, including their accounts of the meaning of life, community versus the individual, the role of religion, ethics, metaphysics, and other topics. Analysis of basic concepts of Indian and Chinese civilizations. prereq: minimum 30 credits
POL 3400 - Contemporary Issues in World Politics
Credits: 4.0 [max 8.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Detailed examination and analysis of selected contemporary issues in world politics and international relations. Policy recommendations dealing with each issue. Students can repeat this course for a maximum total of 8 credits. prereq: 1050 and 30 earned or in-progress credits or instructor consent
POL 3458 - International Negotiation & Bargaining: Negotiating Across Cultures
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Course Equivalencies: INTS 3458/POL 3458
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall
Cultural understanding and misunderstanding can determine the outcome of international negotiation and bargaining. Word choice becomes particularly significant in global negotiations. In this class, we explore how international solutions in various areas, such as the environment, business, politics, and human rights, are produced through negotiation and influenced by culture, language, and behavior. pre-req: minimum 30 credits
POL 3518 - Transitional Politics of Asia
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
This class is a comparative study of the states in Asia namely India, China, Japan, and others. The class will explore the historical trajectories of these states; will study how these histories have given rise to different forms of their current state formations; will explore their contemporary political systems; economies; their socio-cultural and gender dynamics; and contemporary policy issues faced by these states. The class will also analyze the geo-strategic significance of Asia to the West/United States in the contemporary eras of globalization. pre-req: POL 1500 or instructor's consent
CHIN 3591 - Independent Study
Credits: 1.0 -4.0 [max 8.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Students develop and carry out reading and research projects in consultation with the instructor. prereq: instructor consent
CHIN 4591 - Independent Study
Credits: 1.0 -4.0 [max 8.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall, Spring & Summer
Students develop and carry out reading and research projects in consultation with the instructor. pre-req: instructor consent