Duluth campus
 
Duluth Campus

Psychological Science M.A.

Psychology
College of Education and Human Service Professions
Link to a list of faculty for this program.
Contact Information
UMD Psychology 320 BohH D147A 1207 Ordean Court Duluth, MN 55812 218/726-7808
  • Program Type: Master's
  • Requirements for this program are current for Spring 2017
  • Length of program in credits: 36 to 50
  • This program requires summer semesters for timely completion.
  • Degree: Master of Arts
Along with the program-specific requirements listed below, please read the General Information section of this website for requirements that apply to all major fields.
The master of arts in psychological science program prepares graduate students with research-based knowledge and skills essential to successful careers in organizational, educational, clinical, and counseling settings. The program has three integrated tracks: 1) clinical/counseling psychology; 2) experimental psychology; and 3) industrial-organizational psychology. All three tracks include the same basic core courses in statistics, research methodology, and introduction to graduate studies. All three tracks have a 6-credit Plan B requirement (clinical/counseling track also has Plan C as an option). In addition, a number of courses in main topics of psychology are required of every student enrolled in the program. For all three tracks, the degree and research-based preparation should also facilitate graduates' admission into PhD and PsyD programs in psychology.
Program Delivery
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Prerequisites for Admission
The preferred undergraduate GPA for admittance to the program is 3.00.
A psychology baccalaureate degree from an accredited US institution/foreign equivalent; other majors will be considered if comparable coursework in statistics and research methods has been completed
Other requirements to be completed before admission:
In addition to the general admission requirements for all applicants to our program, the final pool of clinical/counseling (CC) track applicants will be invited to an on-campus or technology-assisted interview before the admission decision. Applicants to the CC track must also demonstrate successful completion of an undergraduate abnormal psychology course. Students applying to the CC track should also know, per university policy, criminal background checks will be required before enrolling in internships. We recommend applicants to the I/O track have passed an introductory I/O psychology or similar course prior to their entrance into the program.
Special Application Requirements:
Applicants must supply: 1. Official transcripts from all colleges and universities attended 2. A brief personal statement indicating why an advanced degree in Psychology is of interest and their choice of track 3. Three letters of recommendation 4. Graduate Record Examination verbal and quantitative test scores 5. Scores from the TOEFL examination (for international students whose native language is not English) 6. Work sample 7. Resume or CV Departmental deadline for admission is February 15 of the year of admission. Pending available space, applications submitted after the deadline may be considered. Admission to the program will be for fall semester only.
Applicants must submit their test score(s) from the following:
  • GRE
International applicants must submit score(s) from one of the following tests:
  • TOEFL
The preferred English language test is Test of English as Foreign Language.
Key to test abbreviations (GRE, TOEFL).
For an online application or for more information about graduate education admissions, see the General Information section of this website.
Program Requirements
Plan B: Plan B requires 36 to 50 major credits and 0 credits outside the major. The final exam is oral. A capstone project is required.
Capstone Project:Students completing Plan B are expected to conduct an empirical research project or meta-analysis under the direction of a faculty advisor. The project must be designed and conducted by the individual student; the topic, however, may be based upon the research program of the faculty advisor.
Plan C: Plan C requires 36 to 50 major credits and 0 credits outside the major. There is no final exam.
This program may not be completed with a minor.
Use of 4xxx courses towards program requirements is not permitted.
All 3 tracks have a 6 credit Plan B research project in psychology requirement; the clinical/counseling track students may choose to do a Plan C and complete 6 additional credits instead of the research project. Students must maintain a GPA of 3.0 or better and must earn a grade of B or better for each course. Furthermore, students must not have more than 8 credits or 2 courses with an incomplete for longer than 2 semesters. The director of the MAPS program will advise newly admitted students during their first semester in the program. Before mid-term of the second semester in which the student is enrolled in the program, the director of graduate studies will be responsible for assuring that all students select a faculty advisor and establish an examination committee, and will also be the instructor of record for the introduction to graduate studies course. A final oral examination covering the Plan B project will be given at the end of the student's academic program. The oral examination will be conducted by the student's advising/examining committee. The examination will require the student to demonstrate an understanding of the theories, methods, and analyses employed in his or her research project.
Program Sub-plans
Students are required to complete one of the following sub-plans.
Students may not complete the program with more than one sub-plan.
Clinical/Counseling
The clinical-counseling track follows the scientist-practitioner model of training through its emphasis on current, empirically-based diagnostic and intervention methods and opportunities for students to conduct independent projects. Students will be prepared to work as successful mental health service providers with diverse populations in a variety of settings, or continue on to doctoral-level graduate studies. The curriculum is designed to provide the required coursework and skills training for graduates to be eligible for licensure as Licensed Professional Clinical-Counselors through the Minnesota Board of Behavioral Health and Therapy.
Clinical/Counseling Track (50 cr)
PSY 5021 - Advanced Developmental Psychology (3.0 cr)
PSY 5052 - Advanced Statistics I (3.0 cr)
PSY 5120 - Career and Lifestyle Development (2.0 cr)
PSY 5121 - Psychopathology Over the Lifespan (3.0 cr)
PSY 8021 - Research Methods and Evaluation (3.0 cr)
PSY 8097 - Clinical-Counseling Practicum (3.0 cr)
PSY 8103 - Introduction to Graduate Studies (0.0 cr)
PSY 8221 - Individual Adult and Group Therapy/Counseling (3.0 cr)
PSY 8223 - Child, Adolescent, and Family Therapy (3.0 cr)
PSY 8224 - Clinical Treatment Planning (3.0 cr)
PSY 8231 - Assessment I: Foundations and Cognitive Assessment (3.0 cr)
PSY 8232 - Assessment II (3.0 cr)
PSY 8301 - Multicultural Foundations in Clinical/Counseling Psychology (3.0 cr)
PSY 8302 - Ethical and Legal Issues in Therapy and Counseling (3.0 cr)
PSY 8197 - Clinical Counseling Internship (3.0 cr)
Plan B
PSY 8099 - Research Project in Psychology (6.0 cr)
or Plan C
Electives (6 cr)
Experimental
Experimental psychology encompasses a variety of experimental research areas within psychology. Our faculty have background and current research interest in: Biopsychology Cognition Social psychology Evolutionary psychology Perception and action Psycho-linguistics Graduate students are prepared for doctoral-level programs in various areas of psychology, as well as careers in research and academic instruction.
Required Courses (36 cr)
PSY 5021 - Advanced Developmental Psychology (3.0 cr)
PSY 5052 - Advanced Statistics I (3.0 cr)
PSY 5401 - Advanced Social Psychology (3.0 cr)
PSY 5621 - Cognition and Emotion (3.0 cr)
PSY 5631 - Biological Bases of Behavior (3.0 cr)
PSY 8021 - Research Methods and Evaluation (3.0 cr)
PSY 8052 - Advanced Statistics II (3.0 cr)
PSY 8099 - Research Project in Psychology (6.0 cr)
PSY 8103 - Introduction to Graduate Studies (0.0 cr)
Must be approved by advisor.
Take 9 or more credit(s) from the following:
· Elective credit
Industrial Organizational
Industrial-organizational psychology trains students to apply theory and methods of psychology in order to solve workplace issues using a scientist-practitioner approach. Students will be immersed in classic and contemporary research in order to acquire skills in areas of personnel selection, employee motivation, training and development, performance management and evaluation, and organizational change and development. Our program prepares students for doctoral-level training, as well as employment in a variety of organizational settings.
Required Courses (36 cr)
PSY 5052 - Advanced Statistics I (3.0 cr)
PSY 5701 - Advanced Personnel Psychology (3.0 cr)
PSY 5702 - Advanced Organizational Psychology (3.0 cr)
PSY 8021 - Research Methods and Evaluation (3.0 cr)
PSY 8052 - Advanced Statistics II (3.0 cr)
PSY 8099 - Research Project in Psychology (6.0 cr)
PSY 8103 - Introduction to Graduate Studies (0.0 cr)
PSY 8701 - Performance Evaluation and Management (3.0 cr)
PSY 8705 - Organizational Systems & Development (3.0 cr)
PSY 8706 - Personnel Training & Development (3.0 cr)
Must be approved by advisor.
Take 6 or more credit(s) from the following:
· Elective credit
 
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· Psychological Science M.A.
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PSY 5021 - Advanced Developmental Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Course format involved reading and discussion of reviews and journal articles about theories, research methodology, and topics central to the scientific study of human development from conception through adulthood. The role of theory as a guide for research and practice, and classical as well as contemporary theories will be examined. Normative changes and individual differences will be examined. Theoretical frameworks in the domains of social, cognitive, language, and temperament/personality development will be examined. prereq: PSY graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 5052 - Advanced Statistics I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Advanced statistics used for experimental and correlational research in psychology; analyze data from simple and complex research designs analysis of variance and linear regression techniques; hypothesis testing; nonparametric statistics; assumptions of tests and diagnosis of assumption violations; interpretations of results; use of common statistical software (e.g., SPSS or R). prereq: Math placement level 4 or MACT 23 or higher or graduate student in psychology or instructor consent required.
PSY 5120 - Career and Lifestyle Development
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Overview of career development and decision theories related to life planning and career choices. Methods and techniques involved in the career counseling process. prereq: Psychology graduate student or instructor consent.
PSY 5121 - Psychopathology Over the Lifespan
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Psychopathology from integrative biopsychosocial and developmental psychopathology perspectives; adult and child psychopathologies including symptomatology, prevalence, etiological evidence, typical course and prognosis, associated features, cultural and social considerations, comorbidity and differential diagnosis. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8021 - Research Methods and Evaluation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examination of quasi-experimental and experimental designs within psychological science. The course will provide comprehensive coverage of the assessment of reliability and validity of measures, methods, and research designs to facilitate the development of a research proposal. A wide variety of quantitative and qualitative research designs, measurement techniques, and methods will be described and evaluated in terms of internal, external, construct, and statistical conclusion validity. prereq: Grade of C or higher in PSY 5052, in an equivalent graduate-level statistics course, or in an undergraduate research methods course in a social science discipline.
PSY 8097 - Clinical-Counseling Practicum
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Supervised counseling practice experience within the University setting. Emphasis is on developing individual and group counseling skills. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student
PSY 8103 - Introduction to Graduate Studies
Credits: 0.0 [max 0.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course will orient new students to key facets of graduate studies in the Master's in Psychological Science Program. Program expectations, requirements, and timelines will be clarified to enable students to make progress in formulating goals in their chosen tracks. This course will provide students with a basis for academic collaboration and professional development by facilitating student interactions with peers and the faculty in psychology. prereq: graduate psychology student
PSY 8221 - Individual Adult and Group Therapy/Counseling
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course provides an overview of a variety of individual and group therapy models and techniques utilized with adults. Evidence-based techniques and empirically supported treatments will be emphasized along with their application to specific psychological diagnoses. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8223 - Child, Adolescent, and Family Therapy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Individual child and adolescent psychological intervention models and techniques as well as a variety of family therapy models and techniques will be reviewed, emphasizing those with demonstrated empirical effectiveness. Students will be introduced to the provision of effective youth and family counseling approaches in preparation for practicum experience. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student
PSY 8224 - Clinical Treatment Planning
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course provides an overview of methods and strategies of evidence-based clinical treatment planning. Identification and evaluation of measurable process and outcome goals are emphasized. Treatment planning will target specific psychological diagnoses for adults and children, and various modalities, as well as crisis intervention/counseling. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8231 - Assessment I: Foundations and Cognitive Assessment
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Clinical counseling track psychology grad student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course provides an overview of basic psychometric issues, test administration, and cognitive assessment. It covers fundamental issues in evidence-based assessment and the development of competent administration and interpretation skills of common cognitive assessments. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology grad student or instructor consent
PSY 8232 - Assessment II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Building on content from Assessment I, this course applies concepts of psychological testing and measurement to the assessment of specific clinical syndromes and personality through objective personality tests, behavioral observations, symptom checklists, rating forms and structured diagnostic interviewing. Students will learn to appropriately use and interpret results from such measures in the course of clinical/counseling practice. Issue of clinical judgment and controversies concerning common assessment approaches will be covered. prereq: 8231 and instructor consent
PSY 8301 - Multicultural Foundations in Clinical/Counseling Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Summer
This course explores the complexities of culture in practice. The focus is on becoming culturally responsive counselors and therapists. Within evidence-based practice, this course provides guidelines for integrating cultural considerations into the theory and practice of assessment, diagnosis, and therapeutic interventions. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8302 - Ethical and Legal Issues in Therapy and Counseling
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course covers approaches to ethical decision making of relevance to work as a psychologist. Codes of ethical conduct, as well as legal issues related to research and practice are foci. Students will learn about important historical cases illustrating ethical and legal issues in the field. prereq: Clinical counseling track psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8197 - Clinical Counseling Internship
Credits: 3.0 [max 6.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Supervised clinical work in a professional psychological services setting. Psychological assessment and clinical intervention are emphasized. prereq: 8097 and instructor consent
PSY 8099 - Research Project in Psychology
Credits: 6.0 [max 12.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course provides a capstone experience for students to integrate all they have learned in order to produce scholarly work. Under the guidance of a faculty advisor, students will plan, design, conduct, and present an original project. prereq: psychology grad student
PSY 5021 - Advanced Developmental Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Course format involved reading and discussion of reviews and journal articles about theories, research methodology, and topics central to the scientific study of human development from conception through adulthood. The role of theory as a guide for research and practice, and classical as well as contemporary theories will be examined. Normative changes and individual differences will be examined. Theoretical frameworks in the domains of social, cognitive, language, and temperament/personality development will be examined. prereq: PSY graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 5052 - Advanced Statistics I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Advanced statistics used for experimental and correlational research in psychology; analyze data from simple and complex research designs analysis of variance and linear regression techniques; hypothesis testing; nonparametric statistics; assumptions of tests and diagnosis of assumption violations; interpretations of results; use of common statistical software (e.g., SPSS or R). prereq: Math placement level 4 or MACT 23 or higher or graduate student in psychology or instructor consent required.
PSY 5401 - Advanced Social Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Examination of core content areas and topics within experimental social psychology with a focus on application within both clinical and industrial/organizational psychology. Topics include attitude formation and attitude change, attribution theory, the self, conformity, prejudice, aggression, and prosocial behavior. prereq: psychology grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 3201
PSY 5621 - Cognition and Emotion
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Students in this course will read and discuss scholarly reviews and journal articles on theories, research methodology, and topics central to the scientific study of human cognition, emotion, and their applications. There will be discussions on the models of cognitive (perception, memory, language, thinking, and reasoning) and emotional processes and their interrelatedness. Consideration will be given to how these contemporary models are developed and evaluated through empirical studies. Finally, how these theoretical models can be applied to educational, clinical, legal, and workplace settings will be examined. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 5631 - Biological Bases of Behavior
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Understanding how communication within the body (neuronal, endocrinological, immunological) affects behavior and psychological processes and how these systems interact to influence these processes. Examining how perturbations within these systems lead to mental illness and/or problematic behaviors. How psychoactive drugs affect these systems, with respect to clinical treatment and abuse. The neurological mechanisms of reward and drug dependence (withdrawal, cravings) will be investigated. prereq: psychology grad student or instructor consent
PSY 8021 - Research Methods and Evaluation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examination of quasi-experimental and experimental designs within psychological science. The course will provide comprehensive coverage of the assessment of reliability and validity of measures, methods, and research designs to facilitate the development of a research proposal. A wide variety of quantitative and qualitative research designs, measurement techniques, and methods will be described and evaluated in terms of internal, external, construct, and statistical conclusion validity. prereq: Grade of C or higher in PSY 5052, in an equivalent graduate-level statistics course, or in an undergraduate research methods course in a social science discipline.
PSY 8052 - Advanced Statistics II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Advanced statistics used for experimental and correlational research in psychology; analyze data using advanced univariate, basic multivariate, and meta-analytic techniques; assumptions of test; diagnosis of assumption violations; interpretation of results; use of common statistical software (e.g., SPSS or R). prereq: 5052 with a grade of B or better
PSY 8099 - Research Project in Psychology
Credits: 6.0 [max 12.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course provides a capstone experience for students to integrate all they have learned in order to produce scholarly work. Under the guidance of a faculty advisor, students will plan, design, conduct, and present an original project. prereq: psychology grad student
PSY 8103 - Introduction to Graduate Studies
Credits: 0.0 [max 0.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course will orient new students to key facets of graduate studies in the Master's in Psychological Science Program. Program expectations, requirements, and timelines will be clarified to enable students to make progress in formulating goals in their chosen tracks. This course will provide students with a basis for academic collaboration and professional development by facilitating student interactions with peers and the faculty in psychology. prereq: graduate psychology student
PSY 5052 - Advanced Statistics I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Advanced statistics used for experimental and correlational research in psychology; analyze data from simple and complex research designs analysis of variance and linear regression techniques; hypothesis testing; nonparametric statistics; assumptions of tests and diagnosis of assumption violations; interpretations of results; use of common statistical software (e.g., SPSS or R). prereq: Math placement level 4 or MACT 23 or higher or graduate student in psychology or instructor consent required.
PSY 5701 - Advanced Personnel Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Students will apply theories and research finding to address issues of personnel recruitment, selection, and classification in the workplace. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 3701
PSY 5702 - Advanced Organizational Psychology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course covers core contents in organizational psychology, with a focus on understanding of research findings to enhance organizational functioning and employee well-being. Topics include employee motivation, job attitudes, work stress, teams, leadership, and organizational justice and culture. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 3707
PSY 8021 - Research Methods and Evaluation
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Examination of quasi-experimental and experimental designs within psychological science. The course will provide comprehensive coverage of the assessment of reliability and validity of measures, methods, and research designs to facilitate the development of a research proposal. A wide variety of quantitative and qualitative research designs, measurement techniques, and methods will be described and evaluated in terms of internal, external, construct, and statistical conclusion validity. prereq: Grade of C or higher in PSY 5052, in an equivalent graduate-level statistics course, or in an undergraduate research methods course in a social science discipline.
PSY 8052 - Advanced Statistics II
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Advanced statistics used for experimental and correlational research in psychology; analyze data using advanced univariate, basic multivariate, and meta-analytic techniques; assumptions of test; diagnosis of assumption violations; interpretation of results; use of common statistical software (e.g., SPSS or R). prereq: 5052 with a grade of B or better
PSY 8099 - Research Project in Psychology
Credits: 6.0 [max 12.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course provides a capstone experience for students to integrate all they have learned in order to produce scholarly work. Under the guidance of a faculty advisor, students will plan, design, conduct, and present an original project. prereq: psychology grad student
PSY 8103 - Introduction to Graduate Studies
Credits: 0.0 [max 0.0]
Grading Basis: S-N or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
This course will orient new students to key facets of graduate studies in the Master's in Psychological Science Program. Program expectations, requirements, and timelines will be clarified to enable students to make progress in formulating goals in their chosen tracks. This course will provide students with a basis for academic collaboration and professional development by facilitating student interactions with peers and the faculty in psychology. prereq: graduate psychology student
PSY 8701 - Performance Evaluation and Management
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course centers on the methods of evaluating performance and on actions taken with employees based upon such appraisals. Theoretical understanding and familiarity with research on interpersonal judgment and perception, criterion theory and development, rating scale construction and use, sources of information, and effective communication will help students in this course develop skills in designing performance appraisal and feedback systems which meet organizational needs while enhancing employee motivation. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8705 - Organizational Systems & Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course is designed to cover topics central to organizational systems and development, including classical and contemporary theories of organizations, organizational structure, organizational design, technology, and cross-cultural differences and issues. Students will learn how to integrate theory, research findings, and applied techniques to help organizations adapt within the ever-changing local and global environment. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
PSY 8706 - Personnel Training & Development
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: psychology graduate student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
This course is designed to cover topics central to personnel training and development. This course requires the integration of theories, tools, concepts, and techniques learned in the classroom with an application in a "real" organization. Students will learn how to analyze performance deficiencies in order to determine whether training is required and, if so, how to design and implement effective training to help fix performance problems. Basic phenomena of learning, various training and development approaches commonly used in business and industry, and design issues necessary for planning evaluation and improvement strategies will be covered. prereq: psychology graduate student or instructor consent