Duluth campus
 
Duluth Campus

Environmental Studies B.A.

Geography, Urban, Environmental & Sustain Studies
College of Liberal Arts
  • Program Type: Baccalaureate
  • Requirements for this program are current for Fall 2011
  • Required credits to graduate with this degree: 120
  • Required credits within the major: 81 to 83
  • This program requires summer terms.
  • Degree: Bachelor of Arts
The environmental studies program (housed in the geography department) provides a sound interdisciplinary grounding in the natural sciences, social sciences, and the humanities, producing graduates who understand and think creatively about the complex issues of our natural, naturalized, and artificial environments. The curriculum encourages multidisciplinary thinking and problem-solving skills at the nexus of the natural sciences and social sciences. Coursework develops skills in research, writing, creative thinking, and sound policy making, as students draw upon a range of disciplines to understand and solve specific issues and problems. Honors Requirements: Candidates must be environmental studies majors with a 3.00 overall GPA and 3.30 in the major. Students must complete an honors project supervised by a faculty member and approved by the program director. In some cases the project may develop out of the environmental studies internship. Students must notify the director of their intent to participate in the honors program by the end of the first week of the semester of graduation and the completed project must be approved by the faculty adviser and the director at least 30 days before the end of the term. The project is presented orally or by exhibition.
Program Delivery
This program is available:
  • via classroom (the majority of instruction is face-to-face)
Admission Requirements
For information about University of Minnesota admission requirements, visit the Office of Admissions website.
Required prerequisites
Introductory Requirement (1 cr)
Transfer students with 24 or more credits and current UMD students who change colleges to CLA are exempt from this requirement. New first-year students with 24 or more PSEO credits may request to be waived from this requirement.
UST 1000 - UMD Seminar (1.0-2.0 cr)
General Requirements
The Board of Regents, on recommendation of the faculty, grants degrees from the University of Minnesota. Requirements for an undergraduate degree from University of Minnesota Duluth include the following:
  1. Students must meet all course and credit requirements of the departments and colleges or schools in which they are enrolled including an advanced writing course. Students seeking two degrees must fulfill the requirements of both degrees. However, two degrees cannot be awarded for the same major.
  2. Students must complete all requirements of the Liberal Education Program.
  3. Students must complete a minimum of 120 semester credits.
  4. At least 30 of the last 60 degree credits earned immediately before graduation must be awarded by UMD.
  5. Students must complete at least half of their courses at the 3xxx-level and higher at UMD. Study-abroad credits earned through courses taught by UM faculty and at institutions with which UMD has international exchange programs may be used to fulfill this requirement.
  6. If a minor is required, students must take at least three upper division credits in their minor field from UMD.
  7. The minimum cumulative UM GPA required for graduation will be 2.00 and will include only University of Minnesota coursework. A minimum UM GPA of 2.00 is required in each UMD undergraduate major and minor. No academic unit may impose higher grade point standards to graduate.
  8. Diploma, transcripts, and certification will be withheld until all financial obligations to the University have been met.
Program Requirements
Environmental Studies Core (16-17 cr)
ES 1001 - Introductory Seminar (2.0 cr)
ES 2803 - Issues in Global Ecology [LE CAT5, LEIP CAT05, SUSTAIN] (3.0 cr)
ES 4010 - Seminar (4.0 cr)
ES 4090 - Internship Preparation (1.0 cr)
ES 4097 - Internship (3.0 cr)
GEOG 2306 - Environmental Conservation [LE CAT8, SUSTAIN] (3.0 cr)
or GEOL 1130 - Introduction to Environmental Science [LE CAT4, LEIP CAT04, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN] (4.0 cr)
Natural Science Core (27 cr)
BIOL 1011 - General Biology I [LE CAT4, NAT SCI] (5.0 cr)
BIOL 1012 - General Biology II [SUSTAIN] (5.0 cr)
BIOL 2801 - General Ecology (3.0 cr)
CHEM 1153 - General Chemistry I [LE CAT5, NAT SCI] (4.0 cr)
CHEM 1154 - General Chemistry Lab I [LE CAT4, NAT SCI] (1.0 cr)
CHEM 1155 - General Chemistry II (4.0 cr)
CHEM 1156 - General Chemistry Lab II (1.0 cr)
GEOG 1414 - Physical Geography [LE CAT4, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN] (4.0 cr)
or GEOL 1110 - Geology and Earth Systems [LE CAT4, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN] (4.0 cr)
Social Science Core (18-19 cr)
ES 3500 - Ecological Economics (3.0 cr)
POL 1011 - American Government and Politics [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
ECON 1023 - Principles of Economics: Micro [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
or ECON 1022 - Principles of Economics: Macro [LE CAT6, SOC SCI] (3.0 cr)
ECON 3721 - Natural Resource and Energy Economics (3.0 cr)
or ECON 3777 - Environmental Economics (3.0 cr)
POL 3080 - Environment and Politics (3.0 cr)
or POL 3170 - Political Interest Groups and Individuals (3.0 cr)
or POL 3570 - Politics of Developing Nations (3.0 cr)
SOC 3901 - Social Change and Social Policy (3.0 cr)
or SOC 4860 - Environmental Sociology [SUSTAIN] (3.0 cr)
or SOC 4862 {Inactive} (4.0 cr)
Supporting Core (9 cr)
Advanced Writing Requirement
WRIT 31xx
Math Requirement
May also take a math course above 1160
Take 3 or more credit(s) from the following:
· MATH 1160 - Finite Mathematics and Introduction to Calculus [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (5.0 cr)
Statistical requirement
STAT 2411 preferred, if GEOG 3585 or SOC 2155 is taken neither can apply to the ES elective area
Take 3 or more credit(s) from the following:
· ECON 2030 - Applied Statistics for Business and Economics [LOGIC & QR] (3.0 cr)
· ECON 3030 - Econometrics I (3.0 cr)
· GIS 4585 - Applied Statistics in GIS (4.0 cr)
· POL 2700 - Methodology and Analysis [LOGIC & QR] (4.0 cr)
· PSY 3020 - Statistical Methods (4.0 cr)
· SOC 2155 - Introduction to Research Methods and Analysis (4.0 cr)
· STAT 2411 - Statistical Methods [LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR] (3.0 cr)
· STAT 3xxx
· STAT 4xxx
Environmental Studies Electives (10 cr)
Students propose five different elective courses. Courses already taken may or may not be accepted. Since the environmental studies major does not require a second field of study, only two proposed courses can be applicable to a second major or minor. See the Geography Department for the application for environmental studies electives. Students are encouraged to consult with their adviser before selecting their elective courses.
Take 5 or more course(s) totaling 10 or more credit(s) from the following:
· ES 2xxx
· ES 3xxx
· ES 4xxx
 
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· Fall 2015
· Fall 2014
· Fall 2013
· Fall 2012

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· Environmental Studies B.A.

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· Environmental Studies B.A.
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UST 1000 - UMD Seminar
Credits: 1.0 -2.0 [max 2.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02403 - EHS 1000/UST 1000
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Facilitates the successful transition into college learning and student life at UMD. Credit will not be granted if already received for EHS 1000.
ES 1001 - Introductory Seminar
Credits: 2.0 [max 2.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Introduction to the complexities of multidisciplinary environmental issues through research and literature review with emphasis on development of critical thinking skills.
ES 2803 - Issues in Global Ecology (LE CAT5, LEIP CAT05, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
An examination of our most pressing global environmental problems and their most promising solutions.
ES 4010 - Seminar
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Compare and contrast global free market capitalism and democratic socialism. Identify political and economic barriers to achieving the goal of sustainable development. Examine the recent history of the move towards global free market capitalism around the world and its implications for sustainable development. Develop sustainable development projects and write proposals to targeted funders. prereq: ES major or minor, 90 credits; credit will not be granted if already received for 5001
ES 4090 - Internship Preparation
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Spring
Various employers and members of environmental organizations in the Duluth region, and in Minnesota will speak to the class each week to describe what they do in their perspective fields of environment and sustainability. Students will research careers in environmental work, producing reports on prominent fields and directions in environmental work. Students will be placed with perspective internship experiences at the end of the semester. prereq: ES major, credit will not be granted if already received for 5040
ES 4097 - Internship
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 4090 or 5040, ES major, instructor consent, no grad credit; credit will not be granted if already received for 5050
Grading Basis: S-N only
Typically offered: Every Summer
Practical experience in some field of environmental work, under direction of a faculty adviser and a work-site adviser. prereq: 4090 or 5040, ES major, instructor consent, no grad credit; credit will not be granted if already received for 5050
GEOG 2306 - Environmental Conservation (LE CAT8, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
In order to adapt to and mitigate environmental challenges that are predicted to occur in the future, we must have a clear understanding of the physical, economic, societal, and political contexts that brought us to the present. This course examines the complexity of coupled social-ecological systems and the role that humans have played in changing the face of the Earth.
GEOL 1130 - Introduction to Environmental Science (LE CAT4, LEIP CAT04, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Spring
Earth's physical and biological systems and human interaction with the environment. Climate, rocks, soils, ecosystems, human population, land use, energy use and its consequences, environmental policy, air and water pollution, and conservation issues.
BIOL 1011 - General Biology I (LE CAT4, NAT SCI)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02401 - BIOL 1011/BIOL 1013
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Fundamental concepts of biology, including chemical basis of life, cell structure and function, energy transformations, photosynthesis, cellular respiration, genetics, molecular biology, DNA technology, development, origin of life, and evolution. (4 hrs lect, 2.5 hrs lab) prereq: 1 yr high school Chem or 1 semester college Chem, Math ACT 21 or higher or MATH 1005 or higher; credit will not be granted if already received for BIOL 1013
BIOL 1012 - General Biology II (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Fundamental concepts of biology, including classification and diversity of life, anatomy, physiology, and development of prokaryotes, protistans, fungi, animals, and plants; behavior; population, community, and ecosystem ecology. (4 hrs lect, 2.5 hrs lab) prereq: A grade of C- or better in 1011
BIOL 2801 - General Ecology
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Relationships between life and environment for individuals, populations, communities, and ecosystems; surveys of environmental factors and biomes. May be taken without lab 2802. (3 hrs lect) prereq: A grade of C- or better in both 1011 and 1012; may be taken without lab BIOL 2802
CHEM 1153 - General Chemistry I (LE CAT5, NAT SCI)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02278 - CHEM 1173/CHEM 1153/CHEM 1161
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of chemistry exemplified by study of elements, compounds, and their reactions. Covers fundamental concepts of the atom, molecule, stoichiometry, chemical reactions, thermochemistry, gas laws, atomic structure, periodic table, chemical bonding, and other selected topics. The companion laboratory, CHEM 1154, should be taken concurrently. The combination of CHEM 1153 and CHEM 1154 meets the lab component of NAT SCI, LE CAT 4. prereq: One year high school chem, high school algebra, Math ACT 24 or higher or a grade of least C- in Math 1005, Credit will not be granted if already received for 1151 or 1161 or 1173.
CHEM 1154 - General Chemistry Lab I (LE CAT4, NAT SCI)
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02279 - CHEM 1174/CHEM 1154
Prerequisites: Previous or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 1153; credit will not be granted if already received for CHEM 1151, 1161 or 1174.
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Basic laboratory skills while investigating the fundamental principles of chemistry. Covers fundamental concepts of the atom and molecule, stoichiometry, acid-base reactions, oxidation-reduction reactions, thermochemistry, characteristic properties of anions, gas laws and spectrophotometry. This laboratory accompanies lecture CHEM 1153. The combination of CHEM 1153 and CHEM 1154 meets liberal education category 4 requirements. prereq: Previous or concurrent enrollment in CHEM 1153; credit will not be granted if already received for CHEM 1151, 1161 or 1174.
CHEM 1155 - General Chemistry II
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02280 - CHEM 1175/CHEM 1155/CHEM 1162
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of chemistry exemplified by study of elements, compounds, and their reactions. Covers intermolecular forces, properties of liquids, solids and solution, chemical kinetics, chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, solubility, thermodynamics, electrochemistry, nuclear chemistry, and other selected topics. Solid knowledge of college algebra and General Chemistry I is required. The companion laboratory course CHEM 1156 should be taken concurrently. prereq: 1151 or 1153 or 1161; credit will not be granted if already received for 1152, 1162 or 1175.
CHEM 1156 - General Chemistry Lab II
Credits: 1.0 [max 1.0]
Course Equivalencies: 02281
Prerequisites: 1151 or 1161 or 1154, concurrent or previous enrollment in CHEM 1155; credit will not be granted if already received for Chem 1152, 1162 or 1176.
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Fundamental principles of chemistry exemplified by laboratory study of elements, compounds, and their reactions. Covers titration, intermolecular forces, colligative properties, kinetics, chemical equilibria, and qualitative analysis. This laboratory accompanies lecture CHEM 1155. prereq: 1151 or 1161 or 1154, concurrent or previous enrollment in CHEM 1155; credit will not be granted if already received for Chem 1152, 1162 or 1176.
GEOG 1414 - Physical Geography (LE CAT4, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
The environment is highly dynamic and is continually modified by human and environmental processes. This course examines these processes to better understand how the Earth’s landscapes were formed and how they are currently being transformed. Specifically, students will understand the fundamental processes that govern the physical environment including Earth-sun relations, water resources, landforms, weather and climate, natural vegetation, and soils.
GEOL 1110 - Geology and Earth Systems (LE CAT4, NAT SCI, SUSTAIN)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Comprehensive survey of Earth's composition, structure, and dynamics to develop an understanding of internal processes, plate tectonics, and surface processes as a framework for geological history and development of life.
ES 3500 - Ecological Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Fall
Examine the basic principles and assumptions of Micro and Macro Economics, and their relevance in our modern global economic system. Examine the environmental/social consequences of deviations from these assumptions, and alternative economic models/analyses and policies consistent with sustainable development. prereq: [ES or URS major] and [Econ 1022 or Econ 1023] or instructor consent
POL 1011 - American Government and Politics (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles of American national government. Survey of American governmental system, structure, operations, and services; constitutionalism, federalism, civil liberties, parties, pressure groups, and elections.
ECON 1023 - Principles of Economics: Micro (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analyzing free enterprise system through study of product and resource markets. Supply and demand, utility, production and cost, market structure, resource use, market failures, regulatory role of government, and real-world application of these concepts. prereq: Minimum 15 credits or department consent
ECON 1022 - Principles of Economics: Macro (LE CAT6, SOC SCI)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Analyzing overall performance of an economic system. National income accounting and theory, unemployment, inflation, fiscal policy, money, monetary policy, economic growth, international trade, non-U.S. economies, and real-world application of these concepts. prereq: Minimum 15 credits or department consent
ECON 3721 - Natural Resource and Energy Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Microeconomic analysis of natural resource and energy markets. Role of these resources in production processes and waste generation, use and pricing of nonrenewable and renewable resources over time, resource availability, sustainable development, and ecological economics. prereq: 1023, preferred but not required: 3023; credit will not be granted if already received for ECON 4721
ECON 3777 - Environmental Economics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Microeconomic analysis of environmental quality as an economic good. Pollution control, benefit-cost analysis, valuation methodologies and their application to air and water quality, hazardous waste management, preservation, and global pollutants. prereq: 1023, preferred but not required: 3023; credit will not be granted if already received for ECON 4777
POL 3080 - Environment and Politics
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
American natural resource problems with special attention to conservation activities on national, state, and local levels; development of conservation agencies in Minnesota. prereq: 1011, 45 cr or instructor consent
POL 3170 - Political Interest Groups and Individuals
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Even Year
Role of interest groups and individuals who lobby government to influence public policy. Internal dynamics of groups; strategies of lobbying and its regulation. prereq: 1011, 45 cr or instructor consent
POL 3570 - Politics of Developing Nations
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 1050 or 1500 or 8 cr social sciences, 45 cr or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Fall Even, Spring Odd Year
Nature of political development; individual and institutional causes and consequences of development; political economy of the Third World. prereq: 1050 or 1500 or 8 cr social sciences, 45 cr or instructor consent
SOC 3901 - Social Change and Social Policy
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Periodic Fall & Spring
Social change and maintenance forces as they affect social life. Emphasis on social theory and research along with formation and implementation of social policy leading to both change and maintenance. prereq: 30 cr or instructor consent
SOC 4860 - Environmental Sociology (SUSTAIN)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: 90 cr or grad student or instructor consent
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Spring Odd Year
Examines the relationship between humans and the natural environment, including the role of science, technology, economics, religion, and culture. Emphasis on the social justice implications of environmental issues and contemporary topics, such as global warming and sustainable agriculture and energy. Considers the diverse positions and actions of environmental movements and possible solutions to environmental problems. prereq: 90 cr or grad student or instructor consent
MATH 1160 - Finite Mathematics and Introduction to Calculus (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 5.0 [max 5.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Elementary functions, matrices, graphical and algebraic methods for solving systems of linear equations and inequalities, introduction to linear programming, and abbreviated treatment of calculus with emphasis on business and social science applications. prereq: Math ACT 24 or higher or a grade of at least C- in Math 1005 or department consent; if you have received credit for 1290 or 1296 or 1596, you will not receive credit for Math 1160.
ECON 2030 - Applied Statistics for Business and Economics (LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Prerequisites: minimum 30 credits, LSBE student, pre-business or pre-accounting or Econ BA major or Graphic Design and Marketing major or Econ minor or Accounting minor or Business Admin minor; credit will not be granted if already received for Econ 2020, Stat 1411, Stat 2411, Stat 3611, Soc 3151, Psy 3020
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall, Spring & Summer
Introduction to modern business statistics, emphasizing problem solving through statistical decision making using case studies. Topics include organization and presentation of data, summary statistics, probability theory, distributions, statistical inference including estimation, hypothesis testing, introduction to regression and correlation, introduction to use of computers in statistical analysis. prereq: minimum 30 credits, LSBE student, pre-business or pre-accounting or Econ BA major or Graphic Design and Marketing major or Econ minor or Accounting minor or Business Admin minor; credit will not be granted if already received for Econ 2020, Stat 1411, Stat 2411, Stat 3611, Soc 3151, Psy 3020
ECON 3030 - Econometrics I
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Techniques used in analyzing economic and business data; emphasis on computer methods and research applications. Analysis of variance, qualitative data analysis, modeling, regression, residual and influence analysis, time series. prereq: 1022, 1023, (2030 or Stat 1411 or Stat 2411 or Stat 3611), Math 1160 or Math 1296, Econ major or minor or LSBE candidate
GIS 4585 - Applied Statistics in GIS
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F only
Typically offered: Every Spring
This course provides GIS students, or students in related fields or interested in spatial data analysis, with little to no previous statistical knowledge, with the basic skills needed to question and analyze data and reach valuable conclusions. Methods covered in this course are commonly used in various fields of social or environmental studies, in economy and management, in sciences and engineering: statistics are a linqua franca that is often a key element of interdisciplinary work. However, there will be an emphasis on the specificity of data that varies in space, and methods specific to spatial analysis will be introduced. The class focus more on application that on theory, through a game dynamic. We may use a variety of software, mostly ArcGIS, QGIS and MS Excel. prereq: 3563 and 3564 or 4565, STAT 1411 preferred; credit will not be granted if already received for GEOG 3585 or GIS 3585; no grad credit.
POL 2700 - Methodology and Analysis (LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall
Theory and methods of conducting political research: theory construction, concept formulation, survey research and sampling design, basic statistical analysis, and measurement of relationships.
PSY 3020 - Statistical Methods
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Descriptive statistics; introduction to correlational analysis and regression; sampling techniques and statistical inference; applications of simple and factorial design analysis of variance and other parametric and nonparametric hypothesis-test statistics in the behavioral sciences. prereq: Elem Algebra, Math placement test
SOC 2155 - Introduction to Research Methods and Analysis
Credits: 4.0 [max 4.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Principles/practice of research design, sampling, data collection including field observation/surveys. Data management, analysis, and reporting of quantitative/qualitative data. Ethics/administration in sociological research. Introduction to SPSS statistical software. Lab
STAT 2411 - Statistical Methods (LE CAT2, LOGIC & QR)
Credits: 3.0 [max 3.0]
Grading Basis: A-F or Aud
Typically offered: Every Fall & Spring
Graphical and numerical descriptions of data, elementary probability, sampling distributions, estimations, confidence intervals, one-sample and two-sample t-test. prereq: Math ACT 24 or higher or a grade of at least C- in Math 1005 or higher or department approval