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Duluth Courses

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WOMEN'S STUDIES (WS)
College of Liberal Arts
Women, Gender & Sexuality Studies
 
WS 1000 - Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies (SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY, LE CAT7, LECD CAT07)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Introduction to discipline of Women's Studies - key concept, issues, and debates. Examination of the interaction of gender with class, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, ability, and geographic location; and the way each of these is socialized. Examination of historical and current national and transnational issues as they relate to women and gender, and of the institutions that shape and impact women and gender roles and relations, including academia. Critical analysis skills.



WS 2101 - Women, Race, and Class (SOC SCI, CDIVERSITY, LE CAT8, LECD CAT08)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Racism, sexism, and classism are major factors which have influenced human relations from past to present. This course examines how the social-historical construction of race, class and gender continues to affect the experience of all people in particular people of color. This course seeks to enable students to understand the processes through which these social oppresions are created, normalized, internalized, maintained and perpetuated. A core element to this course is provoking students to recognize their own contribution in perpetuating oppressive systems, and their responsibility creatively to develop individual and collective acts of resistance to all of the "isms" and to societal transformation towards the just society.



WS 3000 - Transnational Perspectives on Feminism (SOC SCI, GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Examination of feminist movements worldwide. Focuses on feminist theories and research, and feminist non-governmental organization in a transnational perspective, and specifically on the effects of and resistance to such realities as racism, neo-colonialism, nationalism, imperialism, militarization, globalization, poverty, war, reproductive control, and violence against women in its many manifestations.



WS 3001 - Gender Relations in the Global South (GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Using comparative historical, political, socioeconomic and feminist perspectives this course critically examines how factors such as colonialism, imperialism, and globalization continue to impact, construct, and reconstruct gender relations in postcolonial cultures with adverse consequences for women in Third World countries. It also examines how condition in Third World countries are shaped by global economic systems, which lead to massive migrations of Third World women into the United States. It critically evaluate the concepts of universal subordination, particularly, a consciousness which categories women in the Global South as "overall victims," the other, or exotic.



WS 3002 - Latin American Women: Culture and Politics
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Examination of contemporary economic and socio-political issues affecting Latin American women.



WS 3100 - Feminist Thought (HUMANITIES, CDIVERSITY)
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101, 45 cr or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Examination and analysis of central ideas and concepts within diverse feminist theories - liberal, socialist, radical, multicultural, postcolonial, ecofeminist, lesbian, maternalist, and others - historical and contemporary. Theoretical debates surrounding issues of the bases of women's liberation and oppression; the nature and construction of gender, sexuality, and the body; feminist epistemologies; and ethical issues within feminism.



WS 3150 - Women-Identified Culture (CDIVERSITY)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Chronological survey introducing a relatively new body of knowledge in women's studies about lesbian cultures. Lesbian studies in literature, history, law, sociology, aesthetics, and philosophy; international perspectives.



WS 3200 - Women's Autobiographies (GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Women's self-concepts as expressed in autobiographical writings. Meanings women give their lives as women; impact of race and class; choices for artistic, political, intellectual, and/or private lives. Autobiographical techniques and style.



WS 3250 - Women, Peace and War (GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or 3750 or 3775 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Feminist analysis of war and peace; debates regarding the gendered nature of war and peace; analysis of the interrelationships of patriarchy, masculinity, and miltarism. Women's role in warfare as soliders, mothers, wives, munitions makers, etc/. and effects of war on women including disease, displacement, rape, trafficking and prostitution, etc. Feminism, and peace. Feminist peace activism and peacemaking efforts.



WS 3300 - Women and Spirituality (HUMANITIES, CDIVERSITY)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or 3150 or 3200 or 3400 or 3750 or 3775; instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Issues of spirituality, particularly as they relate to women, bus inclusive of all genders. Examination of the impact of gender on spirituality, as well as the nature of women's diverse spiritual experiences, practices, and paths. non-sectarian, though inclusive of multicultural religious traditions, goddess, Jungian, and earth-based perspectives. The course includes conceptual and textual analyses, as well experiential learning and practices.



WS 3301 - Women and Religion (GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or 3150 or 3200 or 3400 or 3750 or 3775 or instructor consent; A-F only, fall, offered periodically)
Examination of women's roles and experiences within a variety of religions in the world; religious and theological doctrine as it applies to women and the construction of gender roles; examination of various religions as patriarchal institutions that create gender oppression, as well as sources of meaning and liberation in women's lives.



WS 3350 - Women and the Law (CDIVERSITY)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Examination of how U.S. laws have and continue to affect women's and men's lives on the basis of gender, with particular attention to its impact on women. Examination of current legal issues, including gender equity in education and employment, marriage and family relationship,s violence against women, and reproductive issues. Feminist jurisprudence, evaluation, and analysis of the laws from various feminist perspectives.



WS 3400 - Women and Film (GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, offered periodically)
American and foreign films screened, analyzed, and reviewed from a feminist perspective. Role of women in history, economics, and politics of filmmaking.



WS 3450 - Motherhood and Mothering: Institution and Experience
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or instructor consent; A-F only, spring, offered periodically)
An examination of the institution, experience, and practices of motherhood and mothering, including the social, legal, medical, cultural, and economic factors shaping motherhood in the U.S. and elsewhere, and feminist analyses of the experience and practice of mothering across cultures.



WS 3595 - Special Topics: (Various Titles to be Assigned)
(1.0 - 4.0 cr [max 9.0 cr]; Prereq-1000 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics that fall outside current women's studies courses. Topic announced before course offered.



WS 3600 - Ecofeminism: Theories and Sustainable Practices (SUSTAIN)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
In-depth study of ecofeminist theories that explore the interlocking oppressions of women, the earth/nature/other animals, and colonized Others. Scientific, economic, religious, philosophical issues examined. Applied ecofeminist analysis of individual, local, regional, national and transnational ethical, social and environmental issues, such as food and farming, animals, toxins, birthing and reproductive technologies, water quality, and privatization, etc.



WS 3700 - Women and Love
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Feminist analysis of the role of love in women's lives, the interrelation of love, sex, freedom, power and gender. Examination of forces that shape love including advertising, mass media, literature, music, poetry, philosophy and cinema. Analysis of love including perspectives of ethnicity, class, age, and disability.



WS 3750 - Voices of African Women (GLOBAL PER)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
This course critically examines African women's daily-lived experiences. It explores the impact of global, historic, economic, and political forces, such as colonialism, neocolonialism, and current globalization impacts on their lives. This course studies the challenges of universalizing Western feminism, as a panacea to Africa women's problems. Using African eyes through African voices in texts, novels films photograph and living history, African women will be studies as knowing subject, social actors, and change agents but not as universal victims. Differences between women on the basis of class, ethnicity, religion, age sexuality, rural/urban residence, levels of education and marital status will be examined. The course will explore the rich diversity of African cultures, peoples, and natural resources. It will answer such important question as Why are African women portrayed as the poorest of the poor, victims of their cultures, traditions and African male sexism?



WS 3775 - Gender, Globalization and Food (SUSTAIN)
(3.0 cr; spring, offered periodically)
This course offers a critical feminist examination of the impact of globalization and economic restructuring on the tangled roots and route of women's work in the food chain in both the First World and Global South. The course also offers firsthand experiences by visiting origins of food, small and large-scale farms, community gardens, organic food stores and large corporate food chain stores as well as preparing meals from ingredients that students select based on tastes and affordability. Additionally, the course brings globalization to our doorsteps through meals that students prepare and serve by answering the question What is on your plate for dinner, lunch, or breakfast, and from what countries and whose labor? Finally, the course offers in-depth analysis of the processes through which current corporate industrial mega farms lead to hunger and water famine, environmental degradation and poor health, not only the Third World but also in the First World.



WS 3800 - Feminist Activism and Community Organizing
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1000 or 2101; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
In-dept exploration of feminist activism from practical, scholarly and historical perspectives. Integration of theory and practice on local, national and international levels. History of feminist movement, and skills, strategies, and resources for effective feminist community organizing. Understand and participate in coalition building, nonviolent communication, cross-cultural dialogue, public policy process, feminist leadership skills. Field work component.



WS 3891 - Independent Study
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-1000 or 2101, instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Directed readings, research, and/or projects on topics of interest to the student not covered in regular course offerings. Students contract with an individual faculty member.



WS 3896 - International Fieldwork in Women's Studies
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-1000 or 2101 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, offered periodically)
Travel abroad with an instructor. Live with local families and learn about local women's lives through field work involving community visits, presentations by grassroots women, community-service work, reading, and follow-up writing and discussion. Repeatable once, in two different geographical areas.



WS 3897 - Internship
(1.0 - 9.0 cr [max 9.0 cr]; Prereq-1000, 2101, 3100, 15 cr WS or WS-related courses, WS major or minor, 53 cr, instructor consent; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Work in public agency, private organization, or service agency offering practical application of women's studies theories and/or experience not available in classroom. Students must contract with an individual faculty members and with a site supervisor, set goals, fulfill requirements for credit earned, and submit written and oral evaluations of experience. Consult the Women's Studies website and internship Moodle site for information on local agencies and internship requirements and forms.



WS 4000 - Seminar
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1000, 2101, 3100, 15 cr WS or WS-related courses, WS major or minor, or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Senior capstone project, as well as examination and application of feminist inquiry and research methodologies. Seminar topic varies, to be determined by students in seminar and/or instructor.



WS 5595 - Special Topics: (Various Titles to Be Assigned)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1000, 2101, 3100, 90 cr or grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Advanced study. Topic announced before course offered.



WS 5897 - Teaching Internship in Women's Studies
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-1000, 2101, 90cr, WS major, instructor consent; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Practical experience assisting in teaching in Department of Women's Studies. Before interning for a course, students must obtain a grade of at least B+ in the course.



WS 5991 - Independent Study
(1.0 - 4.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-1000, 3100, 15 cr WS or WS related courses or grad student, instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Readings, research, and/or projects on topics of interest to graduate students concerning women and women's issues.



 
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