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Twin Cities Courses

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MUSIC (MUS)
College of Liberal Arts
School of Music
 
MUS 440 - Chamber Ensemble Registration
(0.0 cr; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Registration mechanism for chamber ensembles.



MUS 901 - Junior Recital
(0.0 cr; Prereq-Music major, & applied music, #, %; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Preparation for junior recital. Student will be supervised by major applied instructor.



MUS 951 - Senior Recital
(0.0 cr; Prereq-Music major, & applied music, #, %; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Preparation for senior recital. Student will be supervised by major applied instructor.



MUS 1001 - Fundamentals of Music
(3.0 cr; Prereq-For non-music majors; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Study of music notation and fundamental concepts underlying musical structure. Intervals, clefs, chords, scales, cadences, harmonic analysis; rhythm and meter. Emphasis on active participation: playing the piano, singing, clapping rhythms, aural perception. Weekly lab assignments in vocal and piano performance.



MUS 1013 - Rock I: The Historical Origins and Development of Rock Music to 1970 (AH, DSJ)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, summer, every year)
Musical, cultural, historical, social, and political evolution of rock music, from its traceable antecedents in mid-19th century America through the early 1970s. Emphazes manner in which African, European, and other ethnic traditions combined in a uniquely American manner.



MUS 1014 - Rock II: Rock Music from 1970 to the Present (DSJ, AH)
(3.0 cr; spring, every year)
Musical, cultural, and historical evolution of rock music and related pop forms. Progressive rock, punk, disco, new wave, MTV, heavy metal, hip-hop, grunge, turntable-based styles, women in rock.



MUS 1015 - Music and Movies: The Use and Representation of Music and Musicians in Film in a Global Context
(4.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Film from perspectives of its use/representation of music/musicians. How does music underscore nuances of action, characterization, and feeling in film? Roles of music in film musicals, rock, and other vernacular films. Films about musical life. Films whose structure is musically based.



MUS 1021 - Introduction to Music (AH)
(3.0 cr; =[MUS 3021]; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Survey of European/American "art," "popular" music in context of those cultures. Aural analyses of musical styles/forms.



MUS 1051 - Class Piano for Nonmusic Majors I
(2.0 cr; OPT No Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
For nonmusic majors with little or no keyboard background. Functional skills such as reading, harmonizing, playing by ear and improvising, along with basic technique and study of elementary solo and ensemble repertoire.



MUS 1052 - Class Piano for Non Music Majors II
(2.0 cr; OPT No Aud, fall, spring, every year)
For nonmusic majors with little or no keyboard background. Functional skills such as reading, harmonizing, playing by ear and improvising, along with basic technique and study of elementary solo and ensemble repertoire.



MUS 1151 - Piano: Class Lessons I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Music major, #; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Functional skills such as reading, transposing, harmonizing, improvising, and playing by ear. Keyboard theory, technique, and repertoire.



MUS 1152 - Piano: Class Lessons II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Functional skills such as reading, transposing, harmonizing, improvising, and playing by ear. Keyboard theory, technique, and repertoire.



MUS 1155 - Keyboard Skills I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Keyboard major or music major with extensive keyboard background or #; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Reading, transposing, harmonizing, improvising, playing by ear. Keyboard theory, technique, music learning skills.



MUS 1260 - Voice Class
(2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-Basic musicianship for learning and performing simple songs; fall, spring, every year)
The fundamentals of speech and singing including information about the vocal instrument, the vocal process, vocal technique, and how to learn and perform three simple songs.



MUS 1471 - Guitar: Class Lessons I
(2.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Fundamentals for the beginning guitarist; progressive development of skills. Basic strumming techniques, harmonizations in basic keys. Students must furnish acoustic guitar.



MUS 1472 - Guitar: Class Lessons II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-1471 or #; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Fundamentals for the beginning guitarist; progressive development of skills. Advanced strumming techniques, bass runs, finger-picking strums. Students must furnish acoustic guitar.



MUS 1501 - Theory and Analysis of Tonal Music I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-%; A-F or Aud, fall, summer, every year)
Common-practice tonal harmony, part-writing, music analysis in various contexts.



MUS 1502 - Theory and Analysis of Tonal Music II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-[1501, 1511 with grade of at least C-] or diagnostic test administered by School of Music; A-F or Aud, spring, summer, every year)
Develop basic music vocabulary. Chromatic harmonic, contrapuntal/voice leading principles in common-practice music (Corelli to Brahms). Analyze chromatic progressions/contrapuntal functions in variety of textures/styles. Proficiency in keyboard skills.



MUS 1511 - Ear-Training and Sight-Singing I
(1.0 cr; Prereq-%; A-F or Aud, fall, summer, every year)
Introduction to foundations of ear-training/sight-singing.



MUS 1512 - Ear-Training and Sight-Singing II
(1.0 cr; Prereq-[1501, 1511 with grade of at least C-] or diagnostic exam administered by School of Music], [music major or #]; A-F or Aud, spring, summer, every year)
Develop basic music vocabulary. Chromatic harmonic, contrapuntal/voice leading principles in common-practice music (Corelli to Brahms). Analyze chromatic progressions, rhythms, melodies, contrapuntal functions. Proficiency in keyboard skills.



MUS 1801W - Music, Society, and Cultures (AH, GP, WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[Music major or #], permission number; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Study rural, urban, tribal musics throughout world with interdisciplinary methods of humanities/social sciences. World-wide distribution of musical creativity with audio/video documentation.



MUS 1804 - World Music (AH, GP)
(3.0 cr; spring, every year)
Musical practice/meaning around the world and in our backyard. World music styles/perspectives in cultural context. Lectures, in-class music making, guest artists, videos, listening.



MUS 1902 - Topics: Freshman Seminar
(3.0 cr; Prereq-freshman; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 1904 - Freshman Seminar
(3.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-Fr; A-F only, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics vary.



MUS 1905 - Topics: Freshman Seminar
(3.0 cr; Prereq-freshman; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 1907W - Topics: Freshman Seminar (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-freshman; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 1908W - Topics: Freshman Seminar (CIV, WI)
(3.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-Fr; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 1909W - Topics: Freshman Seminar (GP, WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Fr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 1910W - Topics: Freshman Seminar (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-freshman; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 3021 - Introduction to Music (AH)
(3.0 cr; =[MUS 1021]; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Survey of European and American .art. and .popular. music in the context of those cultures; aural analyses of musical styles and forms.



MUS 3029 - American Music Cultures (AH, DSJ)
(3.0 cr; fall, every year)
Explore folk, country, gospel, blues, polka, klezmer, powwow, mariachi, and salsa to understand the ways in which ethnic identities coalesce and find expression in sound. Music cultures of nationally prominent European-, African-, Asian-, and Latin-American ethnic groups, and local communities in the Twin Cities metropolitan area.



MUS 3045 - The Avant-Garde
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Introduction to recent music. Composers of the American musical avant-garde, ca. 1950-1970, including John Cage and Pauline Oliveros, in their sonic/social contexts. Non-Western culture's recent effect on music. Reading, listening, journal writing, original composition, performance.



MUS 3200 - Campus Singers
(2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Campus Singers is a non-auditioned ensemble and open to all members of the University community, including students, faculty, staff, and alumni. The Campus Singers sing diverse repertoire from various periods/cultures.



MUS 3230 - Chorus
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; Prereq-Choral and/or instrumental music background, audition, #; fall, spring, every year)
Includes the University Women's Chorus, Men's Chorus, Concert Choir, and Choral Union. Choirs participate in a variety of programs exploring both Western and non-Western repertoire from the Middle Ages through the 20th century. Concerts include touring, and collaborative campus and community performances.



MUS 3241 - Vocal Literature (German Lieder) and Pedagogy
(1.0 cr; Prereq-[Vocal performance or accompanying major], 2 yrs music theory/history; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
German Lied: its origins, composers, and development. Musical/textual analysis of representative works. Poetry that serves as song text. Poets in German Romantic period. Topics/issues associated with voice in speech/singing. Vocal anatomy/physiology, process/methods/techniques, care. Listening assignments.



MUS 3242 - Vocal Literature (French Melodie) and Pedagogy
(1.0 cr; Prereq-[Vocal music or accompanying major], 2 yrs of music theory/history; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
French Mélodie: its origins, composers, and development. Musical/textual analysis of representative works. Poetry that serves as song text. French symbolist poets. Listening assignments.



MUS 3261 - Italian Diction for Singers
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Voice or choral music major, & applied voice; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
The sounds and symbols of the International Phonetic Alphabet, rules for correct Italian lyric diction, rudimentary Italian grammar, the meanings of Italian musical expressive markings, and Italian words most commonly found in song texts.



MUS 3262 - English Diction for Singers
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Voice or choral music major, & applied voice; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
English lyric diction for performance of classical vocal music. Use International Phonetic Alphabet for standard transcriptions of song texts, compile a discography of British/American art songs, perform songs in class, and prepare poetry for oral presentation and improvisation.



MUS 3263 - German Diction for Singers
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Voice or choral music major, & applied voice; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Principles and practice of German lyric diction for classical vocal music. Transcriptions of German Lieder into International Phonetic Alphabet, elementary German grammar and common song vocabulary, 4 to 5 German songs performed in class for critique, and rules for pronunciation.



MUS 3264 - French Diction for Singers
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Voice or choral music major, concurrent enroll in applied voice; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Principles and practice of French lyric diction for classical vocal music. Transcriptions of French mélodie into International Phonetic Alphabet, elementary French grammar and common song vocabulary, 4 to 5 French songs performed in class for critique, and rules for pronunciation.



MUS 3331 - Jazz Improvisation I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Music major or #; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Rudiments; analysis; improvisation on blues in three major keys and standard American popular jazz compositions from swing era to early bebop; applications of major and minor scales; ear training.



MUS 3340 - Jazz Ensemble
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-Audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
A 20-member performing organization covering significant jazz compositions and arrangements written specifically for this medium.



MUS 3350 - Jazz Combo
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-Audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
A performance laboratory class with emphasis on improvisation and learning the jazz vocabulary. A minimum of two public performances is required each semester.



MUS 3380 - Gospel Choir
(2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; A-F only, fall, spring, every year)
Performance ensemble. Students explore history of gospel music through experiential/participatory songs. Field songs, songs of struggle. Southern, traditional, and contemporary songs.



MUS 3400 - University and Campus Bands
(2.0 cr [max 20.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Lab course.



MUS 3401 - Basic Conducting
(2.0 cr; Prereq-1502, music major; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Beginning course in basic conducting techniques and role of the conductor.



MUS 3410 - University Wind Bands
(1.0 cr [max 14.0 cr]; Prereq-Audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Wind ensemble and symphony bands perform standard and contemporary literature; concerts and tour appearances. Players from all colleges may participate.



MUS 3420 - Orchestra
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-Audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Symphony orchestra performs standard repertory and major works with chorus; concerts and tour appearances. Players from all colleges may participate.



MUS 3430 - Campus Orchestra
(2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; Prereq-Non-music major or unable to register for University Orchestra; fall, spring, every year)
Orchestra for players who are not music majors or are unable to register for University Orchestra. Standard chamber/string orchestra literature rehearsed/performed.



MUS 3440 - Chamber Ensemble
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Performance of chamber music; duos, trios, quartets, quintets, and other ensemble combinations for instruments and voices.



MUS 3480 - Marching Band
(2.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
A 250-member performing organization open to players from all colleges. Performs at University football games and other athletic functions.



MUS 3490 - Athletics Bands
(1.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Athletics bands for men's hockey, men's basketball, and women's sports.



MUS 3501 - Theory and Analysis of Tonal Music III
(2.0 cr; Prereq-[[1501, 1502, 1511, 1512] with grade of at least C-] or diagnostic test administered by School of Music; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Harmony and voice-leading. Diatonic and basic chromatic chords. Form. Analysis of music from 18th/19th centuries.



MUS 3502 - Theory and Analysis of Tonal Music IV
(2.0 cr; Prereq-[[3501, 3511] with grade of at least C-] or diagnostic test administered by School of Music; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Harmony and voice-leading. Chromatic tonal practices. Form, including sonata, rondo, variations, and other standard categories of tonal composition. Analysis of music from 18th/19th centuries.



MUS 3506 - Theory and Analysis of American Popular Music
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[3501, 3511] with a grade of C- or better; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Analysis of popular songs, primarily those within the Anglo-American tradition, with the strongest focus on the United States. Musical details, techniques, and forms pertaining to popular songs. Larger interpretive, historical, and sociological questions in the context of analyzing specific songs and recordings.



MUS 3508 - Review of Tonal Theory
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Theory placement exam; fall, every year)
Fast-paced review of 1501, 1502, and 3501. Focuses on diatonic and basic chromatic procedures, part-writing, and analysis.



MUS 3509 - Review of Tonal Theory IV
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Grad music student or #; fall, every year)
Remedial course. Harmony, voice-leading. Chromatic tonal practices. Form, including sonata, rondo, variations, and other standard categories of tonal composition. Analysis of music from 18th/19th centuries.



MUS 3511 - Ear-Training and Sight-Singing III
(1.0 cr; Prereq-[[1501, 1511] with grade of at least C-] or diagnostic test administered by School of Music], [music major or #]; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic dictation. Sight-singing. Clef reading. Emphasizes chromatic harmony.



MUS 3512 - Ear-Training and Sight-Singing IV
(1.0 cr; Prereq-[[3501, 3511] with a grade of at least C- or diagnostic exam administered by School of Music], [music major or #]; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic dictation. Sight-singing. Clef reading. Emphasizes chromatic harmony.



MUS 3518 - Review of Ear-Training and Sight-Singing
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Theory Placement Exam; fall, every year)
Fast-paced review of 1502 and 3501 focusing on diatonic and basic chromatic procedures. Emphasis on melodic and harmonic dictation. Individual sight-singing auditions.



MUS 3519 - Review of Ear-Training and Sight-Singing
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; fall, spring, every year)
Remedial course. Fast-paced review of 3502. Focuses on diatonic/basic chromatic procedures. Emphasizes melodic/harmonic dictation. Individual sight-singing auditions.



MUS 3601W - History of Western Music I (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-%; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
History of European art-music tradition, its social contexts from antiquity to 1700: composers, styles, structures, social institutions.



MUS 3602W - History of Western Music II (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1502, 3601, music major, #; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
History of European art-music tradition, its social contexts, from 1700 to 1850. Composers, styles, structures, social institutions.



MUS 3603W - History of Western Music III (WI)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[[3501 3511, 3602] with a grade of at least C-, music major] or #; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
History of European/American art, popular music traditions, from 1850 to present. Composers, styles, structures, social institutions.



MUS 3950 - Topics in Music
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 15.0 cr]; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Each offering focuses on a single topic. Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 3950H - Topics in Music: Honors
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Honors; fall, spring, every year)
Focuses on a single topic. Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 3993 - Directed Studies
(1.0 - 4.0 cr [max 10.0 cr]; Prereq-#, %, @; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Guided individual reading or study.



MUS 3995 - Major Project
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Undergrad music major in B.A. program, #, %; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Required of music majors in senior year of the B.A. program. Research paper on topic of student's choice in consultation with faculty mentor. Sign up in Undergraduate Studies office one term in advance.



MUS 4502 - 18th-Century Counterpoint
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[3501, 3508] or pass basic skills exam; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Harmony and voice-leading. Advanced chromatic practices. Analysis of music from late 19th/early 20th centuries. Ear-training, sight-singing.



MUS 4504 - Intensive Theory and Analysis of 20th-Century Music
(2.0 cr; Prereq-[3502, 3512] or #; A-F or Aud, fall, summer, every year)
Theory/analysis of art music in various styles developed in 20th century.



MUS 4505 - Jazz Theory
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[3501, 3511] with grades of at least C-; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Beginning through advanced techniques for chord construction. Extended chords. Nomenclature in jazz idiom.



MUS 4514 - Ear-Training and Sight-Singing for 20th-Century Music
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Completion of [3502, 3512] with grade of at least C-; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Developing aural skills relevant to 20th-century Western art musics. Focuses on pitch relations, rhythmic techniques, form, and to a lesser degree, timbre and texture.



MUS 4950 - Topics in Music
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 15.0 cr]; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Each offering focuses on a single topic. Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 5101 - Piano Pedagogy I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-8 cr in MusA 1301 or MusA 1401 or #)
Demonstration and discussion of teaching techniques, methods, and materials for group and individual instruction at the elementary, early intermediate, and late intermediate levels.



MUS 5102 - Piano Pedagogy II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-8 cr in MusA 1301 or MusA 1401 or #)
Demonstration and discussion of teaching techniques, methods, and materials for group and individual instruction at the elementary, early intermediate, and late intermediate levels.



MUS 5150 - Body Awareness in Activity: The Alexander Technique for Musicians
(2.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Alexander technique with specific applications to music performance. Emphasis on body/mind awareness to promote technical ease and freedom.



MUS 5151 - Organ Literature I
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502, 3603, sr or grad or #; A-F or Aud)
Organ literature from the 14th century to the mid-18th century. Influence of organ design of various periods and national schools on the literature and its performance.



MUS 5152 - Organ Literature II
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502, 3603, sr or grad or #; A-F or Aud)
Organ literature of J. S. Bach and of other 19th- and 20th-century composers. Influence of organ design of various periods and national schools on the literature and its performance.



MUS 5160 - Instrumental Accompanying Skills and Repertoire
(2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-Accomp major; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Performance class in accompanying skills particular to orchestral reductions and non-sonata instrumental accompanying. Repertoire to include, but not be limited to, classical and romantic string concerti, and "encore" pieces.



MUS 5181 - Advanced Piano Literature I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-grad piano major or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, even academic years)
Literature for piano from late Baroque period to mid-20th century.



MUS 5182 - Advanced Piano Literature II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-grad piano major or #; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Literature for piano from late Baroque period to mid-20th century.



MUS 5230 - Chorus
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; Prereq-Choral and/or instrumental music background; audition, #; fall, spring, every year)
University Women's Chorus, Men's Chorus, Concert Choir and Choral Union. Choirs participate in a variety of programs exploring both Western and non-Western repertoire from the Middle Ages through the 20th century. Concerts include touring, and collaborative campus and community performances.



MUS 5240 - University Singers
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-Audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Mixed chorus with members of former chamber singers and concert choir. Programs exploring Western/non-Western repertoire from Middle Ages through 20th century. Concerts include touring and collaborative campus/community performances.



MUS 5241 - Vocal Literature I
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[12 cr in MusA 1304, grad music student] or #; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Vocal literature of major/minor composers from 17th century to present. Structure, style, performance practice.



MUS 5242 - Vocal Literature II
(3.0 cr; Prereq-12 cr in MusA 1104 or MusA 1304, grad music major or #; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Vocal literature of major and minor composers from 17th century to present; structure, style, and performance practice.



MUS 5250 - Opera Workshop and Ensemble
(2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Preparation and performance of operatic arias, choruses, and scenes. Participation in fully staged or workshop productions of music theatre repertoire.



MUS 5271 - Diction for Singers I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-12 cr MusA 1304 or grad music major or #; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Principles and techniques of singing in English, Italian, Spanish, German, and French. International Phonetic Association alphabet used.



MUS 5272 - Diction for Singers II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-12 cr MusA 1304 or grad music major or #; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Principles and techniques of singing in English, Italian, Spanish, German, and French. International Phonetic Association alphabet used.



MUS 5275 - Vocal Pedagogy I
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Sr vocal major or #; spring, every year)
Advanced study of mind/body preparations for singing, anatomy, and physiology of the vocal mechanism. Voice use and care, historical and comparative pedagogy, learning theories, models and guidelines for teaching, instructional techniques, and diagnosing and solving vocal problems.



MUS 5276 - Vocal Pedagogy II
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Sr vocal major or #; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
History of solo vocal performance; selection and preparation of beginning level solo vocal repertoire; development of vocal performance skills (interpretation, expression, artistry), recital programming, and vocal career counseling.



MUS 5280 - Opera Theatre
(2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Preparation and performance of fully-staged operatic production. Major involvement in singing, acting, and technical aspects of opera.



MUS 5331 - Jazz Improvisation I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Music major or #; A-F or Aud, summer, offered periodically)
Rudiments, analysis. Improvisation on blues in three major keys and on standard American popular jazz compositions from swing era to early bebop. Applications of major/minor scales. Ear training.



MUS 5333 - Post-tonal Theory and Analysis II
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[4504 with a C- or better] or equiv diagnostic test; A-F only, spring, odd academic years)
Art music composed since 1945. Develop skills in analyzing and interpreting this literature.



MUS 5336 - Jazz Arranging
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502 or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Beginning techniques of arranging for jazz combo and jazz ensemble; vocal and instrumental.



MUS 5340 - Jazz Ensemble
(1.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
A 20-member performing organization covering significant jazz compositions and arrangements written specifically for this medium.



MUS 5380 - Gospel Choir
(1.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; A-F only, fall, offered periodically)
Performance ensemble. Students explore history of gospel music through experiential/participatory songs. Field songs, songs of struggle. Southern, traditional, and contemporary songs.



MUS 5400 - University and Campus Bands
(1.0 cr [max 10.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Lab course.



MUS 5410 - University Wind Bands
(1.0 cr [max 14.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Wind ensemble and symphony bands perform standard and contemporary literature; concerts and tour appearances. Players from all colleges may participate.



MUS 5420 - Orchestra
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Symphony orchestra performs standard repertory and major works with chorus; concerts and tour appearances. Players from all colleges may participate.



MUS 5423 - Suzuki Pedagogy Practicum
(1.0 cr [max 2.0 cr]; Prereq-[(& 5424 or & 5425), grad music student] or #, grad consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Supervised teaching of both individual and group lessons. Instructor provides periodic critiques from observation of live or videotaped lessons.



MUS 5427 - Violin Pedagogy I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Violin or viola major or #; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Private teaching of violin students at beginning, intermediate, and advanced levels. Discussion and demonstrations of pedagogical techniques.



MUS 5430 - Contemporary Music Workshop
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Generation/performance of new chamber works set within context to situate musical works within dynamic field of historical, philosophical, and expressive import.



MUS 5440 - Chamber Ensemble
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Performance of chamber music; duos, trios, quartets, quintets, and other ensemble combinations for instruments and/or voices.



MUS 5450 - Orchestral Repertoire
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 9.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Investigation of practical and performance problems in standard orchestral repertoire with regard to style and interpretation.



MUS 5460 - World Music Ensemble
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 16.0 cr]; fall, spring, every year)
Afro-Brazilian/Afro-Caribbean popular repertories. Samba, bossa nova, salsa, merengue, mambo. Planned master classes/clinics with local artists to complement regularly scheduled rehearsals/performances. No audition required.



MUS 5464 - Cello Pedagogy
(2.0 cr; A-F or Aud)
Concentrated study of cello teaching methods. Provides students with the strategies for teaching cello privately, develops analytical skills, and increases knowledge of cello repertoire. For practical application in conjunction with string technique course.



MUS 5471 - Woodwind Literature and Pedagogy I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Music major or #; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
A study of the major teaching materials for the five woodwind instruments including methods, duets, and solos used primarily for pedagogical reasons.



MUS 5472 - Woodwind Literature and Pedagogy II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Music major or #; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
A study of chamber music involving one or more woodwind instruments. May include additional instruments such as piano, strings, and/or voice.



MUS 5480 - University Brass Choir
(1.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-audition, #; fall, spring, every year)
The University Brass Choir is an ensemble of 16 brass and percussion players exploring unique literature that spans 400 years. From the rich antiphonal music of Giovanni Gabrieli (1557-1612) to the works of the 20th century. The Brass Choir performs in Twin Cities churches and concert halls.



MUS 5481 - Trumpet Pedagogy
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Sr or grad in music or #; fall, spring, odd academic years)
Principles of trumpet pedagogy. Discussion of literature, history, and current teaching aids.



MUS 5485 - Transcription for Winds
(2.0 cr; Prereq-3502 or #; fall, offered periodically)
Principles of music manuscript and examination of transcription examples. Transcription projects with score and parts. Smaller projects that involve arrangements and original compositions.



MUS 5490 - Percussion Ensemble
(1.0 cr [max 10.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Practice and performance of standard and contemporary compositions for percussion instruments in various combinations.



MUS 5491 - Percussion Literature I
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Jr or sr or grad or #; A-F or Aud)
Repertoire derived from orchestral and band literature for snare drum, timpani, mallet instruments, and various percussion accessories. Major works of the 20th century written for solo percussion, percussion ensemble, and chamber groups of percussion and non-percussion instruments.



MUS 5492 - Percussion Literature II
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Jr or sr or grad or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Repertoire derived from orchestral and band literature for snare drum, timpani, mallet instruments, and various percussion accessories. Major works of the 20th century written for solo percussion, percussion ensemble, and chamber groups of percussion and non-percussion instruments.



MUS 5533 - Music Since 1945
(3.0 cr; Prereq-4504, #; A-F only, spring, offered periodically)
Art music composed since 1945. Skills in analyzing and interpreting this literature.



MUS 5541 - 16th-Century Counterpoint
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[3501, 3508] or pass basic skills exam; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Polyphonic counterpoint in modal style of Renaissance. Writing exercises in species counterpoint and in two, three, and four parts. Cantus firmus techniques, mixed values, invertible counterpoint, canon. Representative works by Josquin, Lassus, Palestrina, Victoria, and others. Renaissance treatises by Artusi, Banchieri, Diruta, Morley, Zarlino, and others.



MUS 5550 - Class Composition
(2.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-[4504, 4514 [with C- or better]] or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Original works in various forms. Development of individual compositional style in a post-tonal idiom. Various forms, performing forces, techniques.



MUS 5561 - Orchestration I
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Scoring techniques for ensembles in combination and full orchestra; year-long sequence. Score study of representative works from 18th through 20th centuries.



MUS 5562 - Orchestration II
(3.0 cr; Prereq-5561; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Scoring techniques for ensembles in combination and full orchestra; year-long sequence. Score study of representative works from 18th through 20th centuries.



MUS 5571 - Schenkerian Analysis for Performers
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502; A-F or Aud, fall, summer, offered periodically)
Theory/analysis of tonal music using principles developed by Henrich Schenker. Basic concepts/notation, their application to excerpts/short pieces from 18th/19th centuries.



MUS 5573 - Analysis of Late-Romantic Orchestral Literature
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502 or Theory IV Exam or #; [4504 or equiv] recommended; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Advanced tonal analysis. Dramatic orchestral music by Wagner, Strauss, Tchaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Moussorgsky, and Rachmaninoff as focus for projects/discussions related to chromatic harmony, form, and orchestration.



MUS 5574 - Wagner's Ring: Conception, Coherence, Consequence
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3502 or equiv; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Enrich process of listening to Wagner's Ring by providing analytic insight into Wagner's compositional technique and the dramatic, tonal, and motivic structure of the work. Analytic approach broadened with a number of interdisciplinary forays.



MUS 5591 - Introduction to Music Information Technology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Music grad student or #; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Principles of acoustics, electronic sound generation/manipulation, digital signal processing techniques. Programming languages for digital sound synthesis. Editing software, MIDI applications.



MUS 5592 - Music Informatics Seminar
(3.0 cr; Prereq-5591 or #; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Filtering, formant synthesis, reverberation techniques, additive synthesis. Interactive MIDI applications.



MUS 5597 - Music and Text
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Designed for music majors only. Introduction to analysis of music with texts. Song/opera.



MUS 5611 - Resources for Music Research
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3603; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Development of skills in identifying, locating, and evaluating resources for research in music. Computer-searching techniques, acquaintance with basic reference sources in the field, preparation of the music research paper.



MUS 5620 - Topics in Opera History
(3.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-grad music major or #; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
Study of specific operas. Development of opera in context of other artistic, social, cultural, and political events, movements, and changes. Periods/countries vary each semester.



MUS 5621 - Baroque Music and Its Contexts
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F only, fall, offered periodically)
Genres, styles, and contexts of music composed in Western Europe between 1600 and 1750. Emphasizes works typically not covered in undergraduate music history classes. Individual works as representative of larger aesthetic, social, political, and theological issues.



MUS 5624 - Music of J. S. Bach
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Issues of musical style, historical context. Moves chronologically through Bach?s career. Relationships between his duties and works he composed. Genesis, function, relationship of a work to genre and performing forces. Lectures, presentations, research/analysis assignments.



MUS 5647 - 20th-Century European/American Music
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3603 or equiv, 5501 or equiv, 12 undergrad cr in music history; spring, offered periodically)
Emphasizes major artistic movements, stylistic turning points, social roles of music. Interactions between high art, popular, ethnic musics; contributions of men and woman as composers and performers.



MUS 5658 - History of the Symphony in the 20th Century
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3603, 5501 or #; A-F or Aud)
History of symphony (and related genres) in Europe and America, ca. 1890 to present. Changing aesthetic concerns, structural, harmonic, and timbral innovations. Sociocultural contexts; analysis and criticism.



MUS 5668 - Beethoven's Symphonies
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3603, #; A-F or Aud)
Analytical overview of selected movements from Beethoven's 9 symphonies. Principles of sonata analysis (norm and deformation); introduction to wider contexts of interpretation and understanding (generic, expressive, social).



MUS 5701 - Music, Disability, and Society
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F only, spring, odd academic years)
Study of intersection of music/disability in culture from perspective of interdisciplinary disability studies. Musician's injuries, "adaptive music" accommodations, participation in music/music education as human/civil right. Universal Instructional Design pedagogy.
Effective: Spring 2015


MUS 5732 - Free Jazz: From Structure to Gesture
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F only, spring, even academic years)
Discuss musical form of free jazz comprising flow expressivity, collaborative interaction, gestural communication from theoretical/practical point of view. Major representatives such as Ornette Coleman, Cecil Taylor, Archie Shepp, The Art Ensemble of Chicago, John Coltrane. Sound material include classical recordings but also recent free jazz CDs/DVDs.
Effective: Spring 2015


MUS 5804 - Folk and Traditional Musics: Selected Cultures of the World
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1801 or 1804 or music grad or #; A-F or Aud)
A study of selected music traditions from 5 to 7 world cultures. Genres, social institutions, concepts, styles, instruments, and usages.



MUS 5950 - Topics in Music
(1.0 - 4.0 cr [max 15.0 cr]; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Each offering focuses on a single topic. Topics specified in Class Schedule.



MUS 5993 - Directed Studies
(1.0 - 4.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-#, %, @; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Guided individual reading or study.



MUS 8110 - Sonata Seminar
(2.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-Accompanying emphasis, strings and winds by audition, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Performance in standard Baroque, Classical, and Romantic sonatas for piano and violin, cello, viola, flute, clarinet, or oboe.



MUS 8112 - Instrumental Repertoire: Reduction and Realization
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in accompanying/conducting; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Reducing orchestra scores, representing orchestral reductions at piano, working with conductors. Conductors join course in mid-semester.



MUS 8131 - Advanced Keyboard Skills
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F or Aud)
Diatonic/chromatic tonal harmony applied to keyboard. Emphasizes harmonization, transposition, and improvisation. Open score and clef reading using alto, tenor, and soprano clefs.



MUS 8133 - Seminar in Basso Continuo
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in Music or #; A-F or Aud)
Realization of figured basses (bass lines annotated with Arabic numerals indicating harmony) and performance of continuo parts in European concerted music from 17th/18th centuries at keyboard. Emphasizes developing stylistic accompaniment skills at harpsichord/organ.



MUS 8151 - Seminar in Organ Repertoire
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Repertoire for pipe organ. Readings/presentations on selected areas of repertoire of 15th through 20th centuries. Organ design/construction of various European and American schools, as well as relevant performance practices.



MUS 8170 - Advanced Vocal Accompanying Skills and Repertoire
(2.0 cr [max 8.0 cr]; Prereq-[French, German, Italian diction], accompanying or DMA voice emphasis or MM voice emphasis by audition; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Advanced performance (Lieder, melodie, opera) emphasizing coaching techniques and performance skills of pianists and singers.



MUS 8171 - Song Repertoire and Performance for Pianists and Singers: German Lieder
(2.0 cr; Prereq-[Grad student with major in vocal performance or in accompanying or in piano], #; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Surveys standard German-language song repertoire: Mozart, Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Strauss, Wolf.



MUS 8181 - Operatic Accompaniment Skills and Repertoire
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student with major in accompanying or in conducting; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Development of skills required in operatic accompanying/coaching work. Standard opera arias, cultivation of orchestral sound at the piano, stylistic traditions, working with conductors.



MUS 8182 - Opera History in Context: Monteverdi and Mozart
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F only, fall, every year)
Development of opera in context of other artistic, social, cultural, and political events, movements, and changes. Focuses on two representative composers and some of their significant operas.



MUS 8183 - Opera History in Context: Verdi and Britten
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F only, spring, every year)
Development of opera in context of other artistic, social, cultural, and political events, movements, and changes. Focuses on two representative composers and some of their significant operas.



MUS 8237 - Score Study: Choral
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Analysis of various choral scores ranging from Renaissance through 20th century. Reading of choral and choral/orchestral scores at piano, including scores with C clefs and transposing instrument.



MUS 8255 - Choral Literature: Baroque Era to the Present
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Survey of sacred and secular choral works.



MUS 8299 - Performance in Choral Conducting
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Preparation and performance of choral conducting recital, with supporting paper.



MUS 8333 - FTE: Master's
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Master's student, adviser and DGS consent; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



MUS 8444 - FTE: Doctoral
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Doctoral student, adviser and DGS consent; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



MUS 8450 - Graduate Seminar in Conducting
(3.0 - 4.0 cr [max 32.0 cr]; Prereq-Grad student in conducting or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Development of musicianship, conducting, rehearsal, and analytical skills. Repertoire, gesture, score study, interpretation, pedagogy, and performance presentation in wind band, orchestral, and choral conducting. Students meet twice weekly in group seminar, and prepare and participate in weekly conducting labs scheduled with all major University ensembles.



MUS 8479 - Performance and Document: Wind Ensemble/Band Conducting
(2.0 cr; Prereq-8472, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Preparing and performing full wind ensemble or band conducting program with supporting document.



MUS 8489 - Performance and Document: Orchestral Conducting
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Preparing and performing full orchestral conducting program with supporting document.



MUS 8501 - Music Theory Pedagogy
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Comparison of pedagogical philosophies/methods in music theory. Pedagogical literature, practice teaching, curriculum design.



MUS 8550 - Composition
(3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Creation of original musical works in various instrumental and vocal forms; advanced development of writing and realization of musical ideas.



MUS 8560 - Readings in Music Theory
(3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Seminars on major theoretical text or group of interrelated texts. Pre-tonal, tonal, post-tonal, or non-Western focus in individual offerings.



MUS 8570 - Seminar in Composition
(2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-Composition emphasis or #; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Aesthetic and professional issues in composition. Survey of professional activities, including r[e]sum[e] and grant writing and concert production.



MUS 8571 - Composers' Laboratory
(3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-8570; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Preparing original music composition to specification for possible radio/TV/theatre/film use. Analytic projects based on research into current practice of music criticism/music journalism. Philosophical and sociological research into creative process.



MUS 8580 - Topics in Tonal Analysis
(3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Seminar. Sample topics: string quartets of Beethoven, chamber music of Brahms, significant works by tonal composers.



MUS 8581 - Schenkerian Theory and Analysis I
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud)
Analysis and critical readings pertaining to theory of tonal music developed by Heinrich Schenker. Application of his method to representative repertoire from 18th and 19th centuries. Contrapuntal writing modeled after presentation in Schenker's [Counterpoint].



MUS 8582 - Schenkerian Theory and Analysis II
(3.0 cr; Prereq-8581 or #; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Application of Schenkerian theory to 18th-/19th-century music, coordinated with critical study of major music treatises from that era.



MUS 8584 - Current Issues in the Analysis of 19th-Century Music
(3.0 cr; Prereq-[[3502, 3512] or equiv placement exam], #; grad-level Schenkerian analysis recommended; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Recent analytic approaches to 19th-century music. Students demonstrate fluency with methods and current issues. In-class discussions, short written analytical projects, two longer papers.



MUS 8590 - Topics in 20th-Century Analysis
(3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Grad music major, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Seminar explores literatures of 20th-century art music.



MUS 8631 - Seminar: Music in Medieval Europe
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Undergrad music degree; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Selected genres of polyphonic and monophonic music, 9th-14th centuries, for analysis and cultural criticism. Social roles of music and performance traditions; current musicological issues.



MUS 8632 - Seminar: Music in Early Modern Europe
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Undergrad music degree; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Transformation of chanson, madrigal, mass, and motet from 1400 to 1580. Analysis and cultural criticism; social roles of music and performance traditions; current musicological issues.



MUS 8640 - Seminar in Musicology
(3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Musicology or theory emphasis or #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Topics vary; readings, research, strategies, and methods.



MUS 8644 - Seminar: Advanced Research in Historical Musicology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Undergrad music degree; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Major reference and research materials in musicology and related disciplines, including databases. Historical methods and historiography. Locating and interpreting primary sources of music and archival documents. Developing research strategies for degree papers and theses. Forms of documentation and historical writing.



MUS 8647 - Seminar: The Critical Editing of Early Music--Method and Practice
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Undergrad music degree; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Preparation of critical editions from primary sources of vocal and instrumental music (partbooks and tablatures). Nature of musical sources, both manuscripts and prints. Stemmatic filiation, editorial judgment and method, presentation of text.



MUS 8651 - Sonata Theory
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, offered periodically)
Principles of the classic sonata: norms, types, and deformations. Structural analysis, analytical methodologies, and fundamentals of sonata hermeneutics.



MUS 8666 - Doctoral Pre-Thesis Credits
(1.0 - 6.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Doctoral student who has not passed prelim oral; no required consent for 1st/2nd registrations, up to 12 combined cr; % for 3rd/4th registrations, up to 24 combined cr; doctoral student admitted before summer 2007 may register up to four times, up to 60 combined cr; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
tbd



MUS 8711 - Performance Theory
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Grad student in music or #; A-F only, spring, even academic years)
Investigate transformation process from score to its sounding instrumental realization. Discuss most important scholarly publications by B. Repp, Th. W. Adorno, et al. Theory first describes structure of such transformations, then investigates analytical, emotional, gestural rationales for expressive performance.
Effective: Spring 2015


MUS 8777 - Thesis Credits: Master's
(1.0 - 18.0 cr [max 50.0 cr]; Prereq-Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 10 cr total required [Plan A only]; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



MUS 8864 - Current Issues in Ethnomusicology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Ethnomusicological methods, theorizing, and research practice. Current issues in monographs, journals, and anthologies. Fieldwork practicum.



MUS 8888 - Thesis Credit: Doctoral
(1.0 - 24.0 cr [max 100.0 cr]; Prereq-Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 24 cr required; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



MUS 8994 - Directed Research
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-#; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Directed research.



MUS 8999 - Recital Credits: Doctoral
(4.0 cr [max 20.0 cr]; Prereq-DMA student, #; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Registration for recital credits coincides with performance of D.M.A. recital (five recitals for 20 credits).



 
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