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GEOLOGY (GEOL)
Swenson College of Science and Engineering
D Earth & Environmental Sci
 
GEOL 1110 - Geology and Earth Systems (NAT SCI, SUSTAIN, LE CAT4)
(4.0 cr; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Comprehensive survey of Earth's composition, structure, and dynamics to develop an understanding of internal processes, plate tectonics, and surface processes as a framework for geological history and development of life.



GEOL 1120 - Life and Death of the Dinosaurs (NAT SCI, LE CAT5)
(3.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Survey of dinosaurs, who dominated large-animal life on Earth for 150 million years; theories of dinosaur origins and extinction; habitat of dinosaurs on worldwide Mesozoic coastal plains; dinosaur fossilization and modern excavation.



GEOL 1130 - Introduction to Environmental Science (NAT SCI, SUSTAIN, LE CAT4, LEIP CAT04)
(4.0 cr; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Earth's physical and biological systems and human interaction with the environment. Climate, rocks, soils, ecosystems, human population, land use, energy use and its consequences, environmental policy, air and water pollution, and conservation issues.



GEOL 1610 - Oceanography (NAT SCI, SUSTAIN, LE CAT5)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Credit will not be granted if already received for 2610.; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Origin and history of ocean basins, sea floor morphology, chemistry of sea water, currents, waves, tides, life in the sea, primary productivity, nutrient dynamics, human impact.



GEOL 2110 - Earth History
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1110 or 1130 or 2610 or Ast 1040 or Geog 1414 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
The historical development of the science of geology, nature of the geologic record, fossils, the geologic time scale, and tectonic evolution of continents and ocean basins. Concepts presented are developed within the framework of the theory of plate tectonics.



GEOL 2120 - The Earth's Dynamic Interior
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1110 or 1130 or 2110 or 1610 or Geog 1414; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Treatment of the origin, structure and internal composition of the Earth, synthesizing geological, chemical and physical knowledge bearing on the Earth's inaccessible interior. Emphasis is placed on dynamic processes at all depths in the Earth.



GEOL 2311 - Mineralogy
(4.0 cr; =[GEOL 2300]; Prereq-1110 or 2110, 1 semester college chemistry or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Systematic study of minerals and their relationship to rocks. Emphasis will be placed on introductory crystal chemistry, crystallography and physical properties; optical mineralogy, and identification of minerals in hand specimen, thin section, and by x-ray diffraction. (Course fee assessed.)



GEOL 2312 - Petrology
(5.0 cr; Prereq-2311; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Petrology of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, including their occurrence, petrogenesis and tectonic setting. Emphasis on the relationships between mineral assemblages, rock textures, geochemistry, origins, and rock-forming processes. Course fees assessed.



GEOL 2350 - Earth's Resources (NAT SCI, LE CAT5, LEIP CAT05)
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Minimum 25 credits or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Distribution of Earth's resources through space and time, including metals, minerals, fossil fuels, building materials, water, and soil. Relationships between population growth and Earth's finite resources. (field trip)



GEOL 3000 - Geologic Maps
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2312; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Principles of reading and interpreting geological maps. Emphasis will be placed on interpreting and visualizing published geologic maps, constructing geologic histories, and an introduction to the basic methods of making geologic maps in the field.



GEOL 3091 - Independent Study
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-instructor consent; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Directed readings and projects on topics not normally covered in other courses.



GEOL 3100 - Earth's Climate and Environment: Past and Future
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1110 or 1130 or 1610, Chem 1151 or 1153/1154; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Exploration of the processes that control Earth's climate and affect the environment on timescales of 100's of millions to 10's of years. Discussions will include how and why the dinosaur's environment was different from today's environment and concerns about future global warming.



GEOL 3180 - Teaching Assistant Experience I
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-2110, 2120, 2311, 2312, geological sciences major, instructor consent (Maximum 2 credits can be applied toward geological sciences major.); S-N only, fall, spring, every year)
Participation in teaching Geological Sciences lecture and lab courses, including preparation of material, instruction, and student interaction.



GEOL 3210 - Geomorphology
(4.0 cr; =[GEOL 2210]; Prereq-1110 or 2110, Math 1250 or 1290 or 1296 or 1596 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Study of Earth surface processes emphasizing the origin and evolution of landforms; response of the physical environment to climatic change and tectonic events, and application of physical, chemical, and mathematical principles to the study and interpretation of landforms.



GEOL 3420 - Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
(4.0 cr; Prereq-2110, 2311 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
Introduction to the concepts, methods, and application of sedimentology and stratigraphy, including the description and interpretation of sediments and sedimentary rocks, their provenance, stratal packaging, and tectonostratigraphic setting. (Course fee assessed.)



GEOL 3710 - Introduction to Geochemistry
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Math 1296 or equiv, Chem 1152 or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Understanding chemical reactions occurring in geological processes on scales ranging from atomic to global. Geochemistry of the Earth; chemical reactions and stability of minerals; applications of geochemistry to understanding global processes and environmental problems. (3 hrs lect)



GEOL 3800 - Principles of Geophysics
(4.0 cr; Prereq-2120, MATH 1297, PHYS 1002; A-F or Aud, fall, every year)
An introduction to the geophysical concepts and techniques used by practicing geoscientists.



GEOL 3996 - Field Internship in Geological Sciences
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-2312; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Credit given for professional field work experience outside an academic department. Requires prior departmental approval and coordination with faculty sponsor.



GEOL 3997 - Industrial Internship in Geological Sciences
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-2312; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Credit given for professional work experience outside an academic department. Requires prior departmental approval and coordination with faculty sponsor.



GEOL 4091 - Geologic Problems and Research
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-instructor consent, no grad credit; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, summer, every year)
Individual research in lab or field problems.



GEOL 4180 - Teaching Assistant Experience II
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-Geol core, geological sciences major, instructor consent; max 2 cr can be applied toward geological sciences major; no grad credit; S-N only, fall, spring, every year)
Participation in teaching Geological Sciences lecture and lab courses, including preparation of material, instruction, and student interaction.



GEOL 4335 - Physical Volcanology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2312 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 5335; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
Morphology and development of volcanic formations and deposits, and criteria for their recognition in ancient rock terranes. Types of eruptions and deposits, tectonic environments of volcanism, evolution of volcanoes, physical processes and controls of volcanism, and volcanic hazards. Offered alternate years.



GEOL 4355 - Economic Geology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-2312 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4350 or 5350; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Geologic description, distribution, and genesis of economic mineral deposits; processes leading to their formation; relationship to plate tectonics; exploration techniques and criteria for finding new deposits. Course fees assessed.



GEOL 4360 - Geologic, Geophysical, and Geochemical Methods of Exploration
(4.0 cr; Prereq-4350, Math 1290 or 1296 or instructor consent; no grad credit; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Team-taught course will introduce various geologic, geophysical, and geochemical exploration methods used to locate and evaluate the economic viability of metallic ore bodies in a variety of geologic settings. In labs, students will develop skills in ore microscopy, drill core logging, and geophysical field methods. Case studies will be used to highlight various exploration methods and ore deposit types.



GEOL 4400 - Astrogeology
(3.0 cr; =[AST 4400]; Prereq-(PHYS 2012 or 2015 & 2016) or (GEOL 2120 or 2312), minimum 60 credits, (Geological Sciences or Physics major or graduate student) or instructor consent.; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
In this astrogeology course we will explore the formation and evolution of celestial bodies in our solar system such as planets and their moons, asteroids, comets, and meteoroids. Topics will include determining internal structure of planetary bodies, dynamical processes, how to ⿿read⿿ the surface record (geology) of various bodies and leverage that record to understand internal processes and planet evolution, and comparative planetology with the goal to understand first-order cause and effect of planetary dynamics.



GEOL 4450 - Structural Geology
(5.0 cr; Prereq-2312 or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 3520; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Introduction to brittle and ductile deformation, including joints, faults, shear zones, and folds; deformation mechanisms; elementary stress and strain theory. Labs include geometric, structural, and kinematic analysis, and a group project. Course fee assessed.



GEOL 4500 - Field Geology
(6.0 cr; Prereq-4450, department consent; no grad credit; A-F or Aud, summer, every year)
Geological mapping of sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic terranes and of Quaternary deposits and landforms; topographic maps and aerial photographs, including preparation of geologic maps and cross sections, and map unit descriptions.



GEOL 4550 - Tectonic Geomorphology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-3210 or 3420 or Grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Consideration of how tectonics interacts with climate to sculpt the landscapes of mountains belts. Conceptual and quantitative modeling of landscape evolution to gain insights into the controls on elevation and relief of orogens. Analysis of topographic data sets to identity the statistical properties of landscapes and identify the signatures of feedback between surface processes and tectonics.



GEOL 4710 - Aqueous Geochemistry
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Math 1290 or Math 1297 and Chem 1152 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 5710; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
Principles of solution chemistry, with application to chemical weathering, acid deposition, rivers, lakes, and oceans. Use of chemical equilibrium software to examine complex real world problems.



GEOL 5091 - Geologic Problems
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-Graduate Student or instructor consent; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Individual research in lab or field problems.



GEOL 5095 - Special Topics: (Various Titles to be Assigned)
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Topics not covered in regular curriculum. Topic announced before course offered.



GEOL 5100 - Seminar
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 4.0 cr]; Prereq-instructor consent; fall, spring, offered periodically)
Oral and written presentation on topics of current significance to geoscientists. Participation by department staff.



GEOL 5210 - Glacial and Quaternary Geology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-3210 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4210; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Physics of glacier flow, processes of erosion and deposition, survey of glacial landforms, history and chronology of glaciation. Survey of geological and biological responses to changing environment resulting from climatic fluctuations during last three million years of Earth history. Field studies on the glacial deposits of Minnesota. (2 hrs lect, 2 hrs field lab)



GEOL 5215 - Glaciology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-8 credits geology, Math 1290 or Math 1296, (Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014) or grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, offered periodically)
Theory of glacier flow. Anatomy of glaciers and ice sheets, mechanics and therodynamics of glacier flow. Reconstruction of physical characteristics of past ice sheets from glacial sediments and landforms. Glacier response to climate change. Offered alternate years



GEOL 5220 - Advances in Paleoclimatology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Analysis of past global change from climate proxy records in glacial ice, tree rings, ocean and lake sediments, ocean corals. Impact of ocean and atmospheric circulation on global climate; climate cycles; El Nino; human impact on global climate. Offered alternate years.



GEOL 5240 - Physical Hydrogeology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-2110, Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014, Math 1296 or Math 1290 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4240; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Introduction to concepts of fluid movement in Earth's crust and the interaction of rocks and water. Introduction to the hydrologic cycle, theory of flow through porous media, crustal-scale flow systems, role of fluids in the plate tectonic cycle.



GEOL 5250 - Environmental Hydrogeology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Math 1296 or Math 1290 and (Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014) or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4250; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
A quantitative introduction to hydrogeology and aquifer mechanics with emphasis on environmental applications, including, unsaturated flow, interaction between surface water and groundwater, wellhead protection, well hydraulics, inverse methods, and solute transport. Offered alternate years.



GEOL 5251 - Well Hydraulics
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2312, (Phys 2011 of 2013 and 2014), (Math 1296 or Math 1290), or grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Hydraulics of groundwater flow to wells: equations of flow; analysis of steady and non-steady radial flow; aquifer response to stress; analysis of monitoring well networks, pumping tests, and single-point aquifer performance tests.



GEOL 5260 - Fluvial Geomorphology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-3210 or 3420, Math 1296, (Phys 2011 or 2013 and 2014) or Grad student status or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
Focuses on the physical processes operating in stream channels and watersheds including watershed-scale hydrology and topography in GIS; reach-scale fluid mechanics and sediment transport; and channel patterns, forms, and classification systems. Other topics included will be river history, human alterations to rivers, and river restoration efforts.



GEOL 5310 - Advanced Petrology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2312 or grad student; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Physico-chemical principles applied to origin of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Phase equilibria in important mineral systems. Lab study and interpretation of igneous and metamorphic rocks using petrographic microscope. (2 hrs lect, 2 hrs lab)



GEOL 5320 - Precambrian Geology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-4450 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4320; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Nature, distribution, origin, correlation, and special problems of the Precambrian, emphasizing Lake Superior region. Term paper. 3 hrs. lect, field trips; offered alternate years.



GEOL 5321 - Theory, Practice of Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis in Lectures
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Minimum 75 credits, Chem 1152 or 1156, Phys 2012 or 2015 and 2016, or Grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, every year)
Presents the basic physics of scanning electron microscopy, including electron beam generation, image formation, signal detection, and beam-sample interactions. Basic sample preparation methods for scanning electron microscopy will be presented and demonstrated in laboratory sessions. How characteristic x-rays are produced in a sample and how they are measured and quantified will also be presented. Use of the SEM to collect data and instruction on how to organize collected data in a logical manner.



GEOL 5330 - Introduction to Geochemical Modeling and Mineralization Processes
(3.0 cr; Prereq-4240 or 4250, 4710 or grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
An introduction to the concepts and techniques used in computer modeling to investigate geochemical reactions and associated mineralization processes used by geoscientists.



GEOL 5355 - Economic Geology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-3326, 3150 or graduate student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Geologic description, distribution, and genesis of economic mineral deposits; processes leading to their formation; relationship to plate tectonics; exploration techniques and criteria for finding new deposits. Course fees assessed.



GEOL 5360 - Geologic, Geophysical, and Geochemical Methods of Exploration
(4.0 cr; Prereq-4350 or 5350, (Math 1290 or 1296) or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4360.; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Team-taught course will introduce various geologic, geophysical, and geochemical exploration methods used to locate and evaluate the economic viability of metallic ore bodies in a variety of geologic settings. In labs, students will develop skills in ore microscopy, drill core logging, and geophysical field methods. Case studies will be used to highlight various exploration methods and ore deposit types.



GEOL 5450 - Advanced Structure
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2120, 4450, or grad student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
Modern structural analysis: strain (paths, partitioning, history), theology, displacement, deformation processes, (mesoscopic, grainscale, microstructures), and fabric evolution. Application of structural techniques to integrative problems (e.g., tectonics, hydrogeology, and planetary, sedimentary and economic geology). Offered alternate years. Course fee assessed.



GEOL 5480 - Tectonics
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2120, 4450, or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4480; A-F or Aud, spring, odd academic years)
Ancient and active plate-tectonic processes. Topics include tectonic theory, plate motions, evolution of divergent, convergent and transform margins, anatomy of orogenic belts, and neotectonics. Examines tectonic phenomena in the context of geological, geophysical and surficial processes. Offered alternate years.



GEOL 5601 - Introduction to Stream Restoration
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Math 1290 or 1296 or 1596, PHYS 1001 or 2013 or 2017, minimum 60 credits or graduate student or instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
This course provides an interdisciplinary overview of the background science essential to participate in a stream restoration project. Students will learn how to assimilate geologic hydrologic, and ecological data at the watershed and research scales to plan a restoration project and evaluate/critique existing stream restoration projects.



GEOL 5730 - Geochronology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2311, one year of college chemistry or grad student; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Covers both radiometric and non-radiometric methods of dating primarily Earth but also solar-system materials (meteorites). The chronometers discussed will cover a range of timescales, from early solar-system history to recent human-influenced history. Offered alternate years.



GEOL 5815 - Exploration Geophysics
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1110, Math 1297 or grad student or instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4805 or 4815; A-F or Aud, fall, odd academic years)
Review of principle geophysical techniques used in the exploration industries. Emphasizes the application of these techniques for solving near-surface problems. Includes review of case histories and group projects.



GEOL 5820 - Global Geophysics
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2120, Math 1290 or 1296 or grad student, instructor consent; credit will not be granted if already received for 4820; A-F or Aud, fall, even academic years)
Build upon material presented in 2120, exploring the contribution of geophysics to our understanding of the Earth and the processes that control its appearance and behavior. Offered alternate years.



GEOL 5839 - Coral Reef Geology
(3.0 cr; =[BIOL 5839]; Prereq-Junior or senior or grad student in Geology or related field; A-F or Aud, spring, even academic years)
Physical, chemical and sedimentary processes in coral reef environments, reef morphology, stratigraphic framework of modern and ancient reefs, reef type and dependence on basin morphology and tectonic setting, coral reefs and Quaternary sea-level change. Includes field study of reef systems.



GEOL 8094 - Geologic Research
(1.0 - 6.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-instructor consent; A-F or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Individual research.



GEOL 8100 - Seminar
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 6.0 cr]; Prereq-Graduate geology major or instructor consent; S-N or Aud, fall, spring, every year)
Oral and written presentations on topics of current significance to geoscientists.



GEOL 8200 - Professional Issues in Earth and Environmental Science
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Graduate student or instructor consent; S-N or Aud, fall, every year)
Introduces the incoming graduate student in geological sciences to professional practice, standards and ethics, including peer review, proposal writing, ethical problems, the purpose of a university.



GEOL 8333 - FTE: Master's
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Master's student, adviser and DGS consent; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOL 8444 - FTE: Doctoral
(1.0 cr; Prereq-prereq doctoral student, adviser and DGS consent; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOL 8602 - Stream Restoration Practice
(2.0 cr; Prereq-5601 and instructor consent; S-N or Aud, spring, offered periodically)
Practicum course provides the capstone for the Stream Restoration Science & Engineering post-baccalaureate certificate program. Students synthesize previous coursework on stream restoration, apply basic hydraulic and geomorphic analyses on a reach of a stream, and complete a group design for a stream restoration site.



GEOL 8666 - Doctoral Pre-Thesis Credits
(1.0 - 6.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Max 6 cr per semester or summer; doctoral student who has not passed prelim oral; no required consent for the first two registrations up to 12 cr; departmental consent for the third and fourth registrations up to an additional 12 cr, or 24 cr total (for doctoral students admitted summer 2007 and beyond; doctoral students admitted prior to summer 2007 may register up to 4 times totaling 60 cr); No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOL 8777 - Thesis Credit: Master's
(1.0 - 18.0 cr [max 50.0 cr]; Prereq-Max 18 cr per semester or summer; 10 cr total required (Plan A only); No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



GEOL 8888 - Thesis Credits: Doctoral
(1.0 - 24.0 cr [max 100.0 cr]; Prereq-[max 18 cr per semester or summer]; 24 cr required; No Grade, fall, spring, summer, every year)
(No description)



 
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