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Math, Science and Technology
- Nature of Life
(2.0 cr; Prereq-Biology major; fall, every year)
Introduction to biology program, faculty, coursework, and expectations. Mandatory camping trip to Itasca State Park.
- General Biology
(BIOL SCI, PEOPLE/ENV)
(4.0 cr; Prereq-High school science courses; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Major concepts of modern biology. Molecular structure of living things. Energy recruitment/utilization. Flow of genetic information through organisms/populations. Principles of inheritance, ecology, and evolution. Lab.
- Honors: General Biology
(BIOL SCI, PEOPLE/ENV)
(4.0 cr; Prereq-High school chemistry or consent of instructor; fall, spring, every year)
Quantitative methods used to emphasize the dynamic nature of biology. Modern biology. Molecular structure of living things, energy recruitment/utilization, flow of genetic information through organisms/populations. Principles of inheritance, ecology, and evolution. Includes lab.
- Directed Studies for the Biological Sciences
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 12.0 cr]; Prereq-Instructor permission; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Participation in research for talented undergraduates with fewer than 30 credits.
- General Zoology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1009; spring, every year)
Major animal groups (phyla). Applications of morphological, physiological, and developmental characteristics to define evolutionary relationships. Parasitic forms affecting human welfare. Lab requires dissection, including mammals.
- General Botany
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1009 or 1009H; fall, spring, every year)
Principles of plant biology. Organization, function, growth/development, and reproductive biology of plants and plant-like organisms. Lab included.
- General Microbiology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-Biol 1009 or 1009H or 1464, Chem 1001 or 1021; fall, every year)
Fundamental principles of microbiology. Bacterial metabolism, growth, and genetics. Biology of viruses/fungi. Microorganisms and disease. Applied microbiology.
- Human Anatomy and Physiology I
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1009; fall, every year)
Systems approach to anatomical structures and physiological functions of human body. Key concepts at chemical, cellular, tissue, and organ levels. Emphasizes spacial relationships of structures and their related functions within integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous and endocrine systems. Lab.
- Human Anatomy and Physiology II
(4.0 cr; Prereq-1009; spring, every year)
Systems approach to anatomical structures and physiological functions of human body. Emphasizes spacial relationships of structures and their related functions within circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, and digestive systems. Metabolism, nutrition, urinary/reproductive systems, human development. Genetics concepts. Lab.
- Principles of Genetics
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Biol 1009, Chem 1021 or 1401, Math 1031 or 1131 or 1150; spring, every year)
Basic principles of Mendelian, molecular, and population genetics. Computer simulations/models used to study aberrations and their implications.
- Cell Biology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1009, [1401 or Chem 1021]; fall, every year)
Structure/function of prokaryotic/eukaryotic cells, including cell surface, membranes, organelles, cytoskeleton, cell growth, cell physiology, experimental methods used in cell studies. Lab includes contemporary cell biology research techniques, hypothesis testing, and communication of results.
(3.0 cr; Prereq-1009; spring, every year)
Origin, history, opposition, and evidence supporting evolutionary ideas. Origin of life, phylogeny, biological history, mechanisms of evolutionary change, population genetics, speciation, tempo of evolution, macroevolution, extinction, biogeography.
- Plant Physiology
(3.0 cr; Prereq-2022, Chem 1401; spring, every year)
Plant functions with emphasis on higher plants. Growth and development, mineral nutrition, translocation, water relations, photosynthesis, and nitrogen metabolism.
(4.0 cr; Prereq-2104 or 3027 or consent of instructor; fall, odd years)
Microscopic examination of morphological characteristics of human tissues, organs, and blood cells. Lab.
(3.0 cr; Prereq-CHEM 1001; summer, odd years)
Overview of ecotoxicology ranging from molecular to global issues. Major classes of contaminants, bioaccumulation, toxic effects, and risks.
(3.0 cr; =[NATR 3464]; Prereq-2012; fall, every year)
Classification, reproduction, physiology, behavior, ecological adaptations, zoogeography of mammals. Emphasizes techniques used in field/laboratory studies.
(3.0 cr; =[NATR 3466]; Prereq-2012; spring, every year)
Classification, reproduction, physiology, behavior, ecological adaptations, zoogeography of birds. Emphasizes techniques used in field/laboratory studies.
(3.0 cr; Prereq-Biol 2022, Chem 1001, Phys 1012, Math 1031 or 1131 or 1150; fall, even years)
Description/analysis of events in lakes, streams, and ponds, beginning with their origins and progressing through their physics, chemistry, and biology. These parameters interrelated with population of aquatic environment.
- Techniques in Molecular Biology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-2032, 3022, [CHEM 3021 or concurrent registration in CHEM 3021]; spring, odd years)
Basic recombinant DNA techniques. Methods for growing, isolating, and purifying recombinant DNA and cloning vectors. DNA sequencing, sequence analysis. Gene expression. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Other current techniques. Lab.
- Pre-Internship Seminar
(0.5 cr; spring, every year)
Expectations/responsibilities of internship. Preparing for graduate school application/job search. Presentations about internship experiences by those who have recently completed 3900 (internship). Discussions between students, staff, and invited guests.
(1.0 - 2.0 cr [max 2.0 cr]; Prereq-3899, department approval, consent of instructor; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Credit given for professional work experience outside an academic deparment.
- Post-Internship Seminar
(0.5 cr; Prereq-3900; spring, every year)
Students who have recently completed internships prepare/deliver PowerPoint presentation on experience. Discussions between post-/pre-internship students, staff, and invited guests.
- Undergraduate Research
(1.0 - 3.0 cr [max 3.0 cr]; Prereq-Instructor's consent; fall, spring, summer, every year)
Advanced independent work in special fields.
- Biology Seminar
(1.0 cr; Prereq-Sr; fall, spring, every year)
Survey of current literature. Preparation/presentation of selected topics. Evaluation of seminars. Utilizing contemporary research/presentation technologies.
- Developmental Biology
(4.0 cr; Prereq-3022, 3027; fall, even years)
Molecular/cellular mechanisms of development. Emphasizes animal systems. Cell cycle, gametogenesis, fertilization, morphogenetic movements, cytodifferentiation, cell interactions, pattern formation, gene expression, organogenesis, metamorphosis, regeneration and aging. Lab.